List of largest cities in the European Union by population within city limits

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This is a list of the 100 largest cities in the European Union by population within city limits. It deals exclusively with the areas within city administrative boundaries as opposed to urban areas or Larger Urban Zones (metropolitan areas), which are generally larger in terms of population than the main city.

As some cities have very narrow city limits and others very wide, the list may not give an accurate view of the comparative magnitude of different places, and the figures in the list should be treated with caution. For example, the populations of Greater London and Greater Paris constitute the largest urban areas in the EU, but the strict definition of the limits of Paris results in a far lower population shown in the table below. Actually the criteria used to build this list are mixing different level of urbanity, which makes it invalid. It is better to refer to urban zones as other articles of Wikipedia do.

Cities by population within city limits[edit]

Note: The cities are sorted by the column labelled Official population (actual). Cities in bold are capital cities of their respective countries; Brussels (italics) is the capital of both Belgium and the EU.

Rank City State Official population Date of census/estimate References Image
1 London[Notes 1]  United Kingdom 8,673,713 30 June 2015 [1] London from a hot air balloon.jpg
2 Berlin  Germany 3,562,166 31 December 2014 [2] Brandenburger Tor abends.jpg
3 Madrid  Spain 3,141,992 1 January 2014 [3] Cuatro Torres Business Area.JPG
4 Rome  Italy 2,874,038 30 November 2014 [4] Roma dall'aereo.JPG
5 Paris  France 2,244,000 1 January 2015 [5] Sunset over Paris 5, France August 2013.jpg
6 Bucharest  Romania 1,883,425 20 October 2011 [6] Bucharest-Skyline-01.jpg
7 Vienna  Austria 1,848,656 1 April 2016 [7] Schönbrunn Palace (Visitor's entrance to Imperial rooms) as seen from the point of Neptune Fountain, right through Great Parterre. Vienna, Austria, Western Europe.jpg
8 Hamburg[Notes 2]  Germany 1,760,433 30 November 2014 [8] Hamburg Rathaus.jpg
9 Budapest  Hungary 1,759,407 1 January 2016 [9] Széchenyi Chain Bridge in Budapest at night.jpg
10 Warsaw  Poland 1,744,351 31 December 2015 [10] Lotnicza panorama Warszawy.jpg
11 Barcelona  Spain 1,602,386 1 January 2014 [3] Barcelona from Sagrada Familia (2).JPG
12 Munich  Germany 1,504,301 28 February 2015 [11] Stadtbild München.jpg
13 Milan  Italy 1,344,906 30 November 2015 [4] Milano skyline.jpg
14 Prague  Czech Republic 1,267,449 31 December 2015 [12] Prague old town square panorama.jpg
15 Sofia  Bulgaria 1,260,120 31 December 2015 [13] Alexander Nevsky Cathedral
16 Brussels[Notes 3]  Belgium 1,175,831[disputed ] 1 January 2014 [14] Brussels floral carpet B.jpg
17 Birmingham  United Kingdom 1,101,360 30 December 2015 [15] Birmingham-Skyline-from-Edgbaston-crop.jpg
18 Cologne  Germany 1,057,327 31 December 2014 [16] Nightview of Cologne Cathedrale across the River Rhine.jpg
19 Naples  Italy 989,160 30 November 2014 [4] Napoli6.png
20 Stockholm  Sweden 911,989 31 January 2014 [17] Stadshus-Panorama 2.jpg
21 Turin  Italy 897,265 30 November 2014 [4] Turin monte cappuccini.jpg
22 Marseille  France 852,516 31 December 2012 [18] Marseille-la-nuit-by-F.Laffont-feraud.jpg
23 Amsterdam  Netherlands 825,080 30 March 2015 [19] Amsterdam airphoto.jpg
24 Zagreb  Croatia 790,017 31 March 2011 [20] Zagreb Night.jpg
25 Valencia  Spain 786,424 1 January 2014 [3] Valencia Arts.jpg
26 Kraków  Poland 760,700 31 March 2014 [10] Sukiennice and Main Market Square Krakow Poland.JPG
27 Leeds  United Kingdom 757,655 30 June 2012 [15] LeedsSkyline2013.jpg
28 Łódź  Poland 709,757 31 March 2014 [10] Lodz manufaktura 01.jpg
29 Frankfurt  Germany 709,395 30 June 2014 [21] Frankfurt Am Main-Stadtansicht von der Deutschherrnbruecke zu Beginn der Abenddaemmerung.jpg
30 Seville  Spain 696,676 1 January 2014 [3] 19060879124 a5eac59dea o feria abril sevilla 2013.jpg
31 Palermo  Italy 676,118 30 November 2014 [4] Palermo02 flickr.jpg
32 Zaragoza  Spain 666,058 1 January 2014 [3] 0849 pilar ebro 2004.png
33 Athens  Greece 664,046 24 May 2011 [22] View of Athens from Lycabettus.jpg
34 Riga  Latvia 641,007 1 July 2015 [23] Riga - Latvia.jpg
35 Wrocław  Poland 632,432 31 March 2014 [10] Wrocław - Rynek 1.JPG
36 Helsinki  Finland 630,752 1 January 2016 [24] Skyline of Helsinki as seen from the Erottaja fire station.jpg
37 Rotterdam  Netherlands 626,305 30 June 2015 [25] Erasmusbrug seen from Euromast.jpg
38 Stuttgart  Germany 604,297 31 December 2013 [26] Burgholzhof Panorama-pjt.jpg
39 Düsseldorf  Germany 598,686 31 December 2013 [16] Düsseldorf, Marina Düsseldorf.JPG
40 Glasgow  United Kingdom 596,550 31 December 2013 [27] Glasgow-Green-Geograph-2354475-by-Jim-Smillie.jpg
41 Genoa  Italy 592,995 30 November 2014 [4] Genova dal Castelletto.jpg
42 Copenhagen  Denmark 583,348 1 January 2015 [28] Copenhagen Christiansborg IMG 5590.jpg
43 Dortmund  Germany 575,944 31 December 2013 [16] DK DO Skyline 300ppi CC BY NC SA-20140223-3068.jpg
44 Essen  Germany 569,884 31 December 2013 [16] Essen-Panorama.jpg
45 Málaga  Spain 566,913 1 January 2014 [3] Da Gibralfaro.jpg
46 Sheffield  United Kingdom 557,382 30 June 2012 [15] Sheffield skyline.png
47 Bremen  Germany 551,767 31 December 2014 [29] Bremen aerial view 9.JPG
48 Leipzig  Germany 547,823 31 May 2015 [30] Leipzig Fockeberg Zentrum.jpg
49 Lisbon  Portugal 547,631 1 January 2011 [31] 2012-11-17 at 08-08-47 (8235529079).jpg
50 Poznań  Poland 545,680 31 December 2014 [10] Poznan centrum.jpg
51 Vilnius  Lithuania 542,720 1 July 2015 [32] Vilnius city.jpg
52 Gothenburg  Sweden 541,145 31 December 2014 [33] Gothenburgbynight.jpg
53 Dresden  Germany 536,681 31 May 2015 [30] Dresden Altstadt (5549941423).jpg
54 Dublin  Ireland 527,612 10 April 2011 [34] OConnellBridgeDublin.jpg
55 Bradford  United Kingdom 524,619 30 June 2012 [15] Bradford Cityscape.JPG
56 Hanover  Germany 523,642 31 December 2014 [35] Luftbild Hannover Rathaus.JPG
57 The Hague  Netherlands 510,909 1 May 2014 [36] Cityscape of The Hague, viewed from Het Plein (The Square).jpg
58 Manchester  United Kingdom 510,772 30 June 2012 [15] Manchester Skyline.jpg
59 Antwerp  Belgium 510,610 1 January 2014 [37] OLV-Kathedraal.jpg
60 Nuremberg  Germany 500,096 30 September 2014 [11] Nürnberg panorama.jpg
61 Edinburgh  United Kingdom 495,360 30 June 2011 [27] Edinburgh Night Panorama from Calton Hill.jpg
62 Lyon  France 491,268 31 December 2011 [38] Lyon vue depuis fourviere.jpg
63 Duisburg  Germany 486,816 31 December 2012 [16] Duisburg Innenhafen Ludwigturm.jpg
64 Liverpool  United Kingdom 469,690 30 June 2012 [15] Liverpool Waterfront - geograph.org.uk - 1004690.jpg
65 Gdańsk  Poland 460,354 30 June 2012 [10] Gdansk 2004.jpg
66 Toulouse  France 447,340 31 December 2011 [39] Toulouse by night with Basilique Saint-Sernin.jpg
67 Murcia  Spain 441,354 1 January 2012 [3] Murcia.JPG
68 Tallinn  Estonia 440,206 1 March 2016 [40] Tallinn sea.png
69 Bratislava Slovakia Slovak Republic 432,801 31 December 2013 [41] Bratislava Panorama R01.jpg
70 Bristol  United Kingdom 432,451 30 June 2012 [15] River.avon.from.balloon.bristol.arp.jpg
71 Szczecin  Poland 409,211 30 June 2012 [10] PolandSzczecinPanorama.JPG
72 Palma de Mallorca  Spain 407,648 1 January 2012 [3] Bellver Castle 2008 Palma Mallorca 130.JPG
73 Bologna  Italy 386,171 30 November 2014 [4] Bologna-view.jpg
74 Plovdiv  Bulgaria 382,737 15 March 2015 [42] Ancient theatre plovdiv-3.jpg
75 Las Palmas  Spain 382,296 1 January 2012 [3] Las Palmas panorama.jpg
76 Florence  Italy 380,226 30 November 2014 [4] Sunset in Florence from the Piazza Michelangelo.jpg
77 Brno  Czech Republic 378,327 1 January 2013 [12] 01 airshots.cz-wallpaper16x10-noTm.jpg
78 Varna  Bulgaria 364,537 15 March 2015 [42] Varna Cathedral - 2
79 Bydgoszcz  Poland 362,286 30 June 2012 [10] BydgoszczAir.jpg
80 Bochum  Germany 362,213 31 December 2012 [16] Bergbaumuseum Bochum Pano.jpg
81 Bilbao  Spain 351,629 1 January 2012 [3] Panoramica bilbao.jpg
82 Cardiff  United Kingdom 348,493 30 June 2012 [15] Mermaid Quay and Pierhead Building, Cardiff Bay - geograph.org.uk - 752977.jpg
83 Lublin  Poland 348,120 30 June 2012 [10] Lublin18395.jpg
84 Nice  France 344,064 31 December 2011 [43] Aerial view downtown Nice.jpg
85 Wuppertal  Germany 342,885 31 December 2012 [16] Wuppertal ansicht.jpg
86 Alicante  Spain 340,678 1 January 2012 [3] Puerto de Alicante desde el Castillo de Santa Bárbara.JPG
87 Coventry  United Kingdom 337,428 30 June 2014 Skyline of Coventry as seen from Baginton 3g06.JPG
88 Belfast  United Kingdom 333,871 27 March 2011 [44] Belfast City Hall 2.jpg
89 Leicester  United Kingdom 331,606 30 June 2012 [15] LeicesterAttenboroughPanorama.jpg
90 Utrecht  Netherlands 330,772 1 May 2014 [45] Panorama Utrecht.jpg
91 Córdoba  Spain 328,841 1 January 2012 [3] Córdoba vista aérea.jpg
92 Bielefeld  Germany 328,314 31 December 2012 [16] Bielefeld City.jpg
93 Wakefield  United Kingdom 327,627 30 June 2012 [15] Wakefield-1.jpg
94 Aarhus  Denmark 326,676 1 October 2014 .[46] Aarhus waterfront.jpg
95 Thessaloniki  Greece 325,182 24 May 2011 [22] Panorama solun.JPG
96 Cluj-Napoca  Romania 324,576 20 October 2011 [47] Panorama Cluj Napoca mica.jpg
97 Malmö  Sweden 321,970 1 November 2015 [17] Central Malmö.JPG
98 Bari  Italy 321,008 30 November 2014 [4] Puglia Bari2 tango7174.jpg
99 Timișoara  Romania 319,279 20 October 2011 [47] Timisoara-019 (11680928173).jpg
100 Catania  Italy 315,567 30 November 2014 [4] Catania-Etna-Sicilia-Italy-Castielli CC0 HQ1.JPG

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Refers to Greater London which is composed of 32 independent borough councils and the City of London
  2. ^ Refers to the city and federal state of Hamburg, which is composed of 7 districts
  3. ^ Refers to Brussels Capital Region

References[edit]

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