The gens Lartia, sometimes spelled Larcia or Largia, was a patrician family at Rome, distinguished at the beginning of the Republic through two of its members, Titus Lartius, the first dictator, and Spurius Lartius, the companion of Horatius on the wooden bridge. The name soon after disappears entirely from the annals. A family by this name existed in the early Empire, but its relationship to the Lartii of the early Republic is unknown.
The Lartii were of Etruscan origin, as their name clearly shows. The nomen Lartius is a patronymic surname, based on the Etruscan praenomen Lars. This name, meaning "lord", is usually spelled Larth in Etruscan inscriptions, but Latin writers also used Lars in place of the Etruscan praenomina Laris and Larce, apparently distinct names in Etruscan. The nomen is always spelled Lartius in Livius, while Dionysius alternates between Λάρκιος, Larcius and Λάργιος, Largius. All three forms appear on Latin inscriptions. However, as the nomen is derived from Larth or Lars, the normal Latin form should be Lartius.
Branches and cognomina
According to Dionysius, the Lartii bore the surname Flavus. However, Rufus is found in place of Flavus in some inscriptions. As the consuls of the early Republic are known to have been brothers, it seems possible that one of them, having fair hair, was called Flavus, while the other, having red hair, was called Rufus. The cognomina are now so confused that it is impossible to determine which was which.
- Spurius Lartius, surnamed Flavus or Rufus, consul in 506 and 490 BC.
- Titus Lartius, surnamed Flavus or Rufus, consul in 501 and 498 BC, and the first dictator in 501.
- Lucius Lartius, father of the aedile.
- Lucius Lartius L.f., aedile in 73 BC.
- Lartius Licinius, a contemporary of the elder Pliny, was praetor in Hispania, and subsequently governor of one of the imperial provinces. He died before Pliny.
- Lartia, wife of Marcus Plautius Silvanus, consul in 2 BC.
- Aulus Larcius Lydus, a freedman, and the father of Larcius Macedo.
- Larcius A. f. Macedo, was murdered by his own slaves.
- Aulus Larcius Marcedo, son of Larcius Macedo, consul suffectus in AD 124.
- Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, vol. II, p. 723 ("Lartia Gens").
- Chase, pp. 129, 135, 136.
- Broughton, vol. I, pp. 6, 7, 18.
- Livy, ii. 15.
- Dionysius, v. 36, vii. 68.
- Broughton, vol. I, pp. 5–8, 18.
- Livy, ii. 18, 21.
- Dionysius, v. 50, 59, 60, 70, vi. 42, 92, vii. 68.
- Broughton, vol. I, pp. 9, 10–12, 14, 16.
- Broughton, vol. II, p. 115.
- Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia, xix. 2. s. 11, xxxi. 2. s. 18.
- Pliny the Younger, Epistulae, ii. 14, iii. 5.
- Pliny the Younger, Epistulae, iii. 14.
- Werner Eck, "Miscellanea prosopographica", Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik, vol. 42, pp. 245 ff (1981).
- Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita (History of Rome).
- Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Romaike Archaiologia.
- Gaius Plinius Secundus (Pliny the Elder), Naturalis Historia (Natural History).
- Gaius Plinius Caecilius Secundus (Pliny the Younger), Epistulae (Letters).
- Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, William Smith, ed., Little, Brown and Company, Boston (1849).
- George Davis Chase, "The Origin of Roman Praenomina", in Harvard Studies in Classical Philology, vol. VIII (1897).
- T. Robert S. Broughton, The Magistrates of the Roman Republic, American Philological Association (1952).
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Smith, William, ed. (1870). "article name needed". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.