Latta, South Carolina
|Latta, South Carolina|
Location of Latta within South Carolina
|Named for||Captain Robert Latta|
|• Type||strong council|
|• Town Administrator||Jarett Taylor|
|• Total||1.1 sq mi (2.8 km2)|
|• Land||1.1 sq mi (2.8 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||105 ft (32 m)|
|• Density||1,258/sq mi (485.9/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|FIPS code||45-40480 |
|GNIS feature ID||1246298 |
Latta was established in 1887. The town arose from a need for a railroad, which helped to eliminate "the need to travel to Wilmington, North Carolina, in order to reach many points in South Carolina." Thus, the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad built two depots; one in the city of Dillon and the other 7 miles (11 km) to the south in Latta. The depots were completed in 1888. Many families were drawn to this area, and in March 1890, "the town of Latta was incorporated by the state legislature and received its charter."
The town was named for the Latta family of settlers. More specifically, it was named after Captain Robert Latta, who was from York County, South Carolina; he orchestrated the engineering for the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad. Captain Latta not only surveyed the area for the railroad, but he also constructed the original plans for the town of Latta. Because of Latta's railroad facilities, the town grew rapidly, especially from 1900 to 1910.
Latta has an established historic district, mostly located on Main Street, and many of these structures are listed in the National Register of Historic Places. Latta has about 55 properties, constructed between ca. 1890 and ca. 1930, that are a part of the historic district. Furthermore, Latta is home to one of the thirteen Carnegie public library buildings in South Carolina. The Latta library opened in 1914 and is "one of five of South Carolina's original 14 Carnegie libraries still in use as a library." The post office in Latta has been in operation since 1888.
In April 2014, Mayor Earl Bullard fired Police Chief Crystal Moore, allegedly because Moore is lesbian. Bullard said on the telephone, "I would much rather have — and I will say this to anybody's face — somebody who drank and drank too much taking care of my child than I had somebody whose lifestyle is questionable around children. … I'm not going to let two women stand up there and hold hands and let my child be aware of it. And I'm not going to see them do it with two men neither."
In June 2014, Latta residents voted in favor of changing from a "strong mayor" government to a "strong council" government, which allowed the town council to reinstate Crystal Moore as Latta's police chief, which they did unanimously on June 28, 2014.
Latta is located in southern Dillon County at  U.S. Routes 301 and 501 pass through the center of town as Second Avenue, leading northeast 6 miles (10 km) to Dillon, the county seat. US 501 leads south 12 miles (19 km) to Marion, while US 301 diverges from US 501 south of town and leads southwest 24 miles (39 km) to Florence. South Carolina Highway 917 is Main Street in Latta, leading west 6 miles (10 km) to Interstate 95 at Exit 181, and southeast 15 miles (24 km) to Mullins.(34.338459, -79.432997).
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,410 people, 580 households, and 399 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,358.9 people per square mile (523.5/km²). There were 665 housing units at an average density of 640.9 per square mile (246.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 57.94% White, 40.50% African American, 0.71% Native American, 0.07% from other races, and 0.78% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.64% of the population.
There were 580 households out of which 25.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.6% were married couples living together, 21.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.2% were non-families. 29.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.01.
In the town, the population was spread out with 24.0% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 23.8% from 25 to 44, 25.2% from 45 to 64, and 18.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 74.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 68.3 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $25,833, and the median income for a family was $36,406. Males had a median income of $30,714 versus $19,583 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,451. About 16.5% of families and 21.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.9% of those under age 18 and 31.4% of those age 65 or over.
Points of interest
The following are listed on the National Register of Historic Places: Joel Allen House, Catfish Creek Baptist Church, Early Cotton Press, John Hayes Farmstead, Latta Downtown Historic District, Latta Historic District No. 1, Latta Historic District No. 2, McMillan House, and Old Ebenezer Church.
Latta High School and Latta Elementary School serves Latta area students.
Latta Library is one of the 2,509 Carnegie libraries built worldwide between 1883 and 1929, that were started with funds given by Scottish-American businessman and philanthropist Andrew Carnegie.
- Raymond Felton, National Basketball Association point guard for the Oklahoma City Thunder
- Carlisle Floyd, opera composer
- Kathryn Frost, Major General, United States Army
- Chuck Jackson, R&B and soul singer and recording artist
- John L. McLucas, United States Secretary of the Air Force
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "History". www.townoflatta.sc.gov. Retrieved 2015-09-17.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Latta town, South Carolina". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved January 5, 2016.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 182.
- "National Register Sites in South Carolina". www.nationalregister.sc.gov. Retrieved 2015-09-18.
- "Carnegie Library buildings in South Carolina". www.libsci.sc.edu. Retrieved 2015-09-18.
- "Latta Library". Retrieved 2015-09-18.
- "Dillon County". Jim Forte Postal History. Retrieved 12 June 2015.
- Latta council fights for chief's job; Morning News, 2014
- Latta voters approve 'strong council' government; Morning News; June 24, 2014.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.