Stellagama

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Stellagama
Roughtail rock agama (Stellagama stellio brachydactyla).jpg
Dana Biosphere Reserve, Jordan
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Iguania
Family: Agamidae
Genus: Stellagama
Baig, Wagner, Ananjeva & Böhme, 2012
Species:
S. stellio
Binomial name
Stellagama stellio
Synonyms[2]
  • Lacerta stellio
    Linnaeus, 1758
  • Agama stellio
    Boulenger, 1885
  • Stellio stellio
    Kasparek, 1990
  • Placoderma stellio
    Kasapidis et al., 1996
  • Laudakia stellio
    Manthey & Schuster, 1999
  • Stellagama stellio
    — Baig et al., 2012

Stellagama is a monotypic genus of agamid lizard containing the single species Stellagama stellio.[3][1]

Common names[edit]

Common names for S. stellio include dikenli keler, hardim, hardun, kourkoutas, kourkoutavlos, painted dragon, roughtail rock agama, short-toed rock agama, sling-tailed agama, star lizard, starred agama, and stellion.

Geographic range[edit]

S. stellio is found in Greece, Southwest Asia, and Northeast Africa.

Description[edit]

S. stellio may attain a total length (including tail) of 35 cm (14 in) or slightly longer.[4]

Behaviour and habitat[edit]

Like many agamids, S. stellio can change its color to express its mood. It basks on stone walls, rocks, and trees. It is usually found in rocky habitats, and is quite shy, being very ready to dive into cracks to hide from potential predators.

Etymology[edit]

The common name "stellion" comes from Latin stellio, stēlio (stelliōn-, stēliōn-), which referred to any spotted lizard, from stella, star.

Subspecies[edit]

There are several subspecies, and S. stellio is likely a species complex.[1] More research will be done, and this species may yet be split into several species.[3]

The following seven subspecies, including the nominotypical subspecies, are recognized as being valid.[2]

Nota bene: A trinomial authority in parentheses indicates that the subspecies was originally described in a genus other than Stellagama.

Gallery[edit]

Stellion

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Amr ZSS et al. (2012). Stellagama stellio. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2.
  2. ^ a b Species Stellagama stellio at The Reptile Database www.reptile-database.org.
  3. ^ a b Baig KJ et al. (2012). "A morphology-based taxonomic revision of Laudakia Gray, 1845 (Squamata: Agamidae)". Vertebrate Zoology 62 (2): 213-260. (Stellagama, new genus, p. 222).
  4. ^ http://www.bayramgocmen.com/album/picture.php?/1002/category/345

Further reading[edit]

  • Arnold EN, Burton JA (1978). A Field Guide to the Reptiles and Amphibians of Britain and Europe. (Illustrated by D. W. Ovenden). London: Collins. 272 pp. + Plates 1-40. (Agama stellio, pp. 110-111 + Plate 16 + Map 54 + map on p. 113).
  • Boulenger GA (1885). Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Second Edition. Volume I. ... Agamidæ. London: Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). (Taylor and Francis, printers). xii +436 pp. + Plates I-XXXII. (Agama stellio, pp. 368-369).
  • Linnaeus (1758). Systema naturæ per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, diferentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio Decima, Reformata. Stockholm: L. Salvius. 824 pp. (Lacerta stellio, new species, p. 202). (in Latin).

External links[edit]