Lato

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Lato
Λατώ
Lato - Agora.jpg
The agora of Lato
Lato is located in Greece
Lato
Shown within Greece
LocationKritsa, Crete, Greece
Coordinates35°10′40″N 25°39′13″E / 35.17778°N 25.65361°E / 35.17778; 25.65361Coordinates: 35°10′40″N 25°39′13″E / 35.17778°N 25.65361°E / 35.17778; 25.65361
TypeSettlement
History
AbandonedApproximately 200 BC
PeriodsArchaic Greece to Hellenistic Greece
Site notes
Management24th Ephorate of Prehistoric and Classical Antiquities
WebsiteLato

Lato (Ancient Greek: Λατώ, romanizedLatṓ)[1] was an ancient city of Crete, the ruins of which are located approximately 3 km from the small town of Kritsa.

History[edit]

The Great Temple
The eastern chamber of the prytaneion

The Dorian city-state was built in a defensible position overlooking Mirabello Bay between two peaks, both of which became acropolises to the city. Although the city probably predates the arrival of the Dorians, the ruins date mainly from the Dorian period (5th and 4th centuries BCE). The city was destroyed c. 200 BCE, but its port (Lato Etera or Lato pros Kamara), located near Agios Nikolaos was in use during Roman rule. This has led to the confusion, repeated by Stephanus of Byzantium quoting Xenion, a Cretan historian, that Kamara and Lato were one and the same. Modern scholarship distinguishes the two.

The city most likely was named after the goddess Leto (of which Lato is the usual Doric form) and may be mentioned in Linear B tablets as RA-TO.[2] Lato also minted coins in antiquity,[3] bearing the likeness of the goddess Eileithyia who appears to have been the one particularly worshipped at Lato.[2]

Nearchus, admiral of Alexander the Great, was born at Lato.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1854–1857). "Camara". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray.