Larnaca International Airport

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Larnaca International Airport

Διεθνής Αερολιμένας Λάρνακας Larnaka Uluslararası Havalimanı
Hermes Airports logo.svg
LCA Terminal outside.jpg
Summary
Owner/OperatorHermes Airports Ltd.
Serves
LocationLarnaca
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL3.35 m / 11 ft
Coordinates34°52′44″N 033°37′49″E / 34.87889°N 33.63028°E / 34.87889; 33.63028Coordinates: 34°52′44″N 033°37′49″E / 34.87889°N 33.63028°E / 34.87889; 33.63028
Websitewww.hermesairports.com
Map
LCA is located in Cyprus
LCA
LCA
Location within Cyprus
LCA is located in Europe
LCA
LCA
LCA (Europe)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
04/22 3,000 9,823 Asphalt
Statistics
Passengers (2019)Increase 8,229,346
Aircraft movements (2011)Increase 50,329
Cargo tonnage (2008)Increase 37,529
Sources: Hermes Airports,[1] Cypriot AIP at EUROCONTROL[2]

Larnaca International Airport – Glafcos Clerides[a] (IATA: LCA, ICAO: LCLK) is an international airport located 4 km (2.5 mi) southwest of Larnaca, Cyprus.[2] Larnaca International Airport is Cyprus' main international gateway and the larger of the two commercial airports in the area controlled by the Republic of Cyprus, the other being Paphos International Airport on the island's southwestern coast. The airport was given its current name in July 2016, in honour of former President of Cyprus (1993 – 2003) Glafcos Clerides.[3]

History[edit]

Larnaca Airport was hastily developed towards the end of 1974 after the invasion of Cyprus by Turkey on 20 July of the same year,[4] which forced the closure of the Nicosia International Airport. The site on which it was built (near the Larnaca Salt Lake) had been previously used as an airfield[5] in the 1930s and, subsequently, as a military installation by British forces. Larnaca International opened on 8 February 1975, with only limited infrastructure facilities and a prefabricated set of buildings comprising separate halls for departures and arrivals. The first airlines to use the new airport were Cyprus Airways, using Viscount 800s leased from British Midland, and Olympic Airways, using NAMC YS-11s. Initially, the runway at Larnaca International was too short for jet aircraft.[6]

Operations[edit]

The status of Cyprus as a major tourist destination means that air traffic has steadily risen to over 5 million passengers a year.[7] This is double the capacity the airport was first designed for. For this reason, a tender was put out in 1998 to develop the airport further and increase its capacity (see below). Already completed elements of the expansion include a new control tower, fire station, runway extension, and additional administrative offices. The surrounding road network was improved by upgrading the B4 road a new junction has been constructed near the new terminal. The new terminal was built some 500–700 m (1,600–2,300 ft) west of the old terminal, adjacent to the new control tower, with new aprons and jetways. The old terminal building is slated to be partially demolished and refurbished as a cargo centre, and is currently used as a private terminal for visiting heads of state, VIPs, and private aircraft operators.[6]

The airport's geographic location in-between Europe, Africa, Russia and the Middle East facilitates it as an airline hub for traffic and flight operations between these locations.[8][9][10][11] It currently holds domestic, regional and international passenger and cargo services by over 30 airlines.[12] Notably, Gulf Air used to provide a non-stop service to New York-JFK twice a week.[13]

Romanian low-cost carrier Blue Air announced the closure of their Larnaca base in September 2020.[14]

Facilities[edit]

The airport has one primary state-of-the-art passenger terminal. Departures are accommodated on the upper level, while arrivals at the ground level. The old terminal serves as a "VIP terminal", which is used for visiting heads of state, some private aviation, and for cargo. The airport utilises a single large apron for all passenger aircraft. The concept architectural design of the passenger terminal was developed by French architects at Aéroports de Paris (ADP) with Sofréavia in France.[citation needed]

A €650 million upgrade of the Larnaca and Paphos airports was completed in 2006.[15] The international tender was won by Hermes Airports, a French-led group. The consortium is made up of Bouygues Batiment International (22%) Egis Projects (20%), the Cyprus Trading Corporation (a local retail group-10%), Iacovou Brothers (a local contractor-10%), Hellenic Mining (10%), Vancouver Airport Services (10%), Ireland's Dublin Airport Authority (Aer Rianta International) (10%), Charilaos Apostolides (a local construction company-5%) and Nice Côte d'Azur Airport (3%). Hermes Airports built new passenger terminals and plans to extend the runways at both airports under a 25-year concession.[16]

A new terminal building opened on 7 November 2009.[17] It has 16 jetways (boarding bridges), 67 check in counters, 8 self check-in kiosks, 48 departure gates, and 2,450 parking spots. The new terminal can handle 7.5 million passengers per year. Infrastructure also features a large engineering hangar, a cargo terminal, and separate facilities for fuelling and provisioning light aircraft. There is a second, smaller apron where cargo aircraft and private aircraft are often parked. There are also spaces for smaller aircraft for flying schools and privately owned aircraft separate from the main two aprons.[18]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights to and from Larnaca:[19]

AirlinesDestinations
Aegean Airlines[20][21] Athens, Thessaloniki
Seasonal charter: Yerevan
Air Horizont[22] Seasonal charter: Milan–Malpensa
Air Serbia[23] Belgrade
airBaltic[24] Riga
AirExplore[25] Seasonal charter: Bratislava, Košice
Arkia[26][27] Tel Aviv
Seasonal: Eilat
Austrian Airlines[28] Vienna
Blue Air[29] Bucharest
Seasonal: Iași (begins 28 March 2023)[30]
Bluebird Airways[31] Seasonal: Tel Aviv
British Airways[32] London–Heathrow
Seasonal: London–Gatwick
Bulgaria Air[33] Sofia
Buzz[34] Seasonal charter: Katowice, Poznań, Warsaw–Chopin
Chair Airlines[35] Seasonal: Zürich
Condor[36] Seasonal: Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Zürich
Corendon Airlines[37] Seasonal: Düsseldorf, Nuremberg
Cyprus Airways[38] Athens, Beirut, Tel Aviv, Thessaloniki
Seasonal: Heraklion, Mykonos, Preveza/Lefkada, Rhodes, Santorini, Skiathos, Yerevan (begins 31 August 2022)[39][40]
easyJet[41] Berlin, Liverpool, London–Gatwick, London–Luton, Milan–Malpensa, Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Seasonal: Bristol
Edelweiss Air[42] Zürich
EgyptAir[43] Cairo
El Al[44] Tel Aviv
Emirates[45] Dubai–International, Malta
Enter Air[34] Seasonal charter: Katowice, Warsaw–Chopin
Eurowings[46] Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Prague, Stockholm–Arlanda, Stuttgart
Seasonal: Salzburg
Finnair[47] Seasonal: Helsinki
Gulf Air[48] Athens, Bahrain
Helvetic Airways[49] Seasonal: Bern, Zürich
Jet2.com[50] Seasonal: Birmingham, Bristol, East Midlands, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Leeds/Bradford, London–Stansted, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne
Jet Time[51][52][53] Seasonal charter: Aalborg, Billund, Copenhagen, Helsinki, Malmö, Norrköping
LOT Polish Airlines[54] Seasonal: Warsaw–Chopin
Lufthansa[55] Frankfurt, Munich
Middle East Airlines[56] Beirut
Norwegian Air Shuttle[57] Oslo, Stockholm–Arlanda
Seasonal: Copenhagen, Helsinki
Novair[58] Seasonal charter: Billund, Copenhagen, Stockholm–Arlanda
Qatar Airways[59] Doha
Royal Jordanian[60] Amman–Queen Alia
Ryanair[61] Vienna
Scandinavian Airlines[62][63] Seasonal charter: Copenhagen, Gothenburg, Oslo, Stockholm–Arlanda
Sky Express[64][65] Athens, Thessaloniki (resumes 30 October 2022)[66]
Smartwings[67] Seasonal: Bratislava, Katowice, Košice, Prague
Sunclass Airlines[68][69][70][71] Seasonal charter: Billund, Copenhagen, Gothenburg, Helsinki, Malmö, Örebro, Oslo, Stavanger, Stockholm–Arlanda, Trondheim, Växjö
Swiss International Air Lines[72] Seasonal: Geneva
Transavia[73] Amsterdam
Seasonal: Paris–Orly
TUI Airways[74] Seasonal: Birmingham, Bristol, Cardiff, Doncaster/Sheffield, East Midlands, London–Gatwick, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne
TUI fly Belgium[75] Seasonal: Brussels
TUI fly Deutschland[76] Seasonal: Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Hannover
TUI fly Nordic[53] Seasonal charter: Billund, Gothenburg, Norrköping, Stockholm–Arlanda
Tus Airways[77] Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Tel Aviv
Seasonal: Kalamata, Kefalonia, Preveza/Lefkada, Skiathos
Vueling[78] Seasonal: Barcelona
Widerøe[79] Seasonal charter: Bergen
Wizz Air[80] Athens, Belgrade, Budapest, Chişinău, Cluj-Napoca, Copenhagen, Debrecen, Gdańsk, Iași, Katowice, Kraków, Kutaisi, London–Gatwick, London–Luton, Prague, Sofia, Tel Aviv, Thessaloniki, Varna, Vienna, Vilnius, Warsaw–Chopin, Wrocław, Yerevan
Seasonal: Cardiff, Beauvais, Billund, Rome–Fiumicino

Cargo[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
CAL Cargo Air Lines[81] Atlanta, Liège, New York–JFK, Tel Aviv
DHL Aviation[82][83] Athens, Bratislava, Leipzig/Halle, Tel Aviv
EgyptAir Cargo[84] Cairo, Ostend/Bruges
Emirates SkyCargo[85] Dubai–International
Express Air Cargo[86][87][88] Bucharest, Kuwait City, Misrata, Sharjah, Tunis
FedEx Express[89] Athens, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Rome–Fiumicino, Toulouse
Royal Jordanian Cargo[90][91] Amman–Queen Alia, Maastricht/Aachen
Swiftair[92][93] Athens
UPS Airlines[94][95] Cologne/Bonn, Tel Aviv

Statistics[edit]

LCA check-in area
LCA departure gate area
LCA entrance


Annual passenger traffic at LCA airport. See source Wikidata query.
Number of passengers[1] Percentage change
2006 4,927,986
2007 5,284,159 Increase07.2%
2008 5,488,319 Increase03.8%
2009 5,169,224 Decrease05.8%
2010 5,367,724 Increase03.8%
2011 5,507,552 Increase02.6%
2012 5,166,224 Decrease06.1%
2013 4,863,577 Decrease05.8%
2014 5,247,291 Increase07.8%
2015 5,330,914 Increase01.5%
2016 6,637,692 Increase24.5%
2017 7,734,290 Increase16.5%
2018 8,067,037 Increase04.3%
2019 8,229,346 Increase02.0%
2020 1,679,816 Decrease79.6%
2021 3,592,011 Increase113,4%

Access[edit]

The airport can be reached by car, taxi and public transport system. There is a shuttle bus system from/to Limassol,[96] Nicosia, Protaras, Paralimni and Ayia Napa.[97] Local buses are available at the airport to various locations in Larnaca.

Incidents and accidents[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Greek: Διεθνής Aερολιμένας Λάρνακας (Diethnís Aeroliménas Lárnakas). Turkish: Larnaka Uluslararası Havaalanı).

References[edit]

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External links[edit]

Media related to Larnaca International Airport at Wikimedia Commons