Lascelles Abercrombie

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Lascelles Abercrombie
Born(1881-01-09)9 January 1881[1]
Ashton upon Mersey, Sale, Cheshire, England, UK
Died27 October 1938(1938-10-27) (aged 57)
London, England, UK
OccupationJournalist, lecturer
Alma materMalvern College, Owens College

Lascelles Abercrombie, FBA (9 January 1881 – 27 October 1938)[1] was a British poet and literary critic, one of the "Dymock poets". After the First World War he worked as a professor of English literature in a number of English universities, writing principally on the theory of literature.

Biography[edit]

Abercrombie was born in Ashton upon Mersey, Sale, Cheshire.[2] He was educated at Malvern College,[3] and at Owens College, Manchester.[1]

Before the First World War, he lived for a time at Dymock in Gloucestershire, part of a community of poets, including Robert Frost, and often visited by Rupert Brooke, and Edward Thomas. These were known as the Georgian Poets. During these early years, he earned his living reviewing books, and started his poetry writing. His first book, Interludes and Poems (1908), was followed by Mary and the Bramble (1910) and the play Deborah, and later by Emblems of Love (1912) and Speculative Dialogues (1913). His critical works include An Essay Towards a Theory of Art (1922), and Poetry, Its Music and Meaning (1932). Collected Poems (1930) was followed by The Sale of St. Thomas (1930), a dramatic poem.[1]

During World War I, he served as a munitions examiner, after which, he was appointed to the first lectureship in poetry at the University of Liverpool.[1] In 1922 he was appointed Professor of English at the University of Leeds in preference to J. R. R. Tolkien, with whom he shared, as author of The Epic (1914), a professional interest in heroic poetry.[4] In 1929 he moved on to the University of London, and in 1935 to the prestigious Goldsmiths' Readership at the University of Oxford,[2] where he was elected as a Fellow of Merton College.[5] He wrote a series of works on the nature of poetry, including The Idea of Great Poetry (1925) and Romanticism (1926). He published several volumes of original verse, largely metaphysical poems in dramatic form, and a number of verse plays. Abercrombie also contributed to Georgian Poetry and several of his verse plays appeared in New Numbers (1914).[6] His poems and plays were collected in 'Poems' (1930).[2][7]

Lascelles Abercrombie suffered in his later years from serious diabetes, and died in London in 1938, aged 57.[1]

At the end of the Second World War, it was discovered that despite his death Abercrombie's name had been mistakenly included in "The Black Book" or Sonderfahndungsliste G.B. list of Britons who were to be arrested in the event of a Nazi invasion of Britain.[8]

Family[edit]

Abercrombie was the brother of architect and noted town planner Patrick Abercrombie. In 1909 he married Catherine Gwatkin (1881–1968) of Grange-over-Sands. They had 4 children, a daughter and three sons. Two of the sons achieved prominence, David Abercrombie as a phonetician and Michael Abercrombie as a cell biologist.[9] Latter's son Nicholas Abercrombie is a sociologist. A grandson, Jeffrey Cooper, produced an admirable bibliography of his grandfather, with brief but important notes, while a great-grandson is author Joe Abercrombie.[10][11]

Poetry and Plays[edit]

Abercrombie's poetry consists very largely of long poems in blank verse, mainly in dramatic form. They treat the extremes of imagined rather than actual experience, from ecstasy to anguish and malice, with little in between, in poetry full of sharp, gem-like imagery and generally rugged in sound and meter. Admired for a time by good judges such as Charles Williams, Oliver Elton and Una Ellis-Fermor, and respected by his fellow 'Georgian' poets, it was never popular, and by the late twenties seemed utterly out of date.

His 'Four Short Plays' of 1922 have fared better and still receive some attention, particularly 'The Staircase', because of their more realistic characters and setting. They compare favourably to the poetic plays of the other Georgian poets, such as John Drinkwater and John Masefield.

Archives[edit]

A collection of literary and other manuscripts relating to Abercrombie is held by Special Collections in the Brotherton Library at the University of Leeds.[12] The collection contains drafts of many of Abercrombie's own publications and literary material; lecture notes, including those of his own lectures and some notes taken from the lectures of others, and a printed order of service for his Memorial Service in 1938.[13]

Special Collections in the Brotherton Library also holds correspondence relating to Lascelles Abercrombie and his family.[14] Comprising 105 letters, the collection contains letters of condolence to Catherine and Ralph Abercrombie on the death of Lascelles, as well as Abercrombie family letters from various correspondents, chiefly to Ralph Abercrombie.

Works[edit]

Title Year Description
Interludes and Poems 1908[1] Book of poems
"Mary and the Bramble" 1910[1] Poem
Deborah[1] Play
Emblems of Love 1912[1] Sequence of poems
Speculative Dialogues 1913[1] Work of prose
The End of the World 1914[15] Play
An Essay Towards a Theory of Art 1922[1] Works related to this work and an edition of this work itself available at Wikisource
The Theory of Poetry 1924 Essay
The Idea of Great Poetry 1925 Essay
Poetry, Its Music and Meaning 1932[1] Book
Collected Poems 1930[1] Book of poems
"The Sale of St. Thomas" 1930[1] Poem

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Hoiberg, Dale H., ed. (2010). "Abercrombie, Lascelles". Encyclopædia Britannica. I: A-ak Bayes (15th ed.). Chicago, Illinois: Encyclopædia Britannica Inc. pp. 27. ISBN 978-1-59339-837-8.
  2. ^ a b c Thorne, J. O. and Collocott, T. C., eds. (1984). Chambers Biographical Dictionary, revised ed. (Chambers), p. 4; ISBN 0-550-18022-2; accessed 5 May 2014.
  3. ^ Merriam-Webster's Encyclopedia of Literature (1995) Merriam-Webster Inc. p. 3; ISBN 978-0-87779-042-6.
  4. ^ Humphrey Carpenter, J.R.R. Tolkien: A Biography, 1977, p. 114.
  5. ^ Levens, R.G.C., ed. (1964). Merton College Register 1900-1964. Oxford: Basil Blackwell. p. 261.
  6. ^ The Oxford Companion to English Literature, 6th Edition. Edited by Margaret Drabble, Oxford University Press, 2000 p.2
  7. ^ Cooper, Jeffrey, ed. (2004). Lascelles Abercrombie, 1881–1938: Towards a Complete Checklist of his Publications. Blackburn: White Sheep Press. ISBN 0-9548682-0-X.
  8. ^ "Hitler's Black Book - information for Lascelles Abercrombie". Forces-war-records.co.uk. Retrieved 9 November 2019.
  9. ^ Elton, Oliver (2004). "Abercrombie, Lascelles (1881–1938)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 7 August 2016.
  10. ^ Index entry for Lascelles Abercrombie at Poets' Corner; accessed 5 May 2014.
  11. ^ Dymock Poets Archive Archived 21 May 2009 at the Wayback Machine, resources.glos.ac.uk; accessed 5 May 2014.
  12. ^ "Collection guides". Special Collections. Leeds University Library. Retrieved 3 April 2017.
  13. ^ "Lascelles Abercrombie manuscripts". Special Collections. Leeds University Library. Retrieved 3 April 2017.
  14. ^ "Ralph Abercrombie correspondence". Special Collections. Leeds University Library. Retrieved 3 April 2017.
  15. ^ "Lascelles Abercrombie". Great War Theatre. Retrieved 17 August 2019.

External links[edit]