List of urban areas in the European Union

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

This is a list of urban areas in the European Union with over 500,000 inhabitants as of 2014. The data comes from Demographia and the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs.[1][2][3] Demographia provides figures for urban areas (including conurbations),[2] while the UN DESA figures are for agglomerations only.[3] For comparison, Function Urban Area (FUA) population figures by Eurostat are also provided, however, these measure the wider metropolitan areas.

Important notes[edit]

  • This is a list of urban areas, not a list of metropolitan areas. Urban areas are contiguous built-up areas where houses are typically not more than 200 m apart, not including rivers, parks, roads, industrial fields, etc. A metropolitan area is an urban area plus any satellite cities around it and any agricultural land in between. For instance London is sometimes listed with 14 million inhabitants, Stuttgart is frequently listed with 2.2 million inhabitants, Munich with 2 million or more, etc., indicating the wider metropolitan area of those places. Metropolitan areas, which imply much more complicated definitions (such as the proportion of people in satellite cities working in the core of the metropolitan area), can be accurately computed only by statistical offices, after they have chosen a definition for metropolitan areas, whereas urban areas can be computed by any institution or person with the study of maps, satellite imagery and other geographical data in order to determine the outer limits of a continuous built-up area with one or more neighbouring cities. Furthermore, the list does not make a difference between cities that have multiple satellites and cities that do not. Therefore, two cities with the same demographics for their urban area will have an equal ranking on this list, even if one of the two cities may be much larger as it is the core of a number of satellites.
  • This is a list of urban areas, not a list of administrative cities. For example, the list of conurbations contains the urban area of Lille-Kortrijk. Lille and Kortrijk remain two very distinct cities, each belonging to a different country, culture and language area. For a list of the largest cities of the European Union by population, please see List of cities in the European Union by population within city limits.
  • The study of urban areas is useful to analyse how cities develop, which in turn can be used to define transportation, planning and environmental policies, to adjust administrative boundaries etc. At the same time its limitations have to be acknowledged. It is a purely geographic study and disregards all other factors that contribute to the analysis of the functional city. For instance, several cities in the European Union such as Brussels and London have reserved green belts in the outskirts which impacts the size of urban areas but not the "perceived city" as these green belts have now become integrated in what people consider to be the functional city.

Urban areas over 500,000 inhabitants (2015-2017)[edit]

Rank Urban area Image State Population (urban areas; Demographia)[2] Population (agglomerations; UN WUP)[3] FUA population (metropolitan areas; Eurostat)[1] Density
(per km2;
Demographia)
Annual growth
rate (%;

Demographia)
1 Paris Paris - Eiffelturm und Marsfeld2.jpg  France 10,950,000 10,843,285 11,800,000 3,800 0.83
2 London City of London skyline from London City Hall - Oct 2008.jpg  United Kingdom 10,470,000 10,313,307 12,200,000 5,900 0.07
3 Ruhr Ballonfahrt über Köln - Deutzer Hafen, Rhein, Rheinauhafen, Altstadt-RS-4106.jpg  Germany 6,670,000 N/A 11,300,000 2,800 0.01
4 Katowice (Katowice urban area) Katowice Rynek.jpg  Poland 6,624,000 N/A 5,573,159 3,300 0.11
5 Madrid Madrid-Azca-Castellana-170913.jpg  Spain 6,610,000 6,729,254 7,100,000 4,600 0.27
6 Milan Skyline Milano - 05.JPG  Italy 5,280,000 3,098,974 n/a 2,800 −0.16
7 Barcelona Central business district of Barcelona (2).JPG  Spain 5,260,000 5,658,319 5,900,000 4,300 0.12
8 Berlin Cityscape Berlin.jpg  Germany 4,105,000 3,863,194 n/a 2,900 0.01
9 Rome Colosseum in Rome, Italy - April 2007.jpg  Italy 3,950,000 3,717,956 n/a 3,400 0.89
10 Warsaw FB Warszawa panorama.jpg  Poland 3,867,000 1,722,310 3,000,000 3,200 0.67
11 Naples Napoli.jpg  Italy 3,700,000 2,201,789 n/a 3,600 0.01
12 Athens Attica 06-13 Athens 36 View from Lycabettus.jpg  Greece 3,475,000 3,051,899 n/a 5,000 0.29
13 Lisbon Vista de Lisboa.jpg  Portugal 2,700,000 2,884,297 n/a 2,800 0.39
14 Manchester Manchester Town Hall from Lloyd St.jpg  United Kingdom 2,685,000 2,645,598 n/a 4,200 −0.03
15 RotterdamThe Hague RotterdamMaasNederland.jpg
Cityscape of The Hague, viewed from Het Plein (The Square).jpg
 Netherlands 2,670,000 N/A n/a 2,700 0.39
16 Birmingham Birmingham Council House.jpg  United Kingdom 2,550,000 2,514,596 n/a 4,200 −0.03
17 Budapest Parlement van Boedapest gelegen aan de Donau.jpg  Hungary 2,500,000 1,713,903 3,100,000 1,900 −0.19
18 Prague Prague-IMG 1307-Pano-web-X3.jpg  Czech Republic 2,300,000 2,156,809 2,620,000 4,600 −0.07[4]
19 Cologne-Bonn Über den Rhein.jpg  Germany 2,165,000 N/A n/a 2,300 0.50
20 Brussels Brussels skyline gp.jpg  Belgium 2,120,000 2,044,993 n/a 2,600 0.02[4]
21 Bucharest Palatul Parlamentului 1.jpg  Romania 2,115,000 1,867,724 n/a 6,500 0.10[4]
22 Hamburg Hamburg, Speicherstadt, Wasserschloss -- 2016 -- 3230-6.jpg  Germany 2,105,000 1,830,673 n/a 2,700 0.43[4]
23 Munich Stadtbild München.jpg  Germany 2,025,000 1,437,900 n/a 4,200 0.72[4]
24 Leeds-Bradford LeedsSkyline2013.jpg  United Kingdom 1,955,000 1,912,493 n/a 3,900 0.24[4]
25 Frankfurt Skyline Frankfurt am Main.jpg  Germany 1,950,000 n/a n/a 3,000 0.50
26 Vienna Wien-Reichsbruecke-6.JPG  Austria 1,785,000 1,752,845 n/a 3,900 1.04[4]
27 Kraków Rynek Glowny w Krakowie.jpg  Poland 1,726,000 1,725,894 n/a 3,500
28 Amsterdam ZuidasAmsterdamtheNetherlands.jpg  Netherlands 1,650,000 1,090,772 n/a 3,200 0.41[4]
29 Lyon Lyon - La Part-Dieu de nuit - 07-12-2009.jpg  France 1,650,000 1,608,712 n/a 1,300 0.50[4]
30 Marseille Coucher de soleil sur Notre-Dame de la Garde.JPG  France 1,620,000 1,605,046 n/a 3,100 0.46[4]
31 Valencia Valencia west night.jpg  Spain 1,585,000 n/a 5,700 0.29[4]
32 Stockholm Gamla Stan swe.jpg  Sweden 1,565,000 1,485,680 n/a 4,300 0.58[4]
33 Turin Turin monte cappuccini.jpg  Italy 1,530,000 1,764,868 n/a 4,100 −0.16[4]
34 Porto Cais da Ribeira, Oporto, Portugal, 2012-05-09, DD 17.JPG  Portugal 1,485,000 1,299,437 n/a 1,900
35 Poznań 6 Poznan 015.jpg  Poland 1,400,000 n/a 2,700
36 Stuttgart Stuttgart AltesSchloss03.JPG  Germany 1,395,000 n/a 2,900
37 Sofia AlexanderNevskyCathedral-Sofia-6.jpg  Bulgaria 1,325,000 1,226,155 1,543,377 5,700 0.78[4]
38 Copenhagen Nyhavn MichaD.jpg  Denmark 1,290,000 1,268,052 1,900,000 2,700 0.04[4]
39 Helsinki Helsinki July 2013-27a.jpg  Finland 1,280,000 1,179,916 n/a 2,400 0.81[4]
40 Glasgow GlasgowSkyline2012.jpg  United Kingdom 1,235,000 1,222,955 n/a 3,300 0.07[4]
41 Antwerp MAS Antwerpen 2016-05 --1.jpg  Belgium 1,200,000 n/a 1,500 0.05[4]
42 Wrocław Wroclaw 1.jpg  Poland 1,165,000 n/a 4,800
43 Dublin View of Dublin, looking east from Sean O’Casey Bridge 20150807 1.jpg  Ireland 1,158,000 1,169,371 n/a 2,500 1.14[4]
44 Sevilla 19060879124 a5eac59dea o feria abril sevilla 2013.jpg  Spain 1,110,000 n/a 5,600
45 Łódź Manufaktura panorama Łódź.jpg  Poland 1,100,000 n/a 5,000 −0.67[4]
46 Gdańsk (Tricity) Calle Dlugie Pobrzeze, Gdansk, Polonia, 2013-05-20, DD 06.jpg  Poland 1,080,700 n/a 5,000
47 Lille Lille vue gd place.JPG  France,  Belgium 1,065,000 1,027,178 n/a 2,200 0.50[4]
48 Nice Nice Port 1.jpg  France 975,000 n/a 1,300 0.52[4]
49 Toulouse Toulouse by night with Basilique Saint-Sernin.jpg  France 965,000 n/a 1,100 0.72[4]
50 Bordeaux Bordeaux place de la bourse with tram.JPG  France 960,000 n/a 700 0.60[4]
51 Nantes Quai de la Fosse (de la butte Saint-Anne)- Nantes.jpg  France 900,000 n/a 1,100
52 South Hampshire Portsmouth-from-PortsdownHill.jpg  United Kingdom 895,000 n/a
53 Liverpool Liverpool Pier Head.jpg  United Kingdom 880,000 n/a 4,400 0.11[4]
54 Bergamo Italia Bergamo 03.JPG  Italy 860,000 n/a 3,300
55 Florence Florence Cathedral.jpg  Italy 835,000 n/a 3,700
56 Thessaloniki Salonica-view-aerial2.jpg  Greece 825,000 n/a 4,300 0.39[4]
57 Newcastle upon Tyne (Tyneside) Millennium Bridge and Quayside from The Baltic - geograph.org.uk - 677250.jpg  United Kingdom 800,000 n/a 4,200 0.16[4]
58 Bilbao Ayuntamiento-bilbao1.jpg  Spain 780,000 n/a 5,800
59 Nottingham Christmas at Nottingham Market Square - geograph.org.uk - 916680.jpg  United Kingdom 765,000 n/a 4,200
60 Dresden Dresden Überblick 12.jpg  Germany 740,000 n/a 2,200
61 Zaragoza 0849 pilar ebro 2004.png  Spain 735,000 n/a 5,700
62 Catania Catania anfiteatro romano2423.jpg  Italy 730,000 n/a 2,900
63 Palermo Palermo panorama.JPG  Italy 730,000 n/a 6,000 0.12[4]
64 Málaga Palacio de Ferias y Congresos de Málaga.jpg  Spain 725,000 n/a 3,600
65 Hannover Hannover Altstadt 128-h.jpg  Germany 715,000 n/a 2,500
66 Sheffield Sheffield Cathedral 2001.jpg  United Kingdom 715,000 n/a 4,000
67 Zagreb Zageb Croatian National Theater.jpg  Croatia 705,000 n/a 4,400
68 Utrecht Stadhuis Utrecht.JPG  Netherlands 690,000 n/a 3,900
69 Las Palmas Auditorio alfredo kraus las palmas de gran canaria.jpg  Spain 675,000 n/a 6,800
70 Nuremberg Nürnberg panorama.jpg  Germany 675,000 n/a 3,000
71 Bristol River.avon.from.balloon.bristol.arp.jpg  United Kingdom 660,000 n/a 3,900
72 Bremen Bremen Altstadt (5438245111).jpg  Germany 635,000 n/a 2,400
73 Genova Genova-Panorama dalla collina di Camandoli.jpg  Italy 615,000 1,500,000 n/a 7,900
74 Belfast Belfast City Hall 2007.jpg  United Kingdom 615,000 n/a 3,500
75 Padua Padua5.jpg  Italy 610,000 n/a 3,200
76 Leipzig Leipzig Burgplatz Panorama.jpg  Germany 605,000 n/a 2,000
77 Riga Riga - House of Blackheads.jpg  Latvia 605,000 n/a 2,900
78 Gothenburg Älvsborgsbron.jpg  Sweden 590,000 n/a 2,700
79 Toulon Toulon Faron3 P1440701-P1440708.jpg  France 585,000 n/a 700
80 Mannheim Mannheim Friedrichsplatz 2005 Richtung Augustaanlage.jpg  Germany 565,000 n/a 3,500
81 Liège Eglise-liege-stbarthelemy-juin2006.jpg  Belgium 560,000 n/a 1,900
82 Palma, Majorca Bellver Castle 2008 Palma Mallorca 130.JPG  Spain 550,000
83 Vilnius Vilnius view.jpg  Lithuania 550,000 649,000 n/a 2,500
84 Santa Cruz de Tenerife Tres de Mayo 03.jpg  Spain 545,000
85 Aachen Aachen Rathaus pano.jpg  Germany 545,000 n/a 1,500
86 Leicester Leicester from Welford Place.jpg  United Kingdom 545,000 n/a
87 Bologna Bologna-vista02.jpg  Italy 530,000 n/a 3,400
88 Murcia Murcia.JPG  Spain 515,000
89 Grenoble Seilbahn-Grenoble.JPG  France 515,000 n/a 985
90 Saarbrücken SB-Rathaus.jpg  Germany 510,000 n/a 2,200
91 Douai-Lens Douai - office de tourisme (3).jpgJean Jaurès square, Lens.jpg  France 510,000 n/a 1,100
92 Edinburgh Skyline of Edinburgh.jpg  United Kingdom 500,000

Top 20 urban areas by population[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Eurostat: Statistics on European cities. Retrieved 19 September 2016.
  2. ^ a b c Demographia: World Urban Areas. Retrieved 12 July 2017.
  3. ^ a b c Annual Population of Urban Agglomerations with 300,000 Inhabitants or More in 2014, by Country, 1950-2030 (thousands), World Urbanization Prospects, the 2014 revision, Population Division of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs. Retrieved 6 September 2015. Note: List based on estimates for 2015, from 2014.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab United Nations: World Urbanization Prospects Archived 10 March 2007 at Archive.today

External links[edit]