Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Goa and Daman

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Metropolitan Archdiocese of Goa and Daman
Archidioecesis Goanae et Damanensis
Goy ani Daman Mha-Dhormprant
Se cathedral
Location
Country  India
Ecclesiastical province Goa and Daman
Coordinates 15°30′08″N 73°54′42″E / 15.50222°N 73.91167°E / 15.50222; 73.91167Coordinates: 15°30′08″N 73°54′42″E / 15.50222°N 73.91167°E / 15.50222; 73.91167
Statistics
Area 4,194 km2 (1,619 sq mi)
Population
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2006)
1,763,598[1]
627,400 (35.6%)
Information
Rite Latin Rite
Cathedral Cathedral of St Catherine of Alexandria in Old Goa
Patron saint St Joseph Vaz
Current leadership
Pope Francis
Metropolitan Archbishop Filipe Neri Ferrão
Suffragan diocese of Sindhudurg
Emeritus Bishops Raul Nicolau Gonsalves Archbishop Emeritus (1978-2004)
Website
http://www.archgoadaman.org

The Roman Catholic Metropolitan Archdiocese of Goa and Daman (Latin: Archidioecesis Goanae et Damanensis, Portuguese: Arquidiocese de Goa e Damão) encompasses the state of Goa and the Union Territories of Daman in India. The ecclesiastical province of Goa and Daman includes a suffragan dioceses, Sindhudurg (Dioecesis Sindhudurgiensis). The archdiocese is the primatial see of the East, and the Archbishop carries the title of the Patriarch of the East Indies, yet depends on the missionary Roman Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples. In Konkani, the local language in Goa, the archdiocese is known as "Goy ani Damanv Mha-Dhormprant".

It is the oldest diocese in terms of activity in the East Indes, with its origins linked to the arrival of the Portuguese on the Malabar Coast. The metropolitan archbishop of Goa and Daman also uses the title Primate of the Indies or Primate of the East, and honorifically receives the title of (Latin) Patriarch of the East Indies.[citation needed]

The current Metropolitan Archbishop and Patriarch of the East Indies is Filipe Neri Ferrão.[2]

Special churches[edit]

Cathedral of St Catherine, Goa
  • The archbishop's cathedral see, the Se Cathedral, or Sé Catedral de Santa Catarina, is in the city of Old Goa, Goa.


The city also has a minor basilica, the Basilica of Bom Jesus in Old Goa. The world heritage site composed of the Churches and Convents of Goa falls under its ecclesiastical jurisdiction.[citation needed]

Territory and statistics[edit]

The archdiocese comprises the following territories in India: the State of Goa and the territories of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu.[3] As per 2014, it pastorally served 641,231 Catholics (31.0% of 2,067,200 total) on 4,194 km² in 167 parishes and 124 missions with 715 priests (410 diocesan, 305 religious), 1,503 lay religious (538 brothers, 965 sisters) and 80 seminarians.

Ecclesiastical province[edit]

The Metropolitan has a single Suffragan see :

History[edit]

TO ELABORATE After the Portuguese conquest of Goa by Afonso de Albuquerque in 1510, King Manuel I built a chapel there in honour of St. Catherine named patron of the city in 1518. Christians in the region were given into the charge of Dom Duarte Nunes (pt) O.P, the Franciscan bishop of the titular see of Laodicea. He governed until 1527 then was succeeded by Dom Fernando Vaqueiro (pt) OFM, the Franciscan titular bishop of Aureopolis, from 1529 to 1535.[4][4]

King John III of Portugal commissioned the construction of a cathedral in Goa and Pope Clement VII founded the Diocese of Goa on January 31, 1533, with the papal bull titled Romani Pontificis Circumspectio.[4][5] The jurisdiction of the new diocese at the time stretched from the Cape of Good Hope to China and Japan.[6] On November 3, 1534 the creation of the diocese was confirmed by the Aequum reputamus (pt) bull of Pope Paul III, since Clement VII's death had prevented the publication of its establishment. The diocese was originally a suffragan of the diocese of Funchal.

At the request of King Sebastian, on February 4, 1557 Pope Paul IV separated the Goan diocese from the ecclesiastical province of Lisbon and raised it to a metropolitan archdiocese, with the suffragan dioceses of Cochin and Malacca.[4][7] In the course of time other dioceses were included in the metropolitan area of Goa: Macau, Funai in Japan, Cranganore and Meliapor in India, Nanjing and Beijing in China and Mozambique in Africa. Daman in India is still included in Goa.[8]

With the brief of December 13, 1572 Pope Gregory XIII granted the archbishop of Goa the title of Primate of the East.[9] By 1857, Goa had gained several suffragan dioceses in the Indian subcontinent but retained only Macau and Mozambique outside that geographical area.[10]

On 23 January 1886, Pope Leo XIII, through the apostolic constitution Humanae Salutis Auctor, invested the archbishop of Goa with the honorary title of Patriarch of the East Indies. In the same year, the Archdiocese of Cranganore, created by the April 24, 1838 Multa praeclare decree of Pope Gregory XVI, was dissolved. The title attached to the diocese of Daman, created by the Humanae salutis edict of Pope Leo XIII and dissolved on May 1, 1928 with Inter Apostolicam, then attached to the Goa archdiocese. The archbishop came to be called Archbishop of Goa and Daman, and also Patriarch of the East Indies and titular archbishop of Cranganore.

Goan Catholics distribution across India.

In 1940, Dili (in East Timor) was elevated to a diocese and placed as suffragan under Goa; Mozambique was the in same year spun off from the metropolitan archdiocese. In 1953 the archdiocese of Goa lost the suffragan dioceses of Cochin, Meliampor and Canara following the ecclesiastical territorial reorganization of the new Indian state.

On December 19, 1961, the Indian Union annexed the territories of Goa, and Daman and Diu.[11] The following year the Patriarch Archbishop José Vieira Alvernaz left the territory. In 1965, the religious jurisdiction of Diu was entrusted to the Missionary Society of St Francis Xavier. The complexities of annexing Portuguese-ruled territories meant that the Vatican did not accept the resignation of the last patriarch until 1975, which put the Goa archdiocese directly subordinate to the Holy See until then. The dioceses of Dili and Macau were also de-linked from the ecclesiastical province and placed directly beneath the Holy See.

With the Quoniam Archdioecesi bull January 30, 1978, Pope Paul VI appointed Bishop Raul Nicolau Gonçalves as Archbishop of Goa and Daman, also titled ad honorem Patriarch of the East Indies. By Inter Capital of December 12, 2003, Pope John Paul II appointed Rev. Filipe Neri Ferrao Archbishop of Goa and Daman, also granting him the honorary patriarch title. The title is not mandatory and awarding it is a prerogative of the pope.

The Archdiocese of Goa and Daman remained—until November 25, 2006—as just an archdiocese immediately subject to the Holy See, because its archbishop who was not metropolitan; the archdiocese had had no suffragan dioceses since January 1, 1975, when Macao and Dili were separated from it. On November 25, 2006, Pope Benedict XVI addressed this issue with his Cum Christi Evangelii, to make the diocese of Sindhudurg a suffragan of Goa and Daman, together with which it formed a new ecclesiastical province.

Karwar: The civil district of North Kanara (Uttara Kannada) was part of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Goa and Daman till September 19, 1953 when the New Roman Catholic Diocese of Belgaum was erected. Two civil districts, Belgaum and North Kanara, were separated from the archdiocese of Goa and two other civil districts, Dharwad and Bijapur, were taken from the Diocese of Poona to form the diocese of Belgaum. The diocese of Karwar, comprising the whole civil district of Uttara Kannada, was carved out from the Diocese of Belgaum by the Christi Missum of Pope Paul VI, January 24, 1976. William Leonard D'Mello was appointed the first Bishop of Karwar by the apostolic bull dated January 24, 1976 and ordained and installed as the first Bishop of Karwar on April 29, 1977.

Episcopal ordinaries[edit]

BIOS TO ELABORATE

Dom José da Costa Nunes, Archbishop of Goa and Daman, later Cardinal.
Dom Sebastião António Valente, first Patriarch of the East Indies.
Dom Aleixo de Menezes, Archbishop of Goa, later archbishop of Braga and viceroy of Portugal.
Name Periods Notes
Archbishops
34º Filipe Neri do Rosário Ferrão 2004– present Second Goan Patriarch of the East Indies and Archbishop of Goa and Daman
33º Raul Nicolau Gonçalves 1978–2004 First Goan Patriarch of the East Indies and Archbishop of Goa and Daman, Archbishop-emeritus
32º José Vieira Alvernaz 1953–1975 Last Archbishop of Portuguese period
- José Vieira Alvernaz 1950-1953 Archbishop-coadjutor
31º José da Costa Nunes 1940–1953 Later Cardinal
30º Teotónio Emanuel Ribeira Vieira de Castro 1929–1940
29º Mateus de Oliveira Xavier 1909–1929
28º António Sebastião Valente 1882-1908 first Patriarch of the East Indies
27º Aires de Ornelas e Vasconcelos 1875-1880
26º João Crisóstomo de Amorim Pessoa 1862-1874 Later archbishop of Braga
25º José Maria da Silva Torres 1844-1851
24º Frei Manuel de São Galdino, O.F.M. 1812-1831
- Frei Manuel de São Galdino, O.F.M. 1804-1812 Archbishop-coadjutor
23º Frei Manuel de Santa Catarina, O.C.D. 1784-1812
22º Frei Francisco da Assunção e Brito, O.S.A. 1773-1783
21º António Taveira da Neiva Brum da Silveira 1750-1773
20º Frei Lourenço de Santa Maria e Melo, O.F.M. 1741-1750 Later archbishop-bishop of Faro
19º Frei Eugénio de Trigueiros, O.S.A. 1741 Died before taking office.
18º Frei Inácio de Santa Teresa, O.S.A. 1721-1740
17º Sebastião de Andrade Pessanha 1715-1721
16º Frei Agostinho da Anunciação, O.C. 1690-1713
15º Frei Alberto de São Gonçalo da Silva, O.S.A. 1686-1688
14º Manuel de Sousa Meneses 1680-1684
13º Frei António Brandão, O.C. 1674-1678
12º Frei Cristóvão da Silveira, O.S.A. 1670-1673
11º Frei Francisco dos Mártires, O.F.M. 1635-1652
10º Frei Manuel Teles de Brito, O.P. 1631-1633
Frei Sebastião de São Pedro, O.S.A. 1624-1629
Frei Cristóvão de Sá e Lisboa, O.S.H. 1612-1622
Frei Aleixo de Meneses 1595-1612 Later archbishop of Braga and viceroy of Portugal
Frei Mateus de Medina, O. Carm. 1588-1593
Frei João Vicente da Fonseca, O.P. 1583-1586
Frei Henrique de Távora e Brito, O.P. 1578-1581
Gaspar Jorge de Leão Pereira 1571-1576 reappointed
Frei Jorge Temudo, O.P. 1567-1571
Gaspar Jorge de Leão Pereira 1558-1567
Bishops
- Filipe do Rosário Ferrão 1993-2004 Auxiliary Bishop
- Raul Nicolau Gonçalves 1967-1978 Auxiliary Bishop
- Francisco Xavier da Piedade Rebelo 1963-1966 Auxiliary bishop, apostolic administrator sede plena between 1966 and 1972.
- António Joaquim de Medeiros 1882-1884 Auxiliary Bishop after bishop of Macau
- Tomás Gomes de Almeida 1879-1883 Auxiliary Bishop
- Joaquim de Santa Rita Botelho 1851 - ???? Bishop of Cochin, head vicar and governor of Goa archbishop
- Pedro da Silva 1688-1690 Bishop of Cochin, as Apostolic Administrator
- Frei Miguel da Cruz Rangel, O.P. 1634-1635 Bishop of Cochin, as Apostolic Administrator
- Frei João da Rocha 1630-1631 titular bishop of Hierapolis, as Apostolic Administrator
- Domingos Torrado, O.E.S.A. 1605-1612 Auxiliary Bishop, titular bishop of Fisicula
- Diego da Conceição de Araújo, O.E.S.A. 1595-1597 Auxiliary Bishop, titular bishop of Calama
- André de Santa Maria, O.F.M. 1593-1595 Bishop of Cochin, as Apostolic Administrator
- Jorge de Santa Luzia, O.P. 1559-1560 Bishop of Malacca, as Apostolic Administrator
Frei João Afonso de Albuquerque, O.F.M. 1539-1553
Francisco de Melo 1533-1536 First bishop of Goa, did not take possession.
Priests and friars as administrators
- António João de Ataíde 1839-1844 priest
- António Feliciano de Santa Rita Carvalho 1837-1839 head vicar and governor of the archbishopric of Goa
- Paulo António Dias da Conceição 1835-1837 priest, Cathedral administrator
- José Paulo da Costa Pereira de Almeida 1831-1835 priest, Dean of the Cathedral
- Gonçalo Veloso 1629 - 1630 head vicar
- Frei Domingos da Trindade 1612 governor

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ www.catholic-hierarchy.org | Statistics - Archdiocese of Goa
  2. ^ Titular Patriarchal See of East Indies
  3. ^ "Archdiocese of Goa e Damão". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c d Conselho Ultramarino, p.455
  5. ^ Stephen Neill (2004). A History of Christianity in India: The Beginnings to AD 1707. Cambridge University Press. p. 117. ISBN 0521548853. 
  6. ^ Gabriel Saldanha, p 356
  7. ^ Associação Marítima e Colonial, p. 314
  8. ^ Associação Marítima e Colonial, p. 314-315
  9. ^ Instituto Histórico, Geographico e Ethnographico do Brasil, p. 171-172
  10. ^ Gabriel Saldanha, p.361
  11. ^ Daman and Diu, brittanica.com]
  12. ^ a b c Archdiocese of Goa established with suffragan sees of Cochin and Malacca
  13. ^ Archdiocese of Goa | Original Catholic Encyclopedia
  14. ^ Diocese of Cochin erected | Original Catholic Encyclopedia
  15. ^ www.gcatholic.org | Diocese of Cochin
  16. ^ www.catholic-hierarchy.org | Diocese of Cochin
  17. ^ Diocese of Malacca | Original Catholic Encyclopedia
  18. ^ www.gcatholic.org | Diocese of Malacca
  19. ^ www.catholic-hierarchy.org | Diocese of Malacca

Sources and external links[edit]

Bibliography ==
Pontifical documents ==