Las Marías, Puerto Rico

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Las Marías

Municipio de Las Marías
Town and Municipality
Sign for Las Marías on Puerto Rico Highway 129
Sign for Las Marías on Puerto Rico Highway 129
Flag of Las Marías
Flag
Nicknames: 
"Pueblo de la China Dulce", "Ciudad de los Cítricos"
Anthem: "Por tus montes y tus aguas cristalinas"
Map of Puerto Rico highlighting Las Marías Municipality
Map of Puerto Rico highlighting Las Marías Municipality
Coordinates: 18°15′5″N 66°59′36″W / 18.25139°N 66.99333°W / 18.25139; -66.99333Coordinates: 18°15′5″N 66°59′36″W / 18.25139°N 66.99333°W / 18.25139; -66.99333
Commonwealth Puerto Rico
Founded1871
Barrios
Government
 • MayorEdwin Soto Santiago (NPP)
 • Senatorial dist.4 - Mayagüez
 • Representative dist.16
Area
 • Total46.51 sq mi (120.5 km2)
 • Land46.36 sq mi (120.1 km2)
 • Water.11 sq mi (0.3 km2)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total9,881
 • Density210/sq mi (82/km2)
Demonym(s)Marieños
Time zoneUTC−4 (AST)
ZIP Code
00670
Area code(s)787/939
Major routesPR secondary 106.svg PR secondary 108.svg PR secondary 119.svg PR secondary 120.svg PR secondary 124.svg

Las Marías (Spanish pronunciation: [las maˈrias]) is a municipality of Puerto Rico located north of Maricao; southeast of Añasco; south of San Sebastián; east of Mayagüez; and west of Lares. Las Marías is spread over 13 barrios and Las Marías Pueblo (the downtown area and the administrative center of the city).

History[edit]

Las Marías was founded on July 1, 1871. Don Benito Recio and Moreno were the acting mayor during the founding of Las Marías.

Puerto Rico was ceded by Spain in the aftermath of the Spanish-American War under the terms of the Treaty of Paris of 1898 and became a territory of the United States. in 1899, the United States conducted its first census of Puerto Rico finding that the population of Las Marías was 11,279.[1]

Hurricane Maria on September 20, 2017 triggered numerous landslides in Las Marías. In some areas of Las Marías there were more than 25 landslides per square mile due to the significant amount of rainfall.[2][3]

Geography[edit]

Las Marías is located on the central western side of Puerto Rico. According to the 2010 U.S. Census Bureau, the municipality has a total area of 46.51 square miles (120.5 km2), of which 46.36 square miles (120.1 km2) is land and 0.11 square mile (0.28 km2) is water.[4]

Río Grande de Añasco (also known as Río Guacio) is located in Las Marías.

Barrios[edit]

Subdivisions of Las Marías

Like all municipalities of Puerto Rico, Las Marías is subdivided into barrios. The municipal buildings, central square and large Catholic church are located near the center of the municipality, in a small barrio referred to as "el pueblo".[5][6][7][8]

Sectors[edit]

Barrios (which are like minor civil divisions)[9] in turn are further subdivided into smaller local populated place areas/units called sectores (sectors in English). The types of sectores may vary, from normally sector to urbanización to reparto to barriada to residencial, among others.[10][11][12]

Special Communities[edit]

Comunidades Especiales de Puerto Rico (Special Communities of Puerto Rico) are marginalized communities whose citizens are experiencing a certain amount of social exclusion. A map shows these communities occur in nearly every municipality of the commonwealth. Of the 742 places that were on the list in 2014, the following 7 sectors were in Adjuntas: Sector La Josefa in Bucarabones, Sector Bryan in Cerróte, Sector Chamorro in Cerróte, Sector Palo Prieto in Palma Escrita, Sector Plato Indio in Río Cañas, Las Juanitas in Furnias, and Sector Santa Rosa in Furnias.[13][14]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
190011,279
191010,046−10.9%
192010,7366.9%
19308,881−17.3%
19409,6268.4%
195010,80712.3%
19609,237−14.5%
19707,841−15.1%
19808,74711.6%
19909,3066.4%
200011,06118.9%
20109,881−10.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[15]
1899 (shown as 1900)[16] 1910-1930[17]
1930-1950[18] 1960-2000[19] 2010[7]

Tourism[edit]

Paradise Camping Coffee Farm is a place for ecotourism and camping in Las Marías.[20]

Landmarks and places of interest[edit]

  • Barrietos Cavern
  • Fronteras Hacienda
  • Planell Hacienda
  • Rullán Hacienda
  • San Calisto Hacienda
  • San Carlos Plaza
  • Paco Gaztambide Sugar Mill Ruins
  • Las Canadindias

Economy[edit]

Agriculture[edit]

  • Agriculture: bananas, coffee, and citrus.

Industry[edit]

  • Manufacturing: clothing.

Culture[edit]

Festivals and events[edit]

Las Marías celebrates its patron saint festival in December. The Fiestas Patronales Inmaculada Concepción de María is a religious and cultural celebration that generally features parades, games, artisans, amusement rides, regional food, and live entertainment.[4][21]

Other festivals and events celebrated in Las Marías include:

  • January - Three King's Festival
  • March - Orange Festival (Festival de las Chinas). At the 2019 festival, a big name band, El Gran Combo performed at the festival, and a group of trobadours from Cuba performed with local Puerto Rican trobadours.[22][23]
  • March - Festival to commemorate the founding of Las Marías (Festival de Las Marías)[22]

Government[edit]

Like all municipalities in Puerto Rico, Las Marías is administered by a mayor. The current mayor is Edwin Soto Santiago, from the New Progressive Party (PNP). Soto Santiago was elected during the 2016 general election, having previously served office from 1997 to 2013.

The municipality belongs to the Puerto Rico Senatorial District IV, which is represented by two Senators. In 2016, Luis Daniel Muñiz Cortés and Evelyn Vázquez were elected as District Senators.[24]

Transportation[edit]

There are 13 bridges in Las Marías.[25]

Symbols[edit]

Flag[edit]

The flag is divided by an imaginary diagonal line whose ends are the upper left angle of the flag and the opposite lower angle. The upper part is yellow and the lower half is green. The yellow portion represents the sun bathing the town and the green portion represents the nature and vegetation of the municipality.[4][26]

Coat of arms[edit]

The shield is divided into six parts with three in silver and three in blue. A "María" tree (Callophylum brasiliense antillum), with a pair of coffee tree branches to the sides of its trunk, adorns each silver part. The monogram and crown of Nuestra Señora la Santísima Virgen de Plata is placed in the top center portion of the shield. The shield's border is red with a broken chain at the bottom. Above the shield resides three tower crown in gold.[4][26]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Joseph Prentiss Sanger; Henry Gannett; Walter Francis Willcox (1900). Informe sobre el censo de Puerto Rico, 1899, United States. War Dept. Porto Rico Census Office (in Spanish). Imprenta del gobierno. p. 164. Archived from the original on 2012-11-15. Retrieved 2020-03-21.
  2. ^ "Preliminary Locations of Landslide Impacts from Hurricane Maria, Puerto Rico". USGS Landslide Hazards Program. USGS. Archived from the original on 2019-03-03. Retrieved 2019-03-03.
  3. ^ "Preliminary Locations of Landslide Impacts from Hurricane Maria, Puerto Rico" (PDF). USGS Landslide Hazards Program. USGS. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2019-03-03. Retrieved 2019-03-03.
  4. ^ a b c d "Las Marías Municipality". enciclopediapr.org. Fundación Puertorriqueña de las Humanidades (FPH).
  5. ^ Picó, Rafael; Buitrago de Santiago, Zayda; Berrios, Hector H. Nueva geografía de Puerto Rico: física, económica, y social, por Rafael Picó. Con la colaboración de Zayda Buitrago de Santiago y Héctor H. Berrios. San Juan Editorial Universitaria, Universidad de Puerto Rico,1969. Archived from the original on 2018-12-26. Retrieved 2018-12-28.
  6. ^ Gwillim Law (20 May 2015). Administrative Subdivisions of Countries: A Comprehensive World Reference, 1900 through 1998. McFarland. p. 300. ISBN 978-1-4766-0447-3. Retrieved 25 December 2018.
  7. ^ a b Puerto Rico:2010:population and housing unit counts.pdf (PDF). U.S. Dept. of Commerce Economics and Statistics Administration U.S. Census Bureau. 2010. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2017-02-20. Retrieved 2018-12-28.
  8. ^ "Map of Las Marías at the Wayback Machine" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-03-24. Retrieved 2018-12-29.
  9. ^ "US Census Barrio-Pueblo definition". factfinder.com. US Census. Archived from the original on 13 May 2017. Retrieved 5 January 2019.
  10. ^ "Agencia: Oficina del Coordinador General para el Financiamiento Socioeconómico y la Autogestión (Proposed 2016 Budget)". Puerto Rico Budgets (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 28 June 2019. Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  11. ^ Rivera Quintero, Marcia (2014), El vuelo de la esperanza: Proyecto de las Comunidades Especiales Puerto Rico, 1997-2004 (first ed.), San Juan, Puerto Rico Fundación Sila M. Calderón, ISBN 978-0-9820806-1-0
  12. ^ "Leyes del 2001". Lex Juris Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 14 September 2018. Retrieved 24 June 2020.
  13. ^ Rivera Quintero, Marcia (2014), El vuelo de la esperanza: Proyecto de las Comunidades Especiales Puerto Rico, 1997-2004 (1st ed.), San Juan, Puerto Rico Fundación Sila M. Calderón, p. 273, ISBN 978-0-9820806-1-0
  14. ^ "Comunidades Especiales de Puerto Rico" (in Spanish). 8 August 2011. Archived from the original on 24 June 2019. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  15. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  16. ^ "Report of the Census of Porto Rico 1899". War Department Office Director Census of Porto Rico. Archived from the original on July 16, 2017. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  17. ^ "Table 3-Population of Municipalities: 1930 1920 and 1910" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on August 17, 2017. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  18. ^ "Table 4-Area and Population of Municipalities Urban and Rural: 1930 to 1950" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on August 30, 2015. Retrieved September 21, 2014.
  19. ^ "Table 2 Population and Housing Units: 1960 to 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on July 24, 2017. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  20. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2019-07-11. Retrieved 2019-07-06.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  21. ^ "Puerto Rico Festivales, Eventos y Actividades en Puerto Rico". Puerto Rico Hoteles y Paradores (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2020-02-26. Retrieved 2020-07-17.
  22. ^ a b Rí, Melissa Cruz; Vocero, El (16 March 2019). "Descubre Las Marías el pueblo de la china". El Vocero de Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 17 August 2019. Retrieved 17 August 2019.
  23. ^ "Cancelación de eventos por coronavirus". Primera Hora (in Spanish). 2020-03-13. Archived from the original on 2020-07-18. Retrieved 2020-07-18.
  24. ^ Elecciones Generales 2012: Escrutinio General Archived 2013-01-15 at the Wayback Machine on CEEPUR
  25. ^ "Las Marías Bridges". National Bridge Inventory Data. US Dept. of Transportation. Archived from the original on 21 February 2019. Retrieved 20 February 2019.
  26. ^ a b "LAS MARIAS". LexJuris (Leyes y Jurisprudencia) de Puerto Rico (in Spanish). 19 February 2020. Archived from the original on 19 February 2020. Retrieved 17 September 2020.