Latvian National Guard
This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. (Learn how and when to remove these template messages)(Learn how and when to remove this template message)
|National Guard of the Republic of Latvia|
Latvijas Republikas Zemessardze
Latvian National Guard emblem
|Founded||August 23, 1991|
|Allegiance||Latvian National Armed Forces|
|Type||Light Infantry volunteer force|
|Size||more than 8,000|
|Part of||Latvian Armed Forces|
|Anniversaries||August 23, 1991|
|Brigade General Ainārs Ozoliņš|
The Latvian National Guard or NG (Latvian: Latvijas Republikas Zemessardze or ZS) is a part of the Latvian National Armed Forces. The National Guard is a basic land component, consisting of volunteers who perform traditional national guard duties such as crisis response and support for military operations. It consists of the Staff Headquarters and 4 brigades (formally - regions or novadi), which are divided into 18 battalions. The National Guard continued its development also after Latvia joined NATO.
The National Guard was established in August 23, 1991 by the Supreme Council of the Republic of Latvia as a voluntary public military self-defense organization. Its roots can be traced to the pre-World War II Aizsargi organization. It is the largest NAF structure in terms of numbers. The National Guard has always played an essential role in the national defense system by allowing the public to be involved in national defense. A number of National Guard battalions have been transformed into high-readiness reserve forces, which can be deployed immediately on international military operations.
The youth organization of the National Guard, the Youth Guard (Latvian: Latvijas Republikas Jaunsardze, JS), was established in 1992. It is the largest youth movement in Latvia, bringing together young people from the age of 10 to 21.
The main task of the National Guard is to support the regular Land Force units by defending the national territory during military threat and to perform NAF combat support and combat logistics functions. At the same time, the National Guard will continue providing assistance to the public regarding crisis control, as well as to the Latvian State Police regarding provision of public law and order, and continue the safeguarding of sites of national security importance.
(as of September 2, 2018:)
National Guard (NG) Headquarters (Rīga)
- NG Cyber Defense Unit (Rīga)
- NG special task force
- NG Special PSYOPS Support Platoon (Valmiera)
- NG Veterans' Union (Rīga)
- Central Band of the National Guard (Rīga)
National Guard 1st Brigade (Rīga HQ):
- NG Student Infantry Battalion (Rīga)
- NG 13th Infantry Battalion (Rīga)
- NG 17th Support Battalion (Rīga)
- NG 19th Logistic Battalion (Rīga)
- NG 53rd Infantry Battalion (Bauska)
- NG CBRN Defense company (Rīga)
National Guard 2nd Brigade (Valmiera HQ):
- NG 22nd Infantry Battalion (Valmiera)
- NG 25th Infantry Battalion (Gulbene)
- NG 27th Infantry Battalion (Cēsis)
- NG 31st Infantry Battalion (Alūksne)
- NG 54th Engineer Battalion (Ogre)
National Guard 3rd Brigade (Rēzekne HQ):
- NG 32nd Infantry Battalion (Rēzekne)
- NG 34th Artillery Battalion (Daugavpils)
- NG 35th Logistic Battalion (Preiļi)
- NG 36th Support Battalion (Lūznava)
- NG 55th Infantry Battalion (Aizkraukle)
- NG 56th Infantry Battalion (Jēkabpils)
National Guard 4th Brigade (Liepāja HQ):
- NG 44th Infantry Battalion (Liepāja)
- NG 45th Logistic Battalion (Kuldīga)
- NG 46th Infantry Battalion (Ventspils)
- NG 51st Infantry Battalion (Dobele)
- NG 52nd Support Battalion (Jelgava)
|Bv 206||Sweden||Amphibious tracked vehicle||
|vsor 53 Škoda A20||Czechoslovakia||Field gun||Can be used as anti-tank or light field gun.|
|NM 95|| United Kingdom
|Pvpj 1110||Sweden||Recoilless rifle|
|Carl Gustav recoilless rifle||Sweden|
|Bofors 40mm gun||Sweden|
|Carl Gustav||Sweden||Used mostly for secondary tasks such as training and guard duty.|
|Heckler & Koch G36||Germany||Expected to replace the Ak 4 in the future, contract signed in February 2018.|
|Heckler & Koch G3||Sweden||Standard issue rifle; will be replaced by the H&K G36, contract signed in February 2018.|
|M2 Browning||United States|
|Heckler & Koch HK21||Germany|
|RPK||Soviet Union||Being phased out|
|PGM Hécate II||France|
The National Guard has established close co-operation with similar organizations abroad – the US Michigan Army National Guard, the Australian Army Reserve, the UK Territorial Army, and the Home Guard organizations of Denmark, Sweden, Norway, Lithuania and Estonia.
- Baltiņa, Sarmīte (2014). "Dawn of the Restored Latvian National Armed Forces". Eesti Sõjaajaloo Aastaraamat / Estonian Yearbook of Military History. 4 (0): 62–79. ISSN 2228-0669.
- "Jaunsardzes un informācijas centrs". www.jic.gov.lv. Retrieved 2018-09-17.
- Pike, John. "Latvian National Guard - Zemessardze". www.globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 2018-09-17.
- "ZS vienības" (in Latvian). LR Zemessardze. Retrieved January 4, 2017.
- Jones, Bruce (6 February 2018). "Latvia orders infantry small arms". IHS Jane's 360. London. Archived from the original on 7 February 2018. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
- "Michigan Guard and Latvia celebrate 25-year partnership". www.army.mil. Retrieved 2018-09-17.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Zemessardze.|
- Latvian National Guard Official Website (in Latvian)