7 September 1925
Dowlais, Merthyr Tydfil, Wales
|Died||17 September 1985 (aged 60)|
Coventry, West Midlands, England
|Resting place||St. John the Baptist Church, Carno, Wales|
|Education||Marshall's School, Merthyr Tydfill|
Elmwood School, Croydon
|Known for||Founder, Laura Ashley plc|
Laura Ashley (née Mountney; 7 September 1925 – 17 September 1985) was a Welsh fashion designer and businesswoman. She originally made furnishing materials in the 1950s, expanding the business into clothing design and manufacture in the 1960s. The Laura Ashley style is characterised by Romantic designs – often with a 19th-century rural feel – and the use of natural fabrics.
Ashley was born at her grandmother's home, 31 Station Terrace, Dowlais, Merthyr Tydfil, Wales. She was raised in a civil service family as a Strict Baptist. The chapel she attended in Dowlais (Hebron) was Welsh language and although she could not understand it, she loved it, especially the singing. Educated at Marshall's School in Merthyr Tydfil until 1932, she was then sent to the Elmwood School, Croydon. She was evacuated back to Wales aged 13, but with so many World War II evacuees there were no school places left and she attended Aberdare Secretarial School.
In 1942, at age 16, she left school and served in the Women's Royal Naval Service. During this period she met engineer Bernard Ashley at a youth club in Wallington. After the war, Bernard was posted to India with the Gurkhas, and the pair corresponded by letter. From 1945 to 1952, she worked as a secretary for the National Federation of Women's Institutes in London, marrying Bernard in 1949.
This section needs additional citations for verification. (February 2019)
While working as a secretary and raising her first two children, Ashley undertook some development work for the Women's Institute on quilting. Revisiting the craft she had learnt with her grandmother, she began designing headscarves, napkins, table mats and tea-towels which Bernard printed on a machine he had designed in their attic flat at 83 Cambridge Street, Pimlico, London.
The couple had invested £10 in wood for the screen frame, dyes and a few yards of linen. Ashley's inspiration to start producing printed fabric came from a Women's Institute display of traditional handicrafts at the Victoria & Albert Museum. When Ashley looked for small patches carrying Victorian designs to help her make patchworks, she found no such thing existed. Here was an opportunity, and she started to print Victorian style headscarves in 1953.
The scarves quickly became successful – retailing both via mail order and at high street chains such as John Lewis – and Bernard left his City job to print fabrics full-time. The company was originally registered as Ashley Mountney (Laura's maiden name), but Bernard changed the name to Laura Ashley because he felt a woman's name was more appropriate for the type of products they were producing. The new company moved to Kent in 1955, but when the third of their four children was born, the family moved to Wales in 1960.
Laura Ashley's first shop was opened at 35 Maengwyn Street, Machynlleth, Montgomeryshire, in 1961. The Laura Ashley association is commemorated by a small plaque. The shop sold locally produced honey and walking sticks as well as the couple's own products. Here Laura worked with a seamstress to introduce their first forays into fashion, producing smock like shirts and gardening smocks. The family lived above the shop until moving to Carno, Montgomeryshire. They first set up in the vacant social club, but moved in 1967 to the local railway station, which had been closed two years earlier.
Laura and Bernard Ashley had four children who were all involved with the business. David (born 1954/55), the eldest son, designed the shops; one of the daughters, Jane, was the company photographer; another daughter, Emma, and their second son, Nick, were part of the company's fashion design team. Bernard was the company chairman and Laura kept a close eye on fabrics. The success of the business meant that the Ashleys could afford a yacht, a private plane, the French Château de Remaisnil in Picardy, Rhydoldog House, a mansion near Rhaeadr, Powys, Wales, a town-house in Brussels, and the villa Contenta in Lyford Cay, New Providence, Bahamas.
In 1985, just after her 60th birthday, Laura Ashley fell down the stairs of her daughter's home in the West Midlands and was taken to hospital in Coventry, where she died ten days later of a brain haemorrhage. She is buried in the churchyard of St John the Baptist, in Carno, Wales.
Two months after her death in 1985, Laura Ashley Holdings went public in a flotation that was 34 times oversubscribed. A memorial plaque to Laura Ashley, at the family's former home 83 Cambridge Street, Pimlico was unveiled on 5 July 1994.
Sir Bernard Ashley died of cancer on 14 February 2009.
The Laura Ashley Foundation was set up in 1987; as the Foundation has been run by the late Sir Bernard and their children, the strategy has evolved from purely funding the arts to also funding broader community and social welfare projects. It was this evolution that prompted the change of name in 2011 from The Laura Ashley Foundation to The Ashley Family Foundation.
- ^ "South East Wales Arts – Laura Ashley". BBC. Archived from the original on 13 November 2012. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
- ^ Martin, Simon (September 2000). "Copestake and Mounteney Newsletter 2". Freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
- ^ Walker, John (1992). "Laura Ashley Style". Glossary of Art, Architecture & Design since 1945 (3rd ed.). London: Library Association Publishing. ISBN 0853656398. Archived from the original on 14 September 2011. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
- ^ a b c "Heritage at Laura Ashley". www.lauraashley.com. Archived from the original on 17 September 2018. Retrieved 28 January 2016.
- ^ Bryan, Nicola (29 September 2015). "Laura Ashley 30 years on: Memories of the girl from Dowlais". BBC News. Retrieved 28 January 2016.
- ^ Small, Michael (24 September 1984). "Cut from the Same Cloth as Mom and Dad, Laura Ashley's Kids Get All Wrapped Up in the Family Business", People 22:13. Retrieved 17 May 2010.
- ^ Joyner, Lisa (3 May 2019). "Inside Laura Ashley's former Welsh home". House Beautiful. Retrieved 13 October 2022.
- ^ Austin, Sue. "Inside £1.5m mansion with helicopter pad, hot tub and seven bedrooms 'bought by Charlotte Church'". Shropshire Star. Retrieved 13 October 2022.
- ^ Jones, Matt (29 December 2021). "Charlotte Church submits plans for £1.5m Powys home". The National (Wales). Retrieved 13 October 2022.
- ^ "Laura Ashley's French Chateau | PrimeInternational". Primelocationblog.com. 22 October 2009. Archived from the original on 26 April 2012. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
- ^ "Property Details – Villa Contenta – Nassau/New Providence". Bahamas Real Estate by Damianos Sotheby's International Realty. Damianos.com. Archived from the original on 18 March 2006. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
- ^ Slesin, Suzanne (18 September 1985). "Laura Ashley, British Designer, Is Dead at 60". The New York Times. Retrieved 8 December 2018.
- ^ "Deaths England and Wales 1984–2006". Findmypast.com. Archived from the original on 31 August 2009. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
- ^ "Malaysian magnate leads English rose to the block", The Age, 29 June 2005.
- ^ "Westminster Green Plaques" (PDF). City of Westminster. Archived (PDF) from the original on 3 January 2019. Retrieved 3 January 2019.
- ^ "Sir Bernard Ashley dies, aged 82". BBC News. 16 February 2009. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
- ^ "Our history". The Ashley Family Foundation.
- Laura Ashley company
- in the FMD Ashley's entry in the Fashion Model Directory
- National gallery portraits
- 1925 births
- 1985 deaths
- Accidental deaths from falls
- Accidental deaths in England
- People from Dowlais
- British textile designers
- British fashion designers
- 20th-century Welsh businesspeople
- Welsh fashion designers
- British women company founders
- Burials in Wales
- Welsh women in business
- 20th-century British businesswomen
- British women fashion designers