Latvian National Guard

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Latvian National Guard
Latvian National Guard emblem.svg
Latvian National Guard emblem
Active 1991 - present
Country  Latvia
Type Light Infantry
Size 11,000
Part of Latvian Armed Forces

The National Guard (Latvian: Zemessardze (ZS)) is a part of National Armed Forces. NG is a basic land component, consisting of volunteers who perform traditional national guard duties such as crisis response and support for military operations. It consists of 3 regions of National Guard. The National Guard continues development also after Latvia has joined the NATO.


National Guard troops firing artillery

The National Guard was established in August 1991 as a voluntary public military self-defense organization. Its roots can be traced to the pre-World War II Aizsargi organization. It is the largest NAF structure in terms of numbers. The National Guard has always played an essential role in the national defense system by allowing the public to be involved in national defense. A number of National Guard battalions have been transformed into high-readiness reserve forces, which can be deployed immediately on international military operations.

The youth organization of the National Guard, the Jaunsardze (Youth Guards), was established in 1992. It is the largest youth movement in Latvia, bringing together young people from the age of 12 to 18.

An aviation component was introduced in 1993, with a fleet of ex-Soviet DOSAAF light aircraft and gliders. In 2000 the aviation component became part of the Air Force.


The main task of the National Guard is to support the regular Land Force units by defending the national territory during military threat and to perform NAF combat support and combat logistics functions. At the same time, the National Guard will continue providing assistance to the public regarding crisis control, as well as to the State Police regarding provision of public law and order, and continue the safeguarding of sites of national security importance.

The main mission of the National Guard is to:

  • Ensure the combat and mobilization readiness of its own units;
  • Provide legal and military training for National Guard soldiers;
  • Provide national juridical order.
National Guards during the parade


National Guard soldier

National Guard (NG) Headquarters (Rīga)

  • NG Cyber Defense Unit (Rīga)
  • NG Special PSYOPS Support Platoon (Valmiera)
  • NG Veterans' Union (Rīga)
  • NG Orchestra and Choir (Rīga)

National Guard Region (NGR) 1 (Liepāja HQ):

  • NG Infantry Battalion 44 (Liepāja)
  • NG Infantry Battalion 46 (Ventspils)
  • NG Infantry Battalion 51 (Dobele)
  • NG Infantry Battalion 52 (Jelgava)
  • NG Logistics Battalion 45 (Kuldīga)

National Guard Region (NGR) 2 (Rēzekne HQ):

National Guard Region (NGR) 3 (Rīga HQ):

  • NG Student Battalion (Rīga)
  • NG Air Defense Battalion 17 (Rīga)
  • NG Logistics Battalion 19 (Rīga)
  • NG Infantry Battalion 22 (Valmiera)
  • NG Infantry Battalion 27 (Cēsis)
  • NG Engineer Battalion 54 (Ogre)


Military vehicles[edit]

Name Image Origin Type Variants Quantity Notes
Scania Scania 93M Norwegian military.jpg  Sweden Truck
Mercedes-Benz MB 1017.jpg  Germany Truck
Unimog Unimog 404-serial number 4.jpg  Germany Truck
Volvo NBS vienību militārā parāde (10925274704).jpg  Sweden Truck
Phasing out
Volvo Volvo L 485.jpg  Sweden Truck
VOLVO Viking 939
Phasing out
Light vehicles
Mercedes-Benz Puch G Bundesheer.jpg  Germany SUV
MB G-Class 240GD
HMMWV Ministru prezidents Valdis Dombrovskis vēro Nacionālo bruņoto spēku vienību militāro parādi 11.novembra krastmalā (6357918105).jpg  United States SUV
CUCV Ministru prezidents Valdis Dombrovskis vēro Nacionālo bruņoto spēku vienību militāro parādi 11.novembra krastmalā (8195453677).jpg  United States SUV
Jeep Jeep Rubicon Green.JPG  United States SUV
Volvo Tgb20.jpg  Sweden SUV
Special vehicles
Bv 206 Hagglunds Bv206 25th US Marines 2.jpg  Sweden Amphibious tracked vehicle
Bv 206A
Bv 206F


Name Image Origin Type Variants Quantity Notes
Škoda vz53 100808 ZS lielgabali 06.jpg  Czechoslovakia Field gun
100mm caliber
Heavy mortars
2B11 120 mm mortar 2B11.jpg  Soviet Union Mortar
120 mm caliber
Anti-tank weapons
Pvpj 1110 LT PV1110.jpg  Sweden Recoilless rifle
90 mm caliber
Carl Gustav recoilless rifle Carl Gustav recoilless rifle.jpg  Sweden
84 mm caliber
Air defence weapons
Bofors 40mm gun ChathamAmherst6525.JPG  Sweden
Bofors 40mm L/70
submachine guns
Carl Gustav Carl Gustav M45-b.jpg  Sweden
Assault rifles
Heckler & Koch G36 Latvian G36KV.JPG  Germany
Heckler & Koch G36K
Heckler & Koch G3 Gun safety.jpg  Germany
Machine guns
FN MAG Ksp58.jpg  Belgium
M2 Browning M2 Browning, Musée de l'Armée.jpg  United States
Heckler & Koch HK21 HK21.JPG  Germany
HK 21
RPK Soviet RPK.JPEG  Soviet Union
Sniper rifles
PGM Hécate II PGM Hecate.jpg  France


The National Guard has established close co-operation with similar organizations abroad – the US Michigan Army National Guard, the Australian Army Reserve, the UK Territorial Army, and the Home Guard Organizations of Denmark, Sweden, Norway, Lithuania and Estonia.


  1. ^ "ZS vienības" (in Latvian). LR Zemesardze. Retrieved August 8, 2015.