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Later Zhao (後趙)
Later Zhao in northern China
|Capital||Xiangguo (319-335, 350-351)|
• Destruction of Han Zhao
• Shi Le's claim of imperial title
• Ran Min's establishment of Ran Wei
|329 est.||2,500,000 km2 (970,000 sq mi)|
|Today part of||China|
The Later Zhao (simplified Chinese: 后赵; traditional Chinese: 後趙; pinyin: Hòuzhào; 319–351) was a state of the Sixteen Kingdoms during the Jin dynasty (266–420) in China. It was founded by the Shi family of the Jie ethnicity. The Jie were most likely a Yeniseian people and spoke next to Chinese one of the Yeniseian languages. The Later Zhao was the second in territories to the Former Qin that once unified Northern China under Fu Jiān.
When Later Zhao was founded by Shi Le, the capital was at Xiangguo (襄國, in modern Xingtai, Hebei), but in 335 Shi Hu moved the capital to Yecheng (鄴城, in modern Handan, Hebei), where it would remain for the rest of the state's history (except for Shi Zhi's brief attempt to revive the state at Xiangguo).
Rulers of the Later Zhao
|Temple name||Posthumous name||Personal name||Durations of reign||Era names|
|Gaozu||Ming||Shi Le||319-333||Zhaowang (趙王) 319-328|
Taihe (太和 Tàihé) 328-330
Jianping (建平) 330-333
|–||Shi Hong||333-334||Yanxi (延熙) 334|
|Taizu||Wu||Shi Hu||334-349||Jianwu (建武) 335-349|
Taining (太寧) 349
|–||Shi Jian||349-350||Qinglong (青龍) 350|
|–||Shi Zhi||350-351||Yongning (永寧) 351|
Rulers family tree
|Later Zhao monarchs family tree|
- Jie (ethnic group)
- Wei–Jie war
- List of past Chinese ethnic groups
- Wu Hu
- Buddhism in China
- Memoirs of Eminent Monks
- Liu Yuan
- Shi Le
- Shi Hu
- Ran Min
- Taagepera, Rein (1979). "Size and Duration of Empires: Growth-Decline Curves, 600 B.C. to 600 A.D". Social Science History. 3 (3/4): 121. doi:10.2307/1170959. JSTOR 1170959.
- Vovin, Alexander. "Did the Xiongnu speak a Yeniseian language?". Central Asiatic Journal 44/1 (2000), pp. 87–104.
- Grousset, Rene (1970). The Empire of the Steppes. Rutgers University Press. pp. 57–58. ISBN 0-8135-1304-9.