Larnaca International Airport

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Larnaca International Airport
Διεθνής Aερολιμένας Λάρνακας
Larnaka Uluslararası Havaalanı
Exterior of Larnaca Airport during afternoon Cyprus.JPG
IATA: LCAICAO: LCLK
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Hermes Airports Ltd
Serves Larnaca, Limassol & southeast Nicosia
Location Larnaca, Cyprus
Hub for
Coordinates 34°52′44″N 033°37′49″E / 34.87889°N 33.63028°E / 34.87889; 33.63028Coordinates: 34°52′44″N 033°37′49″E / 34.87889°N 33.63028°E / 34.87889; 33.63028
Website www.hermesairports.com
Map
LCA is located in Cyprus
LCA
LCA
Location within Cyprus
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
04/22 2,994 9,823 Asphalt
Statistics
Passengers (2015)[2] Increase 5,407,248
Aircraft movements (2011) Increase 50,329
Cargo tonnage (2008) Increase 37,529
Source: Cypriot AIP at EUROCONTROL[3]

Larnaca International Airport (Greek: Διεθνής Aερολιμένας Λάρνακας Diethnís Aeroliménas Lárnakas Turkish: Larnaka Uluslararası Havaalanı) (IATA: LCAICAO: LCLK) is an international airport located 4 km (2.5 mi) southwest[3] of Larnaca, Cyprus. Larnaca International Airport is Cyprus' main international gateway and the larger of the country's two commercial airports, the other being Paphos International Airport on the island's southwestern coast.

History[edit]

Larnaca Airport was hastily developed towards the end of 1974 after the invasion of Cyprus by Turkey on 20 July of the same year,[4] which forced the closure of Nicosia International Airport. The site on which it was built (near the Larnaca Salt Lake), had been previously used as an airfield in the 1930s and, subsequently, as a military installation by the British forces. Larnaca International opened on 8 February 1975, with only limited infrastructure facilities and a prefabricated set of buildings comprising separate halls for departures and arrivals. The first airlines to use the new airport were Cyprus Airways using Viscount 800s leased from British Midland and Olympic Airways using NAMC YS-11s. Initially, the runway at Larnaca International was too short for jet aircraft.[citation needed]

Operations[edit]

The status of Cyprus as a major tourist destination means that air traffic has steadily risen to over 5 million passengers a year.[5] This is double the capacity the airport was first designed for. For this reason, a tender was put out in 1998 to develop the airport further and increase its capacity (see below). Already completed elements of the expansion include a new control tower, fire station, runway extension, and additional administrative offices. The surrounding road network was improved by upgrading the B4 road and by completing the A3 Motorway.[citation needed] A new junction has been constructed near the new terminal. The new terminal was built some 500–700 m (1,600–2,300 ft) west of the old terminal, adjacent to the new control tower, with new aprons and jetways. The old terminal building is slated to be partially demolished and refurbished as a cargo centre, and is currently used as a private terminal for visiting heads of state, VIPs, and private aircraft operators.[citation needed]

The airport's geographic location in-between Europe, Africa, Russia and the Middle East facilitates it as an airline hub for traffic and flight operations between these locations.[6][7][8][9] It currently holds domestic, regional and international passenger and cargo services by over 30 airlines.[10] Notably, Gulf Air used to provide a non-stop service to New York-JFK twice a week.[11]

Facilities[edit]

Top level entrance of the Airport

The airport has one primary passenger terminal. Departures are accommodated on the upper level, while arrivals at the ground level. A second "VIP terminal" also exists, which is used for visiting heads of state, some private aviation, and for cargo. The airport utilises a single large apron for all passenger aircraft. The concept architectural design of the passenger terminal was developed by French architects at Aéroports de Paris (ADP) with Sofréavia in France. Detail and Tender design was completed in Cyprus by 1998, with local architectural office Forum Architects and a large engineering team under the coordination of ADP.[citation needed] The design was later used as a base for the BOT projects of both Larnaca and Pafos International Airports though significant changes were made mainly on "value engineering" grounds. A large amount of controversy spurred by the local media surrounded the granting of the contract when it was put out to tender. A consortium led by BAA and Joannou & Paraskevaides (J&P) construction quickly pulled out when it did not receive assurances from the government of Cyprus that it would receive financial compensation in the event that direct flights were allowed between Northern Cyprus and the rest of the world. The contract was eventually hastily granted to the next best bidder, the French led 'Hermes' Consortium. This too, was not free of controversy, causing legal challenges by BAA and J&P, and adding further delays to a much needed project.[citation needed]

Upgrades[edit]

Gates inside the Airport

A €650m upgrade of the Larnaca and Paphos airports has been completed in 2006.[12] The international tender was won by Hermes Airports, a French-led group. The consortium is made up of Bouygues Batiment International (22%) Egis Projects (20%), the Cyprus Trading Corporation (a local retail group-10%), Iacovou Brothers (a local contractor-10%), Hellenic Mining (10%), Vancouver Airport Services (10%), Ireland's Dublin Airport Authority (Aer Rianta International) (10%), Charilaos Apostolides (a local construction company-5%) and Nice Côte d'Azur Airport (3%). Hermes Airports built new passenger terminals and plans to extend the runways at both airports under a 25-year concession.

A new terminal building opened on 7 November 2009.[13] It has 16 jetways (boarding bridges), 67 check in counters, 8 self check-in kiosks, 48 departure gates, 2,450 parking spots. The new terminal can handle 7.5 million passengers per year. Infrastructure also features a large engineering hangar, a cargo terminal, and separate facilities for fuelling and provisioning light aircraft. There is a second, smaller apron where cargo aircraft and private aircraft are often parked. There are also spaces for smaller aircraft for flying schools and privately owned aircraft separate from the main two aprons.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Aegean Airlines Athens, London-Heathrow, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Thessaloniki
Seasonal: Heraklion, Mykonos, Rhodes, Santorini
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo
Aeroflot
operated by Rossiya Airlines
St. Petersburg
Air Moldova Chişinău
Air Serbia Belgrade
airBaltic Riga
Alitalia Seasonal: Rome-Fiumicino
Arkia Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion
Armenia Aircompany Seasonal charter: Yerevan[14][15]
Austrian Airlines Vienna
Azur Air Seasonal charter: Moscow-Domodedovo[16]
Belavia Minsk
Blue Air Athens, Birmingham (begins 26 March 2017),[17] Bucharest, Cluj-Napoca (begins 9 April 2017),[18] London-Luton, Thessaloniki
British Airways London-Heathrow
Seasonal: London-Gatwick
Bulgaria Air Sofia
Cobalt Air Athens, Birmingham (begins 10 December 2016),[19] Chania, Heraklion, London-Stansted, Manchester, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Thessaloniki
Seasonal: Dublin
Condor Seasonal: Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Hannover, Munich (all resume 3 April 2017)[20]
Danish Air Transport Seasonal: Copenhagen (begins 20 May 2017)[21]
easyJet Berlin-Schönefeld, Liverpool, London-Gatwick, Milan-Malpensa
easyJet Switzerland Basel/Mulhouse
Edelweiss Air Zürich
EgyptAir
operated by EgyptAir Express
Cairo
Ellinair Thessaloniki (ends 13 January 2017)[22]
Seasonal: Moscow-Vnukovo (resumes 17 May 2017)[23]
Emirates Athens, Dubai-International, Malta
Enter Air Charter: Katowice, Mombasa, Salalah, Warsaw-Chopin[24][25][26]
Eurowings
operated by Germanwings
Cologne/Bonn, Stuttgart (begins 6 May 2017)[27]
Germania Munich, Stuttgart (both end 3 January 2017)[28]
Gulf Air Bahrain
Helvetic Airways Seasonal charter: Bern, Zürich[29]
Israir Airlines Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion
Jet Time Seasonal charter: Aalborg, Billund, Norrköping, Örebro
Jet2.com Seasonal: East Midlands, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Leeds/Bradford, London-Stansted (begins 5 April 2017),[30] Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw-Chopin
Lufthansa Munich
Seasonal: Frankfurt
Mahan Air Seasonal charter: Tehran-Imam Khomeini[31]
Middle East Airlines Beirut
Monarch Airlines Birmingham
Seasonal: Leeds/Bradford, London-Gatwick, London-Luton
Niki Vienna (ends 28 April 2017)[32][33]
Nordwind Airlines Seasonal charter: Kazan, Mineralnye Vody, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Rostov-on-Don, Samara, Ufa, Volgograd[34]
Norwegian Air Shuttle London-Gatwick, Oslo–Gardermoen, Stockholm-Arlanda
Seasonal: Copenhagen, Helsinki
Seasonal charter: Bergen, Stavanger
Novair
operated by Scandinavian Airlines
Seasonal: Gothenburg, Oslo–Gardermoen, Stockholm-Arlanda
Pegas Fly Seasonal charter: Yekaterinburg[34]
Pobeda Moscow-Vnukovo
Qatar Airways Doha
Qeshm Airlines Seasonal charter: Tehran-Imam Khomeini[35]
Rossiya Airlines Charter: Moscow-Vnukovo, St. Petersburg
Seasonal charter: Kazan, Nizhny Novgorod, Novosibirsk, Samara, Tyumen, Ufa, Yekaterinburg[36]
Royal Jordanian Amman-Queen Alia
Ryanair Brussels
S7 Airlines
operated by Globus Airlines
Moscow-Domodedovo
Scandinavian Airlines Seasonal charter: Bergen, Gothenburg, Kristiansand, Luleå, Oslo-Gardermoen, Stockholm-Arlanda, Trondheim, Umeå
Small Planet Airlines Seasonal charter: Katowice (begins 26 April 2017), London-Gatwick, Manchester, Vilnius,1 Warsaw-Chopin (begins 26 April 2017)[37][38]
Small Planet Airlines Germany Seasonal charter: Harstad/Narvik (begins 29 May 2017), Jönköping (begins 21 August 2017), Sundsvall-Härnösand (begins 17 April 2017)[39]
SmartLynx Airlines Seasonal: Tallinn (begins 5 May 2017)[40]
SmartWings
operated by Travel Service
Seasonal: Prague
TAROM Bucharest
Thomas Cook Airlines Seasonal: Belfast-International, Birmingham, Bristol, Cardiff, East Midlands, Glasgow, London-Gatwick, London-Stansted, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne
Thomas Cook Airlines Scandinavia Seasonal charter: Billund, Copenhagen, Gothenburg, Helsinki, Malmö, Oslo-Gardermoen, Stockholm-Arlanda, Växjö
Thomson Airways Seasonal: Birmingham, Bristol, Cardiff, Doncaster, East Midlands, Edinburgh, Exeter, Glasgow, London-Gatwick, London-Luton, London-Stansted (begins 7 May 2017), Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne
Transavia Amsterdam
Travel Service Seasonal charter: Bratislava[41]
TUIfly
operated by Small Planet Airlines Germany
Seasonal: Basel/Mulhouse (begins 9 April 2017), Berlin-Tegel (begins 13 April 2017), Düsseldorf (begins 8 April 2017), Frankfurt (begins 8 April 2017), Hamburg (begins 9 April 2017), Hannover (begins 13 April 2017), Leipzig/Halle (begins 7 April 2017), Munich (begins 7 April 2017), Stuttgart (begins 11 April 2017)[42]
TUIfly Nordic Seasonal charter: Copenhagen, Gothenburg, Helsinki, Kalmar, Malmö, Oslo-Gardermoen, Stockholm-Arlanda
Tus Air Amman-Queen Alia (begins 1 February 2017),[43] Haifa, Heraklion, Rhodes, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion
Seasonal: Karpathos (begins 24 June 2017), Kos, Mytilene (begins 24 June 2017), Patras (begins 26 June 2017), Samos, Skiathos (begins 24 June 2017)[44]
Ukraine International Airlines Kiev-Boryspil
Up
operated by El Al
Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion
Ural Airlines Krasnodar, Moscow-Domodedovo
Seasonal: St. Petersburg, Yekaterinburg
Vueling Seasonal: Barcelona
Wizz Air Belgrade, Bucharest, Budapest, Iași, Katowice, Kiev-Zhulyany, Kutaisi, Sofia, Vilnius,1 Warsaw-Chopin
Yamal Airlines Seasonal charter: Moscow-Domodedovo
  • ^1 Vilnius flights will be transferred to Kaunas airport in period between 14/07/2017 - 18/08/2017 as Vilnius Airport will be carrying out reconstruction of the runway[45]

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
ASL Airlines Belgium Athens
CAL Cargo Air Lines Liège, New York-JFK, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion

Statistics[edit]

Busiest routes from Larnaca Int'l Airport, per week[citation needed]
Rank Destination Airport(s) Winter 2016 Top carriers
1 Greece Athens ATH 109 Aegean Airlines, Blue Air, Cobalt Air, Emirates
2 Israel Tel Aviv TLV 68 Aegean Airlines, Arkia, El Al, Israir, Tus Air
3 United Kingdom London GTW, LHR, LTN, STN 40 Aegean Airlines, British Airways, Blue Air, Cobalt Air, easyJet, Norwegian Air Shuttle, Thomas Cook Airlines, Thomson Airways
4 Russia Moscow DME, SVO, VKO 29 Aeroflot, Pobeda, S7 Airlines, Ural Airlines
5 Greece Thessaloniki SKG 22 Aegean Airlines, Cobalt Air, Ellinair
6 Austria Vienna VIE 18 Austrian Airlines, Niki
7 Qatar Doha DOH 17 Qatar Airways
8 Lebanon Beirut BEY 14 Middle East Airlines
9 United Arab Emirates Dubai DXB 14 Emirates
10 Romania Bucharest OTP 13 Blue Air, TAROM, Wizz Air

Ground transport[edit]

The airport can be reached by car, taxi and public transport system. There is a shuttle bus system from/to both Limassol[46] and Nicosia. Local buses are available at the airport to various locations in Larnaca.

Incidents and accidents[edit]

  • On 13 October 1977, Lufthansa Flight 181, flying from Palma de Mallorca to Frankfurt, with 91 passengers and crew was hijacked by four Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) members, and was diverted and landed in turn at the airports in Rome, Larnaca, Bahrain and Dubai.[47] The Boeing 737 was then forced to fly on to Mogadishu Airport, Somalia, where a German antiterrorist squad stormed the plane, killing three hijackers, arresting one and rescuing all passengers. The captain of the flight had previously been murdered by the lead terrorist.
  • On 19 February 1978, Larnaca Airport was the scene of the Egyptian raid on Larnaca International Airport: a 1-hour gun battle between Unit 777, an Egyptian military counter-terrorism force, who had raided Larnaca International, and the Cypriot National Guard.
    The crisis had begun the previous day, when Youssef Sebai, editor of a prominent Egyptian newspaper and friend of Egyptian President Anwar El Sadat, was assassinated at the Nicosia Hilton hotel by two gunmen as he was preparing to address the Afro-Asian Peoples’ Solidarity Organization (AAPSO) conference being held at the hotel. The gunmen, a Jordanian and a Kuwaiti, opposed to the Sadat regime, took 50 hostages among the conference attendees, including two representatives of the PLO who happened to be attending the conference. Non-Arab delegates and women were released shortly. Yasser Arafat, with the Cypriot president's agreement, dispatched an unarmed force of 16 to assist with negotiations and any possible rescue operation.
    Through negotiations with the Cypriot government, the two attackers were allowed to board a plane to escape with their 15 remaining hostages, including the two PLO hostages. They forced the plane to approach several countries including Libya and Syria but each time their request to land was refused, so after refueling in Djibouti, the plane was forced to return to Larnaca Airport. Egypt then dispatched its entire antiterrorist squad aboard a C-130 Hercules to deal with the hijacking; however, they did so without the knowledge or consent of the Cypriot government.
    On landing in Larnaca, the commandos launched an all-out assault on the DC-8, even as Cypriot negotiators had secured the hostage-takers' surrender. Cypriot President Spyros Kyprianou and other senior officials observing the events on site were forced to retreat from the airport control tower after it was hit by bullets. Eventually the Egyptian commandos surrendered to the Cypriot forces. The two hijackers were persuaded by the British pilots to give up. The hostages exited the aircraft unharmed once the shooting was over. The Cypriots counted eight wounded. 15 members of the 74-man Egyptian Unit 777 died. President Kyprianou offered reconciliation and apologies, but maintained that Cyprus could not have allowed the Egyptians to act. Egypt and Cyprus each withdrew their diplomatic missions, and frosty relations between the two countries persisted for some time. The two hijackers were condemned to death by a Cypriot court, but the sentence was commuted by Kyprianou and the hijackers released.[48][49][50][51]
  • On 5 April 1988, Kuwait Airways Flight 422, a Kuwait Airways Boeing 747, was hijacked, while en route from Thailand to Kuwait. After forcing the plane to fly to Iran, the hijackers forced the crew to fly the plane further west to Algeria, but the plane landed in Larnaca for refuelling. Two Kuwaiti hostages were murdered by the hijackers and their bodies were thrown out on the airport's runway. The hijacking ended in Algeria on 20 April 1988.[52]
  • As a result of the 2006 Lebanon War, the Lebanese airline Middle East Airlines evacuated its fleet to Larnaca.
  • Also as a result of the 2006 Lebanon War, a Canadian military aircraft carrying Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper and Canadian citizens fleeing the war, landed in Larnaca. Cyprus served as a safe haven for many nationals during the crisis. The Prime Minister was coming home from a visit to Afghanistan but landed in Larnaca to pick up Canadians who had been evacuated from Lebanon, and took them back to Canada.
  • On 28 August 2007, three construction workers were injured when a complete 5 m × 40 m (16 ft × 131 ft) concrete floor collapsed at the construction site for the new passenger terminal.[53][54]
  • On 29 March 2016, EgyptAir Flight 181, operated by Airbus A320-232 SU-GCB was hijacked whilst on a Flight from Borg El Arab Airport, Alexandria to Cairo International Airport. The aircraft landed at Larnaca.[55] The hijacker claimed to be wearing an explosive belt, but it was later revealed to be fake.[56]

References[edit]

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  52. ^ "Terrorism Nightmare on Flight 422 – Murder and zealotry meet in a jumbo jet", Time M''agazine, Monday, 25 April 1988, [1]
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  55. ^ "SU-GCB description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 30 March 2016. 
  56. ^ "EgyptAir hijack: Suicide belt worn by the hijacker was fake | Latest News & Updates at Daily News & Analysis". dna. Retrieved 29 March 2016. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Larnaca International Airport at Wikimedia Commons