Lars Johanson

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Lars Johanson
Born (1936-03-08) March 8, 1936 (age 88)
Academic background
Alma materUniversity of Uppsala
Academic work
InstitutionsUniversity of Mainz
Main interestsTurkic languages

Lars Johanson (born 8 March 1936 in Köping, Sweden) is a Swedish Turcologist and linguist, an emeritus professor at the University of Mainz,[1] and docent at the Department of Linguistics and Philology, University of Uppsala, Sweden.

He has been instrumental in transforming the field of Turcology, which was traditionally more philologically oriented, into a linguistic discipline.[citation needed] Apart from his contributions to Turcology, Lars Johanson made a number of pioneering contributions to general linguistics and language typology, in particular to the typology of tense and aspect systems and the theory of language contact.[2]

In the period of 1966–2022 he published about 400 titles, books and scholarly articles. His most important books are Aspekt im Türkischen ('Viewpoint aspect' in Turkish), published in 1971, and Structural factors in Turkic language contacts, published in 2002. His most recent publication, Turkic (Cambridge University Press 2021), constitutes a monumental thousand-page survey of all the Turkic languages in their synchronic, diachronic, typological, areal and cultural dimensions. Chief Editor of the four-volume Encyclopedia of Turkic Languages and Linguistics, to be published online in 2022 by Brill. In 2022 he and Éva Á. Csató published the second revised edition of the standard reference book The Turkic Languages (Routledge).

He has numerous publications also on Turkish literature. He was awarded the Order of Merit of the Republic of Turkey.

He earned his undergraduate and doctoral degree in Turkic Studies at the University of Uppsala. For many years he was a Professor of Turcology at the Department of Oriental Studies of the Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz. Currently he is an emeritus professor at the University of Mainz[3] and a senior lecturer at the Department of Linguistics and Philology, University of Uppsala, Sweden.[4] A symposium in March 2016 celebrated his career achievements.[5]

He is the editor-in-chief of Turkic Languages.[6][7]

Early life[edit]

He was born in 1936 in Köping, Sweden. In 1956–1959 he studied German and Scandinavian languages, Sanskrit and Turcology at the University of Uppsala. In 1961 he took an MA exam in German, Scandinavian languages and Slavic Languages at the same university and in 1963 in Turkic languages. In 1966 he took a doctoral degree ("filosofie licentiat") in Turkic Languages at the University of Uppsala with a thesis "Studien zur reichstürkischen Verbalsyntax".

Professional career[edit]

He has been invited as a visiting professor to several universities and research institutes:

  • 1997-1998 ILCAA, Tokyo University of Foreign Studies[8]
  • 2001 Resident at the Swedish Collegium of Advanced Study[9]
  • 2001 Research Centre for Linguistic Typology, La Trobe University, Melbourne [2]
  • 2002 Sonderforschungsbereich 295 of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, University of Hamburg
  • 2002 Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig[10]
  • 2003-2004 guest professor at Bosporus University, Istanbul [Boğaziçi University]
  • 2006 Resident at the Swedish Collegium of Advanced Study (The Image of Man in Linguistics)[11]
  • 2006 Kyoto University, Japan
  • 2006 Yakutsk Academy of Sciences, Yakutsk[12]
  • 2008-2018 Central University of Nationalities, Beijing (Minzu) Minzu University of China
  • 2008 University of Szeged, Hungary
  • 2009-2010 General Linguistics at the University of Zürich University of Zurich

Several Festschriften have been dedicated to Lars Johanson:

  • 1996 Berta, Árpád, Brendemoen, Bernt and Schönig, Claus (eds.) Symbolae Turcologicae: Studies in honour of Lars Johanson on his sixtieth birthday 8 March
  • 1996. Stockholm : Swedish Research Institute in Istanbul (Transactions 6.) Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell International.
  • 2002 Demir, Nurettin & Turan, Fikret (eds.) Scholarly depth and accuracy. A festschrift to Lars Johanson. Ankara. ISBN 975-93344-3-7.
  • 2010 Boeschoten, Hendrik and Rentzsch, Julian (eds.) Turcology in Mainz. (Turcologica 82.) Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz. ISBN 978-3-447-06113-1.
  • 2011 Robbeets, Martine and Cuyckens, Robert (eds.) Shared Grammaticalization. With special focus on the Transeurasian Languages. (Studies in Language Companion Series 132.) Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins - catalog/books/slcs.132/main.

He is a member of the "Permanent International Altaistic Conference", "Wissenschaftliche Gesellschaft an der Universität Frankfurt", Honorary Member of the "Körösi Csoma Society", Budapest [3], Societas Uralo-Altaica, the Royal Society of Arts and Sciences of Uppsala and Honorary Member of the Central Eurasian Studies Society (CESS) Central Eurasian Studies Society.



  • 1971. Aspekt im Türkischen. Vorstudien zu einer Beschreibung des türkeitürkischen Aspektsystems. Studia Turcica Upsaliensia 1. Uppsala: Almqvist & Wiksell. OCLC 462515544
  • 1979. Alttürkisch als ‘dissimilierende Sprache’. Abhandlungen der Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Literatur, Mainz, Geistes- und sozialwissenschaftliche Klasse, 1979: 3. Wiesbaden: Steiner. ISBN 3515029559
  • 1981. Pluralsuffixe im Südwesttürkischen.Abhandlungen der Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Literatur, Mainz, Geistes- und sozialwissenschaftliche Klasse, 1981: 9. Wiesbaden: Steiner. ISBN 3515035745
  • 1991. Linguistische Beiträge zur Gesamturkologie. Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó. ISBN 963 05 6044 5
  • 1992. Strukturelle Faktoren in türkischen Sprachkontakten. Sitzungsberichte der Wissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft an der J. W. Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main, 29:5. Stuttgart: Steiner. ISSN 0931-9484
  • 1998. with Csató, Éva Á. (eds.) The Turkic Languages. London: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-08200-5 Second edition 2006 ISBN 9780415412612
  • 2001. Discoveries on the Turkic linguistic map. (Swedish Research Institute in Istanbul, Publications 5.) Stockholm: Swedish Research Institute in Istanbul. ISBN 9186884107
  • 2002. Structural factors in Turkic language contacts. [With an introduction by Bernard Comrie.] London: Curzon. ISBN 0-7007-1182-1
  • 2010. with Robbeets, Martine (eds.) Transeurasian verbal morphology in a comparative perspective: genealogy, contact, chance. (Turcologica 78.) Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz. ISBN 978-3-447-05914-5
  • 2012 with Robbeets, Martine (eds.) Copies versus cognates in bound morphology. (Brill's Studies in Language, Cognition and Culture 2.) Leiden: Brill. ISBN 978 90 04 22407 0
  • 2016 with Éva Á. Csató et al. (eds.) Turks and Iranians: Interactions in Language and History. The Gunnar Jarring Memorial Program at The Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study. (Turcologica 105.) Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz. ISSN 0177-4743, ISBN 978-3-447-10537-8[13]
  • 2021 Turkic. Cambridge Language Surveys. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • 2022 The Turkic Languages 2nd revised edition. London and New York: Routledge.
  • 2023 Code Copying. The Strength of Languages in Take-over and Carry-over Roles (Brill’s Studies in Language, Cognition and Culture 38). Leiden: Brill. url= ISBN 978-90-04-54843-5, 978-90-04-54845-9
  • 2023 Aspect in the Languages of Europe Ankara: Nobel. ISBN 978-625-397-178-6, 978-625-397-169-4
  • 2023 (Editor-in-Chief) Encyclopedia of Turkic Languages and Linguistics Online. Leiden: Brill. url=


  1. ^ "Univ.-Prof. Dr. Dr.h.c. Lars Johanson (Pensioniert)". Archived from the original on 2011-03-14. Retrieved 2014-07-26.
  2. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-03-18. Retrieved 2016-03-07.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "Univ.-Prof. Dr. Dr.h.c. Lars Johanson (Pensioniert)". Archived from the original on 2011-03-14. Retrieved 2014-07-26.
  4. ^ "Personal - Uppsala universitet". Archived from the original on 2016-03-05. Retrieved 2016-03-07.
  5. ^ "Aktuelles". Retrieved August 29, 2016.
  6. ^ "Turkic Languages". Harrassowitz Verlag. Retrieved 9 November 2013.
  7. ^ Johanson, Lars (2011). "Grammaticalization in Turkic languages". Oxford Handbooks Online. pp. 754–763. doi:10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199586783.013.0062. ISBN 978-0199586783. Retrieved 9 November 2013.
  8. ^ "ILCAA".
  9. ^ "Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study". Archived from the original on 2016-04-12. Retrieved 2016-03-07.
  10. ^ "Home - Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology".
  11. ^ [dead link]
  12. ^ "Сибирское Отделение РАН". Archived from the original on 2007-01-06.
  13. ^ "SCAS: News". Archived from the original on 2016-09-16.


  1. Süer Eker, Yayın Değerlendirme: Lars Johanson (2002)- Türk Dili Haritası Üzerinde Keşifler Bilig, Sayı 265, Kış 2014
  2. Gunnar Jarring, İsveç’te Türkoloji Araştırmaları, Manas Journal

External links[edit]