Las Anod

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Las Anod
Laascaanood Somalia
لاس عانود
City of Khaatumo State
Las anod city.jpeg
Nickname(s): Laaska, L.A.
Las Anod is located in Somalia
Las Anod
Las Anod
Location in Somalia
Coordinates: 8°28′29″N 47°21′22″E / 8.4746°N 47.3560°E / 8.4746; 47.3560
State  Somalia
Region Sool
District Las Anod
Government
 • Type District Council
 • Mayor Osman Saleban jama
Elevation 691 m (2,267 ft)
Population (2016)[1]
 • City of Khaatumo State 105 000
 • Urban 151 239
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)

Las Anod (Somali: Laascaanood, Arabic: لاس عانود‎‎) is the administrative capital of the northern Sool region of Somalia.[2] The city was part of the Dervish State until 1921, when it was incorporated into the former British Somalia protectorate.

History[edit]

During the pre-independence period, Las Anod served as an early center for Mohammed Abdullah Hassan's Dervish resistance.

Shops in Las Anod.

On October 15, 1969, while paying a visit to the city, Somalia's then President Abdirashid Ali Shermarke was shot dead by one of his own bodyguards. His assassination was quickly followed by a military coup d'état on October 21, 1969 (the day after his funeral), in which the Somali Army seized power without encountering armed opposition — essentially a bloodless takeover. The putsch was spearheaded by Major General Mohamed Siad Barre, who at the time commanded the army.[3][4] Large protests have also been staged in the city against visiting delegations from Somaliland.[5] Additionally, the Puntland authorities have condemned the occupation and demanded that Somaliland withdraw its troops.[6]

Geography[edit]

Las Anod is strategically positioned along trade routes in northwestern Somalia. The city is almost surrounded by hills and has considerable water resources, the latter of which makes it a prime destination for peoples from other parts of generally arid Somalia as well as from neighboring countries such as Djibouti and Ethiopia.

Demographics[edit]

According to the UNDP Las Anod has a population of around 75,436 inhabitants.[1] The city is primarily inhabited by people from the Somali ethnic group, with the Dhulbahante sub-clan of the Darod well-represented.[7]

Education[edit]

Las Anod has various primary schools which are private and Public. Currently there are 6 Primary Schools in the city of Las Anod; Golkhatumo, Gateway, Abyan, Ilays, Imamu Shafi and Sool primary schools.

Secondary school education is provided by Ilays Educational Academy, Muse Yusuf and Nugaal High Schools.[8] Founded in 2004, Nugaal University (NU) is the first post-secondary institution of higher learning to be established in the area. The first group of four-year Nugaal University students graduated in September 2009. Also there are Ilays National University and Gollis University both established in Las Anod in 2015.

Manhal Hospital

There are also a number of academic institutions in Las Anod which provide diverse education services such as Sool Institute of Heath Sciences (SIHS), Al-Furqan Islamic Institute, Sahal software College, Future Technology Center etc.

Economy[edit]

Las Anod's economy is mainly centered on pastoralism and communications, with some additional retail trade. The area around the city is rich in livestock, while mobile phone and money transfer services provide almost 40% of tax revenues.

The main telecommunication services available in Las Anod are operated by Telesom, Somtel and Golis Telecom Somalia, among other companies. Several Somali banks also have branches in Las Anod such as Salaam Bank, Amal Bank, Dara-Salaam Bank and Dahabshiil Bank.

Landmarks and services[edit]

Las Anod Airport offers air transportation to local residents. The city also has a general hospital, the Las Anod Hospital, which was opened in 1958. There is also a privately operated hospital called Manhal, established in 2010.

In addition, the Las Anod features several landmarks. Among these sites are Goolad, Dhiif Hotel,Laba Qow,Geedka Jacaylka, Masjid Jama, Ataash Hotel, Royal, Hotel Hamdi, Durdurka, Darayda, Abdi Bille Football Stadium, Hills of Hilble, and Hills of Sayidka.

Masjid Jama

Media[edit]

Radio Laascaanood is the main radio station operating in the Sool region from Las Anod.

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Regions, districts, and their populations: Somalia 2005 (draft)" (PDF). UNDP. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  2. ^ Regions of Somalia
  3. ^ Moshe Y. Sachs, Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations, Volume 2, (Worldmark Press: 1988), p.290.
  4. ^ "Somalia: Somaliland forces fire on civilians in Las Anod, 1 killed" Garowe Online 7 November 2007
  5. ^ "Somalia: Protests in Las Anod against visiting Somaliland ministers" Garowe Online 21 October 2007, from Internet Archive
  6. ^ Somalia: Puntland leader warns of 'new civil war' as Somaliland forces attack Buhodle
  7. ^ Roble, Faisal (22 October 2007) "Somaliland: Is Invading Los Anod Part of Creating 'New Reality on the Ground'"? WardheerNews.Com
  8. ^ "Ilays National University". Ilays Educational Academy. Retrieved 29 January 2015. [dead link]