Late-May 2010 tornado outbreak

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Late-May 2010 Tornado Oubtreak
Type Tornado outbreak
Duration May 22–25, 2010
Tornadoes confirmed 79
Max rating1 EF4 tornado
1Most severe tornado damage; see Enhanced Fujita scale

The Late May 2010 Tornado Outbreak was a tornado outbreak that begun on May 22, 2010 and ended May 25. The storm system responsible for the tornadoes affected a large area from North Dakota to New Mexico. The system that caused the outbreak formed from a low pressure system that was located in Canada.

Meteorological synopsis[edit]

On May 20, a strong low pressure system moved on to the British Columbia coast, bringing with it a cold front over the Rockies, although it produced no showers.[1] Two days later, on May 22, the cold front detached from the low pressure system and connected with a warm front from the Southeastern United States and another low pressure system over Wyoming.[2] Dry line activity increased over the Great Plains and many tornadoes formed in South Dakota.[3] The worst of these tornadoes was rated an EF4 pending further analysis.[4] The next day, on May 23, the warm front joined a portion of the cold front and became an occluded front. The cold front once again joined the Canadian low pressure system.[5] Dry line activity held steady and a number of more tornadoes formed across the Great Plains.[6] Many meteorologists believed that Monday, May 24 would be one of the most active tornado days. Dr. Greg Forbes of the Weather Channel issued an 8/10 risk of tornadoes for spots in the Great Plains. A front was stationed over South Dakota, bringing fast moving supercells and tornadoes from North Dakota to Texas.[7][8] The next day, more severe thunderstorms fired up, but severe activity shifted east and south. VORTEX2 was able to get valuable information when tracking a supercell that produced 3 tornadoes, each weak and short-lived.

Bowdle tornado[edit]

The Bowdle tornado

The EF4 Bowdle tornado started in Walworth County as an EF2 tornado 4 miles west of the city of Bowdle, South Dakota. The tornado touched down directly on a farmstead and it was the most damaged structure in the immediate area. Several outbuildings were destroyed. A residence in the area sustained roof damage but the building was not severely damaged. Moving into Edmunds County, the tornado weakened into an EF1. Grain bins were tossed and destroyed. Debris was flung hundreds of yards from the tornado. A structure suffered some shingle and antenna damage. The tornado then quickly strengthened into an EF3 tornado 1.5 mi (2.4 km) NW of Bowdle. A large number of outbuildings were severely damaged or destroyed. Tree damage was widespread in the area. The tornado continued to move northeast and reached its peak intensity as an EF4 1 mi (1.6 km) north of Bowdle. Many houses and outbuildings in the area suffered major damage. Trees were debarked and cars were thrown into the air. Transmission towers were toppled. One of them was torn off its concrete footings and was thrown hundreds of yards away. The tornado then shifted directions and moved eastwards as an EF2. A state radio tower was toppled before the tornado lifted shortly thereafter.[4] Based on damage reports, the tornado traveled a distance of 5.01 mi (8.06 km).[4][9]

Confirmed tornadoes[edit]

Confirmed tornadoes by Enhanced Fujita rating
EFU EF0 EF1 EF2 EF3 EF4 EF5 Total
0 53 13 10 0 1 0 79

May 22 event[edit]

List of reported tornadoes – Saturday, May 22, 2010
EF#
Location
County
Coord.
Time (UTC)
Path length
Comments/Damage
South Dakota
EF0 NW of Bowdle (1st tornado) Walworth 45°27′N 99°49′W / 45.45°N 99.82°W / 45.45; -99.82 (Bowdle (May 22, EF0)) 2231 0.1 miles (160 m) Brief tornado touchdown with no damage.
EF1 NW of Bowdle (2nd tornado) Walworth 45°30′N 99°44′W / 45.50°N 99.73°W / 45.50; -99.73 (Bowdle (May 22, EF1)) 2316 0.1 miles (160 m) A few power poles were damaged by a brief tornado.
EF4 N of Bowdle Walworth, Edmunds 45°35′N 99°32′W / 45.58°N 99.54°W / 45.58; -99.54 (Bowdle (May 22, EF4)) 2321 6 miles (9.7 km) Large wedge tornado heavily damaged one house, damaged several others, and obliterated grain bins and farm buildings. Several metal high tension power line trusses were flattened, one of which was torn from its concrete supports and thrown. Vehicles and farm equipment were thrown hundreds of feet and destroyed, and two large storage garages were cleanly swept from their foundations. Trees were completely debarked, with sheet metal wrapped around them. One radio tower was blown down as well.
EF0 NW of Roscoe Edmunds 45°28′N 99°28′W / 45.47°N 99.46°W / 45.47; -99.46 (Roscoe (May 22, EF0)) 0010 0.2 miles (320 m) Brief tornado touchdown with no damage.
EF0 NW of Ipswich Edmunds 45°30′N 99°09′W / 45.50°N 99.15°W / 45.50; -99.15 (Ipswich (May 22, EF0)) 0048 0.2 miles (320 m) Brief tornado touchdown with no damage.
EF0 NNE of Beebe Edmunds 45°30′N 99°10′W / 45.50°N 99.16°W / 45.50; -99.16 (Beebe (May 22, EF0)) 0048 unknown Brief tornado touchdown with no damage.
EF2 NE of Ipswich Edmunds, McPherson, Brown 45°30′N 98°58′W / 45.50°N 98.96°W / 45.50; -98.96 (Ipswich (May 22, EF2)) 0104 19 miles (31 km) Several houses were damaged and farm buildings, including barns, were destroyed. Trees and power lines were also snapped.
EF1 N of Highmore Hyde 44°52′N 99°23′W / 44.87°N 99.38°W / 44.87; -99.38 (Highmore (May 22, EF1)) 0104 2 miles (3.2 km) Several barns were destroyed and many grain bins were thrown.
EF2 S of Hecla Brown 45°41′N 98°39′W / 45.69°N 98.65°W / 45.69; -98.65 (Hecla (May 22, EF2)) 0210 1 mile (1.6 km) Several grain bins were thrown – one of which was destroyed – and two farm outbuildings were damaged.
EF2 Winner Tripp 43°22′N 99°52′W / 43.37°N 99.86°W / 43.37; -99.86 (Winner (May 22, EF2)) 0211 3 miles (4.8 km) Minor damage in town. Two barns were destroyed east of town.
Texas
EF0 NNW of Chancellor Pecos 30°48′N 103°14′W / 30.80°N 103.24°W / 30.80; -103.24 (Chancellor (May 22, EF0)) 2336 2 miles (3.2 km) Minor damage limited to a few trees and shrubs.
EF0 NW of Chancellor Pecos 30°49′N 103°18′W / 30.82°N 103.30°W / 30.82; -103.30 (Chancellor (May 22, EF0)) 0115 unknown Brief tornado touchdown with no damage.
Nebraska
EF0 SW of Sparks Cherry 42°56′N 100°16′W / 42.93°N 100.27°W / 42.93; -100.27 (Sparks (May 22, EF0)) 0145 1 mile (1.6 km) A rodeo venue was hit with a concession stand destroyed and the grandstands damaged. A metal building was also damaged.
EF2 NW of Springview Keya Paha 42°56′N 99°54′W / 42.94°N 99.90°W / 42.94; -99.90 (Springview (May 22, EF2)) 0230 9.3 miles (15.0 km) Several farm buildings were destroyed and others were heavily damaged. Power poles and trees were also damaged.
Sources:

NWS Aberdeen, NWS North Platte, NWS Rapid City, NCDC Storm Data

May 23 event[edit]

List of reported tornadoes – Sunday, May 23, 2010
EF#
Location
County
Coord.
Time (UTC)
Path length
Comments/Damage
Texas
EF2 SE of Verhalen Reeves 30°59′N 103°25′W / 30.99°N 103.42°W / 30.99; -103.42 (Verhalen (May 23, EF2)) 2356 4 miles (6.4 km) A few power poles were snapped, some of them into many pieces.
Kansas
EF0 N of Brownville Thomas 39°15′N 101°22′W / 39.25°N 101.36°W / 39.25; -101.36 (Brownville (May 23, EF0)) 0103 2 miles (3.2 km) Narrow cone-shaped tornado with no damage.
EF0 S of Ruleton Sherman 39°16′N 101°52′W / 39.27°N 101.87°W / 39.27; -101.87 (Ruleton (May 23, EF0)) 0152 unknown Brief tornado touchdown with no damage.
EF0 SE of Ruleton Sherman 39°17′N 101°50′W / 39.28°N 101.84°W / 39.28; -101.84 (Ruleton (May 23, EF0)) 0152 unknown Second brief tornado in the area with no damage.
EF1 N of Goodland Sherman 39°28′N 101°37′W / 39.47°N 101.62°W / 39.47; -101.62 (Goodland (May 23, EF1)) 0207 6 miles (9.7 km) Stovepipe-shaped tornado visible from the NWS office in Goodland. A few trees were knocked down and an irrigation pivot was damaged.
EF0 NE of Goodland Sherman 39°32′N 101°34′W / 39.53°N 101.57°W / 39.53; -101.57 (Goodland (May 23, EF0)) 0216 2 miles (3.2 km) Narrow cone-shaped tornado with no damage.
Colorado
EF1 NW of Springfield Baca 37°29′N 102°41′W / 37.49°N 102.69°W / 37.49; -102.69 (Springfield (May 23, EF1)) 0112 8 miles (13 km) Several power poles were damaged.
Oklahoma
EF0 W of Felt Cimarron 36°30′N 102°54′W / 36.50°N 102.90°W / 36.50; -102.90 (Felt (May 23, EF0)) 0130 2 miles (3.2 km) Tornado remained in open country.
New Mexico
EF2 Clayton area Union, Cimarron (OK) 36°34′N 102°58′W / 36.57°N 102.96°W / 36.57; -102.96 (Clayton (May 23, EF2)) 0152 23.4 miles (37.7 km) A feedlot, a steel windmill and three feed troughs were destroyed.
EF0 SE of Clayton Union 36°21′N 103°08′W / 36.35°N 103.13°W / 36.35; -103.13 (Clayton (May 23, EF0)) 0155 3 miles (4.8 km) Satellite tornado to the main Clayton tornado with no damage.
EF1 W of Amistad (1st tornado) Union 35°53′N 103°10′W / 35.89°N 103.17°W / 35.89; -103.17 (Amistad (May 23, EF1)) 0210 5.8 miles (9.3 km) One house was damaged.
EF2 Sedan area Union 36°09′N 103°09′W / 36.15°N 103.15°W / 36.15; -103.15 (Sedan (May 23, EF2)) 0212 8.8 miles (14.2 km) A well-anchored mobile home was destroyed and agriculture equipment was damaged.
EF1 N of Sedan Union 36°16′N 103°07′W / 36.27°N 103.12°W / 36.27; -103.12 (Sedan (May 23, EF1)) 0236 4 miles (6.4 km) Fence downed and grain silo destroyed.
EF1 N of Amistad (2nd tornado) Union 35°52′N 103°14′W / 35.86°N 103.23°W / 35.86; -103.23 (Amistad (May 23, EF1)) 0259 8.8 miles (14.2 km) Minor damage reported.
Sources:

NWS Pueblo, NWS Amarillo, NWS Albuquerque, NCDC Storm Data

May 24 event[edit]

List of reported tornadoes – Monday, May 24, 2010
EF#
Location
County
Coord.
Time (UTC)
Path length
Comments/Damage
Nebraska
EF0 Kimball Kimball 41°13′N 103°40′W / 41.22°N 103.67°W / 41.22; -103.67 (Kimball (May 24, EF0)) 1734 1 mile (1.6 km) Tornado remained over open country. No damage reported.
EF0 NE of Scottsbluff Scotts Bluff 41°56′N 103°30′W / 41.93°N 103.50°W / 41.93; -103.50 (Scottsbluff (May 24, EF0)) 1811 unknown Brief tornado touchdown with no damage.
EF0 Gering Scotts Bluff 41°51′N 103°40′W / 41.85°N 103.67°W / 41.85; -103.67 (Gering (May 24, EF0)) 1816 unknown Tornado remained over open country, no damage reported.
EF0 WNW of Kimball Kimball 41°16′N 103°48′W / 41.27°N 103.80°W / 41.27; -103.80 (Kimball (May 24, EF0)) 1838 unknown Tornado tracked across a conservation area with no damage.
EF0 NW of Alliance Box Butte 42°12′N 103°01′W / 42.20°N 103.02°W / 42.20; -103.02 (Alliance (May 24, EF0)) 2011 unknown Tornado reported by KCOW radio with no damage.
South Dakota
EF2 S of Howes Meade 44°30′N 102°07′W / 44.50°N 102.12°W / 44.50; -102.12 (Howes (May 24, EF2)) 1924 22.5 miles (36.2 km) A manufactured home and a pole barn were destroyed and some trees and power poles were snapped.
EF0 SW of Faith Meade 44°56′N 102°09′W / 44.93°N 102.15°W / 44.93; -102.15 (Faith (May 24, EF0)) 2000 5 miles (8.0 km) Tornado remained in open country.
EF2 N of Faith Perkins 45°10′N 102°10′W / 45.16°N 102.16°W / 45.16; -102.16 (Faith (May 24, EF2)) 2034 23 miles (37 km) Two outbuildings were destroyed, trees were knocked down and farm equipment was thrown.
EF2 SE of Meadow Perkins 45°26′N 102°08′W / 45.44°N 102.14°W / 45.44; -102.14 (Meadow (May 24, EF2)) 2034 6 miles (9.7 km) A rural school was destroyed.
EF0 W of Shadehill Perkins 45°46′N 102°14′W / 45.77°N 102.23°W / 45.77; -102.23 (Shadehill (May 24, EF0)) 2134 unknown Brief tornado reported on Shadehill Reservoir with no damage.
North Dakota
EF1 Grafton Walsh 48°25′N 97°26′W / 48.41°N 97.43°W / 48.41; -97.43 (Grafton (May 24, EF1)) 1930 3 miles (4.8 km) A light pole and several trees were snapped in town.
EF0 Valley City Barnes 46°51′N 97°57′W / 46.85°N 97.95°W / 46.85; -97.95 (Valley City (May 24, EF0)) 2029 unknown Brief tornado touchdown with no damage.
EF1 W of Selfridge Sioux, Grant 46°02′N 101°58′W / 46.03°N 101.97°W / 46.03; -101.97 (Selfridge (May 24, EF1)) 2305 2 miles (3.2 km) A farmhouse sustained roof damage.
EF0 NNW of Fort Yates Sioux 46°09′N 101°41′W / 46.15°N 101.69°W / 46.15; -101.69 (Fort Yates (May 24, EF0)) 0109 1 mile (1.6 km) Minor damage to fences and a mobile home.
EF1 SSE of Tuttle Kidder 47°04′N 99°55′W / 47.06°N 99.92°W / 47.06; -99.92 (Tuttle (May 24, EF1)) 0200 2 miles (3.2 km) Several farms had damage to buildings and vehicles and trees were uprooted.
Minnesota
EF0 E of Big Woods Marshall 48°19′N 97°02′W / 48.32°N 97.04°W / 48.32; -97.04 (Big Woods (May 24, EF0)) 1948 4 miles (6.4 km) A few trees were damaged and road signs blown down.
EF0 NE of Halsted Norman 47°27′N 96°40′W / 47.45°N 96.66°W / 47.45; -96.66 (Halsted (May 24, EF0)) 1948 1 mile (1.6 km) Tornado remained over open country.
Texas
EF0 W of Spearman (1st tornado) Hansford 36°12′N 101°16′W / 36.20°N 101.26°W / 36.20; -101.26 (Spearman (May 24, EF0)) 0129 3 miles (4.8 km) A few trees were damaged and some farm buildings were damaged.
EF0 W of Spearman (2nd tornado) Hansford 36°12′N 101°15′W / 36.20°N 101.25°W / 36.20; -101.25 (Spearman (May 24, EF0)) 0137 unknown Brief tornado touchdown with no damage.
EF0 NW of Spearman (1st tornado) Hansford 36°14′N 101°14′W / 36.23°N 101.24°W / 36.23; -101.24 (Spearman (May 24, EF0)) 0147 unknown Brief tornado touchdown with no damage.
EF0 NW of Spearman (2nd tornado) Hansford 36°12′N 101°12′W / 36.20°N 101.20°W / 36.20; -101.20 (Spearman (May 24, EF0)) 0156 unknown Brief tornado touchdown with no damage.
Oklahoma
EF0 S of Tangier Woodward 36°22′N 99°31′W / 36.37°N 99.52°W / 36.37; -99.52 (Tangier (May 24, EF0)) 0148 3 miles (4.8 km) Brief tornado with minor damage to trees and farm buildings.
Sources:

NWS Rapid City, NCDC Storm Data

May 25 event[edit]

List of reported tornadoes – Tuesday, May 25, 2010
EF#
Location
County
Coord.
Time (UTC)
Path length
Comments/Damage
Texas
EF0 SW of Lagarteo Live Oak 28°04′N 98°01′W / 28.07°N 98.02°W / 28.07; -98.02 (Lagarteo (May 25, EF0)) 1630 unknown Minor damage to tree limbs and animal shelters. Fences and deer were thrown, two of the deer were injured.
EF0 W of Dimmitt Castro 34°33′N 102°21′W / 34.55°N 102.35°W / 34.55; -102.35 (Dimmitt (May 25, EF0)) 0052 unknown Brief tornado touchdown with no damage.
EF0 NE of Dimmitt (1st tornado) Castro 34°35′N 102°16′W / 34.58°N 102.27°W / 34.58; -102.27 (Dimmitt (May 25, EF0)) 0111 unknown Brief dusty spin-up tornado touchdown with no damage.
EF0 NE of Dimmitt (2nd tornado) Castro 34°34′N 102°16′W / 34.56°N 102.26°W / 34.56; -102.26 (Dimmitt (May 25, EF0)) 0114 unknown Brief dusty spin-up tornado touchdown with no damage.
Illinois
EF0 NW of Laura Peoria 40°57′N 89°52′W / 40.95°N 89.86°W / 40.95; -89.86 (Laura (May 25, EF0)) 1911 1 mile (1.6 km) Gustnado-type tornado with no damage.
New Mexico
EF0 SSE of Cameo Roosevelt 34°16′N 103°12′W / 34.26°N 103.20°W / 34.26; -103.20 (Cameo (May 25, EF0)) 2113 unknown Brief tornado touchdown with no damage.
EF0 SSE of Pleasant Hill Curry 34°28′N 103°03′W / 34.47°N 103.05°W / 34.47; -103.05 (Pleasant Hill (May 25, EF0)) 2155 unknown Brief tornado touchdown with no damage.
Colorado
EF0 SW of Towner (1st tornado) Kiowa 38°25′N 102°07′W / 38.42°N 102.12°W / 38.42; -102.12 (Towner (May 25, EF0)) 2131 unknown Brief landspout tornado with no damage.
EF0 SW of Towner (2nd tornado) Kiowa 38°24′N 102°09′W / 38.40°N 102.15°W / 38.40; -102.15 (Towner (May 25, EF0)) 2131 unknown Brief landspout tornado with no damage.
EF0 SW of Towner (3rd tornado) Kiowa 38°25′N 102°08′W / 38.41°N 102.13°W / 38.41; -102.13 (Towner (May 25, EF0)) 2132 unknown Brief landspout tornado with no damage.
EF0 SW of Towner (4th tornado) Kiowa 38°25′N 102°08′W / 38.42°N 102.14°W / 38.42; -102.14 (Towner (May 25, EF0)) 2137 unknown Brief tornado touchdown with no damage.
EF0 SW of Towner (5th tornado) Kiowa 38°25′N 102°08′W / 38.42°N 102.13°W / 38.42; -102.13 (Towner (May 25, EF0)) 2141 unknown Brief landspout tornado with no damage.
EF0 SW of Towner (6th tornado) Kiowa 38°25′N 102°07′W / 38.42°N 102.12°W / 38.42; -102.12 (Towner (May 25, EF0)) 2148 unknown Brief landspout tornado with no damage.
EF0 SW of Towner (7th tornado) Kiowa 38°25′N 102°08′W / 38.41°N 102.13°W / 38.41; -102.13 (Towner (May 25, EF0)) 2148 unknown Brief landspout tornado with no damage.
EF0 SW of Towner (8th tornado) Kiowa 38°25′N 102°08′W / 38.41°N 102.14°W / 38.41; -102.14 (Towner (May 25, EF0)) 2155 unknown Brief landspout tornado with no damage.
EF0 ESE of Sheridan Lake (1st tornado) Kiowa 38°26′N 102°13′W / 38.44°N 102.21°W / 38.44; -102.21 (Sheridan Lake (May 25, EF0)) 2156 unknown Brief landspout tornado with no damage.
EF0 ESE of Sheridan Lake (2nd tornado) Kiowa 38°26′N 102°13′W / 38.43°N 102.21°W / 38.43; -102.21 (Sheridan Lake (May 25, EF0)) 2156 unknown Brief landspout tornado with no damage.
EF0 ESE of Sheridan Lake (3rd tornado) Kiowa 38°27′N 102°13′W / 38.45°N 102.21°W / 38.45; -102.21 (Sheridan Lake (May 25, EF0)) 2207 1 mile (1.6 km) Landspout tornado over open country with no damage.
EF0 W of Towner Kiowa 38°28′N 102°09′W / 38.47°N 102.15°W / 38.47; -102.15 (Towner (May 25, EF0)) 2218 unknown Brief landspout tornado with no damage.
EF0 N of Towner Kiowa 38°31′N 102°04′W / 38.52°N 102.07°W / 38.52; -102.07 (Towner (May 25, EF0)) 2320 unknown Brief landspout tornado with no damage.
EF0 NW of Bartlett (1st tornado) Baca 37°29′N 102°09′W / 37.49°N 102.15°W / 37.49; -102.15 (Bartlett (May 25, EF0)) 0152 1 mile (1.6 km) Several trees were damaged and windows were blown out of a mobile home.
EF1 NW of Bartlett (2nd tornado) Baca 37°29′N 102°09′W / 37.49°N 102.15°W / 37.49; -102.15 (Bartlett (May 25, EF1)) 0157 2 miles (3.2 km) Trees and fencing were damaged.
Kansas
EF0 WNW of Horace Greeley 38°34′N 102°01′W / 38.57°N 102.02°W / 38.57; -102.02 (Horace (May 25, EF0)) 2317 1 mile (1.6 km) Very narrow tornado remained over open country.
EF0 N of Tribune Greeley 38°36′N 101°47′W / 38.60°N 101.78°W / 38.60; -101.78 (Tribune (May 25, EF0)) 2349 1 mile (1.6 km) Tornado remained over open country.
EF0 WSW of Gove Gove 38°51′N 100°43′W / 38.85°N 100.71°W / 38.85; -100.71 (Gove (May 25, EF0)) 0106 unknown Brief tornado touchdown with no damage.
EF0 SW of Gove Gove 38°49′N 100°40′W / 38.82°N 100.66°W / 38.82; -100.66 (Gove (May 25, EF0)) 0114 5 miles (8.0 km) Rain-wrapped tornado remained over open fields.
EF1 S of Gove Gove 38°49′N 100°44′W / 38.81°N 100.73°W / 38.81; -100.73 (Gove (May 25, EF1)) 0121 21 miles (34 km) Long-lived tornado damaged power poles and snapped trees.
EF1 S of Quinter Gove 38°50′N 100°20′W / 38.83°N 100.33°W / 38.83; -100.33 (Gove (May 25, EF1)) 0144 10 miles (16 km) A center pivot was damaged.
Sources:

NWS Goodland, NWS Pueblo, NCDC Storm Data

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Thursday May 20, 2010". Daily Weather Maps. Noaa.gov. Retrieved 24 May 2010. 
  2. ^ "Saturday May 22". Daily Weather Maps. Noaa.gov. Retrieved 24 May 2010. 
  3. ^ "20100522's Storm Report (1200 UTC − 1159 UTC)". SPC Storm Reports. Noaa.gov. Retrieved 24 May 2010. 
  4. ^ a b c "Public Information Statement". Noaa.gov. Retrieved 24 May 2010. 
  5. ^ "Sunday May 23, 2010". Daily Weather Maps. Noaa.gov. Retrieved 24 May 2010. 
  6. ^ "20100523's Storm Report (1200 UTC − 1159 UTC)". SPC Storm Reports. Noaa.gov. Retrieved 24 May 2010. 
  7. ^ "Monday May 24, 2010". Daily Weather Map. Noaa.gov. Retrieved 26 May 2010. 
  8. ^ "100524's Storm Report (1200 UTC − 1159 UTC)". Storm Reports. Noaa.gov. Retrieved 26 May 2010. 
  9. ^ "Bowdle, South Dakota Tornado (Google Maps)". Google.com. Retrieved 24 May 2010.