Latin America and the Caribbean

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Map of Latin America and the Caribbean

The term Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC[1]) is an English-language acronym referring to the Latin American and the Caribbean region. The term LAC covers an extensive region, extending from The Bahamas and Mexico to Argentina and Chile. The region has over 670,230,000 people as of 2016, and spanned for 21,951,000 square kilometres (8,475,000 sq mi).

List of countries and territories by subregion[edit]

Various countries within the Latin American and the Caribbean region don't use either Spanish, Portuguese or French as official languages, but rather English or Dutch.


Scattered island in the Caribbean Sea[edit]

West Indies[edit]

Greater Antilles[edit]

* Disputed territory administered by the United States, claimed by Haiti.

Lesser Antilles[edit]
Lucayan Archipelago[edit]

Latin America[edit]

Central America[edit]

The UN geoscheme includes Mexico in Central America.[2]

Offshore islands[edit]

* Disputed territories administered by Colombia, claimed by the United States.

South America[edit]

The UN geoscheme includes Bouvet Island in South America instead of Antarctica or Africa.

* Disputed territories administered by the United Kingdom, claimed by Argentina.

Somewhat are included[edit]


It is estimated to attribute for over 400 billion dollars that form the core for economic stability, however, a few countries, notably Venezuela, is a member state of OPEC.

Political situation[edit]

The region has a unique history and varied between stability to instability, included various deadly conflicts, though its level remains conflicted. The two deadliest conflicts in the region are the Colombian conflict and the Mexican drug war; and more recently, the crisis in Venezuela. Some other bloody conflicts include the internal conflict in Peru and gang wars in Argentina, Brazil, and Honduras. Other conflicts include the Mapuche conflict in Argentina and Chile; and the Insurgency in Paraguay. These conflicts, however, have received lesser attentions from international media, and varied by time, with Colombia in headline in 1990s, Mexico in the 2000s and currently, Venezuela.



Most countries are dominated by Christianity, the largest being Roman Catholic. Smaller groups include Protestantism (including Mormonism and Jehovah's Witnesses) and Orthodoxy and other forms of Christianity. There are many venerated folk saints and folk religions namely folk catholicism as well as african diaspora religions (syncretic african traditional religions) as well as Native American religions including shamanism. Many folk healers also practice folk magic. Specific Creole peoples often have their own religions/spiritual practices like the Maroons's Rastafari and Garifuna's belief system (or New Orleans Voodoo and Melungeon in North America).

Especially in the Caribbean, Central America and Brasil, there are Jewish (including Messianic Jews), Muslim, Hindu, Baháʼí Faith (especially in Panama, Bolivia and Belize), Buddhist, Shinto and Romani mythology, Chinese folk religion, Dravidian folk religion (among others) practitioners. The Muslims and especially Jews and Gitanos are often descendants of the peoples forced into Crypto-Judaism and Crypto-Islam (and even Crypto-Paganism, for lack of a better term) from the Reconquista. There most likely is Sikh and Jainist groups (and possibly even smaller Zoroastrianism, Samaritan and Druze groups). There is also a growing movement of unitarian universalism/new age/neo-paganism-type unorganized spirituality; goddess worship is especially popular with younger, often progressive people like feminists. Again, these movements are often also syncretic, such as Pachamama or other Pre-Columbian Deity worship. Atheism/Agnosticism is quite dichotomous with a few countries having high percentages, but most are small and may be growing slowly.


The region is extremely popular for its own distinct music which can't be found somewhere in the world. Began since the conquest of Spain, France, Britain, the Netherlands and Portugal in 15th century, due to the greater diversification including indigenous, Asian, African and European population merged, it expanded popularity of their music, dated from 1950s and rampant globalization, music from the region has become widely noticed, and has been nominated for several music awards.[3]


The region is rich at sporting activities, especially in association football, which have some of the world's strongest football teams, including Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay, and others. Baseball, tennis, cycling, volleyball, rugby union, basketball, hockey, and cricket are also popular.

The region is known for producing significant martial-arts fighters, notably competing in the Ultimate Fighting Championship.[4][5]

See also[edit]


External links[edit]