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Martin Green (professor)

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Martin Green
Martin Green in 2015
Martin Green in 2015
Martin Andrew Green

(1948-07-20) 20 July 1948 (age 75)
Brisbane, Australia
Alma mater
Scientific career
ThesisProperties and applications of the metal-insulator-semiconductor (MIS) tunnel diode (1974)
Doctoral advisorJohn Shewchun[1]

Martin Andrew Green AM FRS FAA (born 20 July 1948) is an Australian engineer and professor at the University of New South Wales who works on solar energy.[2][3][4][5][6][7] He was awarded the 2021 Japan Prize for his achievements in the "Development of High-Efficiency Silicon Photovoltaic Devices".[8] He is editor-in-chief of the academic journal Progress in Photovoltaics.[9]


Green was born in Brisbane on 20 July 1948,[10] and was educated at the selective Brisbane State High School, graduated from University of Queensland and completed his PhD on a Commonwealth Scholarship at McMaster University in Canada, where he specialised in solar energy. In 1974, at the University of New South Wales, he initiated the Solar Photovoltaics Group which soon worked on the development of silicon solar cells.[2] The group had their success in the early 80s through producing a 20% efficient silicon cell, which now has been improved to 25%.


Green has published several books on solar cells both for popular science and deep research. The "buried contact solar cell" was developed at UNSW in 1984.[11] Green also served on the Board of the Sydney-based Pacific Solar Pty Ltd (later known as CSG Solar), as Research Director. Green's portrait was painted with fellow scientist Ross Garnaut for the Archibald Prize 2010. The painting was a finalist, losing to a portrait of Tim Minchin.

Awards and honours[edit]

Green has received several awards including:

His nomination for the Royal Society reads:

Professor Green is cited for his extensive and distinguished contributions to photovoltaic science and technology. These include identifying the fundamental limits upon silicon solar cell performance and then leading his team to demonstrate experimental devices approaching this limit, with 25% cell efficiency now demonstrated. This is over 50% relatively higher in performance than at the beginning of his work. He has also developed innovative commercial versions of these high performance devices and pioneered the field of "third generation" photovoltaics, investigating advanced photovoltaic device concepts targeting Carnot-like solar conversion efficiencies.[15][dead link]


  1. ^ Green, M. A.; Shewchun, J. (1974). "Current multiplication in metal-insulator-semiconductor (MIS) tunnel diodes". Solid-State Electronics. 17 (4): 349. Bibcode:1974SSEle..17..349G. doi:10.1016/0038-1101(74)90127-0.
  2. ^ a b Wolfe, Philip (22 May 2018). The Solar Generation. Wiley - IEEE. pp. 157, 258. ISBN 9781119425588.
  3. ^ Martin Green's publications indexed by the Scopus bibliographic database. (subscription required)
  4. ^ Green, M. A.; Emery, K.; Hishikawa, Y.; Warta, W.; Dunlop, E. D. (2012). "Solar cell efficiency tables (version 39)". Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications. 20: 12–20. doi:10.1002/pip.2163. S2CID 97769917.
  5. ^ Zhao, J.; Wang, A.; Green, M. A.; Ferrazza, F. (1998). "19.8% efficient "honeycomb" textured multicrystalline and 24.4% monocrystalline silicon solar cells". Applied Physics Letters. 73 (14): 1991. Bibcode:1998ApPhL..73.1991Z. doi:10.1063/1.122345.
  6. ^ Pillai, S.; Catchpole, K. R.; Trupke, T.; Green, M. A. (2007). "Surface plasmon enhanced silicon solar cells" (PDF). Journal of Applied Physics. 101 (9): 093105–093105–8. Bibcode:2007JAP...101i3105P. doi:10.1063/1.2734885. hdl:1885/16942.
  7. ^ Green, M. A.; Emery, K.; Hishikawa, Y.; Warta, W. (2011). "Solar cell efficiency tables (version 37)". Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications. 19: 84–92. doi:10.1002/pip.1088. S2CID 97915368.
  8. ^ "The Japan Prize Foundation". www.japanprize.jp.
  9. ^ Progress in Photovoltaics, Editorial Board. Retrieved 19 February 2015.
  10. ^ "GREEN, Prof. Martin Andrew". Who's Who 2014, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc, 2014; online edn, Oxford University Press.(subscription required)
  11. ^ http://gcep.stanford.edu/pdfs/QeJ5maLQQrugiSYMF3ATDA/2.2.6.green_06.pdf [bare URL PDF]
  12. ^ Biography on Right Livelihood Award Archived 31 August 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  13. ^ "Zayed Future Energy Prize - 2009 PRESS RELEASES". Archived from the original on 16 June 2010. Retrieved 8 June 2010.
  14. ^ "Royal Fellowship for Australian scientists | Australian Academy of Science". www.science.org.au. Retrieved 26 October 2022.
  15. ^ a b "Martin Green | Royal Society". royalsociety.org.
  16. ^ "2016 awardees | Australian Academy of Science". www.science.org.au. Retrieved 26 October 2022.
  17. ^ Jones, Rachael (10 June 2018). "Sydney professor becomes first Australian to win prestigious Global Energy Prize". ABC News. Retrieved 26 October 2022.
  18. ^ "Fellows update—February 2021 | Australian Academy of Science". www.science.org.au. Retrieved 26 October 2022.
  19. ^ O'Malley, Nick (25 October 2022). "NSW professor wins world's best technology prize". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 26 October 2022.
  20. ^ Templeton, Louise (26 October 2022). "UNSW Sydney solar pioneer wins Europe's biggest technology innovation prize". UNSW Newsroom. Retrieved 25 October 2022.
  21. ^ "PERC Solar Photovoltaic Technology". Queen Elizabeth Prize for Engineering. Retrieved 8 October 2023.
  22. ^ Nhu, Quynh (21 December 2023). "Battery researchers win $3M Vietnamese awards". VnExpress.

External links[edit]