Larger urban zone
|This article is outdated. (May 2015)|
The definition was introduced in 2004 by Eurostat, the statistical agency of the European Union (EU), in agreement with the national statistics offices in the member states. Data is provided on cities in the EU, its candidate countries and EFTA countries.
In 2006 LUZ definitions were changed significantly, improving the comparability of LUZ definitions across different countries. Several cities, such as Marseille, Lille and Nice, are excluded by definition from the list of LUZs on technical, definitional grounds, such as the coincidence of the metropolitan area with the urban zone.
Eurostat's urban definitions
The list below shows the population sizes of cities in the European Union as well as candidate countries and non-EU EFTA countries. The list is limited to those cities whose Larger Urban Zones (LUZ) have populations of at least 500,000. The LUZ represents an attempt at a harmonised definition of the metropolitan area. Eurostat's objective was to have an area from which a significant share of the residents commute into the city, a concept known as the "functional urban region." To ensure a good data availability, Eurostat adjusts the LUZ boundaries to administrative boundaries that approximate the functional urban region.
The list below contains the cities in the European Union and associated countries that participated in the third round of the Urban Audit programme. The cities are ranked by the size of the population of the Larger Urban Zone. The figures in the Eurostat database are an attempt at a compromise between harmonised data for all of the European Union, and with availability of statistical data, making comparisons more accurate. The data used is from the 2006 Urban Audit III, which uses information collected for 2004.
List of larger urban zones by population (2004)
|This section is outdated. (December 2015)|
This is a list of larger urban zones by population as of 2004. The Urban Audit also includes cities from EFTA countries (Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland) and EU candidate countries, although the only candidate country for which there is available data is Turkey. Marseille, Lille, Nice, Cordoba, Badajoz, Toulon and Montpellier are missing on this revision of the 2004 list. Newer revisions, including the 2008 updated data from Urban Audit IV, have since been published. The Urban Audit V with 2011 data was to be published from 2013; but as of May 2014 "the results of the 2011 data collection are being collected".
|Rank||City name||Country||LUZ population||LUZ area (km²)|
|2||Istanbul||Turkey (non EU state)||11,154,928|
|9||Ankara||Turkey (non EU state)||3,736,359|
|13||Upper Silesian Industrial Region||Poland||2,710,397||2,650.65|
|19||Izmir||Turkey (non EU state)||2,459,474|
|36||Dublin||Republic of Ireland||1,535,446|
|38||Bursa||Turkey (non EU state)||1,474,482|
|54||Zurich||Switzerland (non EU state)||1,110,478||1,086.14|
|57||Oslo||Norway (non EU state)||1,090,513||6,920|
|58||Newcastle upon Tyne||United Kingdom||1,055,600||3,385|
Eurostat's Urban Audit is about much more than demographics. In order for it to be useful as a policy tool to the European Commission and other authorities it contains data for over 250 indicators across the following domains:
- Social Aspects
- Economic Aspects
- Civic Involvement
- Training and Education
- Travel and Transport
- Information Society
- Culture and Recreation
- List of largest cities in the European Union by population within city limits
- List of urban areas in the European Union
- List of metropolitan areas in Europe by population
- Largest metropolitan areas in the Nordic countries
- World's largest cities
- Position Statement on Cohesion Policy 2014-2020, EuroMETREX. Retrieved 2 July 2015.
- "European cities – the EU-OECD functional urban area definition". Eurostat. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
- "City statistics - Urban audit". Eurostat. 2006.
- "The shift of Eurostat to Urban Statistics". Dr. Berthold Feldmann, Eurostat. March 2006.
- http://www.statistiques-locales.insee.fr/Fiches/RS/AU1999/RS_AU1999003.pdf Archived 27 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
- (PDF) https://web.archive.org/20110727094843/http://www.statistiques-locales.insee.fr/Fiches/RS/AU1999/RS_AU1999004.pdf. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 July 2011. Retrieved 19 February 2016. Missing or empty
- (PDF) https://web.archive.org/20110727094905/http://www.statistiques-locales.insee.fr/Fiches/RS/AU1999/RS_AU1999006.pdf. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 July 2011. Retrieved 19 February 2016. Missing or empty
- "Urban Audit Database". Urbanaudit.org. Archived from the original on 23 May 2011. Retrieved 2011-04-29.
- Data for 2001 (2004 data not yet available)
- "Urban Audit". European Commission. 2006.
- "State of European Cities Report" (PDF). Retrieved 2011-04-29.