Latin music (genre)
|Native name||Música latina|
|Cultural origins||Mid-1900s in the United States|
|2016 in Latin music|
Latin music (Música latina in Spanish and Portuguese) is a musical category that encompasses music from the Spanish-speaking areas of the world (namely Latin America and Spain). Most definitions of Latin music also include Portuguese-language music from Brazil and sometimes Portugal as well. The term, "Latin music", originates from the United States (US) due to the growing influence of Hispanic and Latino Americans in the American music market, with notable pioneers including Xavier Cugat (1940s), Tito Puente (1950s), Antônio Carlos Jobim and Carlos Santana (1960s), and accelerating especially since the 1980s. US trade industry groups such as Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) and Billboard magazine define "Latin music" as any type of release with most of its lyrics in Spanish regardless of genre.
Major record labels such as Universal Music Group, Sony Music, and Warner Music often have two divisions dedicated to the Latin market: one which focuses on Latin America and the Iberian Peninsula, and the other for the Hispanic market in the United States. Spain, Brazil, Mexico, and the United States are the largest Latin music markets in the world.
In the late 1990s, the rising population of "Latinos" in the US(term popularized since the 1960s due to the wrong and confusing use of "Spanish" term and the more proper but unpopular term "Hispanic") A great part of the English media started to refer any kind of music featuring Spanish vocals as "Latin music". Around the same time, artists from Italy such as Eros Ramazzotti, Laura Pausini, and Tiziano Ferro successfully crossed over to the Latin music field by recording Spanish-language versions of their songs. In 2000, the Latin Academy of Recording Arts & Sciences (LARAS) established the Latin Grammy Awards to recognize musicians who perform in Spanish or Portuguese. Unlike the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences (NARAS) which only accepts recordings that been released in the United States, LARAS admits any recordings in Spanish or Portuguese that have been released in Latin America, Spain, Portugal, and the United States. Similarly, the Latin Songwriters Hall of Fame was established in 2012 to recognize songwriters from Spanish- and Portuguese-speaking regions around the world. In 2013, Spanish singer Julio Iglesias was recognized by the Guinness World Records as the best-selling male Latin artist of all time.
- Morales, Ed (2003). The Latin beat : The Rhythms and Roots of Latin music From Bossa Nova to Salsa and Beyond (1. Da Capo Press ed.). Cambridge, MA: Da Capo Press. p. xiii. ISBN 0306810182. Retrieved September 10, 2015.
- Stavans, llan (2014). Latin music : musicians, genres, and themes. Santa Barbara, California:: ABC-CLIO. p. xviii, 838. ISBN 9780313343964. Retrieved October 30, 2014.
- Lawrence, Larry; Wright, Tom (January 26, 1985). "¡Viva Latino!". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. 97 (4): 53, 62. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
- Flores, Juan; Rosaldo, Renato (2007). A Companion to Latina/o Studies. Oxford: Blackwell Pub. p. 50. ISBN 9780470658260. Retrieved September 10, 2015.
- Llewellyn, Howell (November 25, 1995). "ShowMarket To Focus On Development of Latin Music". Billboard. Nielsen Media. 107 (47): 72. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved July 30, 2015.
- Arenas, Fernando (2011). Lusophone Africa : Beyond Independence. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. p. 220. ISBN 9780816669837. Retrieved September 10, 2015.
- Edwards, Bob (September 13, 2000). "Profile: Latin Grammys at the Staples Center in Los Angeles". NPR. Retrieved August 7, 2015. (subscription required (. ))
- Barkley, Elizabeth F. (2007). Crossroads : the multicultural roots of America's popular music (2. ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall. p. 232. ISBN 9780131930735.
The U.S. record industry defines Latin music as simply any release with lyrics that are mostly in Spanish.
- "About". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
- Cobo, Leila (January 5, 2012). "Latin Sales Down Slightly In 2011, Digital Latin Sales Up". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
- Valdes-Rodriguez, Alisa (December 26, 1999). "The Loud and Quiet Explosions". Los Angeles Times. Tribune Company. Retrieved October 28, 2015.
- "Billboard's Latin Power Players List Revealed". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. July 30, 2015. Retrieved July 30, 2015.
- Rodriguez, Rene (June 26, 2016). "The Miami sound is gone. But the beat goes on. Here is what replaced it". Miami Herald. Retrieved August 15, 2016.
- Llewellyn, Howell (November 11, 2000). "The Spanish Market Looks To Export Artists". Billboard. 112 (46): 78. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
- Suárez-Orozco, Marcelo (2008). Latinos: Remaking America. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-25827-3.
- González, Juan (2011). Harvest of Empire: A History of Latinos in America. Penguin Books. ISBN 978-0-14-311928-9.
- Avant-Mier, Roberto (2010). Rock the Nation: Latin/o Identities and the Latin Rock Diaspora. Continuum Publishing Corporation.
- Obejas, Achy (April 4, 1999). "Italian Artists Conquer Latin Music Charts". Chicago Tribune. Tribune Company. Retrieved January 4, 2015.
- Cobo, Leila (November 11, 2000). "Latin Notas". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. 112 (46): 47–48. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved January 4, 2015.
- Valdes-Rodriguez, Alisa (June 25, 1999). "One Little Word, Yet It Means So Much". Los Angeles Times. Tribune Company. Retrieved December 25, 2013.
- "Billboard Spotlights Spain & Portugal". Billboard. Nielsen N.V. 111 (47): 91. November 20, 1999. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved September 3, 2015.
- Fernandez, Enrique (March 5, 2000). "After Birthing Pains, Latin Grammys Should Grow Strong". Sun-Sentinel. McClatchy Company. Retrieved July 31, 2015.
- S. Pajot (December 12, 2012). "Latin Songwriters Hall of Fame Launches in Miami, Announces 2013 Nominees". Miami New Times. Voice Media Group. Retrieved October 30, 2014.
- "Julio Iglesias receives world record certificate in Beijing". Guinness World Record. April 2, 2013. Retrieved December 24, 2013.
- Stavans, Ilan (2014). Latin music : musicians, genres, and themes. Santa Barbara, California:: ABC-CLIO. ISBN 9780313343964.
- Morales, Ed (2003). The Latin Beat. Da Capo Press. ISBN 0-306-81018-2.
- "1992 International Buyer's Guide to Latin Music". Billboard. Nielsen N.V. 1992. ISSN 1074-746X.
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