Hama in his home office in late 2015
June 7, 1949 |
New York City
|Area(s)||Writer, Penciller, Editor|
|Service/branch||United States Army|
During the 1970s, he was seen in minor roles on the TV shows M*A*S*H and Saturday Night Live, and appeared on Broadway in two roles in the original 1976 production of Stephen Sondheim's Pacific Overtures.
He is best known to American comic book readers as a writer and editor for Marvel Comics, where he wrote the licensed comic book series G.I. Joe: A Real American Hero, based on the Hasbro toyline. He has also written for the series Wolverine, Nth Man: the Ultimate Ninja, and Elektra. He created the character Bucky O'Hare, which was developed into a comic book, a toy line and television cartoon.
Larry Hama was born June 7, 1949, in Manhattan. As a child growing up in Queens, Hama studied Kodokan Judo and later studied Kyūdō (Japanese archery) and Iaido (Japanese martial art swordsmanship). Planning to become a painter, Hama attended Manhattan's High School of Art and Design, where one instructor was former EC Comics artist Bernard Krigstein. He was in the same graduating class as Frank Brunner and Ralph Reese.
Hama sold his first comics work to the fantasy film magazine Castle of Frankenstein when he was 16 years old, and he followed by collaborating with Bhob Stewart on pages for the underground tabloid Gothic Blimp Works. After high school, Hama took a job drawing shoes for catalogs, and then served in the United States Army from 1969 to 1971, during the Vietnam War, where he became a firearms and explosive ordnance expert. Hama's experiences in Vietnam informed his editing of the 1986-1993 Marvel Comics series The 'Nam. Upon his discharge, Hama became active in the Asian community in New York City.
High-school classmate Ralph Reese, who had become an assistant to famed EC and Marvel artist Wally Wood, helped Hama get a similar job at Wood's Manhattan studio. Hama assisted on Wood's comic strips Sally Forth and Cannon, which originally ran in Military News and Overseas Weekly and were later collected in a series of books. During this time, he also had illustrations published in such magazines as Esquire and Rolling Stone, and he and Reese collaborated on art for a story in the underground comix-style humor magazine Drool #1 (1972). Through contacts made while working for Wood, Hama began working at comic-book and commercial artist Neal Adams' Continuity Associates studio; with other young contemporaries there, including Reese, Frank Brunner and Bernie Wrightson, Hama became part of the comic-book inking gang credited as the "Crusty Bunkers." His first known work as such is on the Alan Weiss-penciled "Slaves of the Mahars" in DC Comics' Weird Worlds #2 (Nov. 1972).
Hama began penciling for comics a year-and-a-half later, making an auspicious debut succeeding character co-creator Gil Kane on the feature "Iron Fist" in Marvel Premiere, taking over with the martial arts superhero's second appearance and his next three stories (#16-19, July-Nov. 1974). He went on to freelance for start-up publisher Atlas/Seaboard (writing and penciling the first two issues of the sword & sorcery series Wulf the Barbarian, writing the premiere of the science fiction/horror Planet of Vampires); some penciling work on the seminal independent comic book Big Apple Comix #1 (Sept. 1975); and two issues of the jungle-hero book Ka-Zar before beginning a long run at DC Comics.
At DC, Hama became an editor of the titles Wonder Woman, Mister Miracle, Super Friends, The Warlord, and the TV-series licensed property Welcome Back, Kotter from 1977–1978. He then joined Marvel as an editor in 1980.
Larry Hama enjoyed a brief acting career in the mid-1970s, despite never having pursued the field. The casting director for the musical Pacific Overtures, Joanna Merlin, called Hama because an actor friend of his gave her his name when asked if he knew any other Asian actors. He told her that he had never acted before and could neither sing nor dance, but Merlin was persistent, and when informed that casting was less than a minute away from his workplace at Continuity Comics, he agreed to audition and was ultimately cast in three roles.
He also played a role in the 1976 M*A*S*H episode "The Korean Surgeon" and a Saturday Night Live spoof of Apocalypse Now. However, though he had made a living as an actor for roughly a year, Hama ultimately discarded his acting career, explaining, "I always basically saw myself as an artist, not as anything else."
Hama is best known as writer of the Marvel Comics licensed series G.I. Joe, based on the Hasbro line of military action figures. Hama said in a 2006 interview that he was given the job by then editor-in-chief Jim Shooter after every other writer at Marvel had turned it down. Hama at the time had recently pitched a Nick Fury: Agent of S.H.I.E.L.D. spin-off series, Fury Force, about a special mission force. Hama used this concept as the back-story for G.I. Joe. He included military terms and strategies, Eastern philosophy, martial arts and historical references from his own background. The comic ran 155 issues (February 1982-October 1994).
Hama also wrote the majority of the G.I. Joe action figures' file cards—short biographical sketches designed to be clipped from the G.I. Joe and Cobra cardboard packaging. In 2007 these filecards were reprinted in the retro packaging for the G.I. Joe: A Real American Hero 25th Anniversary line.
Hama said in 1986 that G.I. Joe had an unexpected female following due to such strong female characters as Cover Girl, Lady Jaye, and Scarlett. (Scarlett's personality was actually based upon his wife)
"Most of the girls that write in [with letters to the comic] say that the reason they like the comic is that the women characters are simply part of the team. They’re not treated as any different from the other team members. They don't go around with their palms nailed to their foreheads. They’re competent, straightforward, and they go ahead and get the job done. They also participate emotionally. They have their likes and dislikes. They’re not ill-treated and they're not running around being worrywarts."
Hasbro sculptors sometimes used real people's likenesses when designing its action figures. In 1987, Hasbro released the Tunnel Rat action figure. The character is an Explosive Ordnance Disposal specialist, whose likeness was based on Hama.
In 2006, Hama returned to his signature characters with the Devils Due Publishing miniseries G.I. Joe Declassified, which chronicled the recruitment of the squad's first members by General Hawk. In 2007, the company added the spin-off series Storm Shadow, written by Hama and penciled by Mark A. Robinson, which ceased publication with issue 7.
In December 2007, Hasbro released 25th-anniversary comic-book figure two-packs that featured original stories by Hama. These new Hasbro-published issues were designed to take place in-between the panels of the Marvel series.
In September 2008, IDW announced a new line of G.I. Joe comics with one series, G.I. Joe Origins, to be primarily written by Hama. He wrote the first 5 issues, as the series was originally intended to be a miniseries, and returned to write four more issues (including #19, which was a Snake Eyes "silent issue") over the course of the book's 21-issue run. IDW later revived the Marvel Comics continuity with Hama taking the helm of a new ongoing series picking up where the Marvel series left off with issue #155 1/2.
Hama said in August 2009 that he had never watched an entire episode of any of the various G.I. Joe cartoon series.
Hama wrote the 16-issue Marvel series Nth Man: The Ultimate Ninja (Aug. 1989 - Sept. 1990), concerning the adventures of John Doe, an American ninja and Special Forces commando in an alternate reality in which World War III is sparked after the world's nuclear weapons stockpiles are all destroyed. Hama also edited a relaunch of Marvel's black-and-white comics magazine Savage Tales, overseeing its change from sword-and-sorcery to men's adventure. Other comics Hama has written include Wolverine, Before the Fantastic Four: Ben Grimm and Logan, The Punisher War Zone, and the X-Men brand extension Generation X for Marvel; and Batman stories for DC Comics. He wrote filecards for Hasbro's line of sci-fi/police action figures, C.O.P.S. 'n' Crooks.
While working at Neal Adams' Continuity Associates, Hama developed a series he first created in 1978, Bucky O'Hare, the story of a green anthropomorphic rabbit and his mutant mammal sidekicks in an intergalactic war against space amphibians. Bucky O'Hare went on to become a comic, cartoon, video game and toy line.
In 2006, Osprey Publishing announced that Hama had been commissioned to write for their "Osprey Graphic History" series of comic books about historical battles, including the titles The Bloodiest Day—Battle of Antietam and Surprise Attack—Battle of Shiloh (both with artist Scott Moore) and Fight to the Death: Battle of Guadalcanal and Island of Terror—Battle of Iwo Jima (with artist Anthony Williams).
In February 2008, Devil's Due Publishing published Spooks, a comic book about a U.S. government anti-paranormal investigator/task force. Hama created the military characters and R.A. Salvatore the monster characters. He was also the writer of DDP's Barack the Barbarian series, a Conan the Barbarian parody starring United States President Barack Obama.
On September 19, 2012, Hama released his three-part vampire novel entitled The Stranger.
On December 17, 2012, Hama portrayed himself in a Christmas-themed episode of the Adult Swim series Robot Chicken. As of Jan 2014, he is collaborating with award-winning filmmaker Mark Cheng on an original film project, called Ghost Source Zero.
- As author
- Avengers (vol. 1) #326-333
Conan the Barbarian
- As author
- Conan the Barbarian #117, 221, 224
- Conan #1-7, 10-11
- As author
- As artist
- Daredevil #196 (Pencil breakdowns)
- As author
- G.I. Joe (IDW) #0 (five-page story)
- G.I. Joe: A Real American Hero (Marvel) #1-7 (6-7 - dialogue only), 10-19, 21-118, 120-142, 144-152, 155
- G.I. Joe: A Real American Hero (Hasbro) #21B, 32.5, 36.5, 4-12[note 1]
- G.I. Joe: A Real American Hero (IDW) #155.5, 156-ongoing
- G.I. Joe: Battle Corps (Hasbro) #1-4 (with Paul Kirchner)
- G.I. Joe: Declassified (Devil's Due) #1-3
- G.I. Joe: Frontline (Devil's Due) #1-4
- G.I. Joe: Order of Battle (Marvel) #1-4
- G.I. Joe: Origins (IDW) #1-5, 8-10, 19
- G.I. Joe: Resolute (Hasbro), #1-2, 4-6[note 2]
- G.I. Joe: Special Missions (Marvel), issues 1-23, 25, 27-28
- G.I. Joe vs. Cobra (Hasbro), issues 1-6[note 3]
- G.I. Joe vs. Cobra (Fun Publications) #1 (with David S. Lane)
- G.I. Joe: Valor vs. Venom (Hasbro) #7-10[note 4]
- G.I. Joe Yearbook (Marvel) #1-4
- Snake Eyes: Declassified (Devil's Due), trade paperback (five-page story: "Silent Prelude")
- Storm Shadow (Devil's Due) #1-7
- As artist
- G.I. Joe: A Real American Hero (Marvel) #21, 26, 35 (partial), 36 (partial)
- As author
- The Punisher War Zone #20-25
- As author
- Spider-Man: Team-Up #6
- Spider-Man: The Venom Agenda #1
- Venom: Along Came A Spider #1-4
- Venom: Carnage Unleashed #1-4
- Venom: Finale #1-3
- Venom: The Hunted #1-3
- Venom: License To Kill #1-3
- Venom: Sinner Takes All #1-5
- Venom: Tooth and Claw #1-3
- Venom: On Trial #1-3
A three-part prose novel
- The Stranger #1-3
- As author
- Marvel Graphic Novel: Wolfpack
- Wolfpack #1-3
- As author
- Before the Fantastic Four: Ben Grimm and Logan #1-3
- Cable (vol. 1) #16
- Generation X #33-44, 46-47
- Kitty Pryde Agent of SHIELD #1-3
- Marvel Holiday Special 1992
- Maverick #1
- Onslaught Epilogue #1
- Sabretooth #1-4
- Weapon X #1-4
- Wild Thing #1-5
- Wolverine (vol. 2) #-1, 31-53, 55-57, 60-109, 111-118
- X-Men: Age of Apocalypse One Shot #1
- X-Men Annual 1996
- X-Men Unlimited #9
- Bat-Thing #1
- Batman #575-581
- Batman: Legends of the Dark Knight #121-122
- Batman: Shadow of the Bat #90
- Batman: Toyman #1-4
- Convergence: Batman: Shadow of the Bat #1-2
- Convergence: Wonder Woman #1-2
- Detective Comics #736
- Legends of the Dark Claw #1
- Team X/Team 7
- Unknown Soldier #211
- There were no issues #1-3 to this series. The first three issues were written to accompany the A Real American Hero issues #21, 32 and 36 originally written for Marvel.
- Issue #4 ("Who Owns the Night?") was a Wal-Mart exclusive; #5 ("Final Test") was an Amazon.com exclusive available for download only; #6 ("Splash-Bang") was an Amazon mail-in exclusive. Issue #3 ("Cold Comfort") was never released.
- This series is continued in G.I. Joe: Valor vs. Venom #7-10
- This series picks up after Hasbro's G.I. Joe vs. Cobra #6.
- Mitchel, Bill (June 3, 2009). "In-Depth: Larry Hama on G.I. Joe, The 'Nam & More". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on June 7, 2009.
- Thompson, Don; Thompson, Maggie (1993). Comic-book superstars. Krause Publications. p. 249. ISBN 978-0-87341-256-8.
- "Larry Hama". (interview) JoeGuide.com. July 1998. Archived from the original on June 9, 2008. Retrieved 2011-01-08.
- Arrant, Chris (June 7, 2010). "Looking Back With LARRY HAMA - Beyond G.I. Joe". Newsarama
- Larry Hama at the Lambiek Comiclopedia. Archived April 30, 2011, at the Wayback Machine..
- Shooter, Jim. "Bullpen Bulletins," Iron Man #148 (July 1981).
- Salicrup, Jim; Zimmerman, Dwight Jon (September 1986). "Larry Hama (part 2)". Comics Interview (38) (Fictioneer Books). pp. 36–45.
- ToyFare #105 (Wizard Entertainment, May 2006).
- "Yo Joe Filecard Gallery". Yojoe.com. Retrieved 2011-01-08.
- "Celebrity Culture Shock #4: Larry Hama". PopCultureShock. August 13, 2012.
- Archive of "Larry Hama Interview, Part One" at the Wayback Machine (archived October 7, 2007). Comics Interview #37 (month n.a., 1986), via JoeGuide.com Retrieved January 9, 2011
- "Yo Joe! Tunnel Rat". Yojoe.com. Retrieved 2011-01-08.
- "Larry Hama interview". UnderGroundOnline.com. Archived from the original on June 14, 2006. Retrieved 2011-01-08.
- Meyer, Fred (May 19, 2007). "Larry Hama Discusses the Storm Shadow Monthly Title from Devil's Due Publishing". JoeBattlelines.com. Archived from the original on July 20, 2011. Retrieved 2011-01-08.
- "Larry Hama Enlists With G.I. Joe Movie!". Latinoreview.com. January 30, 2008. Archived from the original on May 25, 2009. Retrieved 2011-01-08.
- Ekstrom, Steve (September 12, 2008). "G.I. Joe Roundtable, Part 1: Hama, Dixon, Gage & More". Newsarama.com. Archived from the original on June 28, 2011.
- "HGC Radio - Episode 48: A Real American Episode". Handsome Genius Club Radio Show. August 14, 2009. Archived from the original on December 12, 2011.
- Shooter, Jim. "Bullpen Bulletins," Marvel comics cover-dated November 1983.
- Devil's Due Publishing press release: "Special San Diego Comic-Con Announcement", July 36 2007[dead link]
- "The Stranger: Part One (Kindle Edition)". Amazon.com. Retrieved September 29, 2012.
- "Epic cyberpunk action, Ghost Source Zero". Retrieved 14 February 2014.
- "Transmedia Legend Larry Hama Takes Red Giant to MONSTER ISLE". MarketWired. August 26, 2014.
- Means-Shannon, Hannah (April 10, 2013). "INTERVIEW: Larry Hama is a Historian of Horror in THE STRANGER". Comics Beat.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Larry Hama.|
- Larry Hama at the Comic Book DB
- Larry Hama at the Internet Movie Database
- Larry Hama at the Grand Comics Database
- "JBL Interview with Larry Hama, Part One", JoeBattlelines.com, 2005, n.d.
- Richards, Dave. "Hama Talks: G.I. Joe: Declassified", Comic Book Resources, April 26, 2006
- Pullen, Travis. "Interview with: Larry Hama", Filmfodder.com, March 31, 2009
- Mitchel, Bill. "In-Depth: Larry Hama on G.I. Joe, The 'Nam and More", Comic Book Resources, June 3, 2009
- Larry Hama interview, "The Comic Book Haters" podcast (2006)
Fabian Nicieza (main stories)
Mark Gruenwald (back-up stories)
|The Avengers writer
|Generation X writer