Last surviving United States war veterans

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This is an incomplete list of the last surviving veterans of American wars. The last surviving veteran of any particular war, upon their death, marks the end of a historic era. Exactly who is the last surviving veteran is often an issue of contention, especially with records from long-ago wars. The "last man standing" was often very young at the time of enlistment and in many cases had lied about his age to gain entry into the service, which confuses matters further.

17th century[edit]

American Indian Wars (1622–1774)[edit]

18th century[edit]

French and Indian War (1754–1763)[edit]

  • John Owen (1741–1843) — British Army. Enlisted in 1758. Also fought in the Revolutionary War.[4][5]
  • Jonathan Benjamin (1738–1841) — British Army. Also fought in the Revolutionary War.[6]
A photograph of Daniel Frederick Bakeman (1759–1869).
A photograph of Lemuel Cook (1759–1866) published in The Last Men of the Revolution, one of the last official veterans of the American Revolutionary War who enlisted in the 2nd Continental Light Dragoons, Continental Army.
The book The Last Men of the Revolution (1864), compiled by Rev. E. B. Hillard and published by N. A. & R. A. Moore, claimed to include photos and biographies of six of the last surviving Revolutionary War veterans. None of the men interviewed in the book would become the last surviving Revolutionary War veteran but the photos published in the book are some of the few surviving photos of American Revolutionary War veterans.[7]

American Revolutionary War (1775–1783)[edit]

  • Daniel Frederick Bakeman (1759–1869) — Continental Army. Last veteran drawing a pension awarded by Congress; granted a pension in 1867 even though he could not prove his service.[8]
  • Elijah Churchill (1755–1841) — Continental Army. Last Badge of Military Merit recipient.
  • Lemuel Cook (1759–1866) — Continental Army. Served with the 2nd Light Dragoons at Brandywine.
  • Samuel Downing (1761–1867) — Continental Army. Fought at Saratoga.[9][10]
  • John Gray (1764–1868) — Continental Army. Last verifiable veteran. Served at Yorktown. Six month service period was too short to qualify for pension.[11] Granted a pension in 1867.
  • James Robinson (1753?–1868) — Continental Army. Claimed last African American veteran. Served at Yorktown and Battle of Brandywine. Awarded Gold Medal of Valor.[12][13][14][15]
  • William Richardson (1765-1873) Served from Age 17 in Border Wars and also in War of 1812. Also listed in 1929 DAR Publication Official Roster Soldiers of the American Revolution Buried in the State of Ohio [p.307][16]
  • Nicholas Gerrit Veeder (1761-1862) New York militiaman[17]

American Indian Wars (1775–1924)[edit]

Shays' Rebellion (1786–1787)[edit]

Whiskey Rebellion (1791–1794)[edit]

19th century[edit]

War of 1812 (1812–1815)[edit]

Toledo War (1835–1836)[edit]

  • Lewis W. Pearl (1815–1914) — Michigan State Militia. Later served in the Mexican-American War and the Civil War.[31][32]

Texas Revolution (1835–1836)[edit]

Dorr Rebellion (1841–1842)[edit]

Bear Flag Revolt (1846)[edit]

Mexican–American War (1846–1848)[edit]

Bleeding Kansas (1854–1861)[edit]

American Civil War (1861–1865)[edit]

Korean Expedition (1871)[edit]

Spanish–American War (1898)[edit]

Second Samoan Civil War (1898–99)[edit]

Banana Wars (1898–1934)[edit]

Boxer Rebellion (1899–1901)[edit]

Philippine–American War (1899–1902)[edit]

20th century[edit]

Border War (1910–1919)[edit]

  • Samuel Goldberg (1900–2006) — U.S. Army.[54]

World War I (1914–1918)[edit]

Pancho Villa Expedition (1916–1917)[edit]

Allied intervention in the Russian Civil War (1918–1925)[edit]

American and other Allied forces were involved in the Polar Bear Expedition which began during World War I and continued into the Russian Civil War

Spanish Civil War (1936–1939)[edit]

World War II (1939–1945)[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  3. ^ Belknap, Jeremy; Farmer, John (1831). The History of New Hampshire. 1. S. C. Stevens and Ela & Wadleigh. p. 209. Retrieved June 25, 2016.
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  5. ^ The American Almanac and Repository of Useful Knowledge for the Year 1844. 15. Gray and Bowen. 1843. p. 328. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
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  9. ^ Forbes, Charles S. (1917). The Vermonter: The State Magazine. 21-23. Charles S. Forbes. pp. 98–99. Retrieved March 16, 2018.
  10. ^ Library Company of Philadelphia (1973). Library Company of Philadelphia: 1972 Annual Report. Library Company of Philadelphia. p. 21. ISBN 9781422361054. Retrieved March 16, 2018.
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  12. ^ Franck, Michael S. (1996). Elmwood Endures: History of a Detroit Cemetery. Wayne State University Press. p. 50. ISBN 9780814325919.
  13. ^ Zaniewski, Ann (May 27, 2019). "151 years after death, enslaved Revolutionary War vet honored in Detroit". Detroit Free Press.
  14. ^ Layton, Andrew (June 23, 2019). "African-American Revolutionary War hero's legacy of diversity honored at Detroit gravestone dedication". Defense Visual Information Distribution Service.
  15. ^ Pitts, Jonathan M. (June 21, 2019). "Twice denied the freedom he'd fought for, black Revolutionary War hero from Maryland to be honored at last". Baltimore Sun.
  16. ^ Official Roster Soldiers of the American Revolution Buried in the State of Ohio (p.307)
  17. ^ Frank Leslie Illustrated Newspaper March 30, 1861 p.300
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  19. ^ Chicago Corral of the Westerners (1965). Westerners brand book, Volumes 22–25. Siedlce. p. 24.
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  23. ^ Oregon Historical Quarterly. 36 (3 ed.). Oregon Historical Society. 1935. pp. 299–304. JSTOR 20610950.
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  40. ^ "Father Time's Roll Call". The American Legion Monthly. Vol. 7 no. 3. Legion Publishing Corporation. 1929. p. 32.
  41. ^ "Next To Last Mexico War Veteran Dead". Reading Times. June 17, 1929. p. 3. Retrieved August 13, 2019.
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