Larnaca International Airport

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Larnaca International Airport

Διεθνής Αερολιμένας Λάρνακας
Hermes airports logo.png
LCA Terminal outside.jpg
Summary
Owner/OperatorHermes Airports Ltd.
ServesLarnaca Limassol Nicosia Ayia Napa
LocationLarnaca
Hub for
Elevation AMSL3.35 m / 11 ft
Coordinates34°52′44″N 033°37′49″E / 34.87889°N 33.63028°E / 34.87889; 33.63028Coordinates: 34°52′44″N 033°37′49″E / 34.87889°N 33.63028°E / 34.87889; 33.63028
Websitewww.hermesairports.com
Map
LCA is located in Cyprus
LCA
LCA
Location within Cyprus
LCA is located in Europe
LCA
LCA
LCA (Europe)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
04/22 3,000 9,823 Asphalt
Statistics
Passengers (2019)Increase 8,229,346
Aircraft movements (2011)Increase 50,329
Cargo tonnage (2008)Increase 37,529
Sources: Hermes Airports,[2] Cypriot AIP at EUROCONTROL[3]

Larnaca International Airport – Glafcos Clerides[a] (IATA: LCA, ICAO: LCLK) is an international airport located 4 km (2.5 mi) southwest of Larnaca, Cyprus.[3] Larnaca International Airport is Cyprus' main international gateway and the larger of the two commercial airports in the area controlled by the Republic of Cyprus, the other being Paphos International Airport on the island's southwestern coast. The airport was given its current name in July 2016, in honour of former President of Cyprus (1993 – 2003) Glafcos Clerides.[4]

History[edit]

Larnaca Airport was hastily developed towards the end of 1974 after the invasion of Cyprus by Turkey on 20 July of the same year,[5] which forced the closure of the Nicosia International Airport. The site on which it was built (near the Larnaca Salt Lake) had been previously used as an airfield[which?] in the 1930s and, subsequently, as a military installation[which?] by British forces. Larnaca International opened on 8 February 1975, with only limited infrastructure facilities and a prefabricated set of buildings comprising separate halls for departures and arrivals. The first airlines to use the new airport were Cyprus Airways, using Viscount 800s leased from British Midland, and Olympic Airways, using NAMC YS-11s. Initially, the runway at Larnaca International was too short for jet aircraft.[citation needed]

Operations[edit]

The status of Cyprus as a major tourist destination means that air traffic has steadily risen to over 5 million passengers a year.[6] This is double the capacity the airport was first designed for. For this reason, a tender was put out in 1998 to develop the airport further and increase its capacity (see below). Already completed elements of the expansion include a new control tower, fire station, runway extension, and additional administrative offices. The surrounding road network was improved by upgrading the B4 road and by completing the A3 Motorway.[citation needed] A new junction has been constructed near the new terminal. The new terminal was built some 500–700 m (1,600–2,300 ft) west of the old terminal, adjacent to the new control tower, with new aprons and jetways. The old terminal building is slated to be partially demolished and refurbished as a cargo centre, and is currently used as a private terminal for visiting heads of state, VIPs, and private aircraft operators.[citation needed]

The airport's geographic location in-between Europe, Africa, Russia and the Middle East facilitates it as an airline hub for traffic and flight operations between these locations.[7][8][9][10] It currently holds domestic, regional and international passenger and cargo services by over 30 airlines.[11] Notably, Gulf Air used to provide a non-stop service to New York-JFK twice a week.[12]

Romanian low-cost carrier Blue Air announced the closure of their Larnaca base in September 2020.[13]

Facilities[edit]

LCA entrance

The airport has one primary state-of-the-art passenger terminal. Departures are accommodated on the upper level, while arrivals at the ground level. The old terminal serves as a "VIP terminal", which is used for visiting heads of state, some private aviation, and for cargo. The airport utilises a single large apron for all passenger aircraft. The concept architectural design of the passenger terminal was developed by French architects at Aéroports de Paris (ADP) with Sofréavia in France.[citation needed]

A €650 million upgrade of the Larnaca and Paphos airports was completed in 2006.[14] The international tender was won by Hermes Airports, a French-led group. The consortium is made up of Bouygues Batiment International (22%) Egis Projects (20%), the Cyprus Trading Corporation (a local retail group-10%), Iacovou Brothers (a local contractor-10%), Hellenic Mining (10%), Vancouver Airport Services (10%), Ireland's Dublin Airport Authority (Aer Rianta International) (10%), Charilaos Apostolides (a local construction company-5%) and Nice Côte d'Azur Airport (3%). Hermes Airports built new passenger terminals and plans to extend the runways at both airports under a 25-year concession.[citation needed]

A new terminal building opened on 7 November 2009.[15] It has 16 jetways (boarding bridges), 67 check in counters, 8 self check-in kiosks, 48 departure gates, and 2,450 parking spots. The new terminal can handle 7.5 million passengers per year. Infrastructure also features a large engineering hangar, a cargo terminal, and separate facilities for fuelling and provisioning light aircraft. There is a second, smaller apron where cargo aircraft and private aircraft are often parked. There are also spaces for smaller aircraft for flying schools and privately owned aircraft separate from the main two aprons.[citation needed]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights to and from Larnaca:[16]

AirlinesDestinations
Aegean Airlines[17] Athens, Thessaloniki
Aeroflot[18] Moscow–Sheremetyevo, St. Petersburg
Air Serbia[19] Belgrade
airBaltic[20] Riga
Aircompany Armenia[21][22] Seasonal charter: Yerevan
Arkia[23] Tel Aviv
ASL Airlines France[24] Seasonal charter: Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Austrian Airlines[25] Vienna
Azur Air[26][27] Seasonal charter: Moscow–Vnukovo, St. Petersburg
Belavia[28] Minsk
Blue Air[29] Bucharest, Cluj-Napoca (begins 3 June 2021)[30]
Seasonal: Bacău
Bluebird Airways[31] Seasonal: Tel Aviv
British Airways[32] London–Heathrow
Seasonal: London–Gatwick
Bulgaria Air[33] Sofia
Chair Airlines[34] Seasonal: Zürich
Condor[35] Frankfurt
Seasonal: Düsseldorf, Munich, Zürich
Corendon Airlines[36] Seasonal charter: Tel Aviv
Cyprus Airways[37] Athens, Tel Aviv
Seasonal: Geneva, Kyiv–Boryspil, Rhodes, St. Petersburg, Skiathos, Zürich
easyJet[38] Berlin, London–Gatwick, Milan–Malpensa
Seasonal: Bristol, Liverpool, London–Luton
Edelweiss Air[39] Zürich
EgyptAir[40] Cairo
El Al[41] Tel Aviv
Emirates[42] Dubai–International
Enter Air[43] Seasonal charter: Katowice, Poznań, Warsaw–Chopin, Wrocław
Eurowings[44] Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf (begins 1 May 2021),[45] Hamburg, Stuttgart
Seasonal: Salzburg (begins 20 May 2021),[46]
GetJet Airlines[47] Seasonal charter: Vilnius
Gulf Air[48] Bahrain
Israir Airlines[49] Haifa, Tel Aviv
Jet2.com[50] Seasonal: Birmingham, Bristol (begins 2 May 2022),[51] East Midlands, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Leeds/Bradford, London–Stansted, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne
LOT Polish Airlines[52] Warsaw–Chopin
Lufthansa[53] Frankfurt, Munich
Mahan Air[54] Seasonal charter: Tehran–Imam Khomeini
Middle East Airlines[55] Beirut
Nordwind Airlines[56] Seasonal: Mineralnye Vody (begins 4 June 2021),[57] Moscow–Sheremetyevo
Norwegian Air Shuttle[58][59][60] Copenhagen, Oslo, Stockholm–Arlanda
Seasonal: Helsinki
Seasonal charter: Bergen, Luleå, Stavanger
Pegas Fly Seasonal: Moscow–Sheremetyevo
Pobeda[61] Moscow–Vnukovo
Qatar Airways[62] Doha
Qeshm Airlines[63] Seasonal charter: Tehran–Imam Khomeini
Red Wings Airlines[26][27] Seasonal charter: Kazan, Mineralnye Vody, Nizhny Novgorod, Rostov-on-Don, Samara, Tyumen, Ufa, Voronezh
Rossiya Airlines[64] Charter: Moscow–Sheremetyevo, St. Petersburg
Seasonal charter: Kazan, Nizhny Novgorod, Novosibirsk, Perm, Rostov-on-Don, Samara, Tyumen, Ufa, Voronezh, Yekaterinburg
Royal Jordanian[65] Amman–Queen Alia
Ryanair[66] Brussels, Vienna
S7 Airlines[67] Moscow–Domodedovo
Seasonal: Novosibirsk
Scandinavian Airlines[68][69][59][60] Seasonal: Copenhagen, Stockholm–Arlanda
Seasonal charter: Gothenburg, Luleå, Oslo, Trondheim
Sky Express[70] Athens
SkyUp[71] Kyiv–Boryspil
Seasonal: Kharkiv, Lviv, Zaporizhzhia
SmartLynx Airlines[47] Seasonal charter: Riga, Tallinn
Smartwings[72] Seasonal: Bratislava, Košice, Prague
Sunclass Airlines[73][74][75][76] Seasonal charter: Billund, Copenhagen, Gothenburg, Helsinki, Malmö, Örebro, Oslo, Stockholm–Arlanda, Växjö
Swiss International Air Lines[77] Seasonal: Geneva
Transavia[78] Amsterdam
TUI Airways[79] Seasonal: Birmingham, Bristol, Cardiff, Doncaster/Sheffield, East Midlands, Edinburgh, Glasgow, London–Gatwick, London–Stansted, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne
TUI fly Belgium[80] Seasonal: Brussels
TUI fly Deutschland[81] Seasonal: Basel/Mulhouse, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Hannover
TUI fly Nordic[60] Seasonal charter: Gothenburg, Stockholm–Arlanda
Ukraine International Airlines[82] Kyiv–Boryspil
Ural Airlines[83] Krasnodar, Moscow–Domodedovo
Seasonal: Kazan, Mineralnye Vody, Moscow–Zhukovsky, Perm, Rostov-on-Don, Samara, St. Petersburg, Ufa, Yekaterinburg
Windrose Airlines[84] Seasonal: Kyiv–Boryspil
Wizz Air[85] Abu Dhabi, Athens, Beauvais, Belgrade, Billund, Birmingham (begins 17 May 2021),[86] Budapest, Cardiff, Chişinău, Cluj-Napoca, Copenhagen, Doncaster/Sheffield, Dortmund, Eindhoven, Gdańsk, Heraklion, Iași, Katowice, Kharkiv (begins 2 May 2021),[87] Kraków, Kutaisi, Kyiv–Zhuliany, London–Luton, Lviv, Memmingen, Oslo, Prague, Skopje, Sofia, Tel Aviv, Thessaloniki, Turku, Varna, Vienna, Vilnius, Warsaw–Chopin, Wrocław, Yerevan
Seasonal: Bergen, Debrecen
Yamal Airlines[26][27] Seasonal charter: Bryansk, Surgut

Cargo[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
ASL Airlines Belgium[88] Athens, Liège, Venice
CAL Cargo Air Lines[89] Atlanta, Liège, New York–JFK, Tel Aviv
DHL Aviation[90] Athens
Emirates SkyCargo[91] Dubai–International
Royal Jordanian Cargo[92][93] Amman–Queen Alia, Maastricht/Aachen
Swiftair[94][95] Athens

Statistics[edit]

LCA check-in area
LCA departure gate area


See source Wikidata query and sources.

Number of passengers[2] Percentage change
2006 4,927,986
2007 5,284,159 Increase07.2%
2008 5,488,319 Increase03.8%
2009 5,169,224 Decrease05.8%
2010 5,367,724 Increase03.8%
2011 5,507,552 Increase02.6%
2012 5,166,224 Decrease06.1%
2013 4,863,577 Decrease05.8%
2014 5,247,291 Increase07.8%
2015 5,330,914 Increase01.5%
2016 6,637,692 Increase24.5%
2017 7,734,290 Increase16.5%
2018 8,067,037 Increase04.3%
2019 8,229,346 Increase02.0%
2020 1,679,816 Decrease132.1%

Access[edit]

The airport can be reached by car, taxi and public transport system. There is a shuttle bus system from/to Limassol,[96] Nicosia, Protaras, Paralimni and Ayia Napa.[97] Local buses are available at the airport to various locations in Larnaca.

Incidents and accidents[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Greek: Διεθνής Aερολιμένας Λάρνακας (Diethnís Aeroliménas Lárnakas). Turkish: Larnaka Uluslararası Havaalanı).

References[edit]

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External links[edit]

Media related to Larnaca International Airport at Wikimedia Commons