Launch Services Program
|Headquarters||Kennedy Space Center, FL|
|Products||Expendable Launch Vehicles: Atlas V , Delta II, Delta IV, Pegasus, Taurus|
|Website||Launch Services Program|
Launch Services Program (LSP) is responsible for NASA oversight of launch operations and countdown management, providing added quality and mission assurance in lieu of the requirement for the launch service provider to obtain a commercial launch license. It operates under the Human Exploration and Operations (HEO) Mission Directorate of NASA.
Since 1990, NASA has purchased expendable launch vehicle (ELV) launch services directly from commercial providers, whenever possible, for its scientific and applications missions. ELVs can accommodate all types of orbit inclinations and altitudes and are ideal vehicles for launching Earth-orbit and interplanetary missions. The Launch Services Program was established at Kennedy Space Center for NASA's acquisition and program management of ELV missions. A NASA/contractor team is in place to meet the mission of the Launch Services Program, which exists to provide leadership, expertise and cost-effective services in the commercial arena to satisfy Agency wide space transportation requirements and maximize the opportunity for mission success.
Primary launch sites are Cape Canaveral Air Force Station (CCAFS) in Florida, and Vandenberg Air Force Base (VAFB) in California. Other launch locations are NASA's Wallops Flight Facility in Virginia, Reagan Test Site at Kwajalein Atoll in the Republic of the Marshall Islands, and Kodiak Launch Complex in Alaska.
- 1 Partners
- 2 Launch history
- 3 Upcoming launches
- 4 Engineering
- 5 Educational Outreach
- 6 Social media
- 7 Locations
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
- Applied Physics Laboratory in Laurel, Maryland
- Jet Propulsion Laboratory, located at the California Institute of Technology
- NASA's Ames Research Center at Moffett Field, in California's Silicon Valley
- NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland
- NASA Langley Research Center in Hampton, Virginia
- NASA Marshall Space Flight Center at Redstone Arsenal in Huntsville, Alabama
- Several U.S. Universities, launching small research satellites (CubeSats)
- International partners
- Other Government Agencies:
Launch vehicle contractors (LVC)
The Launch Services Program (LSP) is currently awarding new contracts under the NASA Launch Services (NLS) II Contract. Once a year, new launch vehicles can be on (or off) ramped onto the contract. The following vehicles are attached to the NLS II Contract.
- Antares  – Orbital Sciences Corporation (OSC)
- Athena I – Lockheed Martin Space Systems
- Athena II – Lockheed Martin Space Systems
- Atlas V – United Launch Alliance (ULA)
- Delta II – United Launch Alliance (ULA) [limited to 5 - 3 already assigned] 
- Falcon 1 – SpaceX
- Falcon 9 – SpaceX
- Pegasus XL – Orbital Sciences Corporation (OSC)
- Taurus XL – Orbital Sciences Corporation (OSC)
NASA has specific policies governing launch services. LSP Flight Design provides general information regarding the launch vehicle performance available via existing NASA contracts. This information is all available on publicly available websites.
NASA uses a certification system for rockets launched by its contractors, and for validation purposes it requires the certification process to be "instrumented to provide design verification and flight performance data", with post-flight operations, anomaly resolution process, and a flight margin verification process, with 95% predicted design reliability at 80% confidence.
|Launch vehicle risk category||Category 1 (high risk)||Category 2 (medium risk)||Category 3 (low risk)|
|Vehicle maturity||No flight history||Limited flight history||Significant flight history|
|Payload class||D||C and D, sometimes B||A, B, C, D|
In addition to providing end-to-end launch services, LSP also offers Advisory Services. This "is a consulting service to government and commercial organizations, providing mission management, overall systems engineering and/or specific discipline expertise; e.g. mission assurance, flight design, systems safety, etc., as requested." This non-traditional service allows LSP to "expand its customer base and assist these customers in maximizing their mission success by using NASA LSP's unique expertise." The four general categories of advisory services are:
- SMART (Supplemental Mission Advisory and Risk Team)
- Design and Development
- Independent Verification and Validation (IV&V)
- Independent Review Teams (IRT)
LSP also works with the Air Force Space Command (AFSPC), via coordination by the LVCs. For launches at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station (CCAFS) and Vandenberg Air Force Base (VAFB), the 45th Space Wing and 30th Space Wing commanders, respectively, are the Launch Decision Authority.
For launches from CCAFS, "Airmen, Air Force civilians and contractors from throughout the 45th Space Wing provided vital support, including weather forecasts, launch and range operations, security, safety, medical and public affairs. The wing also provided its vast network of radar, telemetry, and communications instrumentation to facilitate a safe launch on the Eastern Range." Among work done by AFSPC is Mission Flight Control, which ensures public safety during launch.
The weather conditions acceptable for launch vary by rocket and even the configurations of the rocket. Prior to liftoff are multiple sets of acceptable weather conditions that depend on the state of the rocket, particularly where the rocket is in the fuel loading process.
The schedule below includes only Launch Services Program (LSP) primary and advisory missions. The NASA Launch Schedule has the most up to date public schedule of all NASA launches. The NASA KSC News Releases will also have updates on LSP launches and mission accomplishments. The ELaNa Launch Schedule has the upcoming schedule of CubeSat missions, which occur on both NASA and non-NASA launches. A delayed version of the "NASA ELV Payload Safety Missions in work" is released via NASA's Public TechDoc; some of the dates may be obsolete.
|NET||No Earlier Than (Tentative)|
|NLT||No Later Than|
|+||LSP Advisory Mission|
|*||The total cost for NASA to launch the mission includes the launch service, spacecraft processing, payload integration, tracking, data and telemetry, mission unique launch site ground support, and other launch support requirements. All costs listed are approximate. Some spacecraft were awarded as a group, which is why their cost is listed as 1 of a number of spacecraft. Unless the reference specifies otherwise, the value is at award (i.e. when the launch service contract is signed) and does not account for additional costs due to delays and other factors or any cost savings that may have occurred later.|
- Flight Design analysts work on the intended course, or trajectory, of the rocket.
- Telemetry engineers get tracking stations to cover all the mandatory portions of flight. Analysts from many disciplines review this data post-flight.
- Weather Forecasters Balance Experience with Technology
- The Failure Analysis and Materials Evaluation Lab assists the program by examining failures and figuring out what went wrong 
The Launch Services Program operates Hangar AE on the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. It is LSP's Launch Communications Center. For Florida launches, many of the primary LSP engineers on console are in Hangar AE. For launches from California and other launch sites, many of support LSP engineers are on console there. Launch vehicle contractors and spacecraft engineers will often operate out of the Hangar also. It gathers telemetry for rocket launches beyond those worked by LSP.
Members of the Launch Services Program perform research relating to launching unmanned NASA spacecraft. Research topics include (partial list):
- Collision Avoidance (COLA)
- Upper-level Winds on Day-of-Launch; collaborations with groups such as:
- Slosh Fluid Dynamics 
Slosh Fluid Dynamics Experiments
SPHERES-Slosh Experiment will be performed on the SPHERES Testbed on the International Space Station. The experiment launched on the Cygnus capsule going to the ISS via Orbital Sciences Corporation Commercial Resupply Services Orb-1 mission on an Antares on 2014.01.09. The Cygnus arrived at the ISS on 2014.01.12 and will spend five weeks unloading the cargo.
The SPHERES-Slosh investigation uses small robotic satellites on the International Space Station to examine how liquids move around inside containers in microgravity. A water bottle's contents slosh around differently in space than on Earth, but the physics of liquid motion in microgravity are not well understood, which affects computer simulations of liquid rocket fuel behavior. LSP leads a team that includes Florida Institute of Technology and Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The research is sponsored by the Game Changing Development (GCD) program (within NASA Technology Demonstration Office (TDO)'s Space Technology Mission Directorate).   
The experiment is a water tank with cameras and sensors that will be mounted between two SPHERES satellites inside the ISS. During testing, the SPHERES will move to purposely agitate the water and cause the fluid inside to slosh around, like it might in a rocket or spacecraft tank during flight. The data collected will be one of a kind. Three initial tests are expected to happen with the first couple months of launch.
"The current inability to accurately predict fuel and oxidizer behavior can result in unnecessary caution, requiring extra propellant to be added along with additional helium for tank pressurization. A better understanding of fluid slosh could not only decrease this uncertainty, but increase efficiency, reduce costs and allow additional payloads to be launched." Understanding from this experiment could help improve design/operations of rocket tanks and control systems.
NASA's Brandon Marsell, co-principal investigator on the Slosh Project: "Modern computer models try to predict how liquid moves inside a propellant tank. Now that rockets are bigger and are going farther, we need more precise data. Most of the models we have were validated under 1 g conditions on Earth. None have been validated in the surface tension-dominated microgravity environment of space." (via Langley Research Center article)
Slosh is the first project on the ISS to use 3D printed materials for its experiment. NASA's Jacob Roth, project manager on the Slosh Project, on the first science session: "The results from our first checkout run are proving interesting. While not too unexpected, the bubble/liquid interaction behavior appears to be exhibiting a slightly different interaction than current models predict." The team will be altering the tests for the second session based on the preliminary results.
- Space Station Live: Fluid Motion Study Using Mini-Satellites - Reel NASA Interview with LSP's Dr. Paul Schallhorn to explain the experiment
- Space to Ground - 1/17/14 - Reel NASA update on ISS includes launch of SPHERES-Slosh
The 2008-2010 slosh related tests on SPHERES were performed with a single SPHERES spacecraft and, in some cases, the addition of a battery pack Velcroed on to the SPHERES spacecraft. These tests were to better understand the physical properties of the SPHERES spacecraft, notably the mass properties, prior adding any tanks to the system. Some of the tests also attempted to excite and then sense slosh within the SPHERES CO2 tank. Florida Tech designed the slosh experiments for Test Sessions 18/20/24/25.
|Date||Session||Slosh-related Tests on the SPHERES ISS Testbed||Report||ISS Expedition||Media|
|2008.09.27||13||P221 Tests 2 & 5: Fuel Slosh – Sat only & Batt Proof Mass||||17|
|2008.10.27||14||P236, Tests 7 & 8: Fluid Slosh, Rotate 2: Sat Only & Batt Proof Mass||||18|
|2009.07.11||16||P251, Test 2 Fluid Slosh - X Nutation & Test 3 Fluid Slosh - Rotation Rate High||||20|
|2009.08.15||18||P264, Tests A/2, B/3 Fluid Slosh - Z Motion Fluid Slosh (full tank/partially used tank)||||20|
|2009.12.05||20||P20A, Fluid Slosh Test 3/4: Z Reverse T1/T2, Test 5/6: Fluid Slosh Spin Z Forward/Reverse||||21|
|2010.10.07||24||P24A, Tests 4/5: Fluid Slosh: Lateral/Circular Motion||||25|
|2010.10.28||25||P311, Tests 2/3/5: Fluid Slosh: Z Translation/X Translation/X Rotation||||25|
|2014.01.22||54||Slosh Checkout (1st SPHERES-Slosh Test Session)||38||Expedition 38 Image Gallery|
|2014.02.28||58||Slosh Science 1 (2nd SPHERES-Slosh Test Session)||38|
|2014.06.18||60||Slosh Science 2 (3rd SPHERES-Slosh Test Session)||40||Expedition 40 Image Gallery|
|2015.07||Slosh Science 3 (4th SPHERES-Slosh Test Session)||44|
|2015.08.07||Slosh Science 4 (5th SPHERES-Slosh Test Session)||44|||
|2015.09.10||77||Slosh Science 5 (6th SPHERES-Slosh Test Session)||45|||
|2015.11.12||Slosh Science 6 (7th SPHERES-Slosh Test Session)||45|
The Cryogenic Orbital Testbed (CRYOTE) is a collaboration between NASA and commercial companies to develop an orbital testbed that will demonstrate cryogenic fluid management technologies in space environments. "The testbed provides an in-space environment in which the fluid transfer, handling, and storage of liquid hydrogen (LH2) and/or liquid oxygen (LO2) can be demonstrated."
The research is funded by the NASA Innovative Partnership Program (IPP) in the Office of the Chief Technologist. "The partners involved in the development of this system include United Launch Alliance (ULA), Sierra Lobo, Innovative Engineering Solutions (IES), Yetispace, and NASA Glenn Research Center, Kennedy Space Center, and Marshall Space Flight Center." 
Outreach Support to the Public
NASA's Launch Services Program Educational Outreach provides awareness to students, teachers and the public about NASA's exciting spacecraft missions and how the world benefits from them. Distance learning via video conference connects students to LSP experts
The office also coordinates activities and educational booths at events for NASA and the public. The outreach is performed by both members of the LSP Educational Outreach Office and LSP experts throughout the program.
The LSP Educational Outreach Office created the Rocket Science 101 Game. Students can pick a NASA mission, select the right rocket, and build a rocket to send the spacecraft into orbit. There are three different levels for varying ages and it is available for the computer and Apple/Android devices.
NASA and the Launch Services Program are partnering with several universities to launch small research satellites. These small satellites are called CubeSats. CubeSat Launch Initiative (CSLI) provides opportunities for small satellite payloads to fly on rockets planned for upcoming launches. As of February 2015, CSLI has selected 119 spacecraft since 2010.
Educational Launch of Nanosatellites (ELaNa) and is a part of CSLI. ELaNa manifests the CubeSats selected by CSLI onto upcoming rocket launches. CubeSats were first included on the launch of LSP missions in 2011. ELaNa missions are not manifested exclusively on LSP missions; they have been a part of NRO/military launches and ELaNa V will be on an International Space Station resupply launch. ELaNa mission numbers are based on the order they are manifested; due to the nature of launching, the actual launch order differs from the mission numbers.
In 2014, as a part of the White House Maker Initiative, CSLI announced its intention to launch 50 small satellites from 50 states within five years. As of July 2014, there were 21 "rookie states" that had not previously been selected by the CSLI
In October 2015, NASA's LSP, with funding partnered by Earth Science Division of NASA's Science Mission Directorate, "awarded multiple Venture Class Launch Services (VCLS) contracts to provide small satellites (SmallSats) -- also called CubeSats, microsats or nanosatellites -- access to low-Earth orbit." Three companies received $4–7 million firm fixed-price contracts. The intention of the VLCS contracts is to provide alternatives to the current rideshare-type approach for launch of small satellites.
|Launch Date (GMT)||Fact Sheet||CubeSats Deployed||Mission||Vehicle||Launch Site|
|NET 2019||ELaNa XX||12||TBD||Virgin Galactic||Mojave, CA|
|(U/R)||ELaNa-XIII||2||FORMOSAT-5||Falcon 9||Vandenberg Air Force Base Space Launch Complex 4 East (VAFB SLC-4E)|
These two high school STEM teams are sponsored and mentored by NASA's Launch Services Program.
FIRST Robotics: Team 1592 - Bionic Tigers
FIRST Robotics Competition Team 1592 (the Bionic Tigers) is out of Cocoa High School (CHS) and Holy Trinity Episcopal Academy. The founding mentors of the team were Analex contractors working for LSP; the team has had NASA LSP engineering mentors ever since 2006.
Merritt Island High School StangSat
Merritt Island High School, in partnership with California Polytechnic State University, has a team building a CubeSat as part of Kennedy Space Center's Creating Understanding and Broadening Education through Satellite (CUBES) pilot project. The team's StangSat was accepted by the CubeSat Launch Initiative and launched 25 June 2019 as part of ELaNa XV, via the Space Test Program, on a SpaceX Falcon Heavy rocket.
The satellite, named StangSat after the school's Mustang mascot, will collect data on the amount of shock and vibration experienced by payloads while in orbit.,
On June 15, 2013, the team launched an engineering unit of StangSat on the Prospector-18 rocket; the suborbital flight took off from the Friends of Amateur Rocketry site in California's Mojave Desert. The other satellites on board were Rocket University Broad Initiatives CubeSat, or RUBICS-1 (KSC); PhoneSat (ARC); and CP-9 (CalPoly). Though the parachute deployed early, resulting in a hard landing, all four satellites were able to collect usable data.
The team will be only the second high school to launch a satellite into orbit, after Thomas Jefferson High School for Science and Technology's TJ3Sat in November 2013 (another ELaNa mission).
NASA's Launch Services Program has social media accounts on Facebook and Twitter. In addition to maintaining a YouTube playlist specifically for LSP on its channel, NASA's Kennedy Space Center social media accounts frequently post LSP news.       NASA has compiled a page will all its flagship social media accounts across lots of different platforms. The spacecraft section of this page has accounts for many of the spacecraft launched by NASA LSP.
NASA Public Affairs posts pictures and videos of NASA LSP spacecraft and rockets as they go through processing and launch.  A launch blog is also stood up for each launch campaign and is always updated on launch day by Kennedy Space Center Public Affairs.
Since NASA Socials were started in 2009, NASA LSP has participated in many for the launch of its missions: Juno, GRAIL, NPP, MSL, KSC 50th/MSL Landing, RBSP, MAVEN and more. NASA Socials allow social media followers to receive VIP access to NASA facilities and speakers. The participants post about their experiences with NASA, performing outreach to their networks. NASA LSP has provided speakers for these events, along with tour guides and other support. NASA Socials were formerly known as Tweetups.
NASA has created many apps, some of which feature NASA LSP and its spacecraft. One popular app is Spacecraft 3D, which features several spacecraft launched by LSP. Developed by JPL, the app allows uses to take 3D tours of many JPL spacecraft using a printed piece of paper and their phone or tablet. Users can rotate and zoom in on the spacecraft, along with deploying movable parts of the spacecraft such as solar arrays, masts, and booms. By deploying and retracting these parts, a user can get a sense of how the spacecraft goes from the launch configuration on top of the rocket to operation configuration when it's collecting scientific data.
LSP management, business office, and most engineers work in the Operations and Checkout Building at Kennedy Space Center. Engineers involved with telemetry work at Hangar AE, which is across the Banana River on Cape Canaveral Air Force Station.
LSP also maintains resident offices at:
- Vandenberg Air Force Base (California)
- United Launch Alliance (Centennial, CO and Decatur, Alabama)
- Orbital Sciences (Dulles, VA and Chandler, Arizona)
- SpaceX (Hawthorne, CA)
- Pline, Alex (30 April 2015). "Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate". nasa.gov. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
- "NASA's Launch Services Program NASA Facts" (PDF). NASA. 2007. Retrieved April 1, 2011.
- "LSP Brochure" (PDF). NASA's Launch Services Program. 2012.
- "LSP Poster" (PDF). NASA's Launch Services Program. 2012.
- "NASA Awards Launch Services Contracts". NASA News Release. September 16, 2010.
- "V--NASA LAUNCH SERVICES II 2015 ON-RAMP". Federal Business Opportunities. Retrieved 12 August 2015.
- "NASA Awards Launch Services Contracts". NASA News Release. June 26, 2012.
- "NASA Modifies Launch Service Contract To Add Delta II Rocket". NASA News Release. September 30, 2011.
- Wiles, Jennifer (1 July 2013). "Launch Services Policies". nasa.gov. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
- "Performance Website - Home". elvperf.ksc.nasa.gov. Retrieved 14 April 2018.
- "NASA Launch Vehicle Certification Requirements Matrix" (PDF).
- "NPR 8705.4 - AppendixB". nodis3.gsfc.nasa.gov. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
- "Launch Services Program (LSP) Advisory Services Plan" (PDF). NASA. July 29, 2010. Retrieved 10 November 2016.
- "Air Force Space Command". U.S. Air Force. July 11, 2016. Retrieved 17 September 2016.
- "Launch Center". Vandenberg Air Force Base. US Air Force. Retrieved 2 May 2018.
- "Delta II launch scheduled". Air Force Space Command. U.S. Air Force. October 7, 2009. Retrieved 17 September 2016.
- "45th Space Wing Supports Successful NASA Launch". Air Force Space Command. 45th Space Wing Public Affairs. 2014-01-24. Retrieved 2 September 2016.
- Winters, Kathy (29 September 2015). "45th Weather Squadron Space Weather Support to Launch" (PDF). NASA Goddard Space Weather Research Center. NASA & Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. Retrieved 2 September 2016.
- "Go for launch: Airmen forecast weather for space missions". U.S. Air Force. March 22, 2016. Retrieved 17 September 2016.
- "Weather balloons and rocket science". U.S. Air Force. February 26, 2016. Retrieved 17 September 2016.
- Steve Bauer (5 November 2009). "Team V's MFCOs know how to "Track 'Em or Crack 'Em!"". Air Force Space Command. 30th Space Wing Public Affairs. Retrieved 3 September 2016.
- "Limited access ensures launch safety". U.S. Air Force. April 15, 2016. Retrieved 17 September 2016.
- "Highway to space". January 15, 2016. Retrieved 17 September 2016.
- "Achieving the Proper Balance Between Crew & Public Safety" (PDF). FAA Office of Commercial Space Transportation. October 17, 2011. Retrieved 4 March 2018.
- "Atlas V Launch Weather Criteria (FS-2013-01-010-KSC)" (PDF). Kennedy Space Center Fact Sheets. NASA. 2013. Retrieved 3 February 2016.
- "Falcon 9 Launch Weather Criteria" (PDF). NASA. 2012. Retrieved 16 February 2016.
- "Delta II Launch Weather Criteria (FS-2012-03-062-KSC)" (PDF). Kennedy Space Center Fact Sheets. NASA. 2012. Retrieved 3 February 2016.
- "Space Shuttle Weather Launch Commit Criteria and KSC End of Mission Weather Landing Criteria" (PDF). Kennedy Space Center Fact Sheets. NASA. 2011. Retrieved 3 February 2016.
- "Challenges of Getting to Mars: Weather Dangers and Delays". Mars Videos. NASA JPL. May 24, 2002. Retrieved 20 December 2017.
- "Upcoming ELaNa CubeSat Launches". NASA. 22 March 2017. Retrieved 17 April 2017.
- "TechDoc - NASA Technical Library Public Search Engine". NASA Kennedy. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
- Kathryn Hambleton; George H. Diller (14 October 2015). "NASA Awards Venture Class Launch Services Contracts for CubeSat Satellites". NASA. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
- Granath, Bob (November 28, 2018). "NASA's ICON Analysis Underway at Vandenberg AFB". ICON Launch Blog. NASA. Retrieved 1 February 2019.
- "NASA Awards Launch Services Contract for Ionospheric Connection Explorer". NASA. Retrieved 21 November 2014.
- "GOES-T Satellite "Brains" and "Body" Come Together". GOES. NASA GSFC. October 23, 2017. Retrieved 16 February 2018.
- "Jason-CS (Sentinel-6) Mission". NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 7 April 2017.
- "NASA Awards Launch Services Contract for Sentinel-6A Mission". NASA. 19 October 2017. Retrieved 8 November 2017.
- "Missions in Development". Living With A Star (LWS) Program. NASA. Retrieved 12 October 2018.
- "NASA Awards Launch Services Contract for Solar Orbiter Mission". NASA.
- "Restore-L". Space Technology Mission Directorate. NASA. Retrieved 7 April 2017.
- "NASA Awards Launch Services Contract for Mars 2020 Rover Mission". NASA. 25 August 2016. Retrieved 1 September 2016.
- "NASA Awards Launch Services Contract for Landsat 9 Mission". NASA. Oct 19, 2017. Retrieved 8 November 2017.
- "Webb Vital Facts". James Webb Space Telescope. NASA GSFC. Retrieved 12 October 2018.
- "NASA Awards Launch Services Contract for Lucy Mission". NASA Kennedy Press Releases. NASA. January 31, 2019. Retrieved 1 February 2019.
- "ELV Payload Safety Missions in work" (PDF). TechDoc - NASA Technical Library Public Search Engine. NASA Kennedy. September 2018. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
- "NASA Awards Launch Services Contract for Asteroid Redirect Test Mission". NASA. 11 April 2019. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
- "NASA Selects Launch Services for Global Surface Water Survey Mission". NASA. NASA Newsroom. November 22, 2016. Retrieved November 28, 2016.
- Foust, Jeff (July 8, 2019). "SpaceX wins contract to launch NASA small astrophysics mission". Space News. Retrieved September 1, 2019.
- "NASA Awards Launch Services Contract for Joint Polar Satellite System-2 Mission". NASA. 3 March 2017. Retrieved 6 March 2017.
- "NASA Selects Two Missions to Explore the Early Solar System". NASA. 4 January 2017. Retrieved 9 January 2017.
- "NASA Moves Up Launch of Psyche Mission to a Metal Asteroid". NASA. 24 May 2017. Retrieved 24 May 2017.
- "Timeline". Plankton, Aerosol, Cloud, ocean Ecosystem (PACE) Mission. NASA Goddard. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
- "NASA Introduces New, Wider Set of Eyes on the Universe". WFIRST. NASA Goddard. 18 February 2016. Retrieved 2 May 2017.
- "NASA Selects Mission to Study Solar Wind Boundary of Outer Solar System". NASA. June 1, 2018. Retrieved 5 June 2018.
- Bedell, Darren (January 1, 2006). "Getting to "Go"". APPEL Knowledge Services. NASA. Retrieved 16 April 2018.
- Steven Siceloff (21 March 2012). "Launches Test Flight Design Teams". NASA. Retrieved 14 December 2013.
- KSC, Anna Heiney. "NASA - Aiming for an Open Window". nasa.gov. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
- KSC, Anna Heiney. "NASA - Remote Launch Locations Challenge Telemetry and Communications Group". nasa.gov. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
- Heiney, Anna (Aug 4, 2017). "Engineers' Telemetry Fix Preserves TDRS-L Launch". NASA. NASA's John F. Kennedy Space Center. Retrieved 17 August 2017.
- KSC, Steven Siceloff. "NASA - CSI: NASA". nasa.gov. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
- "LSP Hangar AE & B836 Capabilities". LSP's Launch Communications Center. NASA's Kennedy Space Center. Retrieved 17 August 2017.
- Launch Services Program on NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
- A Geometric Analysis to Protect Manned Assets from Newly Launched Objects - Cola Gap Analysis NASA
- Brian Beaver (March 2015). "Recommended Screening Practices for Launch Collision Avoidance" (PDF). NASA Technical Reports Server. NASA. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
- Assessing Upper-level Winds on Day-of-Launch (by NASA Applied Meteorology Unit)
- Betz, Laura (February 26, 2013). "Launching 101: First Weather Balloons, Then Rockets". NASA Earth Observatory. Retrieved 10 January 2015.
- Anna Heiney (March 27, 2014). "Work Begins to Upgrade Doppler Radar Wind Profiler". NASA Kennedy Space Center. Retrieved 10 January 2015.
- "Development of Wind Pair Databases at Kennedy Space Center, Vandenberg Air Force Base and Wallops Flight Facility" (PDF). NASA. Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, Alabama. November 2013. Retrieved 29 January 2015.
- Launch Services Program + Liquid Sloshing on NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
- Station Crew Supports Science, Preps for Cargo Ship Capture NASA, 9 December 2013
- Roberts, Jason (30 March 2015). "Orbital ATK Commercial Resupply Launch". nasa.gov. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
- Laura Niles (January 6, 2014). "New Science Bound for Station on Orbital's Cygnus". NASA Johnson Space Center. Retrieved 7 January 2014.
- "ISS Commercial Resupply Services Mission (Orb-1)". Orbital Sciences Corporation. Retrieved 7 January 2014.
- "Cygnus Arrives at Station on Orbital-1 Mission". NASA Space Station. January 12, 2014. Retrieved 13 January 2014.
- "Low-Gravity Fluid Dynamics Research on the International Space Station | Florida Institute of Technology". Fit.edu. Retrieved 2015-12-24.
- "Low-Gravity Fluid Dynamics Research on the International Space Station". Florida Institute of Technology. Retrieved 8 January 2014.
- "Faculty-Student Experiment Flies to ISS Jan. 9". Florida Tech Now. 7 January 2014. Retrieved 8 January 2014.
- LeVasseur, Darryl (22 September 2013). "Slosh -Microgravity Fluid Slosh". nasa.gov. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
- Schallhorn, Paul Acquisition of Long-Duration, Low-Gravity Slosh Data Utilizing Existing ISS Equipment (SPHERES) for Calibration of CFD Models of Coupled Fluid-Vehicle Behavior NASA Launch Services Program
- Chintalapati, Sunil; Charles A. Holicker; Richard E. Schulman; Brian D. Wise; Gabriel D. Lapilli; Hector M. Gutierrez; Daniel R. Kirk (July 2013). "Update on SPHERES Slosh for Acquisition of Liquid Slosh Data aboard the ISS". American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. 49th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference. doi:10.2514/6.2013-3903. ISBN 978-1-62410-222-6.
- "Space Technology: Game Changing Development - ISS Fluid Slosh". nasa.gov. NASA. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
- "The Strange Way Fluids Slosh on the International Space Station". NASA Langley Research Center. 30 January 2015. Retrieved 15 December 2015.
- de Luis, Javier The SPHERES ISS Microgravity Testbed as a testbed for AR&D and servicing (Presentation) NASA
- Bob Granath (December 16, 2013). "Slosh Experiment Designed to Improve Rocket Safety, Efficiency". NASA's Kennedy Space Center. Retrieved 5 January 2014.
- Denise M. Stefula (17 December 2013). "Slosh Team Readies for Important Launch". NASA Langley Research Center. Retrieved 5 January 2014.
- Stefula, Denise M. (2014). "Fluid Slosh Results Begin Pouring In" (PDF). Space Technology Game Changing Development Highlights (Jan/Feb 2014). NASA. pp. 2–4. Retrieved 14 March 2014.
- Burke, Caley Nutation in the Spinning SPHERES Spacecraft and Fluid Slosh Massachusetts Institute of Technology, May 2010
- SPHERES Thirteenth ISS Test Session (PDF). Lab Report (Report). MIT Space Systems Lab. 2008-11-20. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
- "SPHERES 14th ISS Test Session" (PDF). Lab Report. MIT Space Systems Lab. 2009-09-02. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
- "SPHERES 16th ISS Test Session (Draft)" (PDF). Lab Report. MIT Space Systems Lab. 2009-02-24. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
- "SPHERES 18th ISS Test Session" (PDF). Lab Report. MIT Space Systems Lab. 2009-12-02. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
- "SPHERES 20th ISS Test Session" (PDF). Lab Report. MIT Space Systems Lab. 2010-04-29. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
- "SPHERES 24th ISS Test Session" (PDF). Lab Report. MIT Space Systems Lab. 2011-01-31. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
- "SPHERES 25th ISS Test Session Draft" (PDF). Lab Report. MIT Space Systems Lab. 2010-12-16. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
- "Mike Hopkins Holds a Plastic Container". NASA - Expedition 38 Image Gallery. 22 January 2014. Retrieved 28 January 2014.
- "Mike Hopkins Works With SPHERES". NASA - Expedition 38 Image Gallery. 22 January 2014. Retrieved 28 January 2014.
- "SPHERES-Slosh Experiment". NASA - Expedition 38 Image Gallery. 22 January 2014. Retrieved 28 January 2014.
- "Test Runs of the SPHERES-Slosh Experiment". NASA - Expedition 40 Image Gallery. 18 June 2014. Retrieved 10 January 2015.
- "Slosh Experiment". SPHERES. NASA. Retrieved 15 December 2015.
- "SPHERES Team to Continue Propellant "Slosh" Experiments in Microgravity". Intelligent Systems Division. NASA. Retrieved 15 December 2015.
- "NASA SPHERES". Twitter. Retrieved 15 December 2015.
- "Cryogenic Orbital Testbed (CRYOTE) Development Status" (PDF). United Launch Alliance. 2011. Retrieved 5 January 2014.
- CRYogenic Orbital TEstbed (CRYOTE) on NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
- "CRYOTE (Cryogenic Orbital Testbed) Concept" (PDF). United Launch Alliance. 2009. Retrieved 5 January 2014.
- "KSC Tech Transfer Spring/Summer 2011" (PDF). nasa.gov. NASA. p. 9. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
- Blair, Christopher "NASA's Launch Services Program Connects With Students Around the World" 18 October 2011
- Blair, Christopher "Launch Services Program Supports NASA Family Education Nights" 1 August 2011
- Blair, Christopher "NASA's Launch Services Program Supports Boy Scout Event" 31 May 2011
- Blair, Christopher "Launch Services Program (LSP) Supports 2012 NASA Project Management Challenge" 22 February 2012
- Herridge, Linda "NASA's Launch Services Program Helps Promote Black History Month" 20 February 2011
- "NASA - Rocket Science 101". nasa.gov. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
- Mahoney, Erin (6 June 2013). "CubeSat Selections". nasa.gov. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
- "NASA - ELaNa: Educational Launch of Nanosatellites". nasa.gov. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
- "CubeSat Launch Initiative: 50 CubeSats from 50 States in 5 Years". NASA. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
- "NASA Helps Launch Student-Built Satellites and latest PhoneSat as Part of CubeSat Launch Initiative". NASA. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
- "ELaNa II Mission Helps Launch Student-Built Satellites". NASA. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
- "NASA Launches the Dreams of the Crowd on the ELaNa V Mission as part of CubeSat Launch Initiative". NASA. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
- "University Satellites Studying Space Weather and Climate Change Will Launch on NASA's ELaNa X Mission". NASA. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
- "ELaNa XII Launches 4 CubeSats into Orbit on NROL-55". NASA. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
- Erin Mahoney, ed. (30 October 2015). "ELaNa VII CubeSat Launch on ORS-4 Mission". NASA. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
- Clark, Stephen. "Air Force declares failure on Super Strypi test launch". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 4 November 2015.
- Mahoney, Erin (December 1, 2015). "NASA ELaNa IX Mission Launches First CubeSat Built By Elementary School Students". CubeSat Launch Initiative. NASA. Retrieved 23 January 2017.
- "ELFIN | Electron Losses and Fields Investigation". Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics. University of California Los Angeles. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
- "Upcoming ElaNa CubeSat Launches". NASA. Retrieved 17 April 2017.
- "NASA - LSP Supports Students in FIRST Robotics Competitions". nasa.gov. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
- "Students to Design Tiny Satellite for Future Launch Services Program Mission"NASA 2011.06.27
- "NASA Announces Fourth Round of CubeSat Space Mission Candidates" NASA 2013.02.26
- "Rideshare mission for U.S. military confirmed as second Falcon Heavy launch – Spaceflight Now". spaceflightnow.com. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
- "Merritt Island gets green light to build StangSat". floridatoday.com. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
- Siceloff, Steven "Prospector Rocket Offers Research Opportunities" NASA April 2, 2013
- "CubeSat Launch Tests Satellite Innovations" NASA June 12, 2013
- Heiney, Anna "Small Satellites Soar in High-Altitude Demonstration" NASA June 18, 2013
- Joshua Buck (November 20, 2013). "NASA Helps Launch Student-Built Satellites as Part of CubeSat Launch Initiative". NASA. Retrieved 14 December 2013.
- "NASA's Launch Services Program". facebook.com. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
- "NASA_LSP (@NASA_LSP) - Twitter". twitter.com. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
- "Launch Services Program (LSP) - YouTube". youtube.com. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
- "NASA's Kennedy Space Center". facebook.com. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
- "NASA Kennedy / KSC (@NASAKennedy) - Twitter". twitter.com. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
- "NASAKennedy". youtube.com. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
- "NASA's Kennedy Space Center - Google+". google.com. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
- "NASAKennedy (@nasakennedy) • Instagram photos and videos". instagram.com. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
- "NASA KSC". ustream.tv. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
- Follow, Following; SlideShares, 14; Followers, 35; Clipboards, 0; Kennedy Space Center, Florida; Kennedy Space Center, Florida; Rockets, Work Launching; Military, Industry Government /; www.nasa.gov/kennedy, Website; About NASA's John F. Kennedy Space Center has helped set the stage for America's adventure in space for more than four decades. The spaceport has served as the departure gate for every American manned mission and hundreds of advanced scientific spacecraft. From the early days of Project Mercury to the space shuttle and International Space Station, from the Hubble Space Telescope to the Mars Exploration Rovers. "NASA Kennedy". slideshare.net. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
- Wilson, Jim (16 December 2014). "Social Media at NASA". nasa.gov. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
- Wilson, Jim (16 December 2014). "Social Media at NASA". nasa.gov. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
- KSC Video and Photo Search search for "Launch Services Program" or by specific mission
- Wilson, Jim (8 January 2015). "NASA Videos". nasa.gov. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
- Heiney, Anna (21 June 2013). "Kennedy - Launch Blogs". nasa.gov. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
- "NASA - SOCIAL". nasa.gov. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
- "NASA Social Wiki". nasatweet.com. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
- Daines, Gary (8 December 2014). "NASA Apps For Smartphones and Tablets". nasa.gov. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
- "Mobile Apps". nasa.gov. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
- "Spacecraft 3D on the App Store". apple.com. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
- "Spacecraft 3D - Android Apps on Google Play". google.com. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
- "Hangar AE (FS-2014-05-117-KSC)" (PDF). Kennedy Space Center Fact Sheets. NASA. 2014. Retrieved 3 February 2016.
This article's use of external links may not follow Wikipedia's policies or guidelines. (March 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
- Kennedy Resource Encyclopedia (includes some of the Technical Capabilities and Services and Facilities associated with LSP)
- United Launch Alliance site Launch Vehicle provider
- Space X site Launch Vehicle provider
- Orbital site Launch Vehicle provider
- Lockheed Martin: Space Systems Launch Vehicle Provider
- Air Force Space Command
- Space Flight Now Provides Space News including Launch Coverage