Latin-1 Supplement (Unicode block)

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C1 Controls and Latin-1 Supplement
RangeU+0080..U+00FF
(128 code points)
PlaneBMP
ScriptsLatin (64 char.)
Common (64 char.)
Major alphabetsFrench
German
Icelandic
Spanish
Symbol setsPunctuation
Mathematics
Currency
Assigned128 code points
33 Control or Format
Unused0 reserved code points
Source standardsISO/IEC 8859-1
Unicode version history
1.0.0128 (+128)
Note: [1][2]

The Latin-1 Supplement (also called C1 Controls and Latin-1 Supplement) is the second Unicode block in the Unicode standard. It encodes the upper range of ISO 8859-1: 80 (U+0080) - FF (U+00FF). Controls C1 (0080–009F) are not graphic. This block ranges from U+0080 to U+00FF, contains 128 characters and includes the C1 controls, Latin-1 punctuation and symbols, 30 pairs of majuscule and minuscule accented Latin characters and 2 mathematical operators.

The C1 controls and Latin-1 Supplement block has been included in its present form, with the same character repertoire since version 1.0 of the Unicode Standard, where it was known as Latin 1.[3]

Character table[edit]

Code Result Description Acronym
C1 Controls
U+0080 Padding Character PAD
U+0081 High Octet Preset HOP
U+0082 Break Permitted Here BPH
U+0083 No Break Here NBH
U+0084 Index IND
U+0085 Next Line NEL
U+0086 Start of Selected Area SSA
U+0087 End of Selected Area ESA
U+0088 Character (Horizontal) Tabulation Set HTS
U+0089 Character (Horizontal) Tabulation with Justification HTJ
U+008A Line (Vertical) Tabulation Set LTS
U+008B Partial Line Forward (Down) PLD
U+008C Partial Line Backward (Up) PLU
U+008D Reverse Line Feed (Index) RI
U+008E Single-Shift Two SS2
U+008F Single-Shift Three SS3
U+0090 Device Control String DCS
U+0091 Private Use 1 PU1
U+0092 Private Use 2 PU2
U+0093 Set Transmit State STS
U+0094 Cancel character CCH
U+0095 Message Waiting MW
U+0096 Start of Protected Area SPA
U+0097 End of Protected Area EPA
U+0098 Start of String SOS
U+0099 Single Graphic Character Introducer SGCI
U+009A Single Character Introducer SCI
U+009B Control Sequence Introducer CSI
U+009C String Terminator ST
U+009D Operating System Command OSC
U+009E Private Message PM
U+009F Application Program Command APC
Latin-1 Punctuation and Symbols
U+00A0   Non-breaking space NBSP
U+00A1 ¡ Inverted Exclamation Mark
U+00A2 ¢ Cent sign
U+00A3 £ Pound sign
U+00A4 ¤ Currency sign
U+00A5 ¥ Yen sign
U+00A6 ¦ Broken bar
U+00A7 § Section sign
U+00A8 ¨ Diaeresis
U+00A9 © Copyright sign
U+00AA ª Feminine Ordinal Indicator
U+00AB « Left-pointing double angle quotation mark
U+00AC ¬ Not sign
U+00AD Soft hyphen SHY
U+00AE ® Registered sign
U+00AF ¯ macron
U+00B0 ° Degree symbol
U+00B1 ± Plus-minus sign
U+00B2 ² Superscript two
U+00B3 ³ Superscript three
U+00B4 ´ Acute accent
U+00B5 µ Micro sign
U+00B6 Pilcrow sign
U+00B7 · Middle dot
U+00B8 ¸ Cedilla
U+00B9 ¹ Superscript one
U+00BA º Masculine ordinal indicator
U+00BB » Right-pointing double-angle quotation mark
U+00BC ¼ Vulgar fraction one quarter
U+00BD ½ Vulgar fraction one half
U+00BE ¾ Vulgar fraction three quarters
U+00BF ¿ Inverted Question Mark
Letters
U+00C0 À Latin Capital Letter A with grave
U+00C1 Á Latin Capital letter A with acute
U+00C2 Â Latin Capital letter A with circumflex
U+00C3 Ã Latin Capital letter A with tilde
U+00C4 Ä Latin Capital letter A with diaeresis
U+00C5 Å Latin Capital letter A with ring above
U+00C6 Æ Latin Capital letter AE
U+00C7 Ç Latin Capital letter C with cedilla
U+00C8 È Latin Capital letter E with grave
U+00C9 É Latin Capital letter E with acute
U+00CA Ê Latin Capital letter E with circumflex
U+00CB Ë Latin Capital letter E with diaeresis
U+00CC Ì Latin Capital letter I with grave
U+00CD Í Latin Capital letter I with acute
U+00CE Î Latin Capital letter I with circumflex
U+00CF Ï Latin Capital letter I with diaeresis
U+00D0 Ð Latin Capital letter Eth
U+00D1 Ñ Latin Capital letter N with tilde
U+00D2 Ò Latin Capital letter O with grave
U+00D3 Ó Latin Capital letter O with acute
U+00D4 Ô Latin Capital letter O with circumflex
U+00D5 Õ Latin Capital letter O with tilde
U+00D6 Ö Latin Capital letter O with diaeresis
Mathematical operator
U+00D7 × Multiplication sign
Letters
U+00D8 Ø Latin Capital letter O with stroke
U+00D9 Ù Latin Capital letter U with grave
U+00DA Ú Latin Capital letter U with acute
U+00DB Û Latin Capital Letter U with circumflex
U+00DC Ü Latin Capital Letter U with diaeresis
U+00DD Ý Latin Capital Letter Y with acute
U+00DE Þ Latin Capital Letter Thorn
U+00DF ß Latin Small Letter sharp S
U+00E0 à Latin Small Letter A with grave
U+00E1 á Latin Small Letter A with acute
U+00E2 â Latin Small Letter A with circumflex
U+00E3 ã Latin Small Letter A with tilde
U+00E4 ä Latin Small Letter A with diaeresis
U+00E5 å Latin Small Letter A with ring above
U+00E6 æ Latin Small Letter AE
U+00E7 ç Latin Small Letter C with cedilla
U+00E8 è Latin Small Letter E with grave
U+00E9 é Latin Small Letter E with acute
U+00EA ê Latin Small Letter E with circumflex
U+00EB ë Latin Small Letter E with diaeresis
U+00EC ì Latin Small Letter I with grave
U+00ED í Latin Small Letter I with acute
U+00EE î Latin Small Letter I with circumflex
U+00EF ï Latin Small Letter I with diaeresis
U+00F0 ð Latin Small Letter Eth
U+00F1 ñ Latin Small Letter N with tilde
U+00F2 ò Latin Small Letter O with grave
U+00F3 ó Latin Small Letter O with acute
U+00F4 ô Latin Small Letter O with circumflex
U+00F5 õ Latin Small Letter O with tilde
U+00F6 ö Latin Small Letter O with diaeresis
Mathematical operator
U+00F7 ÷ Division sign
Letters
U+00F8 ø Latin Small Letter O with stroke
U+00F9 ù Latin Small Letter U with grave
U+00FA ú Latin Small Letter U with acute
U+00FB û Latin Small Letter U with circumflex
U+00FC ü Latin Small Letter U with diaeresis
U+00FD ý Latin Small Letter Y with acute
U+00FE þ Latin Small Letter Thorn
U+00FF ÿ Latin Small Letter Y with diaeresis

Subheadings[edit]

The C1 Controls and Latin-1 Supplement block has four subheadings within its character collection: C1 controls, Latin-1 Punctuation and Symbols, Letters, and Mathematical operator(s).[4]

C1 controls[edit]

The C1 controls subheading contains 32 supplementary control codes inherited from ISO/IEC 8859-1 and many other 8-bit character standards. The alias names for the C0 and C1 control codes are taken from ISO/IEC 6429:1992.[4]

Latin-1 punctuation and symbols[edit]

The Latin-1 Punctuation and Symbols subheading contains 32 characters of common international punctuation characters, such as inverted exclamation and question marks, and a middle dot; and symbols like currency signs, spacing diacritic marks, vulgar fraction, and superscript numbers.[4]

Letters[edit]

The Letters subheading contains 30 pairs of majuscule and minuscule accented or novel Latin characters for western European languages, and two extra minuscule characters not commonly used word-initially.[4]

Mathematical operator[edit]

The Mathematical operator subheading is used for the multiplication and division signs.[4]

Number of symbols, letters and control codes[edit]

The table below shows the number of each letters, symbols and control codes in each subheadings in the C1 Controls and Latin-1 Supplement block.

Type of subheading Number of symbols Range of characters
C1 controls 32 control codes U+0080 to U+009F
Latin-1 punctuation and symbols 32 punctuation and symbols U+00A0 to U+00BF
Letters 30 pairs of majuscule and minuscule accented Latin characters U+00C0 to U+00D6, U+00D8 to U+00F6 and U+00F8 to U+00FF
Mathematical operators The U+00D7 × MULTIPLICATION SIGN and U+00F7 ÷ DIVISION SIGN symbols. U+00D7 and U+00F7

Compact table[edit]

C1 Controls and Latin-1 Supplement[1]
Official Unicode Consortium code chart (PDF)
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
U+008x  XXX   XXX   BPH   NBH   IND   NEL   SSA   ESA   HTS   HTJ   VTS   PLD   PLU    RI    SS2   SS3 
U+009x  DCS   PU1   PU2   STS   CCH    MW    SPA   EPA   SOS   XXX   SCI   CSI    ST    OSC    PM    APC 
U+00Ax NB
  SP  
¡ ¢ £ ¤ ¥ ¦ § ¨ © ª « ¬  SHY 
­
® ¯
U+00Bx ° ± ² ³ ´ µ · ¸ ¹ º » ¼ ½ ¾ ¿
U+00Cx À Á Â Ã Ä Å Æ Ç È É Ê Ë Ì Í Î Ï
U+00Dx Ð Ñ Ò Ó Ô Õ Ö × Ø Ù Ú Û Ü Ý Þ ß
U+00Ex à á â ã ä å æ ç è é ê ë ì í î ï
U+00Fx ð ñ ò ó ô õ ö ÷ ø ù ú û ü ý þ ÿ
Notes
1.^ As of Unicode version 11.0

Emoji[edit]

The Latin-1 Supplement block contains two emoji: U+00A9 and U+00AE.[5][6]

The block has four standardized variants defined to specify emoji-style (U+FE0F VS16) or text presentation (U+FE0E VS15) for the two emoji, both of which default to a text presentation.[7]

Emoji variation sequences
U+ 00A9 00AE
base code point © ®
base+VS15 (text) ©︎ ®︎
base+VS16 (emoji) ©️ ®️

History[edit]

The following Unicode-related documents record the purpose and process of defining specific characters in the Latin-1 Supplement block:

Version Final code points[a] Count L2 ID Document
1.0.0 U+0080..00FF 128 (to be determined)
L2/15-050R[b][c] Davis, Mark; et al. (2015-01-29), Additional variation selectors for emoji
  1. ^ Proposed code points and characters names may differ from final code points and names
  2. ^ See also L2/13-207, L2/14-054, L2/14-063, L2/15-051.html, L2/15-051.txt
  3. ^ Refer to the history section of the Miscellaneous Symbols and Pictographs block for additional emoji-related documents

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Unicode character database". The Unicode Standard. Retrieved 2016-07-09.
  2. ^ "Enumerated Versions of The Unicode Standard". The Unicode Standard. Retrieved 2016-07-09.
  3. ^ The Unicode Standard Version 1.0, Volume 1. Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, Inc. 1991 [1990]. ISBN 0-201-56788-1.
  4. ^ a b c d e "Unicode 6.2 code charts" (PDF). The Unicode Standard. Retrieved 1 April 2013.
  5. ^ "UTR #51: Unicode Emoji". Unicode Consortium. 2018-05-21.
  6. ^ "UCD: Emoji Data for UTR #51". Unicode Consortium. 2018-05-22.
  7. ^ "UTS #51 Emoji Variation Sequences". The Unicode Consortium.