Larry Krasner

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Larry Krasner
Larry Krasner, Candidate for Philadelphia District Attorney (cropped).jpg
26th District Attorney of Philadelphia
Assumed office
January 1, 2018
Preceded byKelley B. Hodge (Acting)
Personal details
Born
Lawrence Samuel Krasner

(1961-03-30) March 30, 1961 (age 61)
St. Louis, Missouri, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
SpouseLisa Rau
EducationUniversity of Chicago (BA)
Stanford University (JD)

Lawrence Samuel Krasner (born March 30, 1961) is an American lawyer who is the 26th District Attorney of Philadelphia.[1] Elected to the position in 2017, Krasner was one of the first in the United States to run as a self-described "progressive prosecutor".[2] He campaigned on a platform to reform elements of the criminal justice system, including reduced incarceration.

During his tenure as DA, Krasner has sought to spearhead criminal justice reform. His policies include ending criminal charges against those caught with marijuana possession, ending cash bail for those accused of some misdemeanors and nonviolent felonies, reducing supervision for parolees, and seeking more lenient sentences for certain crimes.[3] During his time in office, he has advocated for greater police accountability and pursued police misconduct.[4] Penguin Random House published Krasner's memoir, For the People: A Story of Justice and Power, in 2021.[5]

In 2022, Krasner was impeached by the Pennsylvania House of Representatives on multiple counts; several were for various alleged "dereliction[s] of duty" and "misbehavior[s] in office", and another was for attempting to obstruct the legislative probe that sought to impeach him.[6]

Early life and education[edit]

Krasner was born in St. Louis in 1961.[7] His father, William Krasner, was the son of Russian Jewish immigrants, an author of crime fiction, and his mother, Juanita Frazier, was an evangelical Christian minister.[8] His family moved to the Philadelphia area while he was still attending public school.[7][clarification needed] He graduated from Conestoga High School in 1979.[9]

Krasner graduated from the University of Chicago in 1983.[10] He graduated from Stanford Law School in 1987.[7]

Career[edit]

After graduation and passing the bar, Krasner returned to Philadelphia to work for the Federal Public Defender's Office.[7] He opened his own law firm in 1993[1] and worked as a criminal defense lawyer in Philadelphia for 30 years,[1][11] specializing in civil rights,[12] and frequently representing protestors pro bono.[11]

Krasner's representation of Black Lives Matter and Occupy Philadelphia members led many to call him an "anti-establishment" candidate during his 2017 primary campaign for the Democratic nomination.[13][14] He campaigned against existing policies that had resulted in disproportionately high numbers of minority males being jailed and proposed other reforms in criminal justice.[15] Krasner was a featured speaker at the 2017 People's Summit.[16]

Philadelphia District Attorney[edit]

Election[edit]

Philadelphia district attorney R. Seth Williams announced in February 2017 that he would not run for reelection.[17] Williams resigned from office and pleaded guilty to federal bribery charges in June 2017; his interim replacement, Kathleen Martin, chose not to run.[18]

Shortly before Krasner announced his candidacy, John McNesby, president of Lodge 5 of the Philadelphia Fraternal Order of Police, derided Krasner's intention to enter the race as "hilarious." McNesby opposed Krasner's promise to refuse to prosecute defendants whose detainments were illegally performed so arresting officers could earn overtime pay as well as his history of suing police officers who perpetrated corruption and brutality.[1] Less than three weeks before the primary, a political action committee supporting Krasner's campaign received a $1.45 million contribution from billionaire George Soros.[19]

Krasner won the May 16, 2017 Democratic primary with 38% of the vote, defeating former city and federal prosecutor Joe Khan, former Philadelphia Managing Director Rich Negrin, former First Assistant District Attorney Tariq El-Shabazz, former prosecutor Michael Untermeyer, former prosecutor Jack O'Neill, and former Municipal Court Judge Teresa Carr Deni.[20][21][22] City officials reported voter turnout spiked nearly 50 percent compared to 2009, which was the last contested race for district attorney of Philadelphia.[23] The primary was widely seen as a proxy election; the winner of the Democratic primary election is the presumptive victor of the general election since Philadelphia has almost seven times as many registered Democrats as registered Republicans.[15][24][25] As expected, the November general election was not competitive, with Krasner winning almost three times as many votes as his Republican opponent, former assistant district attorney Beth Grossman.[26]

Tenure[edit]

In his first week in office, Krasner fired 31 prosecutors from the District Attorney's Office, including both junior and career supervisory staff. Those fired represented nearly a 10% reduction in the number of Philadelphia assistant district attorneys.[27][28]

In February 2018, Krasner announced that law enforcement would no longer pursue criminal charges against those caught with marijuana possession.[29] That same month, Krasner instructed prosecutors to stop seeking cash bail for those accused of some misdemeanors and nonviolent felonies.[30] Krasner said that it was unfair to keep people in detention simply because they could not afford bail.[30]

Krasner also announced that the DA's office had filed a lawsuit against a number of pharmaceutical companies for their role in the city's opioid epidemic.[29] Krasner instructed prosecutors to stop charging sex workers who had fewer than three convictions.[31]

In March 2018, it was reported that Krasner's staffers were working on creating a sentence review unit to review past cases and sentences and to seek resentencing in cases when individuals were given unduly harsh punishments.[32] That same month, Krasner instructed prosecutors to reduce sentence lengths to defendants making pleas, refuse to bring certain low-level charges, and publicly explain their reasoning for pursuing expensive incarcerations to taxpayers footing the bills.[33] He said,

"Fiscal responsibility is a justice issue, and it is an urgent justice issue. A dollar spent on incarceration should be worth it. Otherwise, that dollar may be better spent on addiction treatment, on public education, on policing and on other types of activity that make us all safer."[34]

In 2018, some judges rejected the reduced sentences which Krasner's prosecutors had sought for juveniles who had previously been sentenced to life in prison.[35]

In 2019, Krasner filed a motion in the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania to declare capital punishment in Pennsylvania unconstitutional. He claimed the death penalty was illegal in the state because of the ban on cruel and unusual punishment in the Pennsylvania Constitution, citing the high turnover rates of convictions by appeals, the racially biased number of sentences given to black and Hispanic defendants, and the large number of convictions overturned due to ineffective counsel.[36]

Following the fatal shooting of Philadelphia police officer James O'Connor IV, Krasner faced criticism from William McSwain, a federal prosecutor appointed by Donald Trump.[37] McSwain, U.S. Attorney for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania, blamed the shooting on a prosecutorial discretion decision by Krasner's office to drop drug charges against suspected killer Hassan Elliott. While on probation for a gun possession charge, Elliott was arrested again on January 29, 2019, for cocaine possession and was released on his own recognizance. Nearly a week later on February 6, Elliott took part in the fatal shooting of Tyrone Tyree. Krasner's office dropped drug charges after Elliott failed to appear in court, choosing to approve an arrest warrant for Tyree's murder instead.[37] On March 13, as part of a SWAT unit carrying out an arrest warrant, O'Connor was fatally shot and Elliott was charged. Prosecutor spokeswoman Jane Roh responded to criticism by stating that the office believed murder to be a more serious crime than drug possession and charged Elliott accordingly.[38] On the night of O'Connor's death, Philadelphia police officers formed a human chain at Temple University Hospital entrance to prevent Krasner from entering.[38]

As of April 2022, Krasner's Conviction Integrity Unit had exonerated 25 people convicted under previous DAs.[39]

He was featured in the 2021 documentary series Philly D.A. which won a prestigious Peabody Award in June 2022 for "crafting a thrilling series that’s both broad and intimate about a man and a movement, capturing what happens when incrementalists meet their match in Big Idea thinkers who want to be doers."[40]

Pursuing police misconduct[edit]

During his time in office, he has aggressively pursued police misconduct.[4] In June 2018, Krasner called for the compiling of a comprehensive list of police officers who had lied while on duty, used excessive force, racially profiled, or violated civil rights, an unprecedented move in order to spotlight dishonest police officers and check their future courtroom testimony.[41]

In July 2020, Krasner's office charged Philadelphia SWAT officer Richard P. Nicoletti with simple assault, reckless endangerment, official oppression, and possession of an instrument of crime. Video footage taken during the George Floyd protests showed that Nicoletti pepper sprayed three kneeling protesters. He pulled down the mask of one woman before spraying her in the face, sprayed another woman at point blank range, and sprayed a man numerous times in the face while he lay on the ground.[42]

2021 re-election campaign[edit]

In his 2021 re-election campaign, Krasner faced Carlos Vega in the Democratic primary.[43] Vega was fired by Krasner from the Philadelphia DA office when Krasner began implementing reforms within the office. Vega, as a prosecutor, was involved in retrying Anthony Wright on rape and murder charges even after DNA evidence showed another man committed the crime.[43]

In the lead-up to his 2021 re-election campaign, the Philadelphia police union instructed its members to switch party affiliation to the Democratic party so that they could vote for Krasner's opponent in the Democratic primary.[44] The top spender in the campaign was a political action committee formed by retired cops.[45] During the campaign, Krasner's opponents argued that his criminal justice reform policies had contributed to an increase in violent crime, however some experts say there is no evidence to substantiate this claim.[46]

On May 18 the Associated Press called the race for Krasner, leading 65% to 35% with 22% of the votes counted.[47] Krasner's victory was considered to be likely due to his strong support from predominantly African-American wards and continued support from progressive activist groups.[47]

Impeachment[edit]

In June 2022, the Pennsylvania House of Representatives voted to form the Select Committee on Restoring Law and Order. The vote was 114 in favor and 86 opposed, and was largely along party lines (with all but one Republican voting in favor of it, joined by four Democrats, three of whom were from Philadelphia). The committee was tasked with investigating the possibility of impeachment for Krasner's "dereliction of duty" in handling Philadelphia's gun violence crisis. In August 2022, Krasner was subpoenaed by the committee but said that his office would not comply with the subpoena which he claimed was “wholly illegitimate”.[48][49][50] He subsequently filed a petition with the Commonwealth Court of Pennsylvania to halt the select committee's impeachment probe.[51] In September, the Pennsylvania House voted to find Krasner in contempt for defying the committee's subpoena for documents related to his prosecutorial policies.[52] Following the contempt vote, Krasner partially complied with the subpoena and provided the committee with "a number of documents",[53] however some of the documents provided were already available to the public online, according to The Philadelphia Inquirer.[54] On October 6, Krasner filed an additional petition with the Commonwealth Court to invalidate the subpoena.[55]

On October 26, articles of impeachment were filed against Krasner charging him with "misbehavior in office" and attempting to obstruct the select committee's investigation into him. The articles of impeachment were approved by the House Judiciary Committee in a party-line vote on November 15.[56][57][58] The next day, Krasner was impeached by the State House in a 107-85 vote; one Republican and all Democratic members of the House voted against a total of seven articles of impeachment. He was the first person to be impeached by the Pennsylvania House of Representatives since state Supreme Court Justice Rolf Larsen in 1994. The trial to remove Krasner from office will take place in the State Senate.[59][6]

On December 30, 2022, the Commonwealth Court ruled none of the articles of impeachment against Krasner constituted "misbehavior in office". The ruling however would have done nothing to officially halt impeachment hearings originally scheduled to begin in the State Senate on January 18, 2023.[60] Following the Court's ruling, the State Senate voted to indefinitely postpone the hearings.[61]

Electoral history[edit]

Philadelphia District Attorney Democratic primary election, 2017[22]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Larry Krasner 59,368 38.24
Democratic Joe Khan 31,480 20.28
Democratic Rich Negrin 22,048 14.20
Democratic Tariq Karim El-Shabazz 18,040 11.62
Democratic Michael W. Untermeyer 12,709 8.19
Democratic John O'Neill 9,246 5.96
Democratic Teresa Carr Deni 2,335 1.50
Write-in 20 0.01
Total votes 155,246 100.00
Philadelphia District Attorney general election, 2017[62]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Larry Krasner 150,330 74.70
Republican Beth Grossman 50,858 25.27
Write-in 58 0.03
Total votes 198,905 100.00
Democratic hold
Philadelphia District Attorney Democratic primary election, 2021[63]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Larry Krasner (incumbent) 128,958 66.79
Democratic Carlos Vega 63,953 33.12
Write-in 170 0.09
Total votes 193,081 100.00
Philadelphia District Attorney general election, 2021[64]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Larry Krasner (incumbent) 155,102 71.81
Republican Chuck Peruto 60,304 27.92
Write-in 570 0.26
Total votes 215,976 100.00

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Larry Krasner's Campaign to End Mass Incarceration". The New Yorker. Retrieved October 24, 2018.
  2. ^ Cohen, Rachel M. (October 5, 2022). "Philadelphia elected a progressive prosecutor twice. The state government wants to fire him anyway". Vox. Retrieved October 6, 2022.
  3. ^ Melamed, Samantha (March 21, 2019). "Philly DA Larry Krasner: We took on mass incarceration. Now we're addressing mass supervision". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved April 7, 2019.
  4. ^ a b Feuer, Alan (June 17, 2017). "He Sued Police 75 Times. Democrats Want Him as Philadelphia's Top Prosecutor". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved April 7, 2019.
  5. ^ "For the People by Larry Krasner: 9780593132920 | PenguinRandomHouse.com: Books". PenguinRandomhouse.com. Retrieved June 1, 2022.
  6. ^ a b Rushing, Ellie; Palmer, Chris; Orso, Anna (November 18, 2022). "BREAKING DOWN THE ARTICLES OF IMPEACHMENT AGAINST KRASNER". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved December 1, 2022.
  7. ^ a b c d "Meet Larry". Larry Krasner for Philadelphia District Attorney. Retrieved May 17, 2017.
  8. ^ Terruso, Julia (May 12, 2017). "Civil rights attorney Larry Krasner: DA's Office is 'off the rails'". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved May 20, 2017.
  9. ^ "Conestoga High School Yearbook".
  10. ^ Class Notes: Larry Krasner, University of Chicago Magazine, Volume 91, Number 4, April 1999.
  11. ^ a b Speri, Alice (May 17, 2017). "Meet Philadelphia's Progressive Candidate for DA: An Interview With Larry Krasner". The Intercept. Retrieved May 17, 2017.
  12. ^ Terruso, Julie (May 4, 2017). "Civil rights attorney Larry Krasner: DA's Office is 'off the rails'". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved May 17, 2017.
  13. ^ Rowan, Tommy; Babay, Emily (May 17, 2017). "2017 Pennsylvania Primary Election Roundup: Who won and lost". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved May 17, 2017.
  14. ^ "This wasn't just a primary victory. This was a revolution". Retrieved May 17, 2017.
  15. ^ a b Lopez, German (May 17, 2017). "Philadelphia just set the national example in the fight against mass incarceration". Vox. Retrieved May 17, 2017.
  16. ^ Weigel, David (June 12, 2017). "Other lessons from the People's Summit". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 14, 2017.
  17. ^ Greg Salisbury, Philly DA Seth Williams won't run for re-election, City & State (February 10, 2017).
  18. ^ Jon Hurdle, Philadelphia District Attorney Pleads Guilty to Bribery and Resigns, New York Times (June 29, 2017).
  19. ^ Brennan, Chris (May 5, 2017). "$1.45 million Soros investment in Philly DA's race draws heat for Krasner". Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved January 11, 2020.
  20. ^ Allyn, Bobby. "Enthusiastic Democrats Lead Anti-Establishment DA Candidate To Victory". NPR.org. Retrieved May 17, 2017.
  21. ^ Chris Brennan & Julia Terruso, Krasner declared winner of Democratic primary for DA in Philly, Philadelphia Inquirer (May 17, 2017).
  22. ^ a b 2017 PRIMARY DISTRICT ATTORNEY-DEM, Office of the Philadelphia City Commissioners.
  23. ^ Dent, Mark. "Major increase in Philly voter turnout propels Larry Krasner to victory". Billy Penn. Retrieved June 30, 2017.
  24. ^ "Republicans are officially the least-registered political party in Philadelphia". September 20, 2017. Retrieved March 22, 2018.
  25. ^ "In Philly, Independents and Third-Party Voters Now Outnumber Republicans". September 15, 2017. Retrieved March 22, 2018.
  26. ^ Chris Brennan & Aubrey Whelan, Larry Krasner wins race for Philly DA, Philadelphia Inquirer (November 7, 2017).
  27. ^ Palmer, Chris; Shaw, Julie; Dean, Mensah M. (January 5, 2018). "Krasner dismisses 31 from Philly DA's Office in dramatic first-week shakeup". The Philadelphia Inquirer.
  28. ^ Briggs, Ryan; Marin, Max (January 5, 2018). "Leaked list shows Krasner firings targeted top staff, "Porngate" prosecutors". Philadelphia Weekly. Archived from the original on January 6, 2018.
  29. ^ a b "Larry Krasner Sues Big Pharma, Drops All Marijuana Possession Charges". Philadelphia Magazine. February 16, 2018. Retrieved February 17, 2018.
  30. ^ a b "Philly DA Larry Krasner won't seek cash bail in certain crimes". Philly.com. Retrieved March 21, 2018.
  31. ^ King, Shaun (March 20, 2018). "Philadelphia DA Larry Krasner Promised a Criminal Justice Revolution. He's Exceeding Expectations". The Intercept. Retrieved March 23, 2018.
  32. ^ "The DAs Who Want to Set the Guilty Free". The Marshall Project. Retrieved March 21, 2018.
  33. ^ "In latest edict, Philly DA Larry Krasner tells prosecutors to seek lighter sentences, estimate costs of incarceration". Philly.com. Retrieved April 12, 2018.
  34. ^ "Philly DA wants prison costs included as judge calculates offender's debt to society". whyy.org. Retrieved April 12, 2018.
  35. ^ "Philly judges block DA Krasner's deals for juvenile lifers". Philly.com. Retrieved April 9, 2018.
  36. ^ Lacy, Akela (July 15, 2019). "Larry Krasner says that Pennsylvania death penalty is unconstitutional". The Intercept. Retrieved September 17, 2019.
  37. ^ a b Shaw, Julie; Palmer, Chris (March 16, 2020). "U.S. Attorney William McSwain slams DA Larry Krasner over fatal shooting of Cpl. James O'Connor IV". Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved March 23, 2020.
  38. ^ a b Palmer, Chris; Shaw, Julie; Dean, Mensah M. (March 14, 2020). "Philly SWAT officer, 46, is fatally shot while trying to serve a warrant in Frankford". Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved March 23, 2020.
  39. ^ "Exonerations - PhilaDAO Data Dashboard". data.philadao.com. Retrieved June 2, 2022.
  40. ^ "Philly D.A." The Peabody Awards. Retrieved June 8, 2022.
  41. ^ "Philly DA Larry Krasner seeking to develop comprehensive list of tainted cops". Philly.com. Retrieved June 6, 2018.
  42. ^ Rushing, Chris Palmer, Ellie (2020). "Philly SWAT officer seen pepper spraying kneeling protesters on 676 turns himself in, to be charged". www.inquirer.com. Retrieved July 22, 2020.
  43. ^ a b Brennan, Chris (2021). "4 takeaways from the only TV debate between Philly DA Larry Krasner and challenger Carlos Vega". Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved May 6, 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  44. ^ "1,000s of Philly GOP Voters Became Democrats This Year. Where They Live and What It Means to the DA's Race". NBC10 Philadelphia. Retrieved May 6, 2021.
  45. ^ Newall, Chris Brennan and Mike. "Philly cops are going all out to defeat DA Larry Krasner". Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved May 11, 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  46. ^ Walsh, Anna Orso and Sean Collins (2021). "Voters didn't buy that soaring gun violence is Larry Krasner's fault. Neither do experts". Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved May 21, 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  47. ^ a b Brennan, Chris; Walsh, Sean Collins (May 19, 2021). "Philly DA Larry Krasner beats primary challenger Carlos Vega by wide margin in closely watched race". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved May 19, 2021.
  48. ^ "House Roll Calls - 2021 RCS# 1068". Pennsylvania General Assembly. June 29, 2022. Retrieved September 19, 2022.
  49. ^ Palmer, Chris (August 23, 2022). "Philly DA Larry Krasner says a subpoena in the effort to impeach him is 'illegal' and 'wholly illegitimate'". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved August 28, 2022.
  50. ^ Rushing, Ellie (July 13, 2022). "Committee to investigate DA Larry Krasner's office has been selected, and work will now begin". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved August 28, 2022.
  51. ^ Brubaker, Harold (September 3, 2022). "Philly DA Krasner files Commonwealth Court petition to block House probe toward impeachment". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved September 5, 2022.
  52. ^ Dewan, Shaila (September 13, 2022). "Philadelphia Prosecutor Is Found in Contempt by State Representatives". The New York Times. Retrieved September 14, 2022.
  53. ^ Orso, Anna (September 19, 2022). "Philly DA Larry Krasner is now providing some records to the state House committee investigating him". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved September 22, 2022.
  54. ^ Orso, Anna (September 23, 2022). "A progressive group is pulling its endorsements of lawmakers who voted to hold Larry Krasner in contempt". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved September 24, 2022.
  55. ^ "DA Krasner Files Application to Quash Improper & Unlawful Subpoena of PA House Select Committee". Philadelphia District Attorney's Office. October 6, 2022. Retrieved October 9, 2022.
  56. ^ Orso, Anna; Rushing, Ellie; Palmer, Chris (October 26, 2022). "Pa. House Republicans file articles of impeachment against Philly DA Larry Krasner". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved November 8, 2022.
  57. ^ Cohen, Rachel M. (October 26, 2022). "Pennsylvania Republicans' attempt to impeach Larry Krasner, explained". Vox. Retrieved November 8, 2022.
  58. ^ Rushing, Ellie; Orso, Anna; Palmer, Chris (November 15, 2022). "Pa. House committee approves articles of impeachment against Philly DA Larry Krasner". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved November 15, 2022.
  59. ^ Palmer, Chris; Rushing, Ellie; Orso, Anna (November 16, 2022). "Philly DA Larry Krasner impeached by Pa. House, advancing GOP effort to remove him from office". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved November 18, 2022.
  60. ^ Palmer, Chris (December 30, 2022). "Commonwealth Court sides with Philly DA Larry Krasner in impeachment lawsuit". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved January 1, 2023.
  61. ^ Rushing, Ellie (January 11, 2023). "DA Larry Krasner's impeachment trial gets indefinitely postponed by the Pa. Senate". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved January 17, 2023.
  62. ^ November 7, 2017 Municipal General & Special Election, Philadelphia County.
  63. ^ "Philadelphia Election Results DISTRICT ATTORNEY & CITY CONTROLLER". Philadelphia City Commissioners. Retrieved June 3, 2021.
  64. ^ "Philadelphia Election Results DISTRICT ATTORNEY & CITY CONTROLLER". Philadelphia City Commissioners. Retrieved December 26, 2021.

Further reading[edit]