Larkinsville Railroad Depot, 1920s
|Time zone||UTC-6 (Central (CST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|Area code(s)||256 & 938|
|GNIS feature ID||121399|
Larkinsville is a historic village and populated place in Jackson County, Alabama, United States. Founded in 1828 by David Larkin, it was incorporated into the nearby City of Scottsboro in the late 1960s. In 1895, Larkinsville had a population of 216. As late as 1940, the population was 320 according to the U.S. Census.
David Larkin, third son born to a family of pioneers in Tennessee, established a trading post at Larkin's Landing on the Tennessee River near Hollywood shortly after Alabama gained statehood in 1819. In the 1820s, he established a plantation of 32,000 acres two miles west of present-day Scottsboro, and the village of Larkinsville developed around it. A post office was established in 1830, with David Larkin as postmaster, and Larkinsville became the most populous town in Jackson County up until the Civil War. The first overland route through Larkinsville, now known as the Old Stage Road or County Road 30 ran from Huntland, Tennessee, across Cumberland Mountain and ended at Larkin's Landing. In 1850 the Memphis and Charleston railroad extended its line through Jackson County; David Larkin, as a railroad commissioner, established a station at Larkinsville.
In the Civil War, Company K, the Larkinsville Guards, was organized in Larkinsville and served with the 4th Alabama Regiment under Captain A.C. Murray. The war devastated Larkinsville, as it did most of North Alabama. On June 30, 1862, shortly after the fall of Huntsville, the Tenth Wisconsin regiment occupied Larkinsville. As a stop along the strategically-important railroad, Larkinsville would be occupied by Union forces for the remainder of the war, including the 13th Wisconsin, the 10th Iowa, the 116th Illinois, and the 101st U.S. Colored Regiment.
The postwar establishment of the county seat at Scottsboro began a gradual movement of people and business away from Larkinsville. The railroad kept the village alive into the 1930s, but after both Alabama State Road 35 and U.S. 72, the main east-west highways in Jackson county, bypassed Larkinsville entirely, the formerly thriving village has survived as little more than a ghost town.
- Kennamer, John Robert, Sr., History of Jackson County Alabama, Jackson County Historical Association, Scottsboro, Alabama 1935 (reprinted 1993), page 164
- Jim Forte Postal History, https://www.postalhistory.com/postoffices.asp?task=display&state=AL&county=Jackson&searchtext=&pagenum=4
- "1890 Communities Near Larkinsville",Roadside Thoughts,https://roadsidethoughts.com/al/larkinsville-xx-jackson-1890s.htm
- Sixteenth Census of the United States, 1940, United States of America, Bureau of the Census, Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1940
- Kennamer, p. 23
- 1850 Agricultural Census - Jackson Co., AL, Alabama Department of Archives and History,http://files.usgwarchives.net/al/jackson/census/1850/1850jacksonag.txt
- Kennamer, page 164
- Kennamer, page 26
- The Democrat (Huntsville AL),March 21, 1850, page 1, https://www.newspapers.com/image/349179488
- Miss Priscilla Larkin: The Civil War Diary of a Southern Belle,1/1/1862,https://books.google.com/books/about/Miss_Priscilla_Larkin.html?id=Uw34oQEACAAJ
- Miss Priscilla Larkin, 6/30/1862
- Union Regimental Histories, Civil War Archive, http://www.civilwararchive.com/Unreghst/unwiinf1.htm#13thinf
- Union Regimental Histories,http://www.civilwararchive.com/Unreghst/uniainf2.htm#10thinf
- The Civil War Letters of William Samuel Craig,3/8/1863 and 4/15/1864, Ohio State University, https://ehistory.osu.edu/exhibitions/letters/craig/default
- OFFICIAL RECORDS OF THE UNION AND CONFEDERATE ARMIES. U.S. War Dept., Washington Government Printing Office 1897. Series I, Volumes 3 1881, Series IV Volume 2.1900. Washington Government Printing Office 1900, https://www.buffalosoldier.net/101stRegimentU.S.ColoredInfantry.htm
- Kennamer, page 165
- Milepost Maps (Map) (1999 ed.). Alabama Department of Transportation
- Larkinsville United Methodist Church,photo and caption,https://www.flickr.com/photos/auvet/451426598