Laura (Giorgione)

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Portrait of a Young Bride (Laura)
Giorgione - Young Woman (“Laura”) - Google Art Project.jpg
Artist Giorgione
Year c. 1506
Type Oil on canvas transferred from panel
Dimensions 41 cm × 33.5 cm (16 in × 13.2 in)
Location Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna

Laura, formerly sometimes known as Portrait of a Young Bride, is a painting by the Italian Renaissance master Giorgione, c. 1506. It hangs in the Kunsthistorisches Museum in Vienna, Austria.

Description[edit]

The portrait depicts a young woman as a bride. According to the museum it depicts Laura di Noves.[1] Like Giorgione's other works, it is unsigned, but it is one of the less controversial attributions to Giorgione. An inscription on the reverse, accepted as early 16th-century, identifies Giorgione as the painter and provides the date, making this the only work by the artist bearing a reliable date.[2] Behind the young woman is a branch of laurel (Laurus), symbol of chastity, and carrying the nuptial veil. The gesture of opening the fur mantle uncovers the bosom. This may indicate fecundity (and, therefore, maternity) as an offer of love and a marriage blessed with children. As the laurel symbolized virtue, so the visible breast could symbolize the bride's conjugal fidelity.[3] It is only from the prudish perspective of the 19th or early 20th century that the baring of a breast would be viewed as meretricious. In the 16th century, nudity did not provoke disapproval, but was shown publicly and uninhibitedly. This painting, too, was publicly shown, probably by a proud noble who wished to celebrate his bride's attractiveness - her full build was entirely in keeping with contemporary Venetian ideals of beauty - as well as her virtue and chastity. The laurel was considered a symbol of virtue, as seen in Lorenzo de' Medici's "impresa", where it was accompanied by the motto: "Ita ut virtus". The veil wound about her shoulders and upper body is a bridal veil, and her bared right breast alludes to the proverbial chastity of the Amazons, who, according to antique legend, tolerated men only as a means of sexual reproduction, not, however, as a means of sexual gratification. Since contemporary morality permitted sexual reproduction only within the institution of marriage, the allusion to the Amazons implied a wife's commitment to conjugal fidelity.

Alternatively, the figure might show a courtesan—certainly many of the paintings in the Venetian tradition the Laura inspired were of figures to be read as courtesans, often posing as a mythological figure or the personification of an abstract quality.[4]

This work marked Giorgione's abandonment of Giovanni Bellini's models to embrace a Leonardesque style.

History[edit]

This painting can be seen hanging on the wall of the Archduke's gallery in the 1640s

The attribution of this painting is uncontroversial because it has a long and well-documented provenance. It was in the collection of the Venetian collector Bartolomeo della Nave and subsequently was purchased by Duke of Hamilton, and after his execution, by the Archduke Leopold Wilhelm of Austria, which is how it came into the museum's collection.[5]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Laura di Audiberto di Noves (1308 - 1348)" from the museum online catalog
  2. ^ Brown, et al., 2006, p. 42
  3. ^ "Schneider.The-Art-of-the-Portrait-2002, Giorgione: Portrait of a Young Lady ("Laura")". www.google.se. Retrieved September 2014.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  4. ^ Brown, et al., 2006, pp. 208-210
  5. ^ "1636 Slg. Bartolomeo della Nave, Venedig; 1636-1649 Slg. Hamilton; Slg. Leopold Wilhelm, Brüssel; 1735 in der Galerie nachweisbar" from the museum online catalog

References[edit]

  • Brown, D. A., Ferino Pagden, S., Anderson, J., & Berrie, B. H. (2006). Bellini, Giorgione, Titian, and the Renaissance of Venetian painting (Washington: National Gallery of Art). ISBN 0-300-11677-2