Latvian National Guard

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
National Guard of the Republic of Latvia
Latvijas Republikas Zemessardze
Latvian National Guard emblem.svg
Latvian National Guard emblem
Founded August 23, 1991; 25 years ago (1991-08-23)
Country  Latvia
Allegiance Coat of Arms of the Latvian National Armed Forces Latvian National Armed Forces
Type Light Infantry volunteer force
Size more than 8,000
Part of Latvian Armed Forces
Garrison/HQ Coat of Arms of Riga Rīga
Anniversaries August 23, 1991
Commanders
Current
commander
Brigade General Ainārs Ozoliņš

The Latvian National Guard or NG (Latvian: Latvijas Republikas Zemessardze or ZS) is a part of the Latvian National Armed Forces. The National Guard is a basic land component, consisting of volunteers who perform traditional national guard duties such as crisis response and support for military operations. It consists of the Staff Heaquarters and 3 brigades (formally - regions or novadi, which are divided into 18 battalions. The National Guard continued its development also after Latvia joined NATO.

History[edit]

National Guard troops firing artillery

The National Guard was established in August 23, 1991 by the Supreme Council of the Republic of Latvia as a voluntary public military self-defense organization. Its roots can be traced to the pre-World War II Aizsargi organization. It is the largest NAF structure in terms of numbers. The National Guard has always played an essential role in the national defense system by allowing the public to be involved in national defense. A number of National Guard battalions have been transformed into high-readiness reserve forces, which can be deployed immediately on international military operations.

The youth organization of the National Guard, the Youth Guard (Latvian: Latvijas Republikas Jaunsardze, JS), was established in 1992. It is the largest youth movement in Latvia, bringing together young people from the age of 12 to 18.

An aviation component of the National Guard was introduced in 1993, with a fleet of ex-Soviet DOSAAF light aircraft and gliders. In 2000 the aviation component became part of the Air Force.

Mission[edit]

The main task of the National Guard is to support the regular Land Force units by defending the national territory during military threat and to perform NAF combat support and combat logistics functions. At the same time, the National Guard will continue providing assistance to the public regarding crisis control, as well as to the Latvian State Police regarding provision of public law and order, and continue the safeguarding of sites of national security importance.

The main mission of the National Guard is to:

  • Ensure the combat and mobilization readiness of its own units;
  • Provide legal and military training for National Guard soldiers;
  • Provide national juridical order.
National Guards during the parade

Structure[edit]

National Guard soldier

(as of October 1, 2016:)[1]

National Guard (NG) Headquarters (Rīga)

National Guard 2nd Brigade (Rīga HQ):

  • NG Student Battalion (Rīga)
  • NG 17th Anti-Air Defense Battalion (Rīga)
  • NG 19th Logistics Battalion (Rīga)
  • NG 22nd Infantry Battalion (Valmiera)
  • NG 27th Infantry Battalion (Cēsis)
  • NG 54th Engineer Battalion (Ogre)

National Guard 3rd Brigade (Rēzekne HQ):

National Guard 4th Brigade (Liepāja HQ):

  • NG 44th Infantry Battalion (Liepāja)
  • NG 46th Infantry Battalion (Ventspils)
  • NG 51st Infantry Battalion (Dobele)
  • NG 52nd Infantry Battalion (Jelgava)
  • NG 45th Logistics Battalion (Kuldīga)

Equipment[edit]

Military vehicles[edit]

Name Image Origin Type Variants Quantity Notes
Trucks
Scania Scania 93M Norwegian military.jpg  Sweden Truck
P93
Mercedes-Benz MB 1017.jpg  Germany Truck
MB1017
Unimog Unimog 404-serial number 4.jpg  Germany Truck
MB406
Volvo NBS vienību militārā parāde (10925274704).jpg  Sweden Truck
VOLVO934
Phasing out
Volvo Volvo L 485.jpg  Sweden Truck
VOLVO Viking 939
Phasing out
Light vehicles
Mercedes-Benz Puch G Bundesheer.jpg  Germany SUV
MB G-Class 240GD
HMMWV Ministru prezidents Valdis Dombrovskis vēro Nacionālo bruņoto spēku vienību militāro parādi 11.novembra krastmalā (6357918105).jpg  United States SUV
CUCV Ministru prezidents Valdis Dombrovskis vēro Nacionālo bruņoto spēku vienību militāro parādi 11.novembra krastmalā (8195453677).jpg  United States SUV
Jeep Jeep Rubicon Green.JPG  United States SUV
Volvo Tgb20.jpg  Sweden SUV
C303
C304
C306
Special vehicles
Bv 206 Hagglunds Bv206 25th US Marines 2.jpg  Sweden Amphibious tracked vehicle
Bv 206A
Bv 206F

Weapons[edit]

Name Image Origin Type Variants Quantity Notes
Artillery
Škoda vz53 100808 ZS lielgabali 06.jpg  Czechoslovakia Field gun
100mm caliber
Heavy mortars
2B11 120 mm mortar 2B11.jpg  Soviet Union Mortar
120 mm caliber
Anti-tank weapons
Pvpj 1110 LT PV1110.jpg  Sweden Recoilless rifle
90 mm caliber
Carl Gustav recoilless rifle Carl Gustav recoilless rifle.jpg  Sweden
84 mm caliber
Anti-aircraft gun
Bofors 40mm gun Ministru prezidents Valdis Dombrovskis vēro Nacionālo bruņoto spēku vienību militāro parādi 11.novembra krastmalā (8196546880).jpg  Sweden
Bofors 40mm L/70
submachine guns
Carl Gustav Carl Gustav M45-b.jpg  Sweden
M45
Assault rifles
Heckler & Koch G36 Latvian G36KV.JPG  Germany
Heckler & Koch G36K
Heckler & Koch G3 Latvian home guard.jpg  Sweden
AK4
Machine guns
FN MAG Ksp58.jpg  Belgium
FN MAG
M2 Browning M2 Browning, Musée de l'Armée.jpg  United States
M2
Heckler & Koch HK21 HK21.JPG  Germany
HK 21
RPK Soviet RPK.JPEG  Soviet Union
RPK
Sniper rifles
PGM Hécate II PGM Hecate.jpg  France
Hecate2

Cooperation[edit]

The National Guard has established close co-operation with similar organizations abroad – the US Michigan Army National Guard, the Australian Army Reserve, the UK Territorial Army, and the Home Guard organizations of Denmark, Sweden, Norway, Lithuania and Estonia.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "ZS vienības" (in Latvian). LR Zemessardze. Retrieved January 4, 2017. 

External links[edit]