Larsen & Toubro

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Larsen & Toubro Limited
Company typePublic
Founded7 February 1946; 78 years ago (7 February 1946)[1]
Bombay, Bombay Presidency, British India
(present-day Mumbai, Maharashtra, India)
HeadquartersL&T House, Ballard Estate,
Mumbai, Maharashtra
Area served
Key people
  • Construction & Mining Machinery
  • Defence Equipment and Vessels
  • Heavy Equipment
  • Power Generation Equipment
  • Rubber Processing Machinery
  • Valves
RevenueIncrease 225,271 crore (US$28 billion)[3] (2024)
Increase 20,424 crore (US$2.6 billion)[3] (2024)
Increase 15,570 crore (US$1.9 billion)[3] (2024)
AUMIncrease 75,592 crore (US$9.5 billion) (2022)[4]
Total assetsIncrease 339,627 crore (US$43 billion)[5] (2024)
Total equityIncrease 102,550 crore (US$13 billion)[5] (2024)
Number of employees
245,677[6] (2022)

Larsen & Toubro Limited, abbreviated as L&T, is an Indian multinational conglomerate, with interests in industrial technology, heavy industry, engineering, construction, manufacturing, power, information technology, military and financial services. It is headquartered in Mumbai, Maharashtra.

L&T was founded in 1938 in Bombay by Danish engineers Henning Holck-Larsen and Søren Kristian Toubro.[7][8]

As of March 31, 2022, the L&T Group comprises 93 subsidiaries, 5 associate companies, 27 joint ventures and 35 jointly held operations, operating across basic and heavy engineering, construction, realty, manufacturing of capital goods, information technology, and financial services.[9]

On October 1, 2023, S N Subrahmanyan took charge as Chairman and Managing Director of L&T.[10]


Larsen and Toubro were in India to represent the interests of the Danish dairy equipment manufacturer FLSmidth when they founded L&T through an oral agreement in 1938. The company was legally incorporated in 1946.[8]

The start of World War II in 1939 and the resulting blockade of trade, led Larsen and Toubro to undertake jobs and provide service facilities. The German invasion of Denmark in April 1940 stopped supplies of Danish products. The war-time need to repair, refit, and degauss ships offered L&T an opportunity, and led to the formation of a new company, Hilda Ltd, to handle these operations. L&T also started to repair and fabricate ships. The internment of German engineers in India who were to construct a soda ash plant for the Tata Group gave L&T a chance to enter the field of installation.[11]

In 1946, they incorporated Engineering Construction & Contracts Ltd. (ECC) to focus on construction projects. ECC now exists as the construction division of L&T.[8] By 1947, the company represented the manufacturers of equipment used to manufacture products such as hydrogenated oils, biscuits, soaps and glass. In 1947, the company signed an agreement with Caterpillar Tractor Company to market earth moving equipment. At the end of the war, large numbers of war-surplus Caterpillar equipment were available at attractive prices, but the finances required were beyond the capacity of the partners. This prompted them to raise additional equity capital, and on 7 February 1946, Larsen & Toubro Private Limited was incorporated.[11]

In 1947, the firm set up offices in Calcutta and Madras and New Delhi. In 1948, 55 acres of undeveloped marsh and jungle was acquired in Powai, Mumbai. In December 1950, L&T became a public company with a paid-up capital of 20 lakh (equivalent to 22 crore or US$2.8 million in 2023). The sales turnover in that year was 1.09 crore (equivalent to 120 crore or US$15 million in 2023). In 1956, a major part of the company's Bombay office moved to ICI House in Ballard Estate, which would later be purchased by the company and renamed as L&T House, its present headquarters.[11]

During the 1960s, ventures included the Utkal Machinery Limited (UTMAL) (set up in 1960), Audco India Limited (1961), Eutectic Welding Alloys (1962) and Tractor Engineers Limited (TENGL) (1963).[11]

In 1965, the firm had been chosen as a partner for building nuclear reactors. Dr. Homi Bhabha, chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission had approached L&T in the 1950s to fabricate critical components for nuclear reactors. L&T has since been a significant contributor to the Indian nuclear programme.

During the 1970s, L&T was contracted to work with Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). Chairman Vikram Sarabhai chose L&T as manufacturing partner.[12]

In 1976, ECC bid for a large airport project in Abu Dhabi. ECC's balance sheet, however, did not meet the bid's financial qualification requirement. So it was merged into L&T. ECC was eventually rechristened L&T Construction and now accounts for the largest slice of the group's annual revenue.[13]

In 1985, L&T entered into a partnership with the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO). L&T was not yet allowed by the government to manufacture defence equipment but was permitted to participate in design and development programmes with DRDO. After the design and development was done, the firm had to hand over all the drawings to DRDO. The Indian government would then assign the production work to a public sector defence unit or ordnance factory for manufacture. The firm currently makes a range of weapon and missile systems, command and control systems, engineering systems, and submarines through DRDO.[12]

Major subsidiaries[edit]


  • L&T Constructions
    • L&T Metro Rail Hyderabad
  • L&T Realty

EPC Projects[edit]

  • L&T Valves
  • L&T Energy Hydrocarbon
  • L&T Power


Information Technology[edit]


  • L&T Heavy Engineering
  • L&T Defence
  • L&T Shipbuilding



Other subsidiaries and joint ventures[edit]

Larsen & Toubro Office at Faridabad, Delhi NCR

As of 31st march, 2022, L&T has 93 Subsidiaries, 5 associate companies, 27 Joint Ventures and 35 Joint Operations.[16]

  • L&T – Construction Equipment Limited: having its registered office at Mumbai, India and focusing on construction equipment and mining equipment, L&T-Komatsu Limited[17] was a joint-venture of Larsen and Toubro, and Komatsu Asia Pacific Pte Limited, Singapore, a wholly owned subsidiary of Komatsu Limited, Japan. Komatsu is the world's second largest manufacturer of hydraulic excavators and has manufacturing and marketing facilities.[18] The plant was started in 1975 by L&T to manufacture hydraulic excavators for the first time in India. In 1998, it became a joint-venture. The Bengaluru works comprise machinery and hydraulics works, with a manufacturing facility for design, manufacture, and servicing of earth moving equipment. In April 2013, L&T bought the 50% stake held by Komatsu Asia & Pacific. The company's name was changed to L&T Construction Equipment Limited.[19][20]
  • L&T has a joint venture with Qatari company Al Balagh group as the main contractors for the Al Rayyan stadium, the 2022 FIFA World Cup stadium which will host matches up to the quarter-final.[21]
  • L&T Finance: Larsen & Toubro financial services is a subsidiary which was incorporated as a non-banking financial company in November 1994.[22] The subsidiary has financial products and services for corporate, construction equipments. This became a division in 2011 after the company declared its restructuring.[23] A partnership between L&T Finance and Sonalika Group farm equipment maker International Tractors Ltd in April 2014 provided credit and financing to customers of Sonalika Group in India.[24]
  • L&T Special Steels and Heavy Forgings Pvt Ltd. is a joint venture between L&T and the Nuclear Power Corporation of India (NPCIL), headquartered at Hazira. It is the largest integrated steel plant and heavy forging unit in India, capable of producing forgings weighing 120 MT each. LTSSHF currently is engaged in projects from the nuclear, hydrocarbon, power and oil and gas sectors.[25]
  • L&T-Sargent & Lundy Limited (L&T-S&L), established in 1995, is an engineering and consultancy firm in the power sector, formed by L&T and Sargent & Lundy L.L.C. - USA, a global consulting firm in the power industry since 1891[26][27]
  • In 2015, the company began developing commercial, retail and office space around the Hyderabad Metro Rail project.[28]
  • In June 2019, the company acquired a controlling stake in IT services company Mindtree Ltd[29]


L&T has across the decades exited from several businesses. These include:


L&T sold its 16.5 million tonne/per year capacity cement division to UltraTech Cement and also divested its 8.5% stake in A V Birla group company Grasim Industries in 2004.[30]

L&T-John Deere[edit]

In 1992, L&T established a 50-50 joint venture with John Deere to manufacture tractors in India, called L&T - John Deere. L&T sold their interest to John Deere in 2005.[31]

L&T Case[edit]

In 1992, L&T established L&T-Case Construction with CNH Global as a 50-50 joint venture to build backhoes. In 2011, L&T sold its share to CNH, and the company was renamed Case New Holland Construction Equipment India.[32]

L&T Medical Equipment and Systems[edit]

In 1987, L&T launched the L&T Medical Equipment & Systems division.[33] In November 2012, it was sold to Skanray Technologies Pvt Ltd.[34] Currently, L&T Mysore division manufactures Single-phase and Three-phase static solid-state Electricity Meters to various utilities in India. The range of meters varies from residential, industrial, prepayment and smart meters. there are both whole current and CT operated meters. It also houses a relay servicing unit.

EWAC Alloys Limited[edit]

EWAC Alloys Limited was a wholly owned subsidiary of L&T. The company was engaged in design & development, manufacture and supply of special welding electrodes, gas brazing rods and fluxes, welding torches and accessories, atomised metal powder alloys, flux cored continuous wires & wire feeders, polymer compounds & wear-resistant plates.

Prof Wasserman, founder of Eutectic Castolin, and Henning Hock Larsen, founder of L&T, founded the Eutectic Division in India in the year 1962. Eutectic Castolin was later merged into the Messer Group of companies, Germany and referred as Messer Eutectic Castolin (MEC). In 2010, L&T, bought the entire stake from Messer to become the wholly owned subsidiary of it. The current headquarters is in Ankleshwar, Gujarat (India), and the products are sold under the name EWAC.

L&T sold its entire stake in unlisted subsidiary EWAC Alloys to UK-registered ESAB Holdings for a total consideration of Rs 522 crore. The share purchase agreement has been executed on 11 October 2017.[35] The acquirer ESAB offers products for welding and cutting process. In 2012, ESAB was acquired by Colfax Corp., a diversified industrial manufacturing company based in the US.

Petroleum Dispensing Pump (PDP)[edit]

In November 2009, Larsen and Toubro (L&T) sold its petroleum dispensing pump (PDP) business to Gilbarco Veeder-Root, a US-based payments systems company, for around Rs 150 crore. Gilbarco has signed a definitive purchase agreement to acquire the business. With the completion of acquisition, L&T's PDP business will become part of a new division called Gilbarco Veeder-Root India Pvt Ltd.[36]

L&T Kobelco Machinery Private Limited[edit]

This was a joint venture of L&T and Kobe Steel of Japan, to manufacture internal mixers and twin screw roller-head extruder's for the tyre industry. L&T sold its entire 51% stake in L&T Kobelco Machinery Private to its joint venture partner in the company, Kobe Steel of Japan, for Rs 43.5 crore.[37]

L&T Electrical and Automation Ltd.[edit]

L&T was an international manufacturer of electrical and electronic products and systems. The company manufactured custom-engineered switchboards for industrial sectors like power, refineries, petrochemicals and cement.[38] In the electronic segment, L&T offered a range of metres and provides control automation systems for industries. In May 2018, the firm signed a definitive agreement with Schneider Electric for the strategic divestment of its electrical and automation (E&A) business in an all-cash deal of ₹14,000 crore.[39] The deal was completed on 31 August 2020 after receiving the requisite regulatory approvals. L&T has said that its exit from the electrical and automation business is a part of its strategic portfolio review process.[40]

L&T Mutual Fund[edit]

L&T Mutual Fund was the mutual fund company of the L&T Group. Its average assets under management (AuM) as of May 2019 is 73,936.68 crore.[41] On November 26, 2022, L&T Mutual Fund was sold to HSBC.[42]

L&T Infrastructure Development Projects Limited[edit]

Larsen & Toubro, signed an agreement to divest its stake in L&T IDPL to a portfolio company of Infrastructure Yield Plus II, an infrastructure fund managed by Edelweiss Alternatives in December 2022. The transaction is subject to completion of customary closing conditions including receipt of applicable regulatory and other approvals.[43]

Listing and shareholding[edit]

The equity shares of the company are listed on the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) and the National Stock Exchange of India (NSE). The company's shares constitute a part of the BSE SENSEX of the BSE as well as the NIFTY 50 index of the NSE.[44] Its global depository receipts (GDR) are listed on the Luxembourg Stock Exchange and London Stock Exchange.[44]


Shareholders as of 31 December 2022[45]

Category No. of Shares %
Financial Institutions 21,28,76,252 15.15
Foreign Portfolio Investors 32,30,70,981 22.99
Shares underlying GDRs 1,85,26,770 1.32
Mutual Funds 24,49,70,289 17.43
Bodies Corporate 1,51,76,276 1.08
Qualified Institutional Buyer 8,85,65,413 6.30
Directors & Relatives 17,84,815 0.13
L&T Employees Trust 19,25,58,158 13.70
Others 30,78,35,173 21.90
TOTAL 1,40,53,64,127 100.00


As on 31 March 2022, the company had 45,615 permanent employees, out of which 2,997 were women and 48 employees with disabilities. At the same period company had 200,062 workers on contract basis.[46]

Awards and recognition[edit]

  • L&T ranked 2nd in Top 25 EPC Contractors 2022 in the Middle East List by Oil & Gas Middle East[47]
  • L&T ranked 4th in the 2021 LinkedIn Top Companies list, India[48]
  • In 2021, L&T won the Innovation in Onboarding at the OLX People HR Excellence awards by The Economic Times HRWorld[49]
  • L&T Hydrocarbon won the Federation of Indian Petroleum Industry (FIPI) ‘Engineering Procurement Construction (EPC) - Company of the Year’ Award for 2020[50]
  • In 1997, the Bengaluru Works division was awarded the "Best of all" Rajiv Gandhi National Quality Award[51]
  • In 2013, L&T Power received 'Golden Peacock National Quality Award – 2012' at the 23rd World Congress on 'Leadership & Quality of Governance'.[52][53]
  • L&T ranked at No.22 among World's Best Employers and No.1 in India by Forbes for 2018.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "incorporated on 07th February, 1946". Retrieved 11 February 2022.
  2. ^ "Contact L&T". Archived from the original on 12 February 2017. Retrieved 11 February 2017.
  3. ^ a b c "Larsen & Toubro Consolidated Profit & Loss account, Larsen & Toubro Financial Statement & Accounts" (PDF). Retrieved 8 May 2024.
  4. ^ "Investment Management business is at ¢75,592 crore" (PDF). 31 March 2022. p. in PDF on page 93 Last Paragraph.
  5. ^ a b "Larsen & Toubro Consolidated Balance Sheet, Larsen & Toubro Financial Statement & Accounts" (PDF). Retrieved 10 May 2023.
  6. ^ "Larsen & Toubro Annual Report Fiscal Year 2022 Results" (PDF). Larsen & Toubro. 3 April 2023. Retrieved 3 April 2023.
  7. ^ Shah, Shashank (18 February 2014). "Stakeholders Management in the Indian Construction Industry: Insights into the Approach at Larsen & Toubro's Construction Division". Journal of Values Based Leadership. 7 (1). Archived from the original on 23 May 2014. Retrieved 11 June 2014.
  8. ^ a b c "Larsen & Toubro (L&T) | Who we are". L&T Construction. Retrieved 16 January 2024.
  9. ^ "Check out the larsen toubro ltd Management Discussions | Live stock/Share Prices at". Retrieved 1 April 2023.
  10. ^ "SN Subrahmanyan named L&T CMD, AM Naik steps down". The Economic Times. 11 May 2023. Retrieved 1 December 2023.
  11. ^ a b c d "Larsen & Toubro – Hydrocarbon Upstream". Archived from the original on 7 May 2013. Retrieved 21 June 2012.
  12. ^ a b Merchant, Minhaz (2017). The nationalist : how A.M. Naik overcame great odds to transform Larsen & Toubro into a global powerhouse. Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India. p. 54. ISBN 978-93-5277-288-9. OCLC 1021061261.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  13. ^ Merchant, Minhaz (2017). The nationalist : how A.M. Naik overcame great odds to transform Larsen & Toubro into a global powerhouse. Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India. pp. 53, 55. ISBN 978-93-5277-288-9. OCLC 1021061261.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  14. ^ "Larsen and Toubro launches L&T SuFin to empower MSMEs". The Economic Times. 7 March 2022. Retrieved 1 December 2023.
  15. ^ "L&T forays into EdTech space, launches learning app". Indian Express. 16 October 2021. Retrieved 12 January 2024.
  16. ^ "Stock Share Price | Get Quote | BSE". Retrieved 18 April 2023.
  17. ^ "L&T Komatsu Ltd". Komatsu Limited. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 10 August 2011.
  18. ^ Komatsu Limited
  19. ^ "Change name". Larsen&Toubro. Archived from the original on 6 June 2013. Retrieved 10 June 2013.
  20. ^ "L&T to buy out Komatsu subsidiary in joint venture". Economic Times. 13 April 2013. Archived from the original on 10 July 2013. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
  21. ^ "Indian firm L&T named main contractors for 2022 FIFA WC stadium". Business Standard India. 7 June 2016. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  22. ^ "Overview". Larsen&Toubro. Archived from the original on 26 August 2011. Retrieved 10 August 2011.
  23. ^ Kumar, Abhineet (24 January 2011). "L&T to restructure biz into 9 verticals". Business Standard India. business Standard. Archived from the original on 26 February 2011. Retrieved 10 August 2011.
  24. ^ "International Tractors Ltd signs pact with L&T Finance for vehicle loans". The Economic Times. The Economic Times of India. Archived from the original on 11 May 2014. Retrieved 22 April 2014.
  25. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 December 2014. Retrieved 28 December 2014.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  26. ^ "L&T-Sargent & Lundy Ltd - Company Profile and News". Retrieved 26 September 2020.
  27. ^ "Premier Engineering & Consultancy firm in the Power Sector - L&T-Sargent & Lundy". Archived from the original on 25 March 2018. Retrieved 24 March 2018.
  28. ^ V. Rishi Kumar (7 September 2015). "L&T Hyderabad Metro wins infrastructure award". The Hindu Business Line.
  29. ^ "Mindtree erases gains to settle in the red". The Economic Times. 26 June 2019. Archived from the original on 26 June 2019. Retrieved 26 June 2019.
  30. ^ "L&T cement business demerger comes into effect". The Times of India. 14 May 2004. Retrieved 14 July 2020.
  31. ^ "L&T India - Error Page". Archived from the original on 19 March 2018. Retrieved 15 June 2017.
  32. ^ "L&T divests stake in L&T-Case JV". Construction Week Online India. Retrieved 14 July 2020.
  33. ^ "L&T to sell medical equipment biz". @businessline. 16 November 2012. Retrieved 10 July 2020.
  34. ^ "L&T sells medical equipment biz to Skanray Healthcare". The Financial Express. 17 November 2012. Retrieved 10 July 2020.
  35. ^ "Larsen and Toubro sells EWAC Alloys for Rs 522 cr to UK's ESAB". The Financial Express. 12 October 2017. Retrieved 10 July 2020.
  36. ^
  37. ^ Prasad, Rachita. "L&T sells 51% stake in JV to partner Kobe Steel for Rs 43.5 crore - The Economic Times". The Economic Times. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  38. ^ "Larsen & Toubro Limited". Archived from the original on 17 July 2011. Retrieved 16 July 2010.
  39. ^ "L&T to divest automation division in Rs 14,000 crore deal - The Economic Times". The Economic Times. Retrieved 14 July 2020.
  40. ^ Thomas, Tanya (31 August 2020). "L&T sells electrical, automation business to Schneider Electric for ₹14,000 cr". mint. Retrieved 8 September 2020.
  41. ^ "Average AUM". Association of Mutual Funds in India. Archived from the original on 13 December 2013. Retrieved 8 December 2013.
  42. ^ "Will L&T Mutual Fund's acquisition inject fresh life into HSBC India MF? Its co-CEO weighs in". Moneycontrol. 10 January 2023. Retrieved 27 April 2023.
  43. ^ "Larsen & Toubro divests entire 51% stake in L&T Infrastructure Development Projects". Business Today. 19 December 2022. Retrieved 27 April 2023.
  44. ^ a b "Annual Report 2012-13" (PDF). L&T. Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 December 2013. Retrieved 3 December 2013.
  45. ^ "L&T India | Downloads | Shareholding Pattern". Retrieved 5 April 2023.
  46. ^ BSE India
  47. ^ "Top 25 EPC Contractors 2022". Oil & Gas Middle East. Retrieved 6 October 2022.
  48. ^ "Top Companies 2021: The 25 best workplaces to grow your career in India". Retrieved 16 July 2021.
  49. ^ "OLX People HR Excellence Awards". Retrieved 16 July 2021.
  50. ^ "FIPI - Federation of Indian Petroleum Industry |". Retrieved 16 July 2021.
  51. ^ Shrawan (29 May 2013). "Annex IV: List of Award Winners of Rajiv Gandhi National Quality Awards" (PDF). New Delhi: Bureau of Indian Standards. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2 December 2014. Retrieved 15 May 2014.
  52. ^ "National Quality Award (GPNQA)". 13 February 2013. Archived from the original on 9 November 2013. Retrieved 3 December 2013.
  53. ^ "L&T Power Wins 'Golden Peacock National Quality Award'" (PDF). L&T. 13 February 2013. Archived (PDF) from the original on 6 December 2013. Retrieved 3 December 2013.

External links[edit]