Larry Diamond

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Larry Jay Diamond
Larry Diamond (2014)
Born (1951-10-02) October 2, 1951 (age 71)
Alma materStanford University
Occupation(s)Sociologist, scholar, researcher, educator
Known forPolitical sociology, democracy studies

Larry Jay Diamond (born October 2, 1951)[1] is an American political sociologist and leading contemporary scholar in the field of democracy studies. Diamond is a senior fellow at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies, Stanford University's main center for research on international issues. At the Institute Diamond served as the director of the Center on Democracy, Development, and the Rule of Law from 2009-2016.[2] He was succeeded in that role by Francis Fukuyama[3] and then Kathryn Stoner.[4]

Diamond has served as an advisor to numerous governmental and international organizations at various points in his life, including the United States Department of State, United Nations, World Bank, and U.S. Agency for International Development.[5] He is a founding co-editor of the National Endowment for Democracy's Journal of Democracy, stepping down from that role in fall 2022. As of August 2023, he co-chairs Hoover's China Global Sharp Power Project (with Glenn Tiffert) and Taiwan in the Indo-Pacific Region Project (with James O. Ellis).[6][7]


Regina Ip, a Hong Kong politician, is one of the most famous students of Larry Diamond.

Diamond obtained a B.A. in Political Organization and Behavior in 1974, an M.A. from the Food Research Institute in 1978, and a Ph.D. in Sociology in 1980, all from Stanford.[8]


Diamond was Assistant Professor of Sociology at Vanderbilt University (1980–1985).[9] He was founding co-director of the National Endowment for Democracy's International Forum for Democratic Studies (1994–2009).[9]

Among the many governmental and nongovernmental agencies that he has advised, Diamond served as a consultant to the U.S. Agency for International Development from 2002 to 2003.[10]

Diamond was named Stanford's "Teacher of the Year" in May 2007.[11] At the June 2007 commencement ceremonies he was awarded the Dinkelspiel Award for Distinctive Contributions to Undergraduate Education. Among the many reasons for Diamond to receive this award it was cited that he fostered dialogue between Jewish and Muslim students.[12]

He was the dissertation adviser for Regina Ip, former Secretary for Security of Hong Kong during her years at Stanford.[13]

In 2022, Diamond joined Yermak-McFaul Expert Group on Russian Sanctions as an expert to work on elaborating and imposing western sanctions against Russia which invaded Ukraine.[14]

Post–2003 Iraq[edit]

In early 2004, Diamond was a senior adviser on governance to the Coalition Provisional Authority in Iraq.[9]

His book Squandered Victory: The American Occupation and the Bungled Effort to Bring Democracy to Iraq, published in 2005, was one of the first public critical analyses of America's post-invasion of Iraq strategy.[15]

Views on democracy[edit]

Despite the surge of democracy throughout the world up until the 1990s, Diamond believes democracy must improve where it already exists before it can spread to other countries.[16] He believes solving a country's governance, rather than its economy, is the answer. Every democratic country needs to be held responsible for good governance, not just when it suits them. Without significant improvements in governance, economic growth will not be sustainable. As Diamond stated in his book, The Spirit of Democracy: The Struggle to Build Free Societies Throughout the World, "for democratic structures to endure – and be worthy of endurance – they must listen to their citizens' voices, engage their participation, tolerate their protests, protect their freedoms, and respond to their needs."[17]

Diamond has written and edited many pieces on the growth of democracy and its current recession on an international level. In his paper "The Democratic Rollback: The Resurgence of the Predatory State," Diamond states that one of the main reasons for this recession in democracy is a surge of young democratic countries which employ rigged elections, intense intimidation of any opposing political party, and unstoppable expansion in executive power. What makes it worse is that many of these countries are still being accepted as democracies by western states. He cites Vladimir Putin in Russia and Hugo Chávez in Venezuela as examples. Due to the growth of these corrupted semi-democracies, which Diamond calls electoral authoritarianism, there has been a worldwide fall in the confidence in democracy, especially in developing countries.[citation needed]

Unlike many other political scientists, Diamond doesn't hold economic development, or lack thereof, as the number one factor in the decline of democracy. Diamond states that the efficiency of the government is the first problem. If the government cannot provide a safe and equal economic and political playing field then any work in promoting economic development will be useless. He cites the Kenyan President Mwai Kibaki as an example. Kibaki helped Kenya reach some of its highest levels of economic growth but failed to address massive corruption, which led to claims of fraud in his 2007 presidential election, which in turn exploded into violence.[18]

Diamond believes if governance is not improved in democratic states, people will turn to authoritarian alternatives.[16] This will then lead to predatory states. Predatory states produce predatory societies: people do not gain wealth and a better quality of life through ways beneficial to the entire country, but get rich by taking advantage of power and privilege, by stealing from the state, and diminishing the power of the law. In order to ensure predatory states do not occur, institutions must be put in place to establish control and order.[16]

So that democracy can be revived, and sustained, throughout the world, the U.S. and other developed countries must play their part. The U.S. should primarily give financial aid to countries that are using the money to further develop their governance.[19] This selectivity is defined in the Millennium Challenge Account (part of Bush's foreign policy). Under this policy, it says a country will receive aid dependent on "whether they rule justly, whether they invest in basic health care and education, and whether they promote economic freedom." The important thing to remember is promoting democracy will take time and effort.[citation needed]


As author[edit]

  • Ill Winds: Saving Democracy from Russian Rage, Chinese Ambition, and American Complacency, Penguin Press, 2019 ISBN 978-0525560623
  • In Search of Democracy, Routledge, 2016
  • The Spirit of Democracy, Times Books, 2008
  • Squandered Victory: The American Occupation and the Bungled Effort to Bring Democracy to Iraq, Owl Books, 2005, ISBN 0-8050-7868-1
  • Developing Democracy: Toward Consolidation, Johns Hopkins University Press, 1999
  • Promoting Democracy in the 1990s, Carnegie Commission on Preventing Deadly Conflict, 1995
  • Class, Ethnicity, and Democracy in Nigeria, Syracuse University Press, 1988
  • Milani, Abbas; Diamond, Larry Jay (2015). Politics and Culture in Contemporary Iran: Challenging the Status Quo. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers. ISBN 9781626371477.

As editor[edit]

  • Political Culture and Democracy in Developing Countries
  • Diamond, Larry; Plattner, Marc F.; Walker, Christopher, eds. (2016). Authoritarianism Goes Global: The Challenge to Democracy. Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 9781421419985.
  • Democracy in Decline?, with Marc F. Plattner
  • Democratization and Authoritarianism in the Arab World, with Marc F. Plattner
  • Will China Democratize?, with Andrew J. Nathan and Marc F. Plattner
  • Democracy in East Asia: A New Century, with Yun-han Chu and Marc F. Plattner
  • Liberation Technology: Social Media and the Struggle for Democracy, with Marc F. Plattner
  • Politics and Culture in Contemporary Iran, with Abbas Milani
  • Democracy in Developing Countries, four-volume series, with Juan J. Linz and Seymour Martin Lipset

Essays and articles[edit]


  1. ^ "Diamond, Larry Jay". Social Networks and Archival Context (SNAC). University of Virginia Library, National Archives and Records Administration. Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  2. ^ "FSI - CDDRL - Center on Democracy, Development and the Rule of Law". Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  3. ^ University, © Stanford; Stanford; California 94305 (2015-04-20). "Fukuyama to lead FSI's Center on Democracy, Development, and the Rule of". Retrieved 2023-08-29.
  4. ^ University, © Stanford; Stanford; California 94305 (2021-08-27). "Kathryn Stoner Named Mosbacher Director of the Center on Democracy,". Retrieved 2023-08-29.
  5. ^ "Larry Diamond". Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  6. ^ "China's Global Sharp Power Project". Hoover Institution. Retrieved 2023-05-21.
  7. ^ "Taiwan in the Indo-Pacific Region". Hoover Institution. Retrieved 2023-05-21.
  8. ^ "Larry Diamond – C.V." Stanford University. n.d. Retrieved 29 June 2020.
  9. ^ a b c "Larry Diamond". Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  10. ^ "Larry Diamond's Profile | Stanford Profiles". Retrieved 2023-08-29.
  11. ^ "Larry Diamond, Hoover Senior Fellow, Named Teacher of the Year by Associated Students of Stanford University". Hoover Institution. Retrieved 2023-05-21.
  12. ^ "Hoover Institution's Larry Diamond honored with Stanford University Dinkelspiel Award for teaching". Hoover Institution. Retrieved 2023-05-21.
  13. ^ "'Iron Ladies' resurface in Hong Kong". Archived from the original on 17 July 2006. Retrieved 29 October 2018.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  14. ^ "Sanctions endgame: what the Yermak-McFaul group is preparing – News". Retrieved 2022-07-27.
  15. ^ "Larry Diamond Bio". Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  16. ^ a b c Diamond, Larry (2004). Essential Readings in Comparative Politics: The Democratic Rollback: The Resurgence of the Predatory State. New York: Norton & Company.
  17. ^ Diamond, Larry (2008). The Spirit of Democracy: The Struggle to Build Free Societies Throughout the World. New York: Henry Holt and Company, LLC.
  18. ^ O'Neil, Patrick H.; Rogowski, Ronald (2010). Essential Readings in Comparative Politics. New York: W.W. Norton &, 2010. ISBN 978-0-393-93401-4.
  19. ^ Diamond, Larry (December 30, 2008). "Doing Democracy Promotion Right". Newsweek. Retrieved 15 June 2011.

External links[edit]

  • South China Morning Post podcast in which Larry Diamond shares his views on Hong Kong political reforms in a podcast interview with reporter, James Moore, on September 19, 2006. Interview 3mins 43secs into podcast.