Lasiodiplodia theobromae is a plant pathogen with a very wide host range. It causes rotting and dieback in most species it infects. It is a common post harvest fungus disease of citrus known as stem-end rot. It is a cause of bot canker of grapevine. It also infects Caesalpinia sappan, a species of flowering tree also known as Sappanwood.
It has been implicated in the widespread mortality of Baobab (Adansonia digitata) trees in Southern Africa. A preliminary study found the deaths to have a complex set of causes requiring detailed research. 
- Index Fungorum
- USDA ARS Fungal Database
- "Mycology Online | Lasiodiplodia theobromae". mycology.adelaide.edu.au. Retrieved 2014-04-29.
- Identification and Pathogenicity of Lasiodiplodia theobromae and Diplodia seriata, the Causal Agents of Bot Canker Disease of Grapevines in Mexico. J. R. Úrbez-Torres, G. M. Leavitt, J. C. Guerrero, J. Guevara and W. D. Gubler, Plant Disease, April 2008, Volume 92, Number 4, pages 519-529, doi:10.1094/PDIS-92-4-0519
- Mycology Online - Lasiodiplodia theobromae
- "Subcutaneous phaeohyphomycosis caused by Lasiodipl... [Med Mycol. 2004] - PubMed - NCBI". ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. Retrieved 2014-04-29.
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