Henry Frank Leslie Burrows
29 May 1926
London, United Kingdom
|Died||10 February 1971 (aged 44)|
Henry Frank Leslie Burrows (29 May 1926 – 10 February 1971), known as Larry Burrows, was an English photojournalist. He spent 9 years covering the Vietnam War.
Burrows began his career in the art department of the Daily Express newspaper in 1942 in London. He learned photography and moved to work in the darkrooms of the Keystone photography agency and Life Magazine. It was here that Burrows started to be called Larry to avoid confusion with another Henry working in the same office. It was not unknown for him to redo a whole day of work in order to secure the best result.
Some accounts blame Burrows for melting photographer Robert Capa's D-Day negatives in the drying cabinet, but in fact it was another technician, according to John G. Morris.
He had an early success with his coverage of the demolition of the Heligoland U-Boat Pens in 1947. Working for the Associated Press, Burrows was a passenger in De Havilland Dragon Rapide. Officially they were supposed to go no closer than 9 miles to the island. However, Burrows persuaded the pilot to fly over at only 500 feet, knocking out the window perspex when it obscured his shot. For his efforts he was able to take eleven images and earned himself two pages in Life Magazine.
Burrows would go on to cover stories in Suez, Lebanon, Cyprus and Central Africa.
Burrows went on to become a photographer and covered the war in Vietnam from 1962 until his death in 1971. Reaching Out became one his most famous images. It features US Marine Gunnery Sgt. Jeremiah Purdie, who while wounded, is seen reaching out to wounded Lance Corporal Roger Dale Treadway.
Life.com editor Ben Cosgrove said of the photograph -
Larry Burrows made a photograph that, for generations, has served as the most indelible, searing illustration of the horrors inherent in that long, divisive war — and, by implication, in all wars.— Ben Cosgrove
Reaching Out was taken on 5 October 1966 after the Marines were ambushed on Mutter's Ridge. However, the image wasn't featured in Life until February 1971 following Burrows' death.
One of his most famous images, published first in Life magazine on 16 April 1965, entitled One Ride with Yankee Papa 13 about a mission on 31 March 1965.
Flying in a helicopter with the US Marines' Medium Helicopter Squadron 163, Burrows captured the death of Yankee Papa 3 co-pilot Lieutenant James Magel. At the landing zone Magel was assisted to Yankee Papa 13, where airborne door gunner Lance C. Farley gave first aid. It was to no avail and Burrows captured Farley's distress at the loss of his comrade.
Of the photograph Burrows said -
It's not easy to photograph a man dying in the arms of a fellow countryman... Was I simply capitalizing on the other men's grief? I concluded that what I was doing would penetrate the hearts of those at home who are simply too indifferent.— Larry Burrows
He was described in The Times as an "equipment man" and quotes Burrows as saying, "When I take the lot with me there are twenty-six cases".
In early 1971, Burrows was elected a fellow of the Royal Photographic Society.
Burrows died with fellow photojournalists Henri Huet (Associated Press), Kent Potter (United Press International) and Keisaburo Shimamoto (freelancer with Newsweek), when their helicopter was shot down over the Ho Chi Minh Trail in Laos as the group covered Operation Lam Son 719.
Following his death the Managing Editor of Life, Ralph Graves, said of Burrows -
I do not think it is demeaning to any other photographer in the world for me to say that Larry Burrows was the single bravest and most dedicated war photographer I know of.— Ralph Graves
Of his work, Burrows himself said, "I cannot afford the luxury of thinking about what could happen to me".
In 1985, the Laurence Miller Gallery in New York published a portfolio of Burrows' prints, with the assistance of his son Russell Burrows. In 2002, Burrows' posthumous book Vietnam was awarded the Prix Nadar award.
In 2008 the remains of Burrows and fellow photographers Huet, Potter and Shimamoto were honoured and interred at the Newseum in Washington, D.C.
Journalist David Halberstam paid tribute to Burrows in the 1997 book Requiem: By the Photographers Who Died in Vietnam and Indochina -
I must mention Larry Burrows in particular. To us younger men who had not yet earned reputations, he was a sainted figure. He was a truly beautiful man, modest, graceful, a star who never behaved like one. He was generous to all, a man who gave lessons to his colleagues not just on how to take photographs but, more important, on how to behave like a human being, how to be both colleague and mentor. Our experience of the star system in photography was, until we met him, not necessarily a happy one; all too often talent and ego seemed to come together in equal amounts. We were touched by Larry: How could someone so talented be so graceful?— David Halberstam, Requiem: By the Photographers Who Died in Vietnam and Indochina
In December 2019, the Newseum was closed due to financial difficulties and the remains of Burrows, Huet, Potter and Shimamoto were disinterred. Their remains are currently stored at the Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency lab at Offutt Air Force Base awaiting a permanent burial place.
In 2021, Burrows was posthumously inducted into the International Photography Hall of Fame and Museum.
- ^ "Larry Burrows (British, 1926 - 1971) (Getty Museum)". The J. Paul Getty in Los Angeles. Retrieved 2 June 2019.
- ^ "Larry Burrows". International Center of Photography. 3 March 2016. Retrieved 1 June 2019.
- ^ a b Đá, Gary Jones/ Suối. "This Girl Tròn: A Friendship Born of the Vietnam War". Time. Archived from the original on 13 September 2017. Retrieved 1 June 2019.
- ^ a b c d e the editors of Life ; introduction by John Loengard ; a reminiscence by Gordon Parks (2009). The great Life photographers. London: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 9780500288368. OCLC 503662130.
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- ^ Flying Short Course: Evolving Newspapers Pushing Photojournalists For Video Archived 2008-01-22 at the Wayback Machine
- ^ Morris blames it on a young developer named Dennis Banks. John G. Morris, "Get the picture, A personal history of photojournalism", Random House Inc, N-Y 1998
- ^ a b "Mr Larry Burrows". The Times. No. 58097. 12 February 1971. p. 14.
- ^ a b Loke, Margarett (13 March 1998). "Photography Review; The Vietnam War's Costs, Shown Fearlessly by a Gentle Casualty". The New York Times. Retrieved 27 November 2018.
- ^ "The Virtual Wall".
- ^ a b c Amaria, Kainaz (27 January 2013). "An Iconic 'Life' Image You Must See". NPR.org. Retrieved 2 June 2019.
- ^ Cosgrove, Ben. "Sudden Death in Vietnam: 'One Ride With Yankee Papa 13'". Time. Archived from the original on 3 July 2015. Retrieved 2 June 2019.
- ^ a b 1001 photographs you must see before you die. London: Cassell Illustrated. 2017. ISBN 978-1844039173. OCLC 986847064.
- ^ Hendrickson, Paul (15 September 1996). "Vietnam Spring". The Washington Post.
- ^ Homsby, Michael (12 February 1971). "British war photographer among four feared dead as helicopter is shot down in Laos". The Times. No. 58097. p. 6.
- ^ a b Pyle, Richard (2 April 2008). "Saigon Quartet". Vanity Fair. Retrieved 1 June 2019.
- ^ "Vietnam Photo Exhibit on Display at Chrysler", Newport News Daily Press (September 29, 1985), Section I, p. 11.
- ^ "Et aussi... Le prix Nadar à Vietnam, de Larry Burrows". L'Humanité. 23 November 2002. Retrieved 27 November 2018.
- ^ "Larry Burrows | World Press Photo". www.worldpressphoto.org. Retrieved 2 June 2019.
- ^ Steve Liewer (16 February 2021). "Remains of 5 Vietnam War photojournalists killed in copter crash wait at Offutt for permanent burial". Omaha World-Herald. Retrieved 12 May 2022.
- ^ "Larry Burrows". International Photography Hall of Fame. Retrieved 28 July 2022.
- "Bardot, TS Eliot, JFK: the lens of Larry Burrows – in pictures" in The Guardian
- "The Vietnam war captured in colour – in pictures" in The Guardian
- Photographs at The Digital Journalist
- Popular Photography Magazine, Larry Burrows - A photographer's own story
- LIFE Magazine Feb. 19, 1971 Editor's Note about Burrows' death