Large hawk-cuckoo

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Large hawk-cuckoo
Large hawk-cuckoo (Hierococcyx sparverioides) JEG1947.jpg
Calls
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Cuculiformes
Family: Cuculidae
Genus: Hierococcyx
Species:
H. sparverioides
Binomial name
Hierococcyx sparverioides
(Vigors, 1832)
Synonyms

Cuculus sparverioides

The large hawk-cuckoo (Hierococcyx sparverioides) is a species of cuckoo in the Cuculidae family. It has a wide breeding distribution from temperate Asia along the Himalayas extending to East Asia. Many populations winter further south. They are known for their loud and repetitive calls which are similar to that of the common hawk-cuckoo but do not rise in crescendo. They are also somewhat larger and adults can be readily told apart from the smaller common hawk-cuckoo by the black patch on the chin. They are brood-parasites of babblers and laughing-thrushes.

Distribution[edit]

It is found in Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, the Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, and Vietnam. Found as a vagrant on Christmas Island.[2] The subspecies H. s. bocki of the Malay Peninsula, Sumatra and Borneo is usually considered a separate species, the dark hawk-cuckoo.[3]

Habitats[edit]

Its natural habitats are temperate forests and subtropical or tropical mangrove forests.

Behavior[edit]

They call in summer and calling goes on well after dusk. In their winter grounds, they tend to be silent.

Like many other cuckoos, this species is a brood parasite. Many laughing-thrushes (example Garrulax sannio) are capable of detecting the eggs of the cuckoo and remove them. The cuckoos lay eggs that mimic those of their hosts.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2014). "Hierococcyx sparverioides". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2014. Retrieved 31 December 2014.
  2. ^ McAllan, I.A.W., James, D.J. 2008 Large Hawk-Cuckoo Hierococcyx sparverioides on Christmas Island. Australian Field Ornithology 25 (1):31-35
  3. ^ Payne, Robert B. (2005) The Cuckoos, Oxford University Press.
  4. ^ Yang, Canchao; Su, Tongping; Liang, Wei; Møller, Anders Pape (2015-08-01). "Coevolution between the large hawk-cuckoo (Cuculus sparverioides) and its two sympatric Leiothrichidae hosts: evidence for recent expansion and switch in host use?". Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. 115 (4): 919–926. doi:10.1111/bij.12538. ISSN 0024-4066.
  5. ^ As subspecies of Brachypteryx leucophrys [1]
  6. ^ As subspecies of Garrulax erythrocephalus [2]
  7. ^ As subspecies of Garrulax caerulatus [3]
  8. ^ As subspecies of Lanius schach [4]
  9. ^ As subspecies of Pellorneum albiventre [5]
  10. ^ As subspecies of Prinia atrogularis [6]
  11. ^ Numerov, A. D. Inter-species and Intra-species brood parasitism in Birds. Voronezh: Voronezh University. 2003. 516 p. [In Russian] Нумеров А. Д. Межвидовой и внутривидовой гнездовой паразитизм у птиц. Воронеж: ФГУП ИПФ Воронеж. 2003. C. 38-40.