Laser ablation synthesis in solution
In the LASiS method, nanoparticles are produced during the condensation of a plasma plume formed by the laser ablation of a bulk metal plate dipped in a liquid solution. LASiS is usually considered a top-down physical approach. In the past years, laser ablation synthesis in solution (LASiS) emerged as a reliable alternative to traditional chemical reduction methods for obtaining noble metal nanoparticles (NMNp).
LASiS is a technique for the synthesis of stable NMNp in water or in organic solvents, which does not need stabilizing molecules or other chemicals. The so obtained NMNp are highly available for further functionalization or can be used wherever unprotected metal nanoparticles are desired.
Surface functionalization of NMNp can be monitored in real time by UV-visible spectroscopy of the plasmon resonance. However, LASiS has some limitations in the size control of NMNp, which can be overcome by laser treatments of NMNp.
- Amendola, Vincenzo; Meneghetti, Moreno (2009). "Laser ablation synthesis in solution and size manipulation of noble metal nanoparticles". Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. 11 (20): 3805. doi:10.1039/b900654k. PMID 19440607.
- Amendola, Vincenzo; Polizzi, Stefano; Meneghetti, Moreno (2006). "Laser Ablation Synthesis of Gold Nanoparticles in Organic Solvents". The Journal of Physical Chemistry B. 110 (14): 7232. doi:10.1021/jp0605092. PMID 16599492.
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