List of protests in the United States by size

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The right to assemble is recognized as a human right and protected in the First Amendment of the US Constitution under the clause, "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances."[1]

Widespread mass protest became a distinct characteristic of 20th and 21st century American civic engagement, with each of the top ten attended protests occurring since 1963 and each of the top four occurring since the advent of the Trump administration.[citation needed]

List[edit]

In 1995, the National Park Service estimated 400,000 people attended the Million Man March in Washington, D.C., the official count for the event.[2] The organizers said more than a million people turned out, and they threatened to sue the Park Service unless it revised its estimate. Congress, in response, barred the agency from producing any more crowd estimates.[3]

Since then, official crowd estimates for organized political protests, demonstrations, and marches have relied on an amalgam of police data, organizer estimates, the research of crowd scientists, and journalists.[4]

Protest City Estimated participants Date Image
1 2017 Women's March 3,300,000–4,600,000[5][6] January 21, 2017 Women's March on Washington (32103990670).jpg
2 2018 Women's March 1,500,000[7] January 20, 2018
2018 Women's March in New York City
3 March for Our Lives 1,200,000-2,000,000[8][9][10][11] March 24, 2018
Protesters in Washington, D.C., 2018
4 March for Science ~1,000,000[12] April 22, 2017
Protesters in Washington, D.C., 2017
5 March on Washington for Lesbian, Gay and Bi Equal Rights and Liberation Washington, D.C. 800,000–1,000,000[13][14] April 25, 1993
Demonstrators in front of the White House
6 New York City Freeze Rally New York City 700,000–1,000,000[15][16] June 12, 1982 FeknukefreezeWIKI.jpg
7 Million Man March Washington, D.C. 670,000–800,000[17] October 16, 1995 The million march man.jpg
8 March for Life Washington, D.C. 400,000-650,000 (2013 estimate from rally organizers)[18] [19] Annually since January 22, 1974
2013 march
9 March for Women's Lives Washington, D.C. 500,000–1,000,000[20][21] April 25, 2004 March for Women's Lives 1.jpg
10 Million Woman March Philadelphia 500,000[22] October 25, 1997 Philadelphia Protests (32402213412).jpg
11 Moratorium to End the War in Vietnam Washington, D.C. 500,000[23] November 15, 1969 Vietnam War protest in Washington DC April 1971.jpg
12 People's Climate March New York City 311,000–400,000[24][25] September 21, 2014 People's Climate March 2014.jpg
13 March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom Washington, D.C. 250,000–300,000[26][27] August 28, 1963 Civil Rights March on Washington, D.C. (Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. and Mathew Ahmann in a crowd.) - NARA - 542015 - Restoration.jpg
14 Solidarity Day march Washington, D.C. 250,000–260,000[28][29] September 19, 1981 Wash D.C. protest.jpg
15 February 15 Iraq war protests New York City 200,000–375,000[30][31] February 15, 2003 F15-protest-cape-town-stop-w.jpg
16 Rally to Restore Sanity and/or Fear Washington, D.C. 215,000 [32] October 30, 2010 Rally to Restore Sanity and or Fear - 2010-10-30 - Panora of Crowd.jpg
17 March on Washington for Lesbian and Gay Rights Washington, D.C. 200,000[33] October 11, 1987
Nancy Pelosi participating in the march
18 2015 Armenian March for Justice Los Angeles 130,000+[34] April 24, 2015 Armenian genocide massive march in LA.JPG

References[edit]

  1. ^ Andrew M., Winston (October 2014). "Right to Peaceful Assembly: United States". Library of Congress. Retrieved March 26, 2017.
  2. ^ Michael, Janofsky (October 21, 1995). "Federal Parks Chief Calls 'Million Man' Count Low". The New York Times. Retrieved March 26, 2017.
  3. ^ Craven McGinty, Jo. "The 400,000 Man March? A Brief History of Crowd Counting". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved March 26, 2017.
  4. ^ Sabrina, Stierwalt. "How Do You Estimate Crowd Size?". Scientific American. Retrieved March 26, 2017.
  5. ^ Owen, Tess (January 23, 2017). "The Women's March turnout is at 3.2 million and counting". Vice News (online ed.). Retrieved January 25, 2017.
  6. ^ Waddell, Kavel (January 23, 2017). "The Exhausting Work of Tallying America's Largest Protest". The Atlantic (online ed.). Retrieved January 25, 2017.
  7. ^ Berquist, Aileen (January 29, 2018). "MARCH ON Gears Up for March On the Polls 2018" (online ed.). March On. Retrieved February 15, 2018.
  8. ^ "More than 2 million joined March for Our Lives protests in 90 percent of U.S. voting districts". Newsweek. 2018-03-26. Retrieved 2018-03-26.
  9. ^ "The odds that a gun will kill the average American may surprise you". Business Insider. Retrieved 2018-03-26.
  10. ^ Shabad, Rebecca (24 March 2018). "At March For Our Lives, survivors lead hundreds of thousands in call for change". NBC News. Retrieved 24 March 2018.
  11. ^ "It's official: March for Our Lives was one of the biggest youth protests since the Vietnam War - Vox". www.vox.com. Retrieved 2018-03-26.
  12. ^ https://medium.com/marchforscience-blog/the-science-behind-the-march-for-science-crowd-estimates-f337adf2d665
  13. ^ Smith, Nadine (April 25, 2013). "The 20th Anniversary of the LGBT March on Washington: How Far Have We Come?". The Huffington Post. Retrieved March 26, 2017.
  14. ^ Schmalz, Jeffrey (April 26, 1993). "March For Gay Rights; Gay Marchers Throng Mall in Appeal for Right". The New York Times. Retrieved March 26, 2017.
  15. ^ Jonathan, Schell (June 14, 2007). "The Spirit of June 12". The Nation (July 2, 2007 Issue). Retrieved March 26, 2017.
  16. ^ Paul L., Montgomery (June 13, 1982). "Throngs Fill Manhattan to Protest Nuclear Weapons". The New York Times. Retrieved March 26, 2017.
  17. ^ Agrawal, Nina. "Before the Women's March on Washington there was the Million Woman March…and the Million Man March". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 26, 2017.
  18. ^ "'Life is winning': Pence fired up March for Life crowd". Fox News. 2017-01-27. Retrieved 2018-01-21.
  19. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/2013/01/26/us/politics/40-years-after-roe-v-wade-thousands-march-to-oppose-abortion.html
  20. ^ Gibson, Megan. "The March for Women's Lives". Time. Retrieved March 26, 2017.
  21. ^ "March For Women's Lives: Up to a Million Descend on DC in One of the Largest Protests in U.S. History". Democracy Now. April 26, 2004. Retrieved March 26, 2017.
  22. ^ Tornquist, Cynthia (October 25, 1997). "Million Woman March fills Philadelphia streets". CNN. Retrieved March 26, 2017.
  23. ^ History.com Staff. "Second moratorium against the war held". History.com. Retrieved March 26, 2017.
  24. ^ Dastagir, Alia E. (September 21, 2014). "'Largest-ever' climate-change march rolls through NYC". USA Today. Retrieved March 26, 2017.
  25. ^ Visser, Nick (September 21, 2014). "Hundreds of Thousands Turn Out For People's Climate March in New York City". The Huffington Post. Retrieved March 26, 2017.
  26. ^ "King speaks to March on Washington". History.com. Retrieved March 26, 2017.
  27. ^ "March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom". National Park Service. Retrieved March 26, 2017.
  28. ^ Pianin, Eric; Brown, Warren (September 20, 1981). "250,000 March to Protest Reagan's Policies". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 26, 2017.
  29. ^ Merlino, Joseph P. (November 1, 1981). "A Retrospective Look at What 'Solidarity Day' Meant". The New York Times. Retrieved March 26, 2017.
  30. ^ "Cities jammed in worldwide protest of war in Iraq". CNN. February 16, 2003. Retrieved March 26, 2017.
  31. ^ Tharoor, Ishaan. "Viewpoint: Why Was the Biggest Protest in World History Ignored?". Time. Retrieved March 26, 2017.
  32. ^ Montopoli, Brian (October 30, 2010). "Jon Stewart Rally Attracts Estimated 215,000". CBS News.
  33. ^ Williams, Lena (October 12, 1987). "200,000 March in Capital to Seek Gay Rights and Money for AIDS". The New York Times. Retrieved March 26, 2017.
  34. ^ Mejia, Brittny (April 24, 2015). "Armenian genocide: Massive march ends at Turkish consulate in L.A." The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 20, 2017.