Las Minas, Veracruz

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Las Minas
Municipality
Las Minas is located in Mexico
Las Minas
Las Minas
Location in Mexico
Coordinates: 19°41′29″N 97°08′48″W / 19.69139°N 97.14667°W / 19.69139; -97.14667Coordinates: 19°41′29″N 97°08′48″W / 19.69139°N 97.14667°W / 19.69139; -97.14667[1]
Country  Mexico
State  Veracruz
Established 1 December 1868
Seat Las Minas
Government[2]
 • President María Magdalena Hernández Condado
Area[3]
 • Total 51.157 km2 (19.752 sq mi)
Elevation[1] (of seat) 1,327 m (4,354 ft)
Population (2010 Census)[3]
 • Total 2,897
 • Estimate (2015 Intercensal Survey)[4] 2,920
 • Density 57/km2 (150/sq mi)
 • Seat 3,871
Time zone UTC-6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (Central)
Postal code 93740[5]
Area code 282
Website Official website

Las Minas (Spanish: "the mines") is a municipality in the Mexican state of Veracruz, located 28 kilometres (17 mi) northeast of the state capital Xalapa.[2]

Geography[edit]

The municipality of Las Minas is located in central Veracruz at an altitude between 700 and 2,400 metres (2,300–7,900 ft). It borders the municipalities of Altotonga to the west and north, Tatatila to the east, Las Vigas de Ramírez to the south, and Villa Aldama to the southwest.[6] The municipality covers an area of 51.157 square kilometres (19.752 sq mi)[3] and comprises 0.1% of the state's area.[4]

The land in Las Minas is mostly either forested (47%) or used as farmland (46%).[6] The municipality is located in the Nautla River basin and the main stem of the Nautla flows through it from south to north. Known as the arroyo Borregos as it enters the municipality, it changes its name to the Trinidad River as it flows past the hydroelectric plant near the municipal seat, and then becomes the Bobos River as its course bends northwest on the municipality's border with Tatatila.[7]

Las Minas's climate is generally temperate and humid. Average temperatures in the municipality range between 12 and 20 °C (54–68 °F), and average annual precipitation ranges between 1,100 and 1,600 millimetres (43–63 in).[6]

History[edit]

The original name for the area was Zomelahuacan (Nahuatl: "slippery place of elderberries").[2] The discovery of rich mineral deposits in the area of Zomelahuacan and Tatatila dates back to 1680 and gold and copper mining took place in the 18th and 19th centuries.[2][10] In 1803 the town of Las Minas de Zomelahuacan was founded; its name was eventually shortened to Las Minas.[2]

On 1 December 1868, Las Minas became a municipality in the canton of Jalacingo in the state of Veracruz. On 28 October 1881 it was separated from Jalacingo and attached to the canton of Xalapa. It became a free municipality on 15 January 1918.[11]

Administration[edit]

The municipal government comprises a president, a councillor (Spanish: síndico), and a trustee (regidor).[2] The current president of the municipality is María Magdalena Hernández Condado.[12]

Demographics[edit]

In the 2010 Mexican Census, the municipality of Las Minas recorded a population of 2897 inhabitants living in 614 households.[13] The 2015 Intercensal Survey estimated a population of 2920 inhabitants in Las Minas, including 4.45% who reported being of Indigenous ancestry.[4]

There are 12 localities in the municipality,[1] of which only the municipal seat, also called Las Minas, is classified as urban. It recorded a population of 235 inhabitants in the 2010 Census.[13]

Economy and infrastructure[edit]

The main economic activity in Las Minas is farming. Corn, beans and coffee are the main crops grown, and pastures are maintained for the grazing of goats and sheep.[14] Mineral exploration in the area is ongoing as of 2018.[15] The Las Minas hydroelectric plant is located near the municipal seat and has a capacity of 15 MW.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Sistema Nacional de Información Municipal" (in Spanish). SEGOB. 2010. Retrieved 27 February 2018. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Las Minas". Enciclopedia de los Municipios y Delegaciones de México (in Spanish). INAFED. Retrieved 27 February 2018. 
  3. ^ a b c "Las Minas: Datos generales". Cédulas de información municipal (in Spanish). SEDESOL. 2013. Retrieved 27 February 2018. 
  4. ^ a b c Panorama sociodemográfico de Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave 2015 (PDF) (in Spanish). INEGI. 2016. p. 220. ISBN 978-607-739-871-4. Retrieved 27 February 2018. 
  5. ^ "Consulta Códigos Postales". Catálogo Nacional de Códigos Postales. Mexican Postal Service. 23 February 2018. Retrieved 27 February 2018. 
  6. ^ a b c "Compendio de Información Geográfica Municipal 2010: Las Minas, Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave" (in Spanish). INEGI. Retrieved 27 February 2018. 
  7. ^ a b "Hidrología" (PDF). Atlas del patrimonio natural, histórico y cultural de Veracruz (in Spanish). 1. Government of Veracruz. 2010. pp. 100–101. 
  8. ^ "NORMALES CLIMATOLÓGICAS" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico National. Retrieved 27 February 2018. 
  9. ^ "NORMALES CLIMATOLÓGICAS" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico National. Retrieved 27 February 2018. 
  10. ^ "Panorama Minero del Estado de Veracruz" (PDF) (in Spanish). Mexican Geological Survey. December 2016. p. 2. Retrieved 27 February 2018. 
  11. ^ Estado de Veracruz-Llave. División Territorial de 1810 a 1995 (PDF) (in Spanish). Mexico: INEGI. 1996. pp. 112, 218. ISBN 970-13-1517-0. 
  12. ^ Rasgado, Gabriela (5 June 2017). "Así quedan las alcaldías para las mujeres en Veracruz". Presencia.MX (in Spanish). Retrieved 27 February 2018. 
  13. ^ a b "Resumen municipal: Municipio de Las Minas". Catálogo de Localidades (in Spanish). SEDESOL. Retrieved 27 February 2018. 
  14. ^ "Plan Municipal de Desarrollo 2014–2017" (PDF) (in Spanish). Municipal council of Las Minas, Veracruz. p. 17. Retrieved 27 February 2018. 
  15. ^ "Las Minas - Overview". Mexican Gold Corp. Retrieved 27 February 2018.