Lars Hertervig (16 February 1830 – 6 January 1902) was a Norwegian painter. His semi-fantastical work with motives from the coastal landscape in the traditional district of Ryfylke is regarded as one of the peaks of Norwegian painting.
Life and career
Lars Hertervig was born in 1830 at Borgøy, in the municipality Tysvær in Norway, on the west coast of Norway, north of Stavanger. His family were poor, Quaker farmers. Hertervig studied painting at the Arts Academy of Düsseldorf from 1852, as the private pupil of Hans Gude. He is associated with the Düsseldorf school of painting. In 1854, he experienced a temporary mental breakdown, and moved back to the Stavanger area. In October 1856, Hertervig entered Gaustad asylum.
His last 30 years he struggled financially, and finally ended up at the poorhouse. He could not afford to paint with oil on canvas, and several works from this period are watercolors and gouache on paper not meant for painting, sometimes using bits of papers glued together with homemade rye flour paste. His artistic breakthrough was posthumous, coming at the 1914 Jubilee Exhibition in Kristiania (now Oslo), twelve years after his death in Stavanger.
Odd Kvaal Pedersen wrote Narren og hans mester, a documentary about Lars Hertervig in 1987.  Paal-Helge Haugen wrote Hertervig: Ein opera in 1995.Jon Fosse created an homage to Hertervig with his 1995 novel Melancholia I. Fosse also wrote the libretto for Melancholia, an opera opera adaptation by Georg Friedrich Haas, which premiered at the Opera Garnier in Paris on 9 June 2008 on stage by Stanislas Nordey (Laurence Olivier Award 2008 for a new opera) and costumes of Raoul Fernandez.
- Lars Hertervig, 1830 - 1902 (Sparebankstiftelsen DNB)
- Koefoed, Holger. "Lars Hertervig". In Helle, Knut. Norsk biografisk leksikon (in Norwegian). Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 17 January 2015.
- From darkness into light--the legacy of Lars Hertervig (CBS Interactive Inc.) 
- Odd Kvaal Pedersen (Store norske leksikon)
- Paal-Helge Haugen (Norsk biografisk leksikon)
- Georg Friedrich Haas - Melancholia (Universal Edition Aktiengesellschaft)
- Borgen, Trond (2005) Et indre eksil : et essay om Lars Hertervigs papirarbeider (Wigestrand Forlags AS) ISBN 82-8140-027-7
- Fosse, Jon (1995) Melancholia I-II (Det Norske Samlaget) ISBN 978-8252155341
- Koefoed, Holger (1984) Lars Hertervig : lysets maler (Gyldendal Norsk Forlag) ISBN 82-05-14982-8
- Koefoed, Holger (1991) I Lars Hertervigs skog (Gyldendal Norsk Forlag) ISBN 82-05-19169-7
- Moe, Ole Henrik (1989) Lars Hertervig, en norsk malertragedie (Blønda) ISBN 978-8788978209
- Inger M. Renberg, Holger Koefoed and Kari Greve (2005) Lars Hertervig : fragmenter : arbeider på papir 1868-1902 (Labyrinth Press) ISBN 978-82-7393-031-6
- Lars Hertervig (1830-1902) (Stavanger kunstmuseum)
- Lars Hertervig og Carl Fredrik Hill – kreativitet og psykisk sykdom (Tidsskrift for Den norske legeforening)
- Lars Hertervig (1830-1902) (Lokalhistorie fra Rogaland)
- Dokusommer: Lars Hertervig: Lysets vanvidd
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