List of cities in the European Union by population within city limits

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This is a list of the largest 100 cities in the European Union ranked according to population within their city limits. It deals exclusively with the areas within city administrative boundaries as opposed to urban areas or larger urban zones (metropolitan areas), which are generally larger in terms of population than the main city.

As some cities have very narrow city limits and others very wide, the list may not give an accurate view of the comparative magnitude of different places, and the figures in the list should be treated with caution. For example, Paris and London constitute the most populous urban areas in the European Union, but the strict definition of the administrative limits of Paris results in a far lower population shown in the table below. The criteria used to build this list are mixing different level of urbanity, which makes it invalid.

Cities by population within city limits[edit]

Note: The cities are sorted by the column labelled Official population (actual). Cities in bold are capital cities of their respective countries; Brussels (italics) is the capital of both Belgium and the EU.

Rank City State Official population Date of census/estimate References Image
1 London[Notes 1]  United Kingdom 8,673,713 30 June 2015 [1] London from a hot air balloon.jpg
2 Berlin  Germany 3,610,156 31 December 2015 [2] Brandenburger Tor abends.jpg
3 Madrid  Spain 3,141,991 1 January 2015 [3] Cuatro Torres Business Area.JPG
4 Rome  Italy 2,865,945 29 February 2016 [4] Roma dall'aereo.JPG
5 Paris  France 2,244,000 1 January 2015 [5] Sunset over Paris 5, France August 2013.jpg
6 Bucharest  Romania 1,883,425 20 October 2011 [6] Bucharest-Skyline-01.jpg
7 Vienna  Austria 1,852,997 1 July 2016 [7] Schönbrunn Palace (Visitor's entrance to Imperial rooms) as seen from the point of Neptune Fountain, right through Great Parterre. Vienna, Austria, Western Europe.jpg
8 Hamburg[Notes 2]  Germany 1,780,288 30 November 2015 [8] Hamburg Rathaus.jpg
9 Budapest  Hungary 1,759,407 1 January 2016 [9] Széchenyi Chain Bridge in Budapest at night.jpg
10 Warsaw  Poland 1,744,351 31 December 2015 [10] Lotnicza panorama Warszawy.jpg
11 Barcelona  Spain 1,604,555 1 January 2015 [3] Barcelona from Sagrada Familia (2).JPG
12 Munich  Germany 1,504,301 28 February 2015 [11] Stadtbild München.jpg
13 Milan  Italy 1,347,707 31 December 2015 [4] Milano skyline.jpg
14 Prague  Czech Republic 1,267,449 31 December 2015 [12] Pražský-hrad-z-Karlova-mostu2014.jpg
15 Sofia  Bulgaria 1,231,981 31 December 2015 [13] Alexander Nevsky Cathedral
16 Brussels[Notes 3]  Belgium 1,187,890 1 January 2016 [14] Brussels floral carpet B.jpg
17 Birmingham  United Kingdom 1,111,307 30 June 2015 [1] Birmingham-Skyline-from-Edgbaston-crop.jpg
18 Cologne  Germany 1,060,582 31 December 2015 [15] Nightview of Cologne Cathedrale across the River Rhine.jpg
19 Naples  Italy 972,638 31 March 2016 [4] Napoli6.png
20 Stockholm  Sweden 925,934 31 December 2015 [16] Stadshus-Panorama 2.jpg
21 Turin  Italy 892,649 31 August 2015 [4] Turin monte cappuccini.jpg
22 Marseille  France 852,516 31 December 2012 [17] Marseille-la-nuit-by-F.Laffont-feraud.jpg
23 Amsterdam  Netherlands 825,080 30 March 2015 [18] Amsterdam airphoto.jpg
24 Zagreb  Croatia 790,017 31 March 2011 [19] Zagreb Night.jpg
25 Valencia  Spain 786,189 1 January 2015 [3] Valencia Arts.jpg
26 Leeds  United Kingdom 774,060 30 June 2015 [1] LeedsSkyline2013.jpg
27 Kraków  Poland 761,069 31 December 2015 [10] Sukiennice and Main Market Square Krakow Poland.JPG
28 Frankfurt  Germany 732,688 31 December 2015 [20] Frankfurt Am Main-Stadtansicht von der Deutschherrnbruecke zu Beginn der Abenddaemmerung.jpg
29 Łódź  Poland 700,982 31 December 2015 [10] Lodz manufaktura 01.jpg
30 Seville  Spain 693,878 1 January 2015 [3] 19060879124 a5eac59dea o feria abril sevilla 2013.jpg
31 Palermo  Italy 673,073 31 March 2016 [4] Palermo02 flickr.jpg
32 Zaragoza  Spain 664,953 1 January 2015 [3] 0849 pilar ebro 2004.png
33 Athens  Greece 664,046 22 July 2011 [21] Atenes i el mont Licabet des de l'Acròpoli.JPG
34 Riga  Latvia 641,007 1 July 2015 [22] Riga - Latvia.jpg
35 Wrocław  Poland 635,759 31 December 2015 [10] Ratusz2noc.jpg
36 Helsinki  Finland 630,752 1 January 2016 [23] Skyline of Helsinki as seen from the Erottaja fire station.jpg
37 Rotterdam  Netherlands 626,305 30 June 2015 [24] Erasmusbrug seen from Euromast.jpg
38 Stuttgart  Germany 612,441 31 December 2014 [25] Burgholzhof Panorama-pjt.jpg
39 Düsseldorf  Germany 612,178 31 December 2015 [15] Düsseldorf, Marina Düsseldorf.JPG
40 Glasgow  United Kingdom 606,340 30 June 2015 [1] Glasgow-Green-Geograph-2354475-by-Jim-Smillie.jpg
41 Genoa  Italy 588,688 30 April 2015 [4] Genova dal Castelletto.jpg
42 Dortmund  Germany 586,181 31 December 2015 [15] DK DO Skyline 300ppi CC BY NC SA-20140223-3068.jpg
43 Copenhagen  Denmark 583,348 1 January 2015 [26] Copenhagen Christiansborg IMG 5590.jpg
44 Essen  Germany 582,624 31 December 2015 [15] Essen-Panorama.jpg
45 Sheffield  United Kingdom 569,737 30 June 2015 [1] Sheffield skyline.png
46 Málaga  Spain 569,130 1 January 2015 [3] Da Gibralfaro.jpg
47 Leipzig  Germany 560,472 31 December 2015 [27] Leipzig Fockeberg Zentrum.jpg
48 Bremen  Germany 557,464 31 December 2015 [28] Bremen aerial view 9.JPG
49 Dublin  Ireland 553,165 24 April 2016 [29] OConnellBridgeDublin.jpg
50 Lisbon  Portugal 547,631 1 January 2011 [30] 2012-11-17 at 08-08-47 (8235529079).jpg
51 Dresden  Germany 543,825 31 December 2015 [27] Dresden Altstadt (5549941423).jpg
52 Vilnius  Lithuania 542,720 1 July 2015 [31] Vilnius city.jpg
53 Poznań  Poland 542,348 31 December 2015 [10] Poznan centrum.jpg
54 Gothenburg  Sweden 541,145 31 December 2014 [32] Gothenburgbynight.jpg
55 Bradford  United Kingdom 531,176 30 June 2015 [1] Bradford Cityscape.JPG
56 Manchester  United Kingdom 530,292 30 June 2015 [1] Manchester Skyline.jpg
57 Hanover  Germany 523,642 31 December 2014 [33] Luftbild Hannover Rathaus.JPG
58 The Hague  Netherlands 510,909 1 May 2014 [34] Cityscape of The Hague, viewed from Het Plein (The Square).jpg
59 Antwerp  Belgium 510,610 1 January 2014 [35] OLV-Kathedraal.jpg
60 Nuremberg  Germany 500,096 30 September 2014 [11] Nürnberg panorama.jpg
61 Edinburgh  United Kingdom 498,810 30 June 2015 [1] Edinburgh Night Panorama from Calton Hill.jpg
62 Lyon  France 491,268 31 December 2011 [36] Lyon vue depuis fourviere.jpg
63 Duisburg  Germany 491,231 31 December 2015 [15] Duisburg Innenhafen Ludwigturm.jpg
64 Liverpool  United Kingdom 478,580 30 June 2015 [1] Liverpool Waterfront - geograph.org.uk - 1004690.jpg
65 Gdańsk  Poland 462,249 31 December 2015 [10] Gdansk 2004.jpg
66 Bristol  United Kingdom 449,328 30 June 2015 [1] River.avon.from.balloon.bristol.arp.jpg
67 Toulouse  France 447,340 31 December 2011 [37] Toulouse by night with Basilique Saint-Sernin.jpg
68 Tallinn  Estonia 440,206 1 March 2016 [38] Tallinn sea.png
69 Murcia  Spain 439,889 1 January 2015 [3] Murcia.JPG
70 Bratislava Slovakia Slovak Republic 432,801 31 December 2013 [39] Bratislava Panorama R01.jpg
71 Szczecin  Poland 405,657 31 December 2015 [10] PolandSzczecinPanorama.JPG
72 Palma de Mallorca  Spain 400,578 1 January 2015 [3] Bellver Castle 2008 Palma Mallorca 130.JPG
73 Bologna  Italy 386,171 30 November 2014 [4] Bologna-view.jpg
74 Florence  Italy 380,226 30 November 2014 [4] Sunset in Florence from the Piazza Michelangelo.jpg
75 Las Palmas  Spain 379,766 1 January 2015 [3] Las Palmas panorama.jpg
76 Brno  Czech Republic 378,327 1 January 2013 [12] 01 airshots.cz-wallpaper16x10-noTm.jpg
77 Bochum  Germany 364,742 31 December 2015 [15] Bergbaumuseum Bochum Pano.jpg
78 Cardiff  United Kingdom 357,160 30 June 2015 [1] Mermaid Quay and Pierhead Building, Cardiff Bay - geograph.org.uk - 752977.jpg
79 Bydgoszcz  Poland 355,645 31 December 2015 [10] BydgoszczAir.jpg
80 Wuppertal  Germany 350,046 31 December 2015 [15] Wuppertal ansicht.jpg
81 Coventry  United Kingdom 345,385 30 June 2015 [1] Skyline of Coventry as seen from Baginton 3g06.JPG
82 Bilbao  Spain 345,141 1 January 2015 [3] Panoramica bilbao.jpg
83 Nice  France 344,064 31 December 2011 [40] Aerial view downtown Nice.jpg
84 Leicester  United Kingdom 342,627 30 June 2015 [1] LeicesterAttenboroughPanorama.jpg
85 Plovdiv  Bulgaria 341,625 31 December 2015 [13] Ancient theatre plovdiv-3.jpg
86 Lublin  Poland 340,727 31 December 2015 [10] Lublin18395.jpg
87 Belfast  United Kingdom 338,907 30 June 2015 [41] Belfast City Hall 2.jpg
88 Varna  Bulgaria 334,466 31 December 2015 [13] Varna Cathedral - 2
89 Wakefield  United Kingdom 333,759 30 June 2015 [1] Wakefield-1.jpg
90 Bielefeld  Germany 333,090 31 December 2015 [15] Bielefeld City.jpg
91 Utrecht  Netherlands 330,772 1 May 2014 [42] Panorama Utrecht.jpg
92 Alicante  Spain 328,648 1 January 2015 [3] Puerto de Alicante desde el Castillo de Santa Bárbara.JPG
93 Córdoba  Spain 327,362 1 January 2015 [3] Córdoba vista aérea.jpg
94 Aarhus  Denmark 326,676 1 October 2014 .[43] Aarhus waterfront.jpg
95 Thessaloniki  Greece 325,182 24 May 2011 [44] Panorama solun.JPG
96 Cluj-Napoca  Romania 324,576 20 October 2011 [45] Panorama Cluj Napoca mica.jpg
97 Malmö  Sweden 321,970 1 November 2015 [16] Central Malmö.JPG
98 Bari  Italy 321,008 30 November 2014 [4] Puglia Bari2 tango7174.jpg
99 Timișoara  Romania 319,279 20 October 2011 [45] Timisoara-019 (11680928173).jpg
100 Catania  Italy 315,567 30 November 2014 [4] Catania-Etna-Sicilia-Italy-Castielli CC0 HQ1.JPG

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Refers to Greater London which is composed of 32 independent borough councils and the City of London
  2. ^ Refers to the city and federal state of Hamburg, which is composed of 7 districts
  3. ^ Refers to Brussels Capital Region

References[edit]

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