List of urban areas in the European Union

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This is a list of urban areas in the European Union with over 500,000 inhabitants as of 2014. The data comes from Demographia and the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs.[1][2][3] Demographia provides figures for urban areas (including conurbations),[2] while the UN DESA figures are for agglomerations only.[3] For comparison, Function Urban Area (FUA) population figures by Eurostat are also provided, however, these measure the wider metropolitan areas.

Important notes[edit]

  • This is a list of urban areas, not a list of metropolitan areas. Urban areas are contiguous built-up areas where houses are typically not more than 200 m apart, not including rivers, parks, roads, industrial fields, etc. A metropolitan area is an urban area plus any satellite cities around it and any agricultural land in between. For instance Paris is sometimes listed with 12 million inhabitants, Stuttgart is frequently listed with 2.2 million inhabitants, Munich with 2 million or more, etc., indicating the wider metropolitan area of those places. Metropolitan areas, which imply much more complicated definitions (such as the proportion of people in satellite cities working in the core of the metropolitan area), can be accurately computed only by statistical offices, after they have chosen a definition for metropolitan areas, whereas urban areas can be computed by any institution or person with the study of maps, satellite imagery and other geographical data in order to determine the outer limits of a continuous built-up area with one or more neighbouring cities. Furthermore, the list does not make a difference between cities that have multiple satellites and cities that do not. Therefore, two cities with the same demographics for their urban area will have an equal ranking on this list, even if one of the two cities may be much larger as it is the core of a number of satellites.
  • This is a list of urban areas, not a list of administrative cities. For example, the list of conurbations contains the urban area of Lille-Kortrijk. Lille and Kortrijk remain two very distinct cities, each belonging to a different country, culture and language area. For a list of the largest cities of the European Union by population, please see List of cities in the European Union by population within city limits.
  • The study of urban areas is useful to analyse how cities develop, which in turn can be used to define transportation, planning and environmental policies, to adjust administrative boundaries etc. At the same time its limitations have to be acknowledged. It is a purely geographic study and disregards all other factors that contribute to the analysis of the functional city. For instance, several cities in the European Union, such as Brussels,have reserved green belts in the outskirts which impacts the size of urban areas but not the "perceived city" as these green belts have now become integrated in what people consider to be the functional city.

Urban areas over 500,000 inhabitants (2015-2020)[edit]

Rank Urban area Image State Population (urban areas; Demographia)[2] ESPON Population (Functional Urban Area)[4] Population (agglomerations; UN WUP)[3] FUA population (metropolitan areas; Eurostat)[1] Density
(per km2;
Demographia)
Annual growth
rate (%;

Demographia)
1 Paris Paris - Eiffelturm und Marsfeld2.jpg France 11,020,000 11,175,000 10,843,285 12,800,000 3,800 0.83
2 Ruhr Essen-Südviertel Luft.jpg Germany 6,125,000 5,376,000 N/A 11,300,000 2,800 0.01
3 Madrid Madrid-Azca-Castellana-170913.jpg Spain 6,026,000 5,263,000 6,729,254 7,100,000 4,600 0.27
4 Milan Skyline Milano - 05.JPG Italy 4,907,000 7,636,000 3,098,974 n/a 2,800 −0.16
5 Barcelona Central business district of Barcelona (2).JPG Spain 4,588,000 4,082,000 5,658,319 5,900,000 4,300 0.12
6 Berlin Cityscape Berlin.jpg Germany 3,972,000 4,016,000 3,863,194 n/a 2,900 0.01
7 Naples Napoli.jpg Italy 3,574,000 3,714,000 2,201,789 n/a 3,600 0.01
8 Athens Attica 06-13 Athens 36 View from Lycabettus.jpg Greece 3,325,000 3,761,000 3,051,899 n/a 5,000 0.29
9 Rome Colosseum in Rome, Italy - April 2007.jpg Italy 3,189,000 5,190,000 3,717,956 n/a 3,400 0.89
10 RotterdamThe Hague RotterdamMaasNederland.jpg
Cityscape of The Hague, viewed from Het Plein (The Square).jpg
Netherlands 2,770,000 1,904,000 N/A n/a 2,700 0.39
11 Lisbon Vista de Lisboa.jpg Portugal 2,656,000 2,591,000 2,884,297 n/a 2,800 0.39
12 Budapest Parlement van Boedapest gelegen aan de Donau.jpg Hungary 2,395,000 2,523,000 1,713,903 3,100,000 1,900 −0.19
13 Cologne-Bonn Bonn Kreuzbauten Post Tower.jpg Germany 2,085,000 3,070,000 N/A n/a 2,300 0.50
14 Brussels Brussels skyline gp.jpg Belgium 1,990,000 2,639,000 2,044,993 n/a 2,600 0.02[5]
15 Hamburg Hamburg, Speicherstadt, Wasserschloss -- 2016 -- 3230-6.jpg Germany 1,976,000 2,983,000 1,830,673 n/a 2,700 0.43[5]
16 Warsaw FB Warszawa panorama.jpg Poland 1,935,000 2,785,000 1,722,310 3,000,000 3,200 0.67
17 Munich Stadtbild München.jpg Germany 1,928,000 2,665,000 1,437,900 n/a 4,200 0.72[5]
18 Frankfurt Skyline Frankfurt am Main.jpg Germany 1,904,000 2,764,000 n/a n/a 3,000 0.50
19 Bucharest Palatul Parlamentului 1.jpg Romania 1,870,000 2,064,000 1,867,724 n/a 6,500 0.10[5]
20 Vienna Austria 1,809,000 2,584,000 1,752,845 n/a 3,900 1.04[5]
21 Katowice (Katowice urban area) Katowice Rynek.jpg Poland 1,726,000 3,029,000 N/A n/a 3,300 0.11
22 Turin Turin monte cappuccini.jpg Italy 1,445,000 1,601,000 1,764,868 n/a 4,100 −0.16[5]
23 Stockholm Gamla Stan swe.jpg Sweden 1,436,000 2,171,000 1,485,680 n/a 4,300 0.58[5]
24 Lyon Lyon - La Part-Dieu de nuit - 07-12-2009.jpg France 1,413,000 1,669,000 1,608,712 n/a 1,300 0.50[5]
25 Valencia Valencia west night.jpg Spain 1,393,000 1,398,000 n/a 5,700 0.29[5]
26 Marseille Coucher de soleil sur Notre-Dame de la Garde.JPG France 1,330,000 1,530,000 1,605,046 n/a 3,100 0.46[5]
27 Porto Cais da Ribeira, Oporto, Portugal, 2012-05-09, DD 17.JPG Portugal 1,323,000 1,245,000 1,299,437 n/a 1,900
28 Copenhagen Nyhavn MichaD.jpg Denmark 1,321,000 2,350,000 1,268,052 1,900,000 2,700 0.04[5]
29 Dublin View of Dublin, looking east from Sean O’Casey Bridge 20150807 1.jpg Ireland 1,306,000 1,477,000 1,169,371 n/a 2,500 1.14[5]
30 Stuttgart Stuttgart AltesSchloss03.JPG Germany 1,301,000 2,289,000 n/a 2,900
31 Helsinki Helsinki July 2013-27a.jpg Finland 1,282,000 1,285,000 1,179,916 1,495,271 2,400 0.81[5]
32 Lille Lille vue gd place.JPG France, Belgium 1,270,000 1,379,000 1,027,178 n/a 2,200 0.50[5]
33 Prague Prague-IMG 1307-Pano-web-X3.jpg Czechia 1,158,000 1,669,000 2,156,809 2,620,000 4,600 −0.07[5]
34 Amsterdam ZuidasAmsterdamtheNetherlands.jpg Netherlands 1,140,000 2,497,000 1,090,772 n/a 3,200 0.41[5]
35 Seville 19060879124 a5eac59dea o feria abril sevilla 2013.jpg Spain 1,039,000 1,180,000 n/a 5,600
36 Antwerp MAS Antwerpen 2016-05 --1.jpg Belgium 1,013,000 1,406,000 n/a 1,500 0.05[5]
37 Nice Nice Port 1.jpg France 955,000 1,082,000 n/a 1,300 0.52[5]
38 Toulouse Toulouse by night with Basilique Saint-Sernin.jpg France 944,000 832,000 n/a 1,100 0.72[5]
39 Sofia AlexanderNevskyCathedral-Sofia-6.jpg Bulgaria 934,000 1,174,000 1,226,155 1,543,377 5,700 0.78[5]
40 Bergamo Italia Bergamo 03.JPG Italy 880,000 662,000 n/a 3,300
41 Gdańsk (Tricity) Calle Dlugie Pobrzeze, Gdansk, Polonia, 2013-05-20, DD 06.jpg Poland 855,000 993,000 n/a 5,000
42 Thessaloniki Salonica-view-aerial2.jpg Greece 845,000 1,052,000 n/a 4,300 0.39[5]
43 Florence Florence Cathedral.jpg Italy 835,000 645,000 n/a 3,700
44 Bordeaux Bordeaux place de la bourse with tram.JPG France 823,000 918,000 1,244,264 700 0.60[5]
45 Bilbao Ayuntamiento-bilbao1.jpg Spain 765,000 947,000 n/a 5,800
46 Kraków Rynek Glowny w Krakowie.jpg Poland 765,000 1,236,000 1,725,894 n/a 3,500
47 Dresden Dresden Überblick 12.jpg Germany 765,000 882,000 n/a 2,200
48 Zaragoza 0849 pilar ebro 2004.png Spain 735,000 639,000 n/a 5,700
49 Palermo Palermo panorama.JPG Italy 725,000 861,000 n/a 6,000 0.12[5]
50 Catania Catania anfiteatro romano2423.jpg Italy 725,000 707,000 n/a 2,900
51 Málaga Palacio de Ferias y Congresos de Málaga.jpg Spain 720,000 944,000 n/a 3,600
52 Utrecht Stadhuis Utrecht.JPG Netherlands 715,000 692,000 n/a 3,900
53 Hanover Hannover Altstadt 128-h.jpg Germany 710,000 997,000 n/a 2,500
54 Zagreb Zageb Croatian National Theater.jpg Croatia 700,000 1,107,115 n/a 4,400
55 Łódź Manufaktura panorama Łódź.jpg Poland 670,000 1,165,000 n/a 5,000
56 Las Palmas Auditorio alfredo kraus las palmas de gran canaria.jpg Spain 670,000 640,000 n/a 6,800
57 Nuremberg Nuremberg panorama morning 3.jpg Germany 665,000 1,443,000 n/a 3,000
58 Bremen Bremen Altstadt (5438245111).jpg Germany 645,000 1,077,000 n/a 2,400
59 Wrocław Wroclaw 1.jpg Poland 625,000 861,000 n/a 4,800
60
Leipzig Leipzig Burgplatz Panorama.jpg Germany 625,000 842,000 1,037,782 2,000
61 Mannheim Mannheim Friedrichsplatz 2005 Richtung Augustaanlage.jpg Germany 625,000 683,000 1,184,343 3,500
62 Padua Padua5.jpg Italy 620,000 549,000 n/a 3,200
63 Gothenburg Älvsborgsbron.jpg Sweden 615,000 759,000 n/a 2,700
64 Genoa Genova-Panorama dalla collina di Camandoli.jpg Italy 610,000 694,000 1,500,000 n/a 7,900
65 Riga Riga - House of Blackheads.jpg Latvia 605,000 1,195,000 n/a 2,900
66 Toulon Toulon Faron3 P1440701-P1440708.jpg France 580,000 518,000 n/a 700
67 Liège Eglise-liege-stbarthelemy-juin2006.jpg Belgium 565,000 750,000 n/a 1,900
68 Saarbrücken SB-Rathaus.jpg Germany 565,000 1,102,000 n/a 2,200
69 Nantes Quai de la Fosse (de la butte Saint-Anne)- Nantes.jpg France 562,000 708,000 n/a 1,100
70 Palma, Majorca Bellver Castle 2008 Palma Mallorca 130.JPG Spain 560,000 433,000
71 Aachen Aachen Rathaus pano.jpg Germany 545,000 672,000 n/a 1,500
72 Santa Cruz de Tenerife Tres de Mayo 03.jpg Spain 540,000 399,000
73 Bologna Bologna Panorama.jpg Italy 530,000 690,000
74 Grenoble Seilbahn-Grenoble.JPG France 530,000 555,000 n/a 985
75 Poznań 6 Poznan 015.jpg Poland 525,000 919,000 n/a 2,700
76 Murcia Murcia.JPG Spain 525,000 504,000
77 Vilnius Vilnius view.jpg Lithuania 515,000 680,000 649,000 n/a 2,500
78 Douai-Lens Douai - office de tourisme (3).jpgJean Jaurès square, Lens.jpg France 510,000 550,000 n/a 1,100
79 Karlsruhe Schloss Karlsruhe und Fächerstadt 2.jpg Germany 500,000 842,000

Other notable urban areas[edit]

Urban area Image State ESPON Population (Functional Urban Area)[4] FUA population (metropolitan areas; Eurostat)[1]
OviedoGijónAvilés Santa María del Naranco. Oviedo.jpg Spain 844,000
Alicante-Elche-Elda Alicante, Spain.jpg Spain 793,000
Granada Granada-Day1-10 (47996234956).jpg Spain 440,000
Vigo metropolitan area Vigo panoramico.jpg Spain 413,000
Cartagena Teatro romano cartagena 1.jpg Spain 409,000
Cádiz Cadiz aerea.jpg Spain 400,000
San Sebastián metropolitan area San Sebastian aerial 7906a.jpg Spain 403,000* (403,000)
A Coruña Torre de Hércules, La Coruña, España, 2015-09-25, DD 35-37 HDR.jpg Spain 376,000 (408,00)
Valladolid Ayuntamiento de la ciudad en la Plaza Mayor de Valladolid.jpg Spain 369,000 (395,984)
TarragonaReus Tarragona9.jpg Spain 325,000 (423,360)
Malmö Central Malmö.JPG Sweden 658,050
Tampere NSN-tampere.jpg Finland 440,372
Aarhus Havne udsigt fra dokken.jpg Denmark 845,971
Charleroi Charleroi vu depuis Couillet cropped.jpg Belgium 489,264
Odense Odense - Sankt Knuds kirke 2005-07-16.jpeg Denmark 485,672
Ostrava Masarykova namesti Ostrava 2009.JPG Czech Republic 709,768
Braunschweig Braunschweig Luftaufnahme Innenstadt (2011).JPG Germany 997,089
Brno Justiční palác v Brně.jpg Czech Republic 735,652
Bari Bari BW 2016-10-19 12-32-30.jpg Italy 744,564
Eindhoven Hoogbouw Eindhoven overzicht.jpg Netherlands 761,702
Rouen Cathédrale de Rouen vue de l'Opéra.JPG France 694,558
Montpellier Montpellier Place de la Comédie.jpg France 709,347
Heidelberg Heidelberg corr.jpg Germany 707,346
Lublin Royal Castle in Lublin.JPG Poland 668,346
Rennes Rennes de hermitage 2.JPG France 684,304
Augsburg Augsburg - Markt.jpg Germany 675,285
Kiel KielerStadtzentrumLuftaufnahme.jpg Germany 649,807[6]
Ghent Gent.graslei.jpg Belgium 399,741
Catania Catania-Etna-Sicilia-Italy-Castielli CC0 HQ1.JPG Italy 656,989

Top 20 and top 30 urban areas by population[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Eurostat: Cities (Urban Audit) Database. Retrieved 19 September 2016.
  2. ^ a b c Demographia: World Urban Areas. Retrieved 12 July 2017.
  3. ^ a b c Annual Population of Urban Agglomerations with 300,000 Inhabitants or More in 2014, by Country, 1950-2030 (thousands), World Urbanization Prospects, the 2014 revision Archived 18 February 2015 at the Wayback Machine, Population Division of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs. Retrieved 6 September 2015. Note: List based on estimates for 2015, from 2014.
  4. ^ a b "ESPON Project 1.4.3 Study on Urban Functions" (PDF). web.archive.org. 24 September 2015. Retrieved 21 June 2020.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w United Nations: World Urbanization Prospects Archived 10 March 2007 at Archive.today
  6. ^ "Eurostat".

http://www.demographia.com/db-worldua.pdf

External links[edit]