Latvian National Guard
|Latvian National Guard|
Latvian National Guard emblem
|Active||1991 - present|
|Part of||Latvian Armed Forces|
The National Guard (Latvian: Zemessardze (ZS)) is a part of National Armed Forces. NG is a basic land component, consisting of volunteers who perform traditional national guard duties such as crisis response and support for military operations. It consists of 3 regions of National Guard. The National Guard continues development also after Latvia has joined the NATO.
The National Guard was established in August 1991 as a voluntary public military self-defense organization. Its roots can be traced to the pre-World War II Aizsargi organization. It is the largest NAF structure in terms of numbers. The National Guard has always played an essential role in the national defense system by allowing the public to be involved in national defense. A number of National Guard battalions have been transformed into high-readiness reserve forces, which can be deployed immediately on international military operations.
The youth organization of the National Guard, the Jaunsardze (Youth Guards), was established in 1992. It is the largest youth movement in Latvia, bringing together young people from the age of 12 to 18.
The main task of the National Guard is to support the regular Land Force units by defending the national territory during military threat and to perform NAF combat support and combat logistics functions. At the same time, the National Guard will continue providing assistance to the public regarding crisis control, as well as to the State Police regarding provision of public law and order, and continue the safeguarding of sites of national security importance.
The main mission of the National Guard is to:
- Ensure the combat and mobilization readiness of its own units;
- Provide legal and military training for National Guard soldiers;
- Provide national juridical order.
National Guard (NG) Headquarters (Rīga)
- NG Cyber Defense Unit (Rīga)
- NG Special PSYOPS Support Platoon (Valmiera)
- NG Veterans' Union (Rīga)
- NG Orchestra and Choir (Rīga)
National Guard Region (NGR) 1 (Liepāja HQ):
- NG Infantry Battalion 44 (Liepāja)
- NG Infantry Battalion 46 (Ventspils)
- NG Infantry Battalion 51 (Dobele)
- NG Infantry Battalion 52 (Jelgava)
- NG Logistics Battalion 45 (Kuldīga)
National Guard Region (NGR) 2 (Rēzekne HQ):
- NG Infantry Battalion 25 (Gulbene)
- NG CBRN Defense Battalion 31 (Alūksne)
- NG Infantry Battalion 32 (Rēzekne)
- NG Artillery Battalion 34 (Daugavpils)
- NG Logistics Battalion 35 (Preiļi)
- NG Infantry Battalion 55 (Aizkraukle)
- NG Infantry Battalion 56 (Jēkabpils)
National Guard Region (NGR) 3 (Rīga HQ):
- NG Student Battalion (Rīga)
- NG Air Defense Battalion 17 (Rīga)
- NG Logistics Battalion 19 (Rīga)
- NG Infantry Battalion 22 (Valmiera)
- NG Infantry Battalion 27 (Cēsis)
- NG Engineer Battalion 54 (Ogre)
|Bv 206||Sweden||Amphibious tracked vehicle||
|Škoda vz53||Czechoslovakia||Field gun||
|Pvpj 1110||Sweden||Recoilless rifle||
|Carl Gustav recoilless rifle||Sweden||
|Air defence weapons|
|Bofors 40mm gun||Sweden||
|Heckler & Koch G36||Germany||
|Heckler & Koch G3||Germany||
|M2 Browning||United States||
|Heckler & Koch HK21||Germany||
|PGM Hécate II||France||
The National Guard has established close co-operation with similar organizations abroad – the US Michigan Army National Guard, the Australian Army Reserve, the UK Territorial Army, and the Home Guard Organizations of Denmark, Sweden, Norway, Lithuania and Estonia.
- "ZS vienības" (in Latvian). LR Zemesardze. Retrieved August 8, 2015.
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