List of largest buildings

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The lists in this article rank buildings from around the world by usable space (volume), footprint on the ground (area), and floor space (area), respectively. The term "building" used by these lists refers to single structures that are suitable for continuous human occupancy. There are a few exceptions which include factories and warehouses.

The Aerium near Berlin is the largest uninterrupted volume in the world, with Boeing's factory in Everett, Washington, United States the largest building in the world by volume and the Aalsmeer Flower Auction Building in Aalsmeer, Netherlands the largest in area footprint, while the Yiwu International Trade City in Yiwu, China is the largest building in terms of total floor area.[1]

Largest usable volume[edit]

This list ranks the buildings throughout the world with the largest usable space, sorted by volume.

Name Country Place Floor area Volume Description Source
1 Boeing Everett Factory  United States Everett, Washington 398,000 m2 (4,280,000 sq ft) 13.3 million m3 (472 million cu ft) Boeing's assembly site for a selection of the company's largest aircraft, originally built for construction of the 747. [2]
2 Great Mosque of Mecca  Saudi Arabia Hijaz-Saudi Arabia 356,000 m2 (3,830,000 sq ft) 8 million m3 (282 million cu ft)

(Approximate)

The largest mosque in the world, the most sacred place for the Muslims, and surrounds Islam's holiest place, the Kaaba. [3][4]
3 Jean-Luc Lagardère Plant  France Toulouse-Blagnac 122,500 m2 (1,319,000 sq ft) 5.6 million m3 (199 million cu ft) The assembly hall of the Airbus A380, the world's largest airliner. [5]
4 Boeing Composite Wing Center  United States Everett, Washington 111,500 m2 (1,200,000 sq ft) 3.7 million m3 (131 million foot3) Boeing's assembly site for the production of composite wings for the 777-8 and 777-9 [6]
5 Aerium  Germany Halbe, Brandenburg 70,000 m2 (750,000 sq ft) 5.2 million m3 (184 million cu ft) A hangar originally intended to house the construction of a giant airship, this building now houses an indoor theme park, called Tropical Islands Resort. [7]
6 Meyer Werft Dockhalle 2  Germany Papenburg, Niedersachsen 63,000 m2 (680,000 sq ft) 4.72 million m3 (167 million cu ft) Dry dock for construction of cruise ships. [8]
7 NASA Vehicle Assembly Building  United States Brevard County, Florida 32,374 m2 (348,470 sq ft) 3.66 million m3 (130 million cu ft) Originally built to enable simultaneous assembly and shelter for four Saturn V rockets. [9]
8 The O2  United Kingdom London 104,634 m2 (1,126,270 sq ft) 2.79 million m3 (98.6 million cu ft) An exhibition centre designed for the millennium and converted into an entertainment centre. [10]
9 Tesco Ireland Distribution Centre  Ireland Donabate, Fingal 80,194 m2 (863,200 sq ft) 1.55 million m3 (54.83 million cu ft) Large dry grocery distribution centre near Dublin. Opened in 2007 at a cost of €70 million. [11][12]

[13][14]

10 Target Import Warehouse  United States Savannah, Georgia 187,664 m2 (2,020,000 sq ft) 1.5 million m3 (16.2 million cu ft) Built to distribute imported product to internal Target distribution centers.
11 Austal USA (Module Manufacturing Facility)  United States Mobile, Alabama 68,250 m2 (734,600 sq ft) 1.365 million m3 (48.204 million cu ft) The facility is capable of constructing six large aluminium vessels such as the US Navy’s Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) and/or Joint High Speed Vessel (JHSV) per year. [15]
12 Hanover Fairground (Halls 3–9)  Germany Hannover, Niedersachsen 114,535 m2 1.15 million m3 Largest exhibition ground in the world with 27 halls. Halls 1–2 and 10–27 are in separate adjacent buildings. [16]
13 National Exhibition Centre (Halls 1-5)  United Kingdom Birmingham, West Midlands 186,000 m2 1.14 million m3 Large exhibition centre southeast of Birmingham. Halls 6-20 are in a separate building. [17]
14 2800 Polar Way  United States Richland, Washington 46,929 m2 (505,140 sq ft) 1.029 million m3 (36.241 million cu ft) A 35 metre (116 ft) tall refrigerated warehouse completed in July 2015. [18][19]
[20][21]
15 Hangar One  United States Moffett Federal Airfield, Mountain View 32,375 m2 (348,480 sq ft) 1 million m3 (35 million cu ft) A naval airship hangar opened in 1933 as the hangar for the rigid airship USS Macon. The hangar measures 345 m (1,133 feet) long, 94 m (308 feet) wide, with a peak of 60 m (198 feet) high. [22]

Largest footprint[edit]

This list ranks the buildings throughout the world with the largest footprint on the ground.

Name Country Place Footprint Length × width Description Map
1 Aalsmeer Flower Auction Building  Netherlands Aalsmeer 518,000 m2 740 m x 700 m The auction building of the flower auction in Aalsmeer. [23]
2 The Dubai Mall  United Arab Emirates Dubai 500,000 m2 (5,400,000 sq ft)
3 Tesla Factory  United States Fremont, California 427,354 m2 (4,600,000 sq ft) Automobile production facility of Tesla Motors.[24]
4 Boeing Everett Factory  United States Everett, Washington 398,000 m2 900 m x 495 m Boeing's assembly site for a selection of the company's largest aircraft, originally built for construction of the 747. [25]
5 Daikin Texas Technology Park  United States Waller, Texas 393,000 m2

(4.23 million sq ft)

Factory and distribution center for heating and air conditioning products [26] [27]
6 Michelin Distribution Center  United States Spartanburg, South Carolina 371,612 m2

(4 million sq ft)

336 m x 1097 m Michelin's distribution center [28]
7 Great Mosque of Mecca  Saudi Arabia Hijaz-Saudi Arabia 356,000  m2 (4,300,000 sq ft) The most sacred place for the Muslims, and surrounds Islam's holiest place, the Kaaba. [3][4]
8 Nike - North America Logistics Center  United States Memphis, Tennessee 260,000 m2

(2.8 million sq ft)

Nike's distribution center. [29][30]
9 John Deere North American Parts Distribution Center  United States Milan, Illinois 246,000 m2 (2,650,000 sq ft) Distribution warehouse for John Deere parts.[31] [32]
10 Rivian Automotive Assembly Plant  United States Normal, Illinois 220,000 m2 920 m x 200 m As of 2017, the company planned for this plant to be the primary North American location for Rivian's manufacturing. [33]
11 Indonesia Convention Exhibition  Indonesia Bumi Serpong Damai 220,000 m2 The biggest and most spacious exhibition, convention and entertainment center in Indonesia, spanning a total area of over 220,000 square meters. It has 10 exhibition halls, a convention hall, outdoor exhibition space, pre-function lobby, and 33 meeting, with parking capacity of up to 5,000 cars.[34] [35]
12 Belvidere Assembly Plant  United States Belvidere, Illinois 210,000 m2 700 m x 300 m Assembles the Jeep Cherokee. [36]
13 New Century Global Center  China Chengdu 200,000 m2 500 m x 400 m "The Global Center will be home to business offices, hotels, theaters, high-end shopping malls, a faux Mediterranean village, family-themed attractions, university complexes and more."[37] [38]
14 Tesla Gigafactory 1  USA Storey County, Nevada 200,000 m2 (1.9 million sq ft) 500 m x 400 m Lithium-ion battery factory [39]
15 NASA Michoud Assembly Facility  United States New Orleans, Louisiana 174,000 m2 735 m x 410 m Used for manufacture of Curtiss-Wright C-76 Caravan cargo aircraft, engines for Sherman tank & Patton tank, S-IB & S-IC stages for Saturn rocket, Space Shuttle External Tank. [40]
16 Target Import Warehouse  United States Lacey, Washington 159,000 m2 1,060 m x 150 m Built to distribute imported product to internal Target distribution centers [41]
17 Parliament House, Canberra  Australia Canberra 156,910 m2 442 m x 355 m Parliament building of the Commonwealth of Australia
18 Temple Mount  Israel Jerusalem 144,000 m2 480 m x 300 m Site of Jewish Temple expanded by King Herod in 1st century BC
19 Faurecia Saline Plant  United States Saline,Michigan 143,000 m2 Faurecia Interiors Systems
20 Jean-Luc Lagardère Plant  France Toulouse-Blagnac 122,500 m2 470 m x 270 m The assembly hall of the Airbus A380, the world's largest airliner [42]
21 Evrolend shop mall  Russia Ivanovo 117,800 m2 (1,268,000 sq ft) 581.5 × 202.5 m Built in 1960s to textile industrial combine [43]
22 Amazon Distribution Center  United States Schertz, Texas 117,450 m2 (1,264,200 sq ft) 675 m x 174 m Built to distribute products to Amazon customers
23 Lauma Fabrics  Latvia Liepāja, Latvia 115,645 m2 (1,244,790 sq ft) 229 m x 505 m Lauma Fabrics is a manufacturing company which produces raw materials for lingerie production. [44]
24 AMES Distribution Center  United States Carlisle, Pennsylvania 113,177 m2 (1,218,230 sq ft) 617 m x 183 m Distributes products for The AMES Companies, Inc. [45]
25 The O2  United Kingdom London 104,634 m2 (1,126,270 sq ft) 365 m diameter An exhibition and entertainment centre.
26 amazon.de Logistics Centre  Germany Bad Hersfeld, Hessen 89,380 m2 (962,100 sq ft) 410 m x 218 m Logistics center and warehouse for amazon.de. [46]

Largest floor area[edit]

Concourse B part of Terminal 3 at Dubai International Airport
The Pentagon

This list ranks the top buildings throughout the world with the largest amount of floor area.

# Name Country Place Floor area Source/notes
1 New Century Global Center  China Chengdu 1,760,000 m2 (18,900,000 sq ft) [47][48]
2 Dubai International Airport Terminal 3  United Arab Emirates Dubai 1,713,000 m2 (18,440,000 sq ft) [1]
3 Abraj Al-Bait Endowment  Saudi Arabia Mecca 1,575,815 m2 (16,961,930 sq ft) [49]
4 CentralWorld  Thailand Bangkok 1,024,000 m2 (11,020,000 sq ft) [citation needed]
5 Aalsmeer Flower Auction  Netherlands Aalsmeer 990,000 m2 (10,700,000 sq ft) [50]
6 Beijing Capital International Airport Terminal 3  China Beijing 986,000 m2 (10,610,000 sq ft) [51]
7 The Venetian Macao  China Macau 980,000 m2 (10,500,000 sq ft) [52]
8 Sands Cotai Central  China Macau 890,000 m2 (9,600,000 sq ft) [53]
9 Ciputra World Surabaya  Indonesia Surabaya 750,000 m2 (8,100,000 sq ft) [54]
10 Berjaya Times Square  Malaysia Kuala Lumpur 700,000 m2 (7,500,000 sq ft) [55]
11 Central Park Jakarta Complex  Indonesia Jakarta 660,000 m2 (7,100,000 sq ft) [56]
12 Perpa Trade Center  Turkey Istanbul 660,000m2 (7,100,000 sq ft) [57]
=13 Kemang Village  Indonesia Jakarta 650,000 m2 (7,000,000 sq ft) [58]
=13 Gandaria City  Indonesia Jakarta 650,000 m2 (7,000,000 sq ft) [59]
15 The Palazzo  United States Las Vegas 645,581 m2 (6,948,980 sq ft) [60]
16 Grand Indonesia  Indonesia Jakarta 640,000 m2 (6,900,000 sq ft) [citation needed]
17 The Pentagon  United States Arlington County 610,000 m2 (6,600,000 sq ft) [61][62]
18 K-25  United States Oak Ridge 609,000 m2 (6,560,000 sq ft) Demolished by the end of 2013.[63]
19 United States Air Force Plant 4  United States Fort Worth 603,870 m2 (6,500,000 sq ft) [64]
20 Amsterdam Airport Schiphol  Netherlands Amsterdam 650,000 m2 (7,000,000 sq ft) [65]
21 Hamad International Airport  Qatar Doha 600,000 m2 (6,500,000 sq ft) [66]
22 Ciputra World 1 Complex  Indonesia Jakarta 583,000 m2 (6,280,000 sq ft) [67]
23 Marina Bay Sands  Singapore Singapore 581,400 m2 (6,258,000 sq ft) [68]
24 Keangnam Hanoi Landmark Tower  Vietnam Vietnam 580,000 m2 (6,200,000 sq ft) [citation needed]
25 Hong Kong International Airport Terminal 1  China Hong Kong 570,000 m2 (6,100,000 sq ft) [69]
26 Suvarnabhumi Airport  Thailand Samut Prakan 563,000 m2 (6,060,000 sq ft) [70]
27 ATL Logistics Centre, Centre B  China China 550,000 m2 (5,900,000 sq ft) [71]
28 Barcelona Airport Terminal 1  Spain Barcelona 546,000 m2 (5,880,000 sq ft) [72]
29 Mexico City International Airport Terminal 1  Mexico Mexico City 544,000 m2 (5,860,000 sq ft) [citation needed]
30 Osaka Station City[citation needed]  Japan Umeda, Osaka 530,000 m2 (5,700,000 sq ft) [citation needed]
31 Renaissance Center  United States Detroit 515,000 m2 (5,540,000 sq ft) [73][74]
32 Indira Gandhi International Airport Terminal 3  India Delhi 502,000 m2 (5,400,000 sq ft) [75]
33 Siam Paragon  Thailand Bangkok 500,000 m2 (5,400,000 sq ft) [76]
34 Incheon International Airport  South Korea Seoul 496,000 m2 (5,340,000 sq ft) [77]
35 Chrysler Headquarters and Technology Center  United States Auburn Hills, Michigan 490,000 m2 (5,300,000 sq ft) [78]
36 Barajas Airport Terminal 4 main building  Spain Madrid 470,000 m2 (5,100,000 sq ft) [citation needed]
37 Toronto Pearson International Airport Terminal 1  Canada Mississauga 346,000 m2 (3,720,000 sq ft) [79]
38 Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport Terminal 2  India Mumbai 450,000 m2 (4,800,000 sq ft) [citation needed]
39 Persian Gulf Complex (Persian: مجتمع خلیج فارس‎, mojtama'e Khalij-e Fars)  Iran Shiraz 444,000 m2 (4,780,000 sq ft) [80]
40 Narita International Airport Terminal 1  Japan Narita 440,000 m2 (4,700,000 sq ft) [81]
41 Soekarno–Hatta International Airport Terminal 3  Indonesia Tangerang 422,804 m2 (4,551,020 sq ft) [82]
42 Mid Valley Megamall  Malaysia Kuala Lumpur 420,000 m2 (4,500,000 sq ft) [83]
43 Willis Tower  United States Chicago 418,000 m2 (4,500,000 sq ft) [84]
44 USAA McDermott Building  United States San Antonio 414,642 m2 (4,463,170 sq ft) [85]
45 Taipei 101  Taiwan Taipei 412,500 m2 (4,440,000 sq ft) [86]
46 Nagoya Station  Japan Nagoya 410,000 m2 (4,400,000 sq ft) [87]
47 Boeing Plant  United States Everett 398,000 m2 (4,280,000 sq ft) [2]
48 Yokohama Landmark Tower  Japan Yokohama 392,885 m2 (4,228,980 sq ft) [88]
49 Sands Infinit - IT/ITES office space in Smart city  India Kochi 390,192 m2 (4,199,990 sq ft) [89]
50 CCTV Headquarters  China Beijing 389,079 m2 (4,188,010 sq ft) [90]

Special categories[edit]

Ericsson Globe

This list of special categories includes a variety of buildings which are the largest of their type.

Type of building Name Country Place Floor area Volume
Department store Shinsegae Centum City[91]  South Korea Busan 509,810 m2 (5,487,500 sq ft)
Industrial building Boeing Everett Factory  United States Everett, Washington 398,000 m2 (4.3 million sq ft) 13.3 million m3 (472 million cubic ft)
Legislature building Palace of the Parliament[92]  Romania Bucharest 365,000 m2 (3.93 million sq ft) 2.55 million m3 (90 million cu ft)
Bus depot Millennium Park Bus Depot  India Delhi 305,265 m2 (3.6 million sq ft)
Courthouse Istanbul Çağlayan Justice Palace  Turkey Istanbul 300,000 m2 (3.0 million sq ft)
Bus terminal Tel Aviv Central Bus Station  Israel Tel Aviv 230,000 m2 (2.5 million sq ft)
Museum Louvre Museum (Musée du Louvre)  France Paris 210,000 m2 (2,260,421 sq ft)
Current royal residence Istana Nurul Iman  Brunei Bandar Seri Begawan 200,000 m2 (2,152,782 sq ft)
Royal palace Royal Palace of Caserta  Italy Caserta 235,000 m2 (2,529,519 sq ft) 2 million m3 (70 million cu ft)
Shipbuilding hall Meyer Werft Dockhalle 2  Germany Papenburg 63,000 m2 (678,000 sq ft) 4.72 million m3 (167 million cu ft)
Hemispherical building Ericsson Globe[93]  Sweden Stockholm 600,000 m3 (21 million cu ft)

See also[edit]

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