Latvia 100

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Latvia 100
18.novembra svinīgie pasākumi (31000620767).jpg
Native name Latvija 100
Date2017-2021
Location Latvia
TypeNational
Theme100th anniversary of the founding of Latvia
Budget€60 million[1]
Websitehttps://lv100.lv/en/

The 100th Anniversary of the Latvian Republic also commercialized as Latvia 100 is a national event in the Latvian Republic celebrating the country's 100th anniversary since its 1918 establishment. The main celebrations are held on 11 November 2018, and other commemorative events are set to take place from 2017-2021. Outside from the official celebrations, 11 November is also a public holiday, being the Proclamation Day of the Republic of Latvia.

Background[edit]

On 11 November 1918, The Tautas padome (People's council), which was a coalition of competing Latvian political factions, proclaimed the independence of the Latvian region from the Russian Empire and established a new state, the Republic of Latvia. This decision was made following a summit held inside the Latvian National Theatre the day before. A Provisional Government was immediately created, with Kārlis Ulmanis acting as its first Prime Minister. 2 and a half weeks later, Latvian War of Liberation began, with the Red Army and the Imperial German Army invading the country in order to have a foothold in the Baltic states. The war ended with a Latvian/pan-baltic victory in August 1920 and the signing of the Treaty of Riga.

Events[edit]

The centennial will be the biggest event in the history of modern Latvia. More than 800 wide range celebratory events and festivities were planned to take place from May 2017 to January 2021 in Latvia and in more than 70 countries.[2] The 5-year span will include events that mark the centenaries of different stages of Latvia's path to independence, as well as Latvia's accomplishments after its statehood was achieved. The official celebrations started on May 4, 2017, Latvia' restoration day, with the Embrace Latvia initiative when citizens planted exactly 100 oaks along the country's outer border.[3]

As per events on its actual centennial anniversary on 11 November 2018, many high level government officials, dignitaries, military leaders, and public figures laid wreaths and flowers at the Freedom Monument in the capital. A musical concert was held at the Latvian National Theatre, where Latvia declared its sovereignty in 1918. A special meeting of the Saeima was also at the theatre.[4]

Military Parade[edit]

The Italian Bersaglieri marching in the military parade.

The annual military parade 11 November Embankment in Riga marked the centennial anniversary's main events. It was the largest in history with around 1,700 soldiers from the Latvian National Armed Forces participating in the march past.[5] It was composed of personnel of the Land Forces, Navy, Air Force, National Guard, Border Guard, Military Police and military academies. The parade was led by Gen. Riho Terras, President Kersti Kaljulaid was present to greet the different units. Estonian President Kersti Kaljulaid, Lithuanian President Dalia Grybauskaitė, Finnish President Sauli Niinistö and Icelandic President Guðni Th. Jóhannesson joined Latvian President Raimonds Vejonis in attending the military parade and the celebrations.

The NATO countries and other military partners of Latvia that were represented at the parade were Italy, Estonia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, the Czech Republic, Finland, Albania, Croatia, the Netherlands, Norway, Slovakia, Spain Slovenia, Britain, Denmark, Sweden, Germany, Canada and the United States.[6]

Focus of celebrations by year[edit]

The anniversary concert

Each year of the anniversary has a key word in recognition of events that took place 100 years ago, which were significant to the foundation of the country.[7]

  • 2017 - The Year of Will. Honours the consolidation of the independence movement in Latvia.
  • 2018 - The Year of Birth. Commemorates the creation of Latvia as well as the countries of the Baltics and Central and Eastern Europe from the ruins of former empires.
  • 2019 - The Year of Courage. Commemorates those who died in the Latvian War of Independence.
  • 2020 - The Year of Freedom. Honours the creation of government and the election of the first Latvian President.
  • 2021 - the Year of Growth. Honours the days when Latvia was finally recognised as a country by the world and was accepted into the League of Nations.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]