Larong language

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Larong
Zlarong
Native toChina
RegionZogang County, Chamdo Prefecture, Tibet
Sino-Tibetan
Language codes
ISO 639-3

Larong or Zlarong (autonym: la˥ rɔ˥; Tibetan name: la˥ ruŋ˥) is a recently documented Sino-Tibetan language spoken in Zogang and Markam counties of southeastern Chamdo, Tibet. It was recently documented by Zhao (2018)[1] and Suzuki & Nyima (2018).[2] Zhao (2018) tentatively classifies Zlarong as a Qiangic language.

Names[edit]

Larong is referred to by the Changdu Gazetteer (2005)[3] as Rumei 如美话, as it is spoken in Rumei Township 如美乡, Markam County.

Zhao (2018) reports the autonym la˥rɔ˥ and the Tibetan exonym la˥ruŋ˥ for the speakers. Their language is referred to as mə˥kə˥ by speakers, and by Tibetans as ma˧˩ke˥˧ (Zhao 2018).

Locations[edit]

Classification[edit]

Suzuki & Nyima (2018)[2] note that Zlarong (Larong) is closely related to two other recently documented Sino-Tibetan languages of Chamdo, eastern Tibet, namely Lamo and Drag-yab (spoken in southern Zhag'yab County).

Vocabulary[edit]

Zhao (2018: 1-3) lists the following Zlarong words.

Gloss Zlarong
name mɛ˥
medicine rɛ˥˧
cloth rɛ˩˧
ice ndza˥
you ȵo˥˧
horse rɛ˥˧
road rə˩˧
blood sɛ˥˧
meat tɕʰi˩˧
urine pi˩˧
snow wi˩˧
water tɕi˥
smoke mu˥kʰu˥
wind ma˧˩mi˥
cloud ndə˥rə˥
belly wu˩˧
white tʂʰɔ̃˧˩tʂʰɔ̃˥˧
black ȵi˧˩ȵi˥˧
red nɛ˥nɛ˥˧
yellow nɛ˥nɛ˥˧
short wɛ˧˩wɛ˥˧
wide pʰa˥pʰa˥˧
thick mbo˧˩mbo˥
fish ȵɛ˩˧
sand tɕy˧˩mɛ˥˧
doctor mɛ̃˥pɛ˥˧
ground sɛ˥˧
zero lɛ˥kɔ˥
one ti˩˧kʰi˥
two nɛ˧˩ji˥˧
three sɔ̃˩˧
four ɣə˩˧
five ŋa˩˧
six tɕʰu˩˧
seven ȵɛ˩˧
eight ɕɛ˩˧
nine ŋgo˩˧
ten a˥kõ˥

References[edit]

  1. ^ Zhao, Haoliang. 2018. A brief introduction to Zlarong, a newly recognized language in Mdzo sgang, TAR. Proceedings of the 51st International Conference on Sino-Tibetan Languages and Linguistics (2018). Kyoto: Kyoto University.
  2. ^ a b c d Suzuki, Hiroyuki and Tashi Nyima. 2018. Historical relationship among three non-Tibetic languages in Chamdo, TAR. Proceedings of the 51st International Conference on Sino-Tibetan Languages and Linguistics (2018). Kyoto: Kyoto University.
  3. ^ Xizang Changdu Diqu Difangzhi Bianzuan Weiyuanhui 西藏昌都地区地方志编纂委员会 (2005). Changdu Diquzhi 昌都地区志. Beijing: Fangzhi Chubanshe 方志出版社.