Last surviving United States war veterans

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A photograph of Lemuel Cook (1759–1866) published in The Last Men of the Revolution, one of the last official veterans of the American Revolutionary War who enlisted in the 2nd Continental Light Dragoons, Continental Army.

This is an incomplete list of the last surviving veterans of American wars. The last surviving veteran of any particular war, upon their death, marks the end of a historic era. Exactly who is the last surviving veteran is often an issue of contention, especially with records from long-ago wars. The "last man standing" was often very young at the time of enlistment and in many cases had lied about his age to gain entry into the service, which confuses matters further.

17th Century[edit]

American Indian Wars (1622–1774)[edit]

18th Century[edit]

French and Indian War (1754–1763)[edit]

  • John Owen (1741–1843) — British Army. Enlisted in 1758. Also fought in the Revolutionary War.[4][5]
  • Jonathan Benjamin (1738–1841) — British Army. Also fought in the Revolutionary War.[6]
The book The Last Men of the Revolution (1864), compiled by Rev. E. B. Hillard and published by N. A. & R. A. Moore, claimed to include photos and biographies of six of the last surviving Revolutionary War veterans. None of the men interviewed in the book would become the last surviving Revolutionary War veteran but the photos published in the book are some of the few surviving photos of American Revolutionary War veterans.[7]

18th Century[edit]

American Revolutionary War (1775–1783)[edit]

American Indian Wars (1775–1924)[edit]

Shays' Rebellion (1786–1787)[edit]

Whiskey Rebellion (1791–1794)[edit]

  • Michael Edwards (1767?–1876) — Pennsylvania State Militia.

19th century[edit]

War of 1812 (1812–1815)[edit]

Toledo War (1835–1836)[edit]

  • Riley Crooks Crawford (1817–1910) — Michigan State Militia.[28][29]

Texas Revolution (1835–1836)[edit]

Bear Flag Revolt (1846)[edit]

Mexican–American War (1846–1848)[edit]

Bleeding Kansas (1854–1861)[edit]

American Civil War (1861–1865)[edit]

Korean Expedition (1871)[edit]

Spanish–American War (1898)[edit]

Second Samoan Civil War (1898–99)[edit]

Banana Wars (1898–1934)[edit]

Boxer Rebellion (1899–1901)[edit]

Philippine–American War (1899–1902)[edit]

20th century[edit]

Border War (1910–1919)[edit]

World War I (1914–1918)[edit]

Pancho Villa Expedition (1916–1917)[edit]

Allied intervention in the Russian Civil War (1918–1925)[edit]

American and other Allied forces were involved in the Polar Bear Expedition which began during World War I and continued into the Russian Civil War

Spanish Civil War (1936–1939)[edit]

World War II (1939–1945)[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  3. ^ Belknap, Jeremy; Farmer, John (1831). The History of New Hampshire. 1. S. C. Stevens and Ela & Wadleigh. p. 209. Retrieved June 25, 2016.
  4. ^ Cotton, Josh (July 22, 2017). "Colonial Intrigue: It's possible that the last surviving veteran of the French & Indian War is buried in Warren". www.timesobserver.com. The Times Observer. Retrieved July 23, 2018.
  5. ^ The American Almanac and Repository of Useful Knowledge for the Year 1844. 15. Gray and Bowen. 1843. p. 328. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
  6. ^ Niles' national register, Volume 61. Cambridge: Harvard University. 1841. p. 192.
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  8. ^ Heitman, Francis Bernard (1982). Historical Register of Officers of the Continental Army During the War of the Revolution, April, 1775, to December, 1783. Genealogical Publishing Com. ISBN 978-0-8063-0176-1.(quoting the Annual Report of the Commissioner of Pensions for 1874: "With the death of Daniel T. Bakeman, of Freedom, Cattaraugus County, N.Y., April 5, 1869, the last of the pensioned soldiers of the Revolution passed away.")
  9. ^ https://www.freep.com/story/news/local/michigan/detroit/2019/05/27/151-years-late-revolutionary-war-vet-honored/1211997001/
  10. ^ https://www.dvidshub.net/news/328819/african-american-revolutionary-war-heros-legacy-diversity-honored-detroit-gravestone-dedication
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  14. ^ Forbes, Charles S. (1917). The Vermonter: The State Magazine. 21-23. Charles S. Forbes. p. 98–99. Retrieved March 16, 2018.
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  21. ^ Oregon Historical Quarterly. 36 (3 ed.). Oregon Historical Society. 1935. p. 299. JSTOR 20610950.
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  30. ^ Blake, Robert Bruce. "ZUBER, WILLIAM PHYSICK". Texas State Historical Society. Retrieved August 15, 2012.
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  35. ^ "Father Time's Roll Call". The American Legion Monthly. Vol. 7 no. 3. Legion Publishing Corporation. 1929. p. 32.
  36. ^ "Next To Last Mexico War Veteran Dead". Reading Times. June 17, 1929. p. 3. Retrieved August 13, 2019.
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  38. ^ Eakin, Joanne Webb Chiles (1993). Branded as rebels: a list of bushwhackers, guerrillas, partisan rangers, confederates and southern sympathizers from Missouri during the war years. J.C. Eakin & D.R. Hale. p. 48. Retrieved May 23, 2019.
  39. ^ "JOHN BROWN COMRADE DIES; J. E. Rastall, a Survivor of Kansas Free State Raiders". newspaper. New York Times. November 27, 1927. p. 25. Retrieved May 23, 2019.
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  46. ^ "Also Served in U.S. Forces in Boxer Rebellion : Spanish-American War Vet Dies at 109". newspaper. Los Angeles Times. December 8, 1985. Retrieved May 30, 2019.
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  48. ^ Everett, Will (April 6, 2007). "World War I veteran". PRI's THE WORLD. Retrieved May 19, 2013.
  49. ^ Courson, Paul (February 28, 2011). "Last living U.S. World War I veteran dies". CNN. Retrieved February 28, 2011.
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  55. ^ Kramer, Andrew (August 14, 2001). "Centarian Is Last Veteran of Only U.S.-Russia War". The St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved November 26, 2010.
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