Later Qin

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Later Qin (後秦)
Later Qin in 402 AD
Later Qin in 402 AD
• 384–393
Yao Chang
• 394–416
Yao Xing
• 416–417
Yao Hong
• Established
• Yao Chang's claim of imperial title
• Liu Bobo's rebellion
• Disestablished
20 September[1][2] 417
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Former Qin
Western Yan
Later Liang (Sixteen Kingdoms)
Xia (Sixteen Kingdoms)
Jin Dynasty (266–420)
Today part ofChina

The Later Qin (simplified Chinese: 后秦; traditional Chinese: 後秦; pinyin: Hòuqín; 384–417), also known as Yao Qin (姚秦), was a state ruled by the Qiang ethnicity of the Sixteen Kingdoms during the Jin dynasty (266–420) in China.[3] The Later Qin is entirely distinct from the Qin dynasty, the Former Qin and the Western Qin.

Its second ruler, Yao Xing, supported the propagation of Buddhism by the Madhyamakin monk Kumārajīva.

All rulers of the Later Qin declared themselves emperors, but for a substantial part of Yao Xing's reign, he used the title Tian Wang.

Rulers of the Later Qin[edit]

Temple name Posthumous name Personal name Durations of reign Era names
Taizu Wuzhao Yao Chang 384–393 Baique (白雀) 384–386
Jianchu (建初) 386–393
Gaozu Wenhuan Yao Xing 394–416 Huangchu (皇初) 394–399
Hongshi (弘始) 399–416
Yao Hong 416–417 Yonghe (永和) 416–417

Rulers family tree[edit]

Later Qin rulers family tree
Yao Yizhong (280–352)
Yao Xiang 姚襄 (331–357)Yao Chang 姚苌 (330–393)
Wuzhao 武昭
(r. 384–(386–)394)
Yao Xing 姚兴 (366–416)
Wenhuan 文桓
(r. 394–416)
Yao Hong 姚泓
388–417; r. 416–417

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "中央研究院網站".
  2. ^ Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 118.
  3. ^ Grousset, Rene (1970). The Empire of the Steppes. Rutgers University Press. pp. 59. ISBN 0-8135-1304-9.