List of urban areas in the Nordic countries
This is a list of urban areas in the Nordic countries by population. The population is measured on a national level, independently by each country's statistical bureau. Statistics Sweden uses the term tätort (urban settlement), Statistics Finland also uses tätort in Swedish and taajama in Finnish, Statistics Denmark uses byområde (city), while Statistics Norway uses tettsted (urban settlement).
A uniform statistical definition between the Nordic countries was agreed upon in 1960, which defines an urban area as a continuous built-up area whose population is at least 200 inhabitants and where the maximum distance between residences is 200 metres; discounting roads, parking spaces, parks, sports grounds and cemeteries – without regard to the ward, municipal or county boundaries. Despite the uniform definition, the various statistical bureaus have different approaches in conducting these measurements, resulting in slight variation between the different countries.[a]
Despite belonging to the Nordic countries, Iceland does not follow the same definition of "urban area" for statistical purposes. The Nordic definition is unique to the four other countries, and should not be confused with the international concepts of metropolitan area or urban areas in general.
|Rank||City / urban settlement||Urban area||Metropolitan||Notes||Image|
|1||Stockholm||1,583,374||2,269,060||Capital of Sweden. Municipality: 932,917. The Stockholm urban area, Urban Stockholm, or Tätorten Stockholm as it is called in Swedish, consists of the municipalities of Stockholm, Solna and Sundbyberg, as well as parts of Botkyrka, Danderyd, Haninge, Huddinge, Järfälla, Nacka, Sollentuna, Tyresö municipalities. The metropolitan area is called Metropolitan Stockholm or Stor-Stockholm. Only "Innerstan", parts of Solna, Liljeholmen and the area around Stockholm Globe Arena can be described as city core, rather than suburb.|
|2||Copenhagen||1,320,629||2,350,000||Capital of Denmark. Municipality: 613,288 Statistics Denmark considers the City of Copenhagen (Byen København) to consist of the Municipality of Copenhagen. Including the fully surrounded Frederiksberg 735,000 at an area of 104 km2. The Copenhagen metropolitan area (Hovedstadsregionen) had a population of 2.6 million in 2018, while the Oresund Region had approximately 4 million. Copenhagen city core (including block build-up areas only) comprises most of the municipality's area but also includes entire Frederiksberg as well as good parts of Gentofte (Hellerup and Ordrup districts) and Tårnby (areas north of Copenhagen Airport).|
|3||Helsinki||1,231,595||1,495,271||Capital of Finland. Municipality: 650,058. The Helsinki urban area, or Helsingin keskustaajama as it is called in Finnish, is defined by Statistics Finland. It includes most of the neighbouring municipalities Espoo, Vantaa and Kauniainen, among others. The entire Greater Helsinki area has a population of 1,495,271. The city's core is located at a peninsula and is slightly larger than as Oslo's.|
|4||Oslo||1,000,467||1,588,457||Capital of Norway. Municipality: 647,676. The very large area known as the Greater Oslo Region (metropolitan) area has a population of 1,546,706. Conurbation includes the neighbouring municipalities Bærum, Asker, Skedsmo, Lørenskog and Oppegård in their entirety, as well as parts of Røyken, Sørum, Nittedal, Rælingen and Ski. It is the fastest growing capital city in Europe.|
|5||Gothenburg||581,822||997,446[dead link]||Municipality: 581,822. For the official statistical entity see Storgöteborg (Gothenburg Metropolitan Area).||The city's core is located along the left side of Göta Älv, over a rather long, but not very, wide distance. To this comes the block areas from the city's commercial centre and a bit towards the south (Örgyte).|
|6||Tampere||334,112||370,084||Municipality: 217,767. Eurostats population size for Tampere is 369,525.|
|7||Malmö||339,313||707,120 Approximately 1 million for all municipalities bordering Öresund's Swedish shores, and municipalities bordering to such a shore-municipality.||Municipality: 328,494. For the official statistical entity Stormalmö (Malmö Metropolitan Area): 707,120 and for the Oresund Region circa 3,900,000||The statistical area isn't decided locally nor regionally. The population along the Swedish side of Öresund, in principle Malmö+Helsingborg metropolitan areas, counts around to a million people (from Trelleborg to Ängelholm North to South, and Eastwards to Åstorp, Eslöv and Svedala) and 120 km size. Malmö's city core is close to equal the municipality, though a bit smaller.|
|8||Aarhus||273,077||Municipality: 340,421. Which is a part of the East Jylland region with a population of 1,279,492. Eurostats population size for Aarhus is 845,971.|
|10||Bergen||255,464||420,000||Municipality: 267,150. Metropolitan area: 377,116.|
|11||Stavanger/Sandnes||222,697||319,822||Municipality: 128,830. Metropolitan area: 297,569.|
|12||Reykjavík||212,385[b]||212,385||Capital of Iceland. Municipality: 118,898. Metropolitan area includes the neighbouring municipalities Kópavogur, Hafnarfjörður, Garðabær, Mosfellsbær, Seltjarnarnes and Álftanes. Note, no urban area is defined.|
|14||Trondheim||183,378||Municipality: 180,280. Metropolitan area: 274,958.|
|17||Aalborg||134,672||Includes Nørresundby; Municipality: 205,809|
|21||Drammen||117,510||Includes the neighbouring municipality Nedre Eiker in its entirety, as well as parts of Øvre Eiker, Lier and Røyken.|
|22||Fredrikstad/Sarpsborg||111,267||Fredrikstad with 61,264 inhabitants and Sarpsborg with 44,281 have grown together, to form an urban area known as "Nedre Glommaregionen" (the Lower Glomma Region – The cities are placed along the outlet of the river Glomma, hence the name).|
|26||Porsgrunn/Skien||92,753||Includes the neighbouring municipalities of Porsgrunn and Skien in its entirety, as well as a part of Bamble.|
No metro area, part of Malmö/Lund/Trelleborg metro region
No independent area, part of Greater Stockholm
No independent area, part of Greater Stockholm
Note that the population numbers from the different countries are from different years, as Statistics Finland, Statistics Norway and Statistics Denmark release the statistic yearly (albeit at different times of the year), Statistics Sweden only release the figures every five years. The Norwegian data is from 2013 and 2018, the Danish data is from 2014, the Swedish is from 2010 and the Finnish is from 2017.
Also note that some of the statistics have been updated since the first note was made, so some statistics may be from 2018, while others from 2013, etc.
- Urban areas in the Nordic countries
- Largest metropolitan areas in the Nordic countries
- List of the most populated municipalities in the Nordic countries
- List of metropolitan areas in Sweden
- List of urban areas in Sweden by population
- List of urban areas in Denmark by population
- List of urban areas in Norway by population
- List of urban areas in Finland by population
- List of cities in Iceland
- List of cities in the Baltic states
- List of metropolitan areas by population
- For example, Statistics Finland utilizes a 62,500 square metres (673,000 sq ft) grid system for analyzing population, resulting in slight measurement differences between it and the other Nordic statistical bureaus.
- Iceland does not adhere to the common Nordic definition for an urban area, so this figure is inaccurate for comparative purposes.
- "Nationalencyklopedin - Tätort". Nationalencyklopedin. Retrieved 21 July 2014.
Translation: 'a for the Nordic countries shared statistical definition of built-up area with at least 200 residents, not more than 200 m between each other (without regard to the ward, municipal or county boundaries)'
- "Localities 2010: Population, age and gender" (PDF) (in Swedish and English). Statistics Sweden. Retrieved 21 July 2014.
A densely built area includes any cluster of buildings with at least 200 inhabitants, unless the distance between the houses exceeds 200 metres. However, the distance may exceed 200 metres if the cluster of buildings is situated within the area of influence of a larger locality. [...] Even if the distance between buildings exceeds 200 metres, the locality should not be divided if the area between the buildings is used for public purposes such as roads, parking spaces, parks, sports grounds and cemeteries. The same applies to undeveloped areas such as storage sites, railways and docks.page=21
- "Folkmängden efter region, civilstånd, ålder och kön. År 1968 - 201" (in Swedish). Statistikmyndigheten SCB. Retrieved 22 December 2017.[dead link]
- "BY1: Population 1. January by urban, rural areas, age and sex". statbank.dk.
- OECD: Territorial Review Copenhagen, 2009, p. 34, ISBN 9789264060029
- also obtainable through OECD
- Urban settlements by population and population density, 31 Dec 2017
- Population and land area in urban settlements, December 2018
- regionaldepartementet, Kommunal- og (2003-05-09). "St.meld. nr. 31 (2002-2003)". Regjeringen.no (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-12-22.
- "Folketalet ved nyttår var 5 258 000". ssb.no (in Norwegian Nynorsk). Retrieved 2017-12-22.
- Savage, Maddy (18 July 2018). "Oslo's rapid growth redefines Nordic identity" – via www.bbc.com.
- "Befolkning – Øresundsinstituttet". www.oresundsinstituttet.org.
- "Statistikbanken". www.statbank.dk.
- "Statistikbanken". www.statistikbanken.dk.
- "Seutukuntien ennakkoväkiluku alueittain, elokuu 2013". Tiedote (in Finnish). Statistics Finland (Tilastokeskus). 31 August 2013. Archived from the original on 27 June 2013. Retrieved 2 October 2013.
- "Population by locality, age and sex 1 January 2011-2018". Statistics Iceland. Retrieved 22 December 2017.
- "Population 1. January by urban, rural areas (DISCONTINUED) - StatBank Denmark - data and statistics". www.statistikbanken.dk.
- "table". www.statistikdatabasen.scb.se. Retrieved 2017-12-22.
- Citypopulation Norway Archived 2012-11-20 at the Wayback Machine
- "Denmark: Regions, Municipalities, Cities and Urban Areas - Population Statistics in Maps and Charts". www.citypopulation.de.
- "Sweden: Counties, Cities, Municipalities, Settlements and Metropolitan Areas - Population Statistics in Maps and Charts". www.citypopulation.de.