Larmenius Charter

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Larmenius Charter
(Carta Transmissionis trans: Charter of Transmission)
Created February 1324
Location Mark Masons Hall, London
Author(s) Johannes Marcus Larmenius
Media type Considered to be a forgery
Purpose Detailing the transfer of leadership of the Knights Templar to Larmenius after the death of Jacques de Molay

The Larmenius Charter or Carta Transmissionis ("Charter of Transmission") is a Latin manuscript purportedly created by Johannes Marcus Larmenius (Fr.: Jean-Marc Larmenius) in February 1324, detailing the transfer of leadership of the Knights Templar to Larmenius after the death of Jacques de Molay. It also has appended to it a list of 22 successive Grand Masters of the Knights Templar after de Molay, ending in 1804, the name of Bernard-Raymond Fabré-Palaprat appearing last on the list (who revealed the existence of the Charter in 1804). The document is written in a supposed devised ancient Knights Templar Codex.[1] Actually in Freemason custody, the document is kept at the Mark Masons Hall in London.[1] Based on analysis of the deciphered code as well as of the circumstances of the finding of the charter, most researchers have concluded that it is a forgery.[1]

An English translation of the Larmenius Charter was published in 1830.[2]

Contents[edit]

In the document, Larmenius, then a very aged man in his 70s, states that the Grand Mastership of the Knights Templar Order was verbally transmitted to him ten years earlier (March, 1314) by the imprisoned Jacques de Molay, the last Grand Master of the Knights Templar. Larmenius was a Palestinian-born Christian who became a member of The Order of the Temple during the waning years of the Crusades. He was later the Templar Preceptor on the island domain of Cyprus after the Templar exodus from the mainland of the Holy Land to Cyprus after the fall of Acre in 1295. In this position, Larmenius was left in charge as Templar Seneschal (second highest rank in the Order) of the large remaining "exited" Templar forces in the Mediterranean in 1305 when de Molay was tricked into coming to Paris for meetings with Philip IV of France and the Pope Clement V.

In the document, Larmenius states he has become too aged to continue with the rigorous requirements of the Office of Grand Master, and "transfers" his Grand Mastership of the Templar Order to Franciscus Theobaldus, the Prior of the Templar Priory still remaining at Alexandria, Egypt.[3] With this declarative Charter, Larmenius protects the Order for perpetuity by continuing the legitimate line of Grand Masters of the Templar Order, which continues the "Second Phase" of the Order through the "Dark Period" through to its semi-private unveiling at the Convent General of the Order at Versailles in 1705 by Philippe, Duke of Orléans, elected Grand Master of the Templar Order,[3] and later also Regent of France.

History[edit]

The Charter has long been suspected to be a forgery - it was suggested it was the work of a Jesuit named Father Bonani, who assisted Philippe II, Duke of Orléans in 1705 to fabricate the document,[3][4] to re-establish the 'Societé d’Aloyau' ("Society of the Sirloin"), who claimed to be a continuation of the Knights Templar, and also an attempt to gain recognition with the Order of Christ in Portugal. This Order was dissolved in 1792 during the French Revolution by the death of its Grand Master, the Duke Timoléon de Cossé Brissac, massacred at Versailles. An item of his furniture was bought by Brother Ledru, the son of Cossé Brissac's physician, whereupon he discovered the Charter of Larmenius hidden inside it, and showed it to Fabré-Palaprat in 1804.[5] Peter Partner believes the document was fabricated by Ledru.[6]

The code[edit]

While the charter actually is written in some code, a number of researchers have claimed that the codex, once deciphered, appears to be a more modern, scholarly Latin, and not ecclesiastical Latin used during the period of its supposed origin.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Hodapp, Christopher; Von Kannon, Alice (2007). "Part III: After the Fall of the Templars". The Templar code for dummies. Hoboken, New Jersey: Wiley. p. 176. ISBN 9780470127650. 
  2. ^ Lucas, Henry (1830). Manual of the Knights of the Order of the Temple. Liverpool: David Marples. pp. 38–44. OCLC 85059342. 
  3. ^ a b c Kenning, George; Woodford, A. F. A. (2003) [1878]. Kenning's Masonic Encyclopedia and Handbook of Masonic Archeology, History and Biography. Belle Fourche, S.D: Kessinger Publishing. pp. 108–109. ISBN 9780766165267. 
  4. ^ Moseley Brown, William (2003) [1944]. "Chapter V: Theories of Masonic Templar Origins". Highlights of Templar History: Includes The Knights Templar Constitution and Abbreviated By-Laws. San Diego, California: The Book Tree. p. 53. ISBN 9781585092307. 
  5. ^ Mackey, Albert G.; Haywood, H. L. (1956). Encyclopedia of freemasonry / vol. II, M to Zurthost (17th ed.). Chicago, Illinois: Masonic History Co. pp. 1024–1026. OCLC 772509781.  Revised and enlarged by Robert I. Clegg. With supplemental volume by H.L. Haywood.
  6. ^ Partner, Peter (1993). The Murdered Magicians: The Templars and Their Myth. New York: Barnes & Noble Books. p. 135. ISBN 9781566194945. 

Further reading[edit]

Extracted from Volume 1 of his book Waite, A. E. (2002) [1911]. The Secret Tradition in Freemasonry. Whitefish, Montana: Kessinger Publishing. ISBN 9780922802982.