|Stylistic origins||Heavy metal, Latin music, rock en español, Latin American music, Spanish rock, World music|
|Cultural origins||Late 1970s, Latin America|
|Typical instruments||Electric guitar, bass guitar, drums, vocals, Latin percussion|
Latin metal (Spanish: Heavy metal en español) is a subgenre of heavy metal music with Latin origins, influences, and instrumentation, such as Spanish vocals, Latin percussion and rhythm such as Salsa rhythm. Some south american bands also add influences and instrumentations borrowed from world music and ethnic music, relating to musical traditions of the indigenous people of America.
Latin metal started in the 1970s and 1980s, originating in many countries of Latin America, thanks to the increasing worldwide popularity of heavy metal and heavy rock from Europe and United States. It may also have profited from the "Latin explosion" in the United States of the 1990s, though some critics contend that the gap between Ricky Martin-style pop and metal is too great for Latin metal to have profited greatly. Still, record companies in the 1990s sought to profit from the rise of Latin pop, as evidenced from the Metalo compilation of Latin metal bands by the Grita! Records label, which included songs by Ill Niño and Puya, and bands from the 1990s such as Sepultura and Soulfly are cited as predecessors in the genre. In the United States, Ill Niño is probably the best-known exponent of the genre; their first two albums (with "philosophical and bilingual lyrics" about such topics as growing up fatherless) were commercially successful and got them strong radio play in for instance the San Antonio area.
Latin Metal has managed to enter the mainstream world, with bands like Ill Nino, Puya, Nonpoint, landing Top 10 and 20 singles,on the Active Rock charts.
Latin metal bands
- Angra - a power metal band that takes occasional influence from traditional Brazilian music, especially on their Holy Land and Temple of Shadows albums, particularly the song 'The Shadow Hunter' off the latter album.
- Alejandro Silva - Instrumental heavy metal guitarist of the Alejandro Silva Power Cuarteto.
- Atomic Aggressor
- Pentagram Chile
- Poema Arcanus
- Six Magics
- Barón Rojo - Founded in early 1980.
- Obús - Founded in Madrid in 1980.
- Angeles del Infierno
- Mago de Oz
- Ill Niño - A metal band from New Jersey whose 2001 debut album Revolution Revolución was seminal in the development of the genre.
- Marc Rizzo
- Nonpoint - An alternative metal band from Fort Lauderdale, Florida. Their lyrics often use Spanish as well as Latin themes in their music.
- Atheist - A technical death metal band from Sarasota, Florida. Their death/thrash metal music style is influenced by Latin music, as well as jazz (The former being shown especially in the song 'Samba Briza' from the 1993 album Elements).
- P.O.D. - A nu metal band from California
- Christgau, Robert (1990). Rock albums of the '70s: a critical guide. Da Capo. p. 342. ISBN 978-0-306-80409-0.
- Burr, Ramiro (2000-06-24). "Are You Ready to Rock Pesado? Latinos Struggle to Prove their Metal". Billboard. pp. 52–54. Retrieved 2009-08-11.
- "Puya, Armored Saint Lead Latin Metal Surge On Metalo". MTV. 1999-06-25. Retrieved 2009-08-11.
- Peiken, Matt (2001-07-31). "Bang Your Head: Latin Metal is Next 'Revolucion'". Sun Herald. Retrieved 2009-08-11.
- Burr, Ramiro (2003-11-30). "Latin Notes: Ill Nino's confessional Latin metal band rages about missing fathers, betrayals, and loving and hating". San Antonio Express-News. p. J.8.
- Sharpe-Young, Garry (2005). New Wave of American Heavy Metal. Zonda Books. p. 242. ISBN 978-0-9582684-0-0.
- "Ill Niño: Overview". Allmusic. Retrieved 2009-08-11.