Last words

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For other uses, see Last words (disambiguation).

Last words or final words are a person's final articulated words said prior to death or as death approaches.

Quotations of last words may not be the words spoken immediately before death, as these tend to reflect the mode of death.[citation needed] Last words may not be written down and accurately recorded, and they may not be quoted accurately for a variety of reasons.

Famous last words include both the literal sense such as the sayings of Jesus on the cross, "Et tu, Brute?" from Shakespeare's Julius Caesar, and Oscar Wilde's "My wallpaper and I are fighting a duel to the death. One or the other of us has to go", and the ironical sense of words said before a disaster, such as:

The last words reported to have been uttered by a person revered as a martyr or hero of a religious, nationalist, or revolutionary movement often gain a political significance and are extensively quoted in later literature and/or used as a slogan. However, in many such cases their historical authenticity is doubted.[citation needed]

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