Larkana

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Larkana

لاڙڪاڻو
لاڑکانہ
City
Larkana's Tomb of Shah Baharo
Larkana's Tomb of Shah Baharo
Official logo of Larkana
Emblem
Larkana  is located in Pakistan
Larkana
Larkana
Coordinates: 27°33′30″N 68°12′40″E / 27.55833°N 68.21111°E / 27.55833; 68.21111Coordinates: 27°33′30″N 68°12′40″E / 27.55833°N 68.21111°E / 27.55833; 68.21111
Country  Pakistan
Province Sindh
District Larkana District
Taluka Larkana Taluka
Government
 • Type Municipal Corporation
 • Mayor of Larkana Aslam Shaikh
 • Deputy Mayor of Larkana Anwar Ali Luhar
Area
 • Total 7,423 km2 (2,866 sq mi)
Elevation 147 m (482 ft)
Population (2017)
 • Total 490,508[1]
Time zone PKT (UTC+5)
Area code(s) 074
Website Larkana.pk

Larkana (Urdu: لاڑکانہ‎; Sindhi: لاڙڪاڻو‎) is a city in the north-west of the Sindh province of Pakistan, where the historic Indus River flows in south of the city.[2] It is called the city of Holy Alams due to the greatest number of Holy Alams as compared to other cities or regions of the world. It is home to the Indus Valley Civilization site Mohenjo-daro, which is larger in size than Babylonia and Assyria.[3]

The city is located within Larkana District. Formerly known as 'Chandka', Larkana is located on the south bank of the Ghar canal, about 40 miles (64 km) south of the town Shikarpur, and 36 miles (58 km) north-east of Mehar.[4]

Geography[edit]

Larkana is situated at Latitude 24 56' 00' and Longitude 67 11' 00'.[5] It is situated in north-western Sindh and it has own division. It is also included in upper Sindh.

Climate[edit]

Larkana is a Monsoon climatic region. Summer is extremely hot as temperature reaches at 53 °C and winter is a little cool as temperature drops to −2 °C. On May 26, 2010 the temperature in Larkana was a record 53 °C. On May 31, 1998 the temperature reached 52.7 °C in Larkana & became the hottest city of Pakistan. On May 19, 2016 the temperature in the city touched 52.2 °C in Larkana. On April 19, 2017 the temperature touched 50 °C in Larkana which is the highest temperature ever in Pakistan & Asia while third highest temperature ever in the world in the month of April.

This hot weather sometime costs human lives. In June 2007 a couple of people died as a result of the hot summer.[6] Hot weather keeps many in the city at home, and cases of fainting are occasionally reported.[7] The hot days continue from May to September, followed by monsoon rains, sometimes bringing floods in the nearby areas.[8]

Monsoon season starts from July, continues until September and brings Torrential Rains. A Pre-Monsoon also occurs occasionally in the month of June while a Post-Monsoon occurs rarely.

On July 7, 2003 Larkana experienced a Cloudburst of 209 mm in just 12 hours due to a Well marked Low pressure which came from the Bay of Bengal.

Thunderstorms are very common, and may develop in all months. The most dangerous Thunderstorm occurred on March 14, 2015. It was a Supercell Thunderstorm which came from the west side with Heavy Downpour & Severe Hailstorm as a Rotating Western Disturbance was affecting the southern parts of Pakistan.

In 1997, Larkana received 181 mm of WD Rainfall which is the highest WD Rainfall so far since 1988.

Duststorms are also very common in summer, and Monsoon, especially from March to September. On March 27, 2013 a Duststorm came with damaging winds of 90 km/h due to a Severe Thunderstorm, which also brought some Rain.

Hailstorms are unusual and occur mainly from February to April. Larkana experienced a powerful Hailstorm in April 2006 and again on 14 March 2015 followed by a Heavy Downpour.

In 2012 Larkana received Heavy Downpours of 239 mm from 5–12 September which flooded the whole city. As in August 2011, the city received intermittent Heavy Rains from 25 to 31 August and again in September 2011.

In the Monsoon of 1994 the city received 510 mm of Rainfall as most powerful Low pressures hit Sindh. This was the highest Rainfall recorded in 25 years.

Climate data for Larkana
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 29.2
(84.6)
36.0
(96.8)
44.8
(112.6)
50.0
(122)
53.0
(127.4)
51.0
(123.8)
47.0
(116.6)
44.0
(111.2)
43.0
(109.4)
41.0
(105.8)
37.0
(98.6)
32.2
(90)
53
(127.4)
Record low °C (°F) −1.1
(30)
0.0
(32)
4.3
(39.7)
10.8
(51.4)
14.4
(57.9)
18.3
(64.9)
21.5
(70.7)
19.2
(66.6)
20.5
(68.9)
13.0
(55.4)
6.1
(43)
0.0
(32)
−1.1
(30)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 3.3
(0.13)
5.1
(0.201)
5.6
(0.22)
4.5
(0.177)
2.5
(0.098)
8.5
(0.335)
69.4
(2.732)
31.1
(1.224)
5.5
(0.217)
1.5
(0.059)
0.7
(0.028)
8.9
(0.35)
146.6
(5.771)
Average precipitation days 0.6 0.5 1.0 0.7 0.2 0.7 1.3 1.2 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.4 7.2
Source: PMD (1988-2018) [9]

Chairman MCL[edit]

Abdul Khalique Bhutto was the Advocate, First Chairman Municipal Committee Larkana, 1979 to 1984. Khan Muhammad Sanghroo from Dokri (a taluka in Larkana District) was elected Chairman Municipal Committee Larkana in the 2016 local government elections.

Administration[edit]

The Deputy Commissioner is the head of District Administrative system. Kashif Ali tipu PAS has been the Deputy Commissioner Larkana since October 2016.

The district of Larkana is administratively subdivided into the following talukas:[10]

Education[edit]

Several old and new schools, colleges, as well as university are functioning in the city for both boys and girls. Many are private and public institutions.

Schools and colleges[edit]

Local schools include Government Pilot Higher Secondary School (founded in 1926 by the British colonists), Girls High School, Public School Larkana, Deeni Madersa High School and Government Degree College. Technical institutes include Polytechnic Institute and Teachers' Training College.[11]

University and campuses[edit]

SZABIST opened its first campus in Larkana in 2004. It offers degrees in BBA (day), BA (day), MBA (evening), EMBA. A few years later the SZABIST Trust established two school and college in the city: Montessori to Class VII (Junior School) and Class VIII to XII (School and College).[12]

Chandka Medical College (CMC) was established and inaugurated by the former Prime Minister of Pakistan Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto on 20 April 1973. It was the fourth public medical college to be established in the province of Sindh. Chandka Medical College is recognised by Pakistan Medical & Dental Council (PMDC). The College of Physicians & Surgeons Pakistan (CPSP) has also established its regional center at the campus of CMC Larkana. CMC is recently upgraded to Shaheed Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto Medical University.[13]

In 2009, Quaid-e-Awam University College of Engineering Science & Technology (QUCEST), Larkano, was established in the outskirt of Larkana, under the directives of Government of Sindh in collaboration with Quaid-e-Awam University of Engineering Science & Technology (QUEST), Nawabshah, Sindh. The campus offers bachelor of engineering degrees in the technologies of civil engineering, mechanical engineering, electronic engineering and electrical engineering.[14]

Transport[edit]

Larkana Railway Station is located in the center of the city. It connects Larkana to the rest of Sindh and Pakistan. Pakistan Railway also assists in the transportation of agricultural products to provincial capital Karachi from Larkana.Moenjodaro Airport is located near Mohen-jo-daro, 28 km away to the south of the city of Larkana, about 5 kilometres away from Dokri. The main users of the airport are Pakistan International Airlines, the country's national flag-carrier. The outdated infrastructure of the airport prevents the use of large, advanced aircraft, with the PIA largely using Fokker aeroplanes.

Larkana is connected via land buses to most major cities in the country, including Karachi, Islamabad, and Quetta.

Sport[edit]

Larkana was the birthplace of the Sindh Games. It also hosted the 12th Sindh Games in 2009 which included sports such as football, gymnastics, hockey, judo, karate, squash, table tennis, tennis, volleyball, weightlifting, and wushu. It also included traditional games such as kodi kodi, malakhara, shooting and wanjhwatti.[15] Larkana is also home to Larkana Bulls.[16]

The Larkana Tennis Association provides the only tennis court in Larkana, and coaches boys coming from various other cities.[17]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.citypopulation.de/Pakistan-100T.html
  2. ^ Rivers, Bridge. "Infrastructures". Retrieved 15 October 2014. 
  3. ^ Indus, Valley. "Archeology". Archived from the original on 25 October 2014. Retrieved 14 October 2014. 
  4. ^ "Imperial Gazetteer2 of India, Volume 16, page 144 -- Imperial Gazetteer of India -- Digital South Asia Library". uchicago.edu. Retrieved 23 March 2016. 
  5. ^ Geography, Larkana. http://www.tageo.com/index-e-pk-v-05-d-m3841727.htm. Retrieved 14 October 2014.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  6. ^ Weather, Casualty. http://www.dawn.com/news/251255/sibbi-and-larkana-sizzle-at-over-51-c. Retrieved 15 October 2014.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  7. ^ Cases, Fainting. http://www.dawn.com/news/105094/hottest-day-in-larkana. Retrieved 15 October 2014.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  8. ^ Weather, Climate. Dawn http://www.dawn.com/news/1012162/larkana-remains-hottest-place-in-country. Retrieved 15 October 2014.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  9. ^ http://www.PMD.gov.pk/. Retrieved 15 March 2018.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  10. ^ "District Larkana Online! [ApnaLarkana.com] - First Official & Commercial website on District Larkana ... Complete guide to Larkana, Sindh, Pakistan. Larkana, Chandka, Moen jo daro, benazir Bhutto, Zulfiqar Bhutto, garhi khuda baksh, murtaza bhutto, bhutto,". apnalarkana.com. Retrieved 23 March 2016. 
  11. ^ Apna, Larkana. "Schools and colleges". Retrieved 23 March 2016. 
  12. ^ School & College. "SZABIST Larkana". Archived from the original on 22 March 2016. Retrieved 23 March 2016. 
  13. ^ Chandka, University. "SMBB". CMC. CMC. Retrieved 15 October 2014. 
  14. ^ QUCEST, Larkana. "Engineering Campus Larkana". Retrieved 23 March 2016. 
  15. ^ Larkana, Sports. "Sindh Games". Dawn. Retrieved 22 March 2016. 
  16. ^ "Team Larkana Bulls T20 Batting Bowling Stats - Live Cricket Scores - PCB". pcb.com.pk. Retrieved 23 March 2016. 
  17. ^ "Promoting tennis in Larkana". The Express Tribune. 14 April 2015. Retrieved 23 March 2016. 

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

  • Larkana travel guide from Wikivoyage