Map Of Lari Constituency
|• MP||Joseph Mburu Kahanga|
|• Total||439.20 km2 (169.58 sq mi)|
|Elevation||2,200 m (7,200 ft)|
|• Density||280/km2 (730/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EAT (UTC+3)|
Lari Constituency is an electoral constituency in Kenya, located forty kilometers from Nairobi along the Nairobi-Nakuru highway (A104 road). Lari is located in the Western part of Kiambu County. The constituency was established in 1966. Lari borders Kinangop and Limuru to the north, Githunguri and Gatundu North constituencies to the east and Nyandarua County to the west. Lari is one of the 12 sub-counties in Kiambu County, and is further divided to five wards each electing a representative to the Kiambu County Assembly.
According to the 2009 Census Lari has a population of 123,895 people. The constituency is predominantly rural. The main towns in the area are Kijabe, Kinale, Kimende and Nyambari.
The name Lari is derived from the Maa language in reference to the cold environment of the area. During the 19th century Lari was a reserve grazing ground for the Maa Community, with pasture available throughout the year. The Maasai would frequent the area, which is located at the foot of the Great Rift Valley to graze their cattle during the dry season.
Lari Constituency was created in 1966 after the first Kenyan Senate and House of representatives merged to form the National Assembly. The constituency was established as a special seat for the then Kiambu Senator J M Koinange. He was made the first Lari MP with no elections being held.
Night of the Long Knives
Lari features prominently in the history of Kenya's fight for independence. On 26 March 1953, Mau Mau combatants attacked and killed about 100 loyalists in the area in what came to be known as the 'Night of the long Knives'. Among the fatalities were Chief Luka, a local chieftain, and 97 other loyalists, including 13 members of Chief Luka’s immediate family. This attack was followed by retaliation from the Colonial Government, with revenge attacks on the local population that killed about 5000 people. Many of these people were buried in Kereita Forest, which is the site of a mass grave.
Lari has a total area of 439.20 square Kilometers. The area is largely mountainous. Part of Lari lies on an escarpment of the Great Rift Valley between Gitithia and Kijabe locations. The highest point in the constituency is Rukuma, which is on the Nairobi-Nakuru Road, at an altitude of 1,400m.
Lari is largely forested, with Uplands Forest, Kireita Forest, Kinale forest, Kamae forest and parts of the large Kikuyu Escarpment Forest found in the area. The area is relatively cold because of its location on the windward side of the Aberdare Range. As a result, it receives a considerable amount of rainfall per year.
In the national government Lari is a District with its administrative offices in Kimende Township. Its further divided in to 22 locations.
Under the County Government of Kiambu, Lari a sub-county headed by a Sub-County administrator. Lari is further divided in to 5 Wards: Lari/Kirenga, Kijabe, Kamburu-Kamuchege, Kinale and Nyanduma Wards. Kimende Township is a minor town in the area.
Majority residents of Lari practice agriculture as the main source of livelihood, with the area dominated by subsistence farming. Tea farming is largely practiced by residents of the eastern part of Lari. this areas include Kagwe, Kagaa, Gatamaiyu and Matimbei areas. Crops grown for sale include vegetables such as cabbage, coriander, spinach and kale (sukuma wiki). Vegetable farming in the constituency is largely favored by the large amounts of rainfall received throughout the year and the continuous cold seasons.
There are two major markets for vegetables in the constituency; Soko Mjinga Market and Nyambari Godown Sukuma Wiki Market. Both markets supply approximately 1,500 bags of kale per day to the major towns in Kenya. Lorries also ferry tonnes of cabbage from Kinale location daily to various towns in Kenya.
Lari also produces majority of the pears found in Kenya, with most of the crop grown in Nyambari, Gitithia, Githirioni, Kirenga, Kimende and Kambaa locations.
Many farmers in the area rear dairy cows. While the milk is produced mainly for personal consumption, the surplus is sold, usually to dairy cooperatives that have local offices in Lari. There are three milk processing plants in the area: Sundale Dairy Products in Uplands, Green Land Dairy in Nyambari, and Kinale Milk processing Plant in Kinale.
There are a number of industries engaged in processing primarily agricultural products locally produced in Lari, such as the Farmers Choice Bacon Factory in Uplands, and the dairy processing plants for the milk produced in the area. Additionally, the Carbacid Kenya Plant was established to mine naturally existing carbon dioxide in the area.
Lari is the home to a number of community-based organizations. The Kijabe Environment Volunteers (KENVO), a voluntary community-based organization based in Kimende Township, is engaged in developing sustainable nature conservation programs in the Kikuyu Escarpment Forest. The Naitera Community Empowerment Programme is another community-based organization, based in Nyambari Town, that aims to preserve the community's cultural heritage including preservation and management of environment through active community participation.
The Mombasa - Kampala railway passes through the constituency. Lari has two railway substations; Uplands Substation and Matathia Substation. The Nairobi - Nakuru Highway (A104 road) cuts across the constituency starting from Nyambari Shopping Center connecting Kimende and exiting at Soko Mjinga Vegetable Market. Lari also has 3 other major roads Uplands - Githunguri road, Kimende - Kagwe - Githunguri road and Gichiengo - Kijabe road. Most roads are not tarmacked. Bathi Dam, located in Kijabe Ward is the major supplier of water within the constituency. The dam also supplies water to Nairobi.
The Kijabe Mission Hospital is the largest private health facility in the area, located in Kijabe Town. Lari Health Center is the largest government health institution in the constituency, located at Rukuma Shopping Center in Lari/Kirenga Ward
The Lari section of the escarpment is the highest point of the Great Rift Valley along the Nairobi-Nakuru Highway. This area of the escarpment gives tourists a good view of the Great Rift Valley with a view of the Longonot Crater, Suswa Hills and the escarpments of the Great Rift Valley.
Kamae forest is a gazetted forest reserve and is home to a number of elephants, which can be seen along the Flyover - Gatundu road.
The Kereita Cave and Waterfall are located in Kereita Forest at the southernmost end of the Aberdares range. The forest is a designated Important Bird Area. One of these trails, the Carbacid trail, leads to Kereita Waterfall on the Gatamaiyu River, and the adjacent cave that is home to a small bat colony.
Lari has for a long time separately from other constituencies in Kiambu and Central Province. Since the start of multiparty democracy in 1992 Lari has never voted for a Member of Parliament from the same party as the siting president despite winning with the presidential vote in 2002 and 2007. However in 2013 Kenya Elections Hon. Mburu Kahangara became the first Member of Parliament to be elected in Lari while belonging to the same party as the sitting president since 1992.
Members of Parliament
Elections for the Members of Parliament for Lari Constituency have been held since the constituency was gazetted in 1966.
|1966||J. M. Koinange||KANU|
|1969||Andrew Kuria Kinyanjui||KANU||One-party system|
|1974||Andrew Kuria Kinyanjui||KANU||One-party system|
|1979||Peter Turuthi Mungai||KANU||One-party system|
|1983||Peter Turuthi Mungai||KANU||One-party system.|
|1988||Andrew Kuria Kinyanjui||KANU||One-party system.|
|2002||James Viscount Kimathi||KANU|
|2007||David Njuguna Kiburi Mwaura||PPK|
|2013||Joseph Mburu Kahangara||TNA|
County Assembly Wards
Lari has Five wards. each ward elects a representative to the Kiambu County Assembly. Currently all the Five representative are from The National Alliance Party of Kenya under the Jubilee Coalition.
|County Assembly Wards||Population*||Registered voters*||County Representative||Political Party|
|Kinale||26,007||9,083||Geoffrey Njuguna Mureithi||TNA|
|Kijabe||27,612||7,790||Fred Mwangi Gakoba||TNA|
|Nyanduma||23,454||7865||Joseph Mburu Gitiha||TNA|
|Kamuchege||18,951||7,432||Paul Kihoro KimanI||TNA|
|Lari/Kirenga||27,871||9,365||Joseph Githaiga Wanjiru||TNA|
|IEBC Website.||Kenya Gazette Notice, March 2013 |
- Wanjiku Kabira, academic and author.
- , Page 7.
- USTAWI. "Constituencies Created for Former Senators". Retrieved 17 October 2013.
- USTAWI. "First Senate at Independence". Retrieved 17 October 2013.
- Center for Multiparty Democracy: Politics and Parliamentarians in Kenya 1944–2007