Las Américas International Airport

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Las Américas International Airport

Aeropuerto Internacional Las Américas
MDSD-TerminalA&Bview.JPG
Summary
Airport typeCivil aviation
OwnerAeropuertos Dominicanos Siglo XXI S.A.
ServesSanto Domingo
LocationPunta Caucedo, Dominican Republic
Hub for
Elevation AMSL58 ft / 18 m
Coordinates18°25′46″N 069°40′08″W / 18.42944°N 69.66889°W / 18.42944; -69.66889Coordinates: 18°25′46″N 069°40′08″W / 18.42944°N 69.66889°W / 18.42944; -69.66889
Websitewww.aeropuertolasamericas.com?q=en
Map
MDSD is located in the Dominican Republic
MDSD
MDSD
Location of airport in Dominican Republic
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
17/35 3,353 11,001 Asphalt
Statistics (2020)
Total Passengers1,898,485
Aircraft Operations19,268

Las Américas International Airport (Spanish: Aeropuerto Internacional Las Américas, or AILA) (IATA: SDQ, ICAO: MDSD) is an international airport located in Punta Caucedo, near Santo Domingo and Boca Chica in the Dominican Republic. The airport is run by Aeropuertos Dominicanos Siglo XXI (AERODOM), a private corporation based in the Dominican Republic, under a 25-year concession to build, operate, and transfer (BOT) six of the country's airports. Las Américas usually receives a wide variety of long-, mid- and short-haul aircraft. Santo Domingo's other airport, La Isabela, is much smaller and used by light aircraft only.

The airport is the second-busiest in the country, after Punta Cana International Airport, and one of the largest in the Caribbean, handling 3.5 million passengers in 2015.[1] It is also the busiest cargo hub in the Caribbean and Central America, with 355,000,000 lbs of cargo transported in 2019.

History[edit]

Las Américas Airport opened in 1959 as the official airport of Ciudad Trujillo, the capital of the Dominican Republic with the city subsequently changing its name to Santo Domingo. The official name of the airport was changed in 2002 to "Aeropuerto Internacional Las Américas- José Francisco Peña Gómez (AIJFPG)" but is known as "Las Américas International Airport", or locally, "Las Américas Airport" or "El Aeropuerto".

In 1954, U.S. based Delta Air Lines (which was known as "Delta C&S" at the time following its acquisition and merger with Chicago and Southern Air Lines) was serving the Dominican Republic on a daily basis via the then-named General Andrews Airport in Ciudad Trujillo with nonstop flights to San Juan, Puerto Rico and Port au Prince, Haiti operated with Convair 340 twin prop aircraft.[2] The eastbound Delta flights operated a daily routing of Houston - New Orleans - Havana, Cuba - Port au Prince - Ciudad Trujillo - San Juan and the westbound Delta flights operated a daily routing of San Juan - Ciudad Trujillo - Port au Prince - Havana - New Orleans.[3] Also during the mid 1950s, U.S. based Pan American World Airways (Pan Am) was serving Ciudad Trujillo with nonstop flights to New York City, Miami and Port au Prince operated with Douglas DC-6 four engine propliners (which the airline called the "Super-6 Clipper").[4] In 1960, locally-based Dominicana de Aviacion, the former flag carrier of the Dominican Republic, was operating scheduled international passenger service nonstop between the airport and Miami with Douglas DC-4 four engine propliners and also nonstop between the airport and San Juan, Puerto Rico with Douglas DC-3 and Curtiss C-46 twin prop aircraft.[5] By the early and mid 1960s, several airlines were operating international jet service from the airport including Pan Am with Boeing 707 service nonstop to New York City, Miami, San Juan, Puerto Rico, Kingston, Jamaica and Curacao as well as direct, no change of plane 707 service to Montego Bay, Caracas, Port of Spain, Georgetown, Guyana and Paramaribo, and Brazil based VARIG with Sud Aviation Caravelle and Convair 990 jetliner flights nonstop to New York City and Miami as well as direct, no change of plane jet service to Port of Spain, Belem, Fortaleza, Recife, Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo and Porto Alegre.[6][7][8]

By 1976, the airport was being served by American Airlines with nonstop Boeing 707 and Boeing 747 service from New York City, Dominicana de Aviacion with nonstop Boeing 727-100 and Boeing 727-200 service from New York City, Miami and San Juan, Puerto Rico, Eastern Airlines with nonstop Boeing 727-100 service from San Juan, Puerto Rico as well as direct, no change of plane 727 flights from Cleveland and Miami, Pan Am with nonstop Boeing 707 service from Port au Prince as well as direct, one stop 707 service from Miami, ALM Antillean Airlines with nonstop and direct one stop McDonnell Douglas DC-9-30 service from Curacao, Viasa with nonstop Douglas DC-8 service from Curacao and direct one stop DC-8 flights from Caracas, and locally-based Aerovias Quisqueyana with nonstop Boeing 707 and Douglas DC-8 service from Miami and San Juan, Puerto Rico.[9] Also in 1976, Aerovias Quisqueyana was operating nonstop Boeing 707 transatlantic service from the airport to Madrid with this flight also providing direct one stop service to Rome.[10]

According to the Official Airline Guide (OAG), in 1996 a number of European based airlines were operating transatlantic flights from the airport including Air France with nonstop Boeing 747 service to Paris, Alitalia with nonstop Boeing 767-300 service to Rome, Condor Airlines with nonstop Boeing 767-300 service to both Cologne/Bonn and Frankfurt, Iberia Airlines with nonstop McDonnell Douglas DC-10 service to Madrid, LTU International Airways with nonstop McDonnell Douglas MD-11 service to Dusseldorf, Martinair with nonstop Boeing 767-300 service to Amsterdam, and TAP Air Portugal with direct one stop Airbus A310 service to Lisbon.[11] Airline service from the airport to South America in 1996 included nonstop Boeing 727-200 flights to Bogota operated by ACES Colombia as well as nonstop McDonnell Douglas DC-10 flights to Lima operated by Iberia Airlines in addition to direct, no change of plane Boeing 737-200 flights also to Lima operated by Copa Airlines via a stop at this air carrier's hub in Panama City, Panama.[12] Also according to the OAG, other airlines operating flights into the airport in 1996 included American Airlines with nonstop Airbus A300-600R, McDonnell Douglas DC-10 and McDonnell Douglas MD-11 service from New York City as well as nonstop Airbus A300-600R and Boeing 727-200 service from Miami in addition to direct one stop Airbus A300-600R service from both Boston and Orlando, Continental Airlines with nonstop Boeing 727-200 service from Newark, Trans World Airlines (TWA) with nonstop Boeing 767-200 and Lockheed L-1011 service from New York City, and locally-based APA International Air with nonstop Airbus A300 service from both New York City and Miami.[13][14]

Las Américas was the hub for Dominicana de Aviación, APA International Air, PAWA Dominicana, and a number of other, smaller airlines. Currently SAP Air is based there.

Las Américas also has served as a hub for airlines such as Aeromar Líneas Aéreas Dominicanas, Aero Continente Dominicana and Queen Air.

Las Américas International Airport terminal exterior

Recently, the expressway leading from Santo Domingo to the airport (roughly 20 km east of the city center) was expanded and modernised. The airport was also modernised, and two more terminals were added, including 20 more gates. The new expressway crosses a new suspension bridge which spans the Ozama River, connecting traffic into the city's Elevated Freeway and Tunnel system onto the city's main street, Av. 27 de Febrero. A more scenic route following the coastal shore provides beautiful views of the Caribbean Sea and of the city. This secondary road crosses the Ozama River by means of a floating bridge, connecting traffic onto the Av. George Washington (el Malecón) which leads into the heart of the colonial city.

Addition of northern terminal[edit]

On 18 April 2007, a new terminal was completed and opened for operations. It can accommodate four Boeing 747s simultaneously. This new terminal has four gates with boarding bridges, an air-conditioning system, and maintenance facilities for aircraft.[citation needed]

Runway[edit]

Las Américas Airport's runway direction is north–south (designated 17–35). This runway is the largest in the country, and one of the largest in the Caribbean. With a length of 3,355 m, it is able to support a Boeing 747. The runway of SDQ was last renovated in June 2008. The old taxi-way was also renovated and converted into a full runway while the old runway was being renovated, then it was converted back into a taxiway after the normal runway was finished. The runway accommodated the Antonov An-225 to supply goods after the 2010 Haiti earthquake.[15][16]

Concourses[edit]

Las Américas has five gates on the main satellite concourse (A), A2 through A6. Other gate facilities are for the flights departing from a parking in the taxiway. back in the 1960s and 70s the airport used to be much smaller, The original building was half the size of today's newest structure but with a still modern look.

Concourse B has four gates (B1 through B4) and remote stand (P8). Terminal B now features a co-branded Copa Club operated jointly by United Airlines and Copa Airlines, and a Private Lounge exclusive to members and business people.

The average number of daily flights in and out of Las Américas ranges between 68 and 84 flights. JetBlue is the largest airline operating at Las Américas.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
Aeroméxico Mexico City
Air Antilles Pointe-à-Pitre
Air Canada Rouge Toronto–Pearson (suspended)
Air Caraïbes Paris–Orly, Pointe-à-Pitre
Air Europa Madrid
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Air Santo Domingo Anguilla, Tortola
American Airlines Charlotte, Dallas/Fort Worth, Miami, Philadelphia
Avianca Bogotá
Avior Airlines Caracas
Condor Frankfurt
Conviasa Caracas
Copa Airlines Panama City–Tocumen
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, New York–JFK
Eastern Airlines Boston, Miami
Frontier Airlines Miami, Orlando, San Juan
Iberia Madrid
InterCaribbean Airways Havana, Kingston, Providenciales, Santiago de Cuba, Sint Maarten, Tortola
Jetair Caribbean Curaçao
JetBlue Boston, Fort Lauderdale, Newark, New York–JFK, Orlando, San Juan
LASER Airlines Caracas
Nordwind Airlines Seasonal charter: Moscow–Sheremetyevo
Plus Ultra Líneas Aéreas Madrid (begins July 1, 2022)[17]
Sky Cana New York–JFK
Sky High Anguilla, Antigua, Aruba, Bonaire, Curaçao, Kingston, Medellin–JMC, St. Kitts, St. Maarten
Spirit Airlines Fort Lauderdale, Miami, Orlando
Sunrise Airways Port-au-Prince
Turpial Airlines Valencia (VE)
United Airlines Newark, Washington–Dulles
Venezolana Caracas
Wingo Bogotá, Medellin–JMC (begins March 28, 2022)

Cargo[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
Amerijet International[18] Miami, Punta Cana
UPS Airlines[19] Miami, Louisville

Statistics[edit]

Annual passenger traffic at SDQ airport. See source Wikidata query.
Top Routes from Las Américas
(2019)
[20]
Rank City Passengers Carriers
1 United States New York-JFK 959,951 Delta Air Lines, JetBlue
2 United States Miami 441,987 American Airlines, Spirit Airlines
3 United States Newark 429,160 United Airlines, JetBlue
4 Spain Madrid 387,576 Air Europa, Iberia
5 Panama Panama City 320,322 Copa Airlines
6 United States Fort Lauderdale 240,830 JetBlue, Spirit Airlines
7 Puerto Rico San Juan 224,242 JetBlue
8 United States Orlando 200,725 JetBlue
9 United States Boston 162,231 JetBlue
10 United States Atlanta 129,653 Delta Airlines
11 Venezuela Caracas 118,324 Avior Airlines, Conviasa, LASER Airlines, Venezolana
12 Colombia Bogotá 113,215 Avianca, Wingo
13 Mexico Mexico City 60,014 AeroMéxico
14 France Paris (Charles de Gaulle, Orly) 40,988 Air Caraïbes, Air France
15 France Pointe-à-Pitre (Guadeloupe) 29,975 Air Antilles, Air Caraïbes
16 Germany Frankfurt 23,357 Condor
17 Sint Maarten St. Maarten 20,123 InterCaribbean Airways, Sky High, Winair
18 British Virgin Islands Tortola 20,118 Air Santo Domingo, InterCaribbean Airways, Sky High
19 Venezuela Valencia 19,872 Avior Airlines, Turpial Airlines
20 Cuba Santiago de Cuba 16,946 InterCaribbean Airways
21 Cuba Havana 16,773 InterCaribbean Airways, Sunrise Airways
22 Belgium Brussels 13,933 TUI fly Belgium
23 Russia Moscow–Sheremetyevo 13,815 Nordwind Airlines
24 Turks and Caicos Islands Providenciales 13,097 Caicos Express Airways, InterCaribbean Airways
25 Costa Rica San José-Juan Santamaría 12,609 Condor
26 Antigua and Barbuda Antigua 10,825 Sky High
27 Curaçao Curaçao 10,263 Sky High
28 United States Philadelphia 8,877 American Airlines
29 United States Charlotte 6,695 American Airlines
30 Canada Montréal–Trudeau 6,215 Air Transat
31 Italy Milan–Malpensa 6,130 Blue Panorama Airlines
32 Canada Toronto–Pearson 6,031 Air Transat
33 Aruba Aruba 5,176 Sky High
34 Dominica Dominica 4,924 Sky High
35 Anguilla Anguilla 4,376 Air Santo Domingo, Sky High
36 Jamaica Kingston 3,338 InterCaribbean Airways, Sky High
37 United States Dallas/Fort Worth 3,179 American Airlines
38 Saint Kitts and Nevis St. Kitts 2,231 Sky High
39 Bonaire Bonaire 2,109 Sky High
40 Venezuela Barquisimeto 1,792 Venezolana

Accidents and incidents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "BCRD - Estadísticas Económicas". www.bancentral.gov.do. Archived from the original on 2017-02-03. Retrieved 2016-03-17.
  2. ^ http://www.timetableimages.com/ttimages/dl/dl54/dl54-03.jpg
  3. ^ http://www.timetableimages.com/ttimages/dl/dl54/dl54-06.jpg
  4. ^ http://www.timetableimages.com/ttimages/pa/pa56/pa56-20.jpg
  5. ^ http://www.timetableimages.com/ttimages/do1/do60/
  6. ^ http://www.timetableimages.com/ttimages/pa/pa63/pa63-09.jpg
  7. ^ http://www.timetableimages.com/ttimages/rg/rg6205us/rg6205-3.jpg
  8. ^ http://www.timetableimages.com/ttimages/rg/rg6404us/rg6404-3.jpg
  9. ^ Feb. 1, 1976 Official Airline Guide, North American edition, Santo Domingo flight schedules
  10. ^ http://www.timetableimages.com/ttimages/quisque2.htm
  11. ^ Oct. 27, 1996 OAG Pocket Flight Guide, Europe edition, Santo Domingo flight schedules
  12. ^ Oct. 1, 1996 Official Airline Guide, Worldwide edition, Santo Domingo to Bogota and Lima flight schedules
  13. ^ April 7, 1996 OAG Pocket Flight Guide, North American edition, Santo Domingo flight schedules
  14. ^ Oct. 1, 1996 OAG Pocket Flight Guide, North American edition, Santo Domingo flight schedules
  15. ^ "Antonov-225 Delivered Humanitarian Aids to Japan". 2011-03-25. Archived from the original on 2018-04-01. Retrieved 2016-12-08.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  16. ^ "AN-225 Mriya / Super Heavy Transport". Archived from the original on 2018-01-22. Retrieved 2016-12-08.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  17. ^ Nieves Dolande, Rainer. "Plus Ultra to launch new flights to Colombia and Dominican Republic". Aviacionline. Retrieved 18 January 2022.
  18. ^ amerijet.com - Flight schedule retrieved 5 December 2021
  19. ^ aircargo.ups.com - Destinations retrieved 8 December 2021
  20. ^ [https://web.archive.org/web/20190401200126/http://www.jac.gob.do/transparencia/index.php/estadisticas/category/521-4to-trimestre Archived 2019-04-01 at the Wayback Machine
  21. ^ "HI-222 Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 17 August 2010.

External links[edit]

Media related to Las Américas International Airport at Wikimedia Commons