Larry Nassar

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Larry Nassar
Larry Nassar.jpg
Nassar in November 2016
Lawrence Gerard Nassar

(1963-08-16) August 16, 1963 (age 58)
OccupationOsteopathic physician, professor
Years active1978–2016
OrganizationUSA Gymnastics
  • July 11, 2017 (pleaded guilty, federal)
  • November 22, 2017 (pleaded guilty, Ingham County)
  • November 29, 2017 (pleaded guilty, Eaton County)
Criminal charge
  • Federal: Receiving and possession of child pornography, tampering with evidence
  • State: First-degree criminal sexual conduct (10 counts in two counties)
PenaltyDe facto life without parole as his earliest release date given his multiple sentences means that it would be at an age where it is guaranteed he will be dead.
  • Federal: 60 years in prison, lifetime of supervised release
  • State (Ingham County): 40 to 175 years in prison
  • State (Eaton County): 40 to 125 years in prison
CountryUnited States
Imprisoned atUnited States Penitentiary, Coleman II; Federal Bureau of Prisons Register #21504-040;[1]

Lawrence Gerard Nassar (born August 16, 1963) is an American convicted child molester and former Osteopathic physician. For 18 years, he was the team doctor of the United States women's national gymnastics team, which gave him access to hundreds of girls and young women whom he sexually abused. He is also a former osteopathic physician and former professor at Michigan State University College of Human Medicine.

Nassar's sexual abuse of young girls and women and the subsequent cover-up led to the USA Gymnastics sex abuse scandal that began in 2015, alleging that Nassar repeatedly sexually assaulted at least 265[2] young women and girls under the guise of medical treatment.[3][4] His victims included numerous Olympic and United States women's national gymnastics team gymnasts.[5]

Nassar was sentenced to 60 years in federal prison on December 7, 2017, after pleading guilty to child pornography and tampering with evidence charges on July 11, 2017. On January 24, 2018, Nassar was sentenced to an additional 40 to 175 years in Michigan State prison after pleading guilty in Ingham County to seven counts of sexual assault of minors.[6][7] On February 5, 2018, he was sentenced to an additional 40 to 125 years in Michigan State prison after pleading guilty to an additional three counts of sexual assault in Eaton County. The Eaton County sentence will run concurrently with the Ingham County sentence.[8]

On the orders of the judge in charge of the federal case, his state prison sentences are to run consecutively with his federal sentence, amounting to a sentence of de facto life imprisonment without parole.[9][7]

Personal life[edit]

Nassar was born in Farmington Hills, Michigan, to a family of Lebanese background. He began working as a student athletic trainer for the women's gymnastics team at North Farmington High School at age 15 in 1978 on the recommendation of his older brother Mike, who was an athletic trainer at the school. Nassar graduated from North Farmington High School in 1981.[10][11] He studied kinesiology at the University of Michigan, where he earned his undergraduate degree in 1985.[11] During this time, he worked for the university's football and track & field teams.[12]

He was married from 1996 to 2017. The couple separated after he was arrested on suspicion of sex crimes, and his wife was granted a divorce in July 2017, gaining full custody of their three children.[13][14] Nassar lived in Holt, Michigan, at the time of his December 2016 arrest.

Medical career[edit]

In 1993, Nassar graduated from the Michigan State University College of Osteopathic Medicine as a Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine. He completed his residency training in family practice at St. Lawrence Hospital before completing a fellowship in sports medicine in 1997.[12]

He began working as an assistant professor at MSU's Department of Family and Community Medicine in the College of Human Medicine in 1997, where he earned $100,000 a year (equivalent to $161,215 in 2020[15]).[10] Nassar is listed as a co-author on at least six research papers on the treatment of gymnastics injuries.[16]

Gymnastics career[edit]

Nassar began working as an athletic trainer for the USA Gymnastics national team in 1986.[12] In 1988, Nassar began working with John Geddert at Twistars, a gymnastics training club.[12] He began working as a team doctor at Holt High School in 1996.[12] He served as the national medical coordinator for USA Gymnastics from 1996 until 2014.[12]

Sexual assault accusations and convictions[edit]


While some gymnasts have said they complained in the 1990s about Nassar's behavior, it was not until 2015 that USA Gymnastics took action against him. The organization cut ties with him "after learning of athlete concerns."[17] In September 2016, The Indianapolis Star reported that Rachael Denhollander and another former gymnast had accused Nassar of sexual abuse.[18] He was fired by Michigan State on September 20 after having been reassigned from clinical and teaching duties a month earlier.[17]

In February 2017, three former gymnasts, Jeanette Antolin, Jessica Howard and Jamie Dantzscher, gave an interview for 60 Minutes in which they said that Nassar had sexually abused them. They also alleged that the "emotionally abusive environment" at the national team training camps run by Béla and Márta Károlyi, at the Karolyi Ranch near Huntsville, Texas, gave Nassar an opportunity to take advantage of the gymnasts and made them afraid to speak up about the abuse.[19] Rachael Denhollander, one of the first women to publicly accuse Nassar,[20] said in court in May 2017 that Nassar had sexually abused her on five doctor's visits in 2000 when she was 15 years old.[21]

Olympic gold medalist McKayla Maroney, using the #MeToo hashtag on Twitter, said that Nassar had repeatedly molested her from 2008, when she was 13 years old, until she retired from the sport in 2016.[22] Maroney subsequently filed a lawsuit against Nassar, Michigan State University, the United States Olympic Committee and USA Gymnastics.[23] The lawsuit accused USA Gymnastics of covering up the sexual abuse by requiring her to sign a non-disclosure agreement in her $1.25 million settlement. Maroney's attorney John Manly called Nassar a "pedophile doctor".[24]

During a 60 Minutes interview, Olympic gold medalist Aly Raisman said that Nassar had also sexually abused her.[25] Raisman said that Nassar molested her when she was 15 years old.[26] Gabby Douglas sent a tweet saying that "dressing in a provocative/sexual way incites the wrong crowd."[27] She was criticized for it by fellow Olympic teammate Simone Biles and others, who interpreted the tweet as criticism of Raisman and "victim-shaming".[26] Douglas apologized for the tweet,[28] and said she was also a victim of Nassar's abuse.[29]

Former national team member Maggie Nichols also said that Nassar abused her. Nassar connected with her on Facebook and complimented her appearance on numerous occasions. Nichols stated, "I was only 15 and I just thought he was trying to be nice to me. Now I believe this was part of the grooming process".[5] According to court filings and interviews, Nichols and her coach, Sarah Jantzi, reported Nassar to USA Gymnastics officials on June 17, 2015, after the coach overheard Nichols and another gymnast talking about Nassar's behavior.[30] Biles came forward shortly after with accounts that she, too, had been sexually abused by Nassar.[31] Jordyn Wieber made an impact statement at Nassar's court sentencing in which she also accused Nassar of sexually abusing her during her time at USA Gymnastics and talked of its effects.[32][33]

During pre-trial hearings, victim impact statements during sentencing, and later interviews, several victims described Nassar's modus operandi: After having gained the trust and friendship of a girl, he would insert his ungloved finger into her vagina during physical therapy, describing this as normal "pressure point" therapy for pain relief. On some of these occasions a parent was in the room, unaware of what happened.[34][35]

FBI failure to investigate and FBI false statements[edit]

Four elite American gymnasts, McKayla Maroney, Simone Biles, Maggie Nichols, and Aly Raisman, testified before the U.S. Senate on September 15, 2021, regarding the mishandling by FBI agents of abuse allegations brought against Nassar and how the agents made false statements regarding their reports and misinformation about the botched investigation. Maroney testified that she was met with silence by an FBI agent after telling the agent of Nassar's "... molestations in extreme detail." She further stated that the FBI falsified her statement, said the agents involved should be indicted, and criticized Deputy Attorney General Lisa Monaco for not appearing at the hearing. Raisman testified that the FBI made her feel that the "abuse didn't count" but she felt it "was like serving innocent children up to a pedophile on a silver platter.” After the testimony by the gymnasts, FBI director Wray testified, speaking to the gymnasts that he was "deeply and profoundly sorry that so many people let you down over and over again." According to a report issued in July 2021 by the Department of Justice Inspector General Michael Horowitz, at least 70 more athletes were subject to abuse between the time of reports to the FBI and the arrest of Nassar by state authorities, while Nassar’s victims stated that the number abused in that period was 120.[36][37][38]


Nassar was indicted on November 22, 2016, on several state charges of "sexual assault of a child" from 1998 to 2005. The crimes allegedly began when the victim was six years old.[39] He was charged with 22 counts of first-degree criminal sexual conduct with minors: fifteen in Ingham County and seven in neighboring Eaton County. The allegations asserted that Nassar had molested seven girls under the guise that he was providing legitimate medical treatment, both at his home and at a clinic on the MSU campus.[40] Bail was set at $1 million, and Nassar was released from jail the same day after posting bond.[41] He was arraigned on December 8, 2016, when he pleaded not guilty to all charges.[42] He remained free on bail until his December 16 arrest on federal charges.

Nassar was arrested on December 16, 2016, after the FBI found more than 37,000 images of child pornography and a video of Nassar allegedly molesting underage girls. He was denied bail and was ordered to remain in federal prison.[43] On April 6, 2017, his medical license was revoked for three years.[44] Nassar pleaded guilty on July 11 to receiving child pornography in 2004, possession of pornographic images of children dating from 2004 to 2016, and tampering with evidence by destroying and concealing the images. Judge Janet T. Neff sentenced Nassar to 60 years in federal prison on December 7, 2017.[9]

Nassar pleaded guilty in Ingham County Circuit Court, on November 22, 2017, to seven counts of first-degree criminal sexual conduct with minors under the age of sixteen. He admitted to molesting seven girls, three of whom were under the age of thirteen. He pleaded guilty to an additional three counts of first-degree criminal sexual conduct in Eaton County on November 29.[45] As of January 18, 2018, 135 women had accused Nassar of sexual assault while he worked for USA Gymnastics and Michigan State University.[46] During the following week, the number rose to 150.[47] In a lawsuit that was filed in April 2017, a woman claimed that Nassar had sexually assaulted her while he was in medical school in 1992.[4]

On January 24, 2018, Judge Rosemarie Aquilina of Ingham County sentenced Nassar to 40 to 175 years in prison for the sexual assault of minors.[6] Aquilina allowed Nassar's accusers to present extended victim impact statements and dismissed objections raised to this ruling by Nassar.[46] During the sentencing, the judge informed Nassar that he had missed numerous chances to receive treatment for his sexual urges, as Nassar had been aware of these urges himself from a young age. She also said that there were likely dozens of additional victims who had not come forward, and made it clear that Nassar will never be free again.[7]

Nassar was practicing without a Texas medical license while he worked at the Karolyi Ranch in Huntsville. According to McKayla Maroney, this was where Nassar molested young women for more than 15 years. Practicing medicine without a license in Texas is a third-degree felony, although it is rarely prosecuted.[48] On January 31, 2018, a Michigan judge said that there were "over 265 identified victims and an infinite number of victims" of sexual misconduct.[2]

On February 5, 2018, Judge Janice Cunningham of Eaton County sentenced Nassar to 40 to 125 years in prison for the three counts of criminal sexual assault to which he had pleaded November 29.[49] Nassar apologized for his years of abuse, saying that the strong effects that his victims' statements had on him "pales in comparison" to the suffering he inflicted on them. Despite this, Cunningham stated that Nassar was still in "denial" about the "devastating impact" of his crimes.[8] The Eaton County sentence will run concurrently with the Ingham County sentence. Nassar's state sentences will begin upon completion of his federal child pornography sentence. Neff ordered any sentences imposed at the state level to run consecutively with the federal sentence.[9][7][49]


Nassar spent time in Eaton county jail and the federal detention center at FCI Milan near Milan, Michigan. In February 2018, he was transferred to the United States Penitentiary (USP) in Tucson, Arizona.[50] According to his lawyers, Nassar was assaulted almost as soon as he was placed in the general population at USP Tucson, and an investigation determined that Nassar could not be safely held at Tucson.[51] In August 2018, The Detroit News reported that Nassar was transferred to the Federal Transfer Center in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. Also in August, Nassar was moved to the United States Penitentiary, Coleman in Florida.[52]

Nassar's earliest potential release date from federal custody is January 30, 2068 (assuming good time credit for "exemplary behavior", absent which he will not be released until December 7, 2077 at the latest), after which he would be immediately transferred to a Michigan state prison to serve out his consecutive state sentence of 40 to 175 years (which will run concurrently with the other state sentence of 40 to 125 years), before being eligible for parole. Thus, the earliest Nassar could be released from the Michigan Department of Corrections (and therefore be a free man again) is January 30, 2108, at which time he would be 144 years old. In effect, Larry Nassar has been sentenced to life in prison.[53]


More than 150 federal and state lawsuits have since been filed against Nassar, Michigan State University, the US Olympic Committee, USA Gymnastics, and the Twistars Gymnastics Club.[54] The entire 18-member board of USA Gymnastics, including Steve Penny, tendered their resignations. Michigan State University (MSU) President Lou Anna Simon and MSU Director of Athletics Mark Hollis have both resigned, and other MSU officials are also under scrutiny.[55]

Nassar's crimes committed at MSU and USA Gymnastics have drawn comparisons to coach Jerry Sandusky's sexual abuse crimes at Penn State University.[56] In both of these cases, institutional authorities "turned the other way" or tried to hide the activities of a child molester instead of immediately contacting law enforcement.[57][58]

Michigan Attorney General Bill Schuette promised a full investigation into how Nassar was able to abuse young women for decades while working at the state's university.[59] MSU agreed to pay $500 million to 332 alleged victims of Nassar, settling lawsuits filed by the victims. This was the largest amount of money in history settled by a university for a sexual abuse case.[60] On Christmas Eve 2019, Schuette's successor, Dana Nessel, announced that she was suspending the investigation.[61]

More than 140 victims of Nassar's abuse appeared on stage together at the Microsoft Theater in Los Angeles, California, on July 18, 2018, to receive the Arthur Ashe Award for Courage at the 2018 ESPY Awards ceremony. Gymnasts Sara Klein and Aly Raisman and softball player Tiffany Thomas Lopez accepted the award on everyone's behalf and served as spokeswomen. Klein identified herself as Nassar's first victim 30 years before.[62][63] They acknowledged lead detective Andrea Munford of the Michigan State Police, former assistant Attorney General Angela Povilaitis, and Judge Rosemarie Aquilina of the 30th circuit court in Ingham County, Michigan, for their work. Aquilina also attended the ceremony, and singer MILCK performed her song "Quiet”,[64] written from her own experience of sexual abuse.[65]

In late July 2018, it was reported that Nassar was seeking a new sentencing hearing due to concerns of perceived bias by Judge Aquilina,[66] but his request was denied by Eaton County Judge Janice Cunningham.[67]

In 2019, HBO released a documentary about Nassar's serial sexual abuse and subsequent cover-ups by the various institutions he worked with, titled At the Heart of Gold: Inside the USA Gymnastics Scandal. The 2020 Netflix documentary Athlete A is also based on Nassar's scandal and crimes. Later that year, Nassar’s request for a sentencing hearing for the Ingham County charges, in addition to the accusations of Judge Aquilina being biased, were rejected by the Michigan Court of Appeals.[68]


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