Carlos Latuff in 2012
|Birth name||Carlos Latuff|
November 30, 1968 |
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
|Field||Political cartoons, Social commentary|
|Movement||Anti-globalization, anti-capitalism, anti-imperialism, anti-racism, anti-fascism, anti-Americanism, anti-Zionism, Marxism, socialism, feminism, indigenous rights|
Carlos Latuff (born November 30, 1968) is a Brazilian freelance political cartoonist. His works deal with an array of themes, including anti-Zionism, anti-globalization, anti-capitalism, and anti-U.S. military intervention. He is best known for his images depicting the Israeli–Palestinian conflict and, more recently, the Arab Spring events. Latuff himself has described his work as controversial.
Latuff's works have been posted mostly by himself on Indymedia websites and private blogs. However, some of them have been picked up and featured in magazines such as the Brazilian edition of Mad, Le Monde Diplomatique and the The Toronto Star. In addition, a few of his works were published on Arab websites and publications such as the Islamic Front for the Iraqi Resistance (JAMI) magazine, the Saudi magazine Character, the Lebanese newspaper Al Akhbar, among others.
A vast number of Latuff's cartoons are related to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, which according to his claims : "became important to Latuff after he visited the area in the late 1990s." These cartoons are heavily critical of Israel and have drawn criticism and allegations of uninhibited utilization of "judeophobic stereotypes in the service of the anti-globalisation movement."
In his We are all Palestinians (Arabic: كلنا فلسطينيون) cartoon series, various famous oppressed groups, including Jews in the Warsaw Ghetto, Black South Africans during Apartheid, Native Americans, and Tibetans in China, are all shown stating "I am Palestinian."
Latuff has also made a series of cartoons that portray Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon, United States President George W. Bush, Brazilian president Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva and British PM Tony Blair among other politicians as monsters and as Nazis.
Latuff is also critical of US military action in Iraq and Afghanistan. He has made promotional cartoons for anti-US militancy as well as cartoons alleging US actions have been motivated by the chance of making profit from oil. Among the cartoons, there are also some that portray US soldiers as severely wounded, dead, or paraplegic or as harming Iraqi civilians.
In his comic series Tales of Iraq War (Arabic: حكايات من حرب العراق) he portrays "Juba, the Baghdad sniper", an Iraqi insurgency character claimed to have shot down several-dozen US soldiers, as a "superhero". He has also made a caricature of US President George W. Bush laughing over US casualties.
Since the end of 2010, he's been consistently engaged in producing cartoons about the Arab Spring in which he openly sided with the revolutionaries. After the victory of revolutions in Tunisia, Egypt and Libya his cartoons about these countries have focused on the menace of counter-revolution or Western interference. Some of his cartoons have been displayed in mass demonstrations in Arab countries.
The notability of Latuff and his cartoons has drawn criticism from individuals and organizations, especially in the form of accusations of anti-semitism.
His works were criticized by a writer for the Institute for Global Jewish Affairs, part of the Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs (an Israeli NGO), for allegedly containing antisemitism and antisemitic motifs.
In 2002 the Swiss-based Holocaust survivors organization Aktion Kinder des Holocaust sued the Indymedia of Switzerland on the charge of anti-Semitism for publishing Latuff's cartoon titled We are all Palestinians series in their website, which depicted a Jewish boy in Warsaw Ghetto saying: "I am Palestinian." The criminal proceedings were suspended by Swiss court.
In their 2003 Annual Report, the Stephen Roth Institute compared Latuff's cartoons of Sharon to "the antisemitic caricatures of Philipp Rupprecht in Julius Streicher's Der Stürmer." The SRI also complained over a cartoon showing Che Guevara in a Palestinian keffiyeh.
In 2006, Latuff placed second for his cartoon comparing the Israeli West Bank barrier with the Nazi concentration camps, in the Iranian 'International Holocaust Cartoon Competition'. The contest was created in response to Muhammad cartoons published by a Danish newspaper, under the notion that those who supported the right to free speech in matters concerning Islam would be placed in a precarious position were they to condemn cartoons concerning the Holocaust. Latuff's entry was described as "Holocaust inversion," a "motif" of antisemitism, by Manfred Gerstenfeld.
Joel Kotek a professor at Belgium’s Free University of Brussels, in his book Cartoons and Extremism calls Latuff “the contemporary Drumont of the internet.” (Edouard Drumont was the founder of the French Antisemitic League of France and the publisher of La Libre Parole, a magazine that printed numerous classically antisemitic cartoons during the years of the Dreyfus Affair).
Latuff's Response to allegations of anti-Semitism
In an interview with the Jewish-American weekly newspaper The Forward in December 2008, Latuff responded to charges of antisemitism and the comparisons made between his cartoons and those published in Julius Streicher's Der Stürmer during the Nazi period:
My cartoons have no focus on the Jews or on Judaism. My focus is Israel as a political entity, as a government, their armed forces being a satellite of U.S. interests in the Middle East, and especially Israeli policies toward the Palestinians. It happens to be Israeli Jews that are the oppressors of Palestinians.…My detractors say that the use of the Magen David in my Israel-related cartoons is irrefutable proof of antisemitism; however, it’s not my fault if Israel chose sacred religious motifs as national symbols, such as the Knesset Menorah or the Star of David in killing-machines like F-16 jets.
Latuff was included in Simon Wiesenthal Center's 2012 Top Ten Anti-Israel/Anti-Semitic Slurs list, which he considered "a joke worthy of a Woody Allen movie". He also claimed that Zionist lobbying groups try to associate him with well-known extremists and racists in order to disqualify his criticism of the Israeli government. According to him, "criticism or even attacks to the polity known as Israel do not mean hatred towards Jews because the Israeli government does not represent the Jewish people just as no government represents the totality of its people". He also pointed out that figures such as José Saramago, Desmond Tutu and Jimmy Carter were too accused of being antisemitic, saying that he was "in good company".
- "UAE General, Brazilian artist lives up to his promise". Gulfnews.com. 2009-01-18. Retrieved 2013-01-25.
- Interview with Latuff "Carlos Latuff: Cartoonist and opinion-maker", Menassat, 2008
- "Mad magazine, January 2009, Brazilian edition". Latuff2.deviantart.com. Retrieved 2013-01-25.
- "Charge q fiz sobre deportação d ciganos por Sarkozy no Le Mon... on Twitpic". Twitpic.com. Retrieved 2013-01-25.
- Mafaz Al-Suwaidan Special to the star. "The Toronto Star: More than just a chic checkered scarf". Thestar.com. Retrieved 2013-01-25.
- Interview for JAMI magazine
My cartoons in Saudi Arabia magazine
Article about my art in the Lebanese newspaper "Al Akhbar"
Cartoon reproduced in Iraqi magazine
- "The Jewish Daily Forward: Simple, Offensive and Out There". Forward.com. Retrieved 2013-01-25.
- Black, Ian (19 December 2008). "Cartoon symbols of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict". The Guardian. Retrieved 2009-07-07.
- "Carlos Latuff: "We Are All Palestinian"". Sinkers.org. Retrieved 2013-01-25.
- "Ariel Sharon portrait by ~latuff". DeviantArt. 2003-06-08. Retrieved 2007-09-21.
- "Ariel Sharon by ~latuff". DeviantArt. 2003-06-07. Retrieved 2007-09-21.
- "The Godfather by ~latuff". DeviantArt. 2003-05-02. Retrieved 2007-09-21.
- "Friday the 13th Jason Sharon by ~latuff on deviantART". Deviantart.com. 2003-06-08. Retrieved 2013-01-25.
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- File:Victory.gif, File:Iraq war, year FOUR!.jpg
- File:KillinintheRain.png, File:Warforoil.gif
- An example episode of Juba the Baghdad sniper at Latuff's blog
A second example episode of Juba the Baghdad sniper at Latuff's blog, (Arabic)
- "Interview with Carlos Latuff". Latuff2.deviantart.com. Retrieved 2013-01-25.
- 'Laughs' by Carlos Latuff (infoshop.org), Commons Link
- Grudgings, Stuart. "Rio cartoonist inspires Arab rebellions from afar". Reuters.com. Retrieved 2013-01-25.
- "Latuff's cartoon displayed in Tahrir Square". Twicsy.com. 2011-08-01. Retrieved 2013-01-25.
- "Stop military tribunals". Arabawy.org. Retrieved 2013-01-25.
- Adam Levick, September 2, 2010 (2010-09-02). "Anti-Semitic Cartoons on Progressive Blogs Adam Levick". Jcpa.org. Retrieved 2013-01-25.
- Alex Schärer: Linke und Antisemitismus: Der Indymedia-Streit - Aufpassen, was im Kübel landet, Die Wochenzeitung, April 4, 2002
- Junge Welt: Ärger im Internet: Wegen antisemitischer Beiträge hat Indymedia Schweiz den Betrieb gestoppt, February 25, 2002
- Aktion Kinder des Holocaust: Is this cartoon by Latuff, published at indymedia-switzerland, anti-Semitic? An analysis
- Hamadeh, Anis (August 2002). "Jewish peace activists and Israeli violence". Archived from the original on 16 August 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-21.[dead link]
- "General Analysis: Overview". Annual Report. Stephen Roth Institute. 2003. Retrieved January 10, 2010.
- "Brazil 2003-2004". Country Reports. Stephen Roth Institute. 2003. Retrieved June 7, 2010.
- Winners of the Iranian Holocaust Cartoon Competition, IRANCARTOON International
- Manfred Gerstenfeld: "Ahmadinejad, Iran, and Holocaust manipulation: methods, aims, and reactions", Scholars For Peace in the Middle East, February 1, 2007
- Cartoons and Extremism: Israel and the Jews in Arab and Western Media By Joel Kotek Vallentine Mitchell, 201 pages
- fr:La Libre Parole
- "Simple, Offensive and Out There Extreme Cartoons Distort Israel and the Jews By Eddy Portnoy". Forward.com. Retrieved 2013-01-25.
- "Latuff: Cartoonist in Conversation - Forward.com". www.forward.com. Retrieved 2008-12-21.
- "2012 Top Ten Anti-Israel/Anti-Semitic Slurs". Simon Wiesenthal Center. Retrieved 2012-12-28.
- "Cartunista brasileiro está no ranking dos "dez mais antissemitas" do mundo" (in Portuguese). Opera Mundi. Retrieved 2012-12-28.
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