Laura Kelly

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Laura Kelly
Laura Kelly official photo.jpg
48th Governor of Kansas
Assumed office
January 14, 2019
LieutenantLynn Rogers
David Toland
Preceded byJeff Colyer
Member of the Kansas Senate
from the 18th district
In office
January 10, 2005 – January 14, 2019
Preceded byDave Jackson
Succeeded byVic Miller
Personal details
Laura Jeanne Kelly

(1950-01-24) January 24, 1950 (age 73)
New York City, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
(m. 1979)
ResidenceCedar Crest
EducationBradley University (BS)
Indiana University Bloomington (MS)
WebsiteGovernment website

Laura Jeanne Kelly (born January 24, 1950)[1][2] is an American politician serving since 2019 as the 48th governor of Kansas. A member of the Democratic Party, she represented the 18th district in the Kansas Senate from 2005 to 2019.[3] Kelly was elected governor in 2018, defeating Republican nominee Kris Kobach.[4] She was reelected in 2022, narrowly defeating Republican nominee Derek Schmidt.[5]

Early life and education[edit]

Kelly was born in New York City to a military family that moved often and was stationed overseas. She studied at Bradley University in Illinois, earning a Bachelor of Science in psychology (1971[6]), and at Indiana University, earning a Master of Science in therapeutic recreation.[6][7] (Kelly received the Bradley University Distinguished Alumna award and was inducted into Bradley's Centurion Society on October 4, 2021.[8])

Kelly worked as a recreation therapist at New York's Rockland Children’s Psychiatric Center. She became director of physical education and recreation therapy at the National Jewish Hospital for Respiratory and Immune Diseases.[1] She then moved to Kansas, and became executive director at the Kansas Recreation and Park Association from 1988 to 2004.[1]

Early political career[edit]

Kelly was elected to the Kansas Senate representing northern Topeka in November 2004, later serving as Minority Whip.[9] During her Senate tenure, from 2005 until her 2019 inauguration as governor, she was at times the Ranking Minority member of the Ways and Means Committee, Joint Committee on Home and Community Based Services and KanCare Oversight, and Public Health and Welfare Committee.[9]

In late 2009, Kelly briefly considered a run for Kansas's 2nd congressional district.[10] During the 2011–12 legislative sessions, she served as the Assistant Minority Leader of the Kansas Senate.[11]

Governor of Kansas[edit]



On December 15, 2017, Kelly announced her intention to run for governor of Kansas. In the Democratic primary she ran against former Wichita Mayor Carl Brewer and former Kansas Secretary of Agriculture Josh Svaty.[12][13] On May 24, 2018, Kelly announced State Senator Lynn Rogers as her running mate.[14] On August 7, she defeated Brewer and Svaty, receiving 51.5% of the vote.[15][16]

In the general election, Kelly faced Republican Secretary of State Kris Kobach. Kelly was endorsed by former Kansas Governor and U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services Kathleen Sebelius.[17] She was also endorsed by 28 current or former Republican government officials, including former Kansas Governor Bill Graves; former State Senator, Lt. Governor and U.S. Senator Sheila Frahm, Lt. Gov. Gary Sherrer, Insurance Commissioner Sandy Praeger, Senate President Dick Bond, Senate President David Kerr, Senate Vice President John Vratil, Senate Majority Leaders Tim Emert and Lana Oleen; Senators Barbara Allen, David Wysong, Wint Winter Jr., Pete Brungardt, Ruth Teichman, Barbara Bollier, Audrey Langworthy, Terrie Huntington, Bob Vancrum, and Alicia Salisbury; Representatives JoAnn Pottorff, Ginger Barr, Jim Yonally, Jim Lowther, Fred Lorentz, and Representative and Republican Party Chairperson Rochelle Chronister; Republican National Delegate Don Johnston; and Representatives Joy Koesten and Charles Roth.[18][19]

Graves said, "Laura Kelly is the only Democrat I have ever endorsed for public office. And the reason I'm doing that now is because I believe so much is at stake in the state of Kansas. I have known Laura for over 30 years. She has all the qualities and all the capabilities that we are looking for to lead the state during this difficult time and to reestablish the state to what it once was. ... Laura has integrity, and I know she will bring Kansans together regardless of party to solve problems."[17] Former Republican state senator Tim Owens was the campaign treasurer for Kansas independent candidate Greg Orman, but he stepped down from that post on October 30 and endorsed Kelly, believing only she could beat Kobach.[20]

Kelly described her candidacy as aimed at reversing the fiscal, educational and other "disasters" of Sam Brownback's governance. She characterized her opponent, who had been noted for his broad disenfranchisement of voters and legal strategies against immigrants, as "Sam Brownback on steroids".[21]

On November 6, Kelly defeated Kobach with 47.8% of the vote.[22][23]


Kelly was reelected on November 8, 2022, defeating Kansas Attorney General Derek Schmidt, 49.2% to 47.7%.


Office Incumbent
Lieutenant Governor David Toland
Adjutant General David Weishaar
Secretary of Administration DeAngela Burns-Wallace
Secretary of Agriculture Mike Beam
Secretary of Commerce David Toland
Secretary of Corrections Jeff Zmuda
Secretary of Health and Environment Janet Stanek
Superintendent of the Highway Patrol Herman Jones
Secretary for Children and Families Laura Howard
Secretary of Labor Amber Shultz
Secretary of Revenue Mark Burghardt
Secretary of Transportation Julie Lorenz
Secretary of Wildlife and Parks Brad Loveless

Tenure and political positions[edit]

Kelly was regarded as a moderate Democrat while she was a state senator, and more liberal as governor.[24]

Budget and economic issues[edit]

Kelly was critical of the Kansas experiment, the experimental Kansas budget of her predecessor Sam Brownback that led to cuts in schools, roads, and public safety. She would like to reverse those changes and pointed out that after there were major budget shortages she led a bipartisan effort to successfully balance the budget without increasing taxes.[25][26]

In 2019, Kelly vetoed two Republican bills that would have cut state income taxes in Kansas.[26] She said that the state could not afford the cuts,[26] and that the Republican bill, which would have cut revenues by an estimated $245 million over a three-year period, would have precipitated a "senseless fiscal crisis" and created a budget deficit.[27] Kelly's decision, as well as higher-than-expected state revenue intakes, led to the state beginning its 2020 budget year with $1.1 billion in cash reserves.[26] She sought to use some of the reserves to pay down debt and make payments to the state pension system.[28] In May 2022, she signed a bill into law that will gradually reduce the sales tax rate on food before eliminating it in 2025.[29][30]

COVID-19 responses[edit]

In response to the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States, Kelly, like other governors, took steps to halt the spread of the SARS-CoV-2 virus, which causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). She declared a state of emergency on March 12, 2020, following the state's first COVID-19 death,[31] and issued a 60-day ban on public gatherings of 50 or more people and a moratorium on utility shutoffs on March 16.[32] On March 18, citing the unprecedented crisis, Kelly directed the end to all in-person K–12 classes for the remainder of the school year, making Kansas the first state to take that step.[33] On March 23, to combat the virus's spread, she limited public gatherings to ten people.[34] On March 28, amid increasing deaths and illnesses, Kelly issued a "stay at home" order that directed all residents to remain at home, except for travel for essential work, essential business (such as traveling to obtain medical care or groceries), and outdoor exercise with social distancing measures.[35] Almost two dozen other states had already issued similar orders, and almost 75% of Kansas's population was already affected by similar orders from local officials, since 25 Kansas counties, including the most populous ones, already had stay-at-home orders in place.[35] Kelly strongly criticized the Trump administration's slow response to the crisis and the federal failure to provide Kansas and other states with adequate supplies of personal protective equipment (such as masks, gloves, and gowns) and testing kits.[36]

The Kansas City Star's editorial board criticized Kelly's rollout of the COVID-19 vaccine, writing, "Kansas seems to be uniquely underperforming, a recurring issue for Kelly and the administration she leads." But the board added that Kelly did not bear all the burden for the state's response shortcomings because Republican state legislators were insisting that individual counties exercise sole authority with respect to COVID-19 efforts. That resulted in a slapdash response when treatment and vaccinations became available. If the state was not sufficiently prepared for the pandemic, many counties were even less so, citing CDC data showing Kansas near the bottom of vaccinations per 100,000 residents.[37] Members of the Kansas congressional delegation, including Sharice Davids, called on Kelly to do more to address the backlog of claimants at the Department of Labor seeking unemployment payments from federal programs aimed to help residents out of work due to the pandemic.[38]

On November 16, 2020, Kelly renewed her call for the legislature to join her in the issuance of masking orders.[39]

Executive order on religious gatherings[edit]

Because Kelly's orders on public gatherings applied to Easter Sunday celebrations in churches, the Republican-majority Legislative Coordinating Council (LCC)[nb 1], a group of leaders of the Kansas Legislature, voted to revoke her order on a 5–2 party-line vote on April 9, 2020, asserting that the order violated the free exercise of religion.[41][42][43] Republican Attorney General Derek Schmidt opposed Kelly's order, issuing a memorandum calling it a violation of the Kansas state law, and urged law enforcement not to enforce it.[41] Kelly called this "shockingly irresponsible";[41] at the time, there had been more than a thousand confirmed COVID-19 cases, and dozens of confirmed COVID-19 deaths, in Kansas,[43] and of 11 identified sources of contagion, three had come from recent religious gatherings.[44] She challenged the LCC's decision in the Kansas Supreme Court. Following an expedited oral argument (conducted remotely via Zoom teleconference), the state Supreme Court unanimously reinstated Kelly's orders, concluding that her executive order was valid and that the LCC lacked the authority to overturn it.[45][46][47][48]

A week later, in a separate case, U.S. District Judge John W. Broomes in Wichita issued a temporary restraining order blocking enforcement of Kelly's order as to two churches (one in Junction City, the other in Dodge City). contending that the restriction violated religious freedom and free speech rights.[49][50] That case became moot after Kelly issued a new executive order with less restrictive COVID-19 rules effective on May 4, 2020, under an agreement that allowed the churches to hold larger in-person services but required social distancing.[51]


As governor, Kelly pushed the Republican-controlled Kansas legislature to accept the Medicaid expansion under the Affordable Care Act,[52] to provide health care coverage to up to 150,000 Kansans.[53] A Medicaid expansion plan had passed the Kansas Legislature in 2017, but Brownback vetoed it.[53] In January 2020, after years of Republican opposition, Kelly struck a bipartisan compromise deal with Republican Senate Majority Leader Jim Denning that made Kansas the 38th state to accept the Medicaid expansion.[53] Under the agreement, on January 1, 2021, Medicaid coverage was expanded to Kansas residents earning up to 138% of the federal poverty level.[53] In 2021, Kelly called for further expansion of Medicaid, proposing to pay for it with the revenue from the legalization of medical marijuana.[54]

Kelly has also supported reforming KanCare so that more citizens have access to health insurance.[25]

Human services[edit]

Kelly combined the Department of Children and Family Services with the Department of Aging and Disability Services into a consolidated, integrated Department of Human Services.[55]

In January 2020, Kelly called for major changes to the Osawatomie State Hospital, the long-troubled state psychiatric hospital that has faced scrutiny from federal regulators over security, safety, and treatment lapses. She has supported a plan for state funding for mental health crisis centers in the state.[56]

School funding[edit]

Kelly has stated that she would like to ensure Kansas schools are funded and focus on improving the performance of Kansas students to be competitive with other parts of the country. For example, she would address the statewide teacher shortage and improve pay for educators. She would also like to expand early childhood programs and increase options for students pursuing higher education.[25]

Social issues[edit]

In her first official act as governor, Kelly signed an executive order reinstating the employment discrimination protections for LGBT state workers that Governor Sam Brownback had eliminated in 2015.[57]

Kelly opposed a Republican-proposed anti-abortion amendment to the Kansas Constitution in early 2020, saying it would return Kansas to the "dark ages". Amid acrimonious debate, the state House fell four votes short of the two-thirds majority required to put it on the state ballot.[58] In 2022, she expressed her opposition to the 2022 Kansas abortion referendum that would have removed the right to an abortion from the state constitution. The amendment was defeated, with nearly 60% of voters rejecting it.[59][60]

Personal life[edit]

Kelly has been married to physician Ted Daughety, a specialist in pulmonary and sleep disorders, since 1979. They moved to Topeka in 1986. They have two adult daughters, Kathleen and Molly Daughety.[21]

Kelly is Catholic.[61]

Electoral history[edit]

Kansas Gubernatorial election, 2022[62]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
499,849 49.54% +1.53%
477,591 47.33% +4.35%
20,452 2.03% N/A
  • Seth Cordell
  • Evan Laudick-Gains
11,106 1.10% −0.80%
Total votes 1,008,998 100.0%
Democratic hold
Kansas gubernatorial Democratic primary, 2022[63]
Party Candidate Votes %
270,968 93.84
  • Richard Karnowski
  • Barry Franco
17,802 6.16
Total votes 288,770 100
Kansas Gubernatorial election, 2018[64]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Laura Kelly 506,727 48.0%
Republican Kris Kobach 453,645 43.0%
Independent Greg Orman 68,590 6.5%
Libertarian Jeff Caldwell 20,020 1.9%
Independent Rick Kloos 6,584 0.6%
Majority 53,082 5.03%
Turnout 1,055,566
Democratic gain from Republican Swing +2.2%
Kansas gubernatorial Democratic primary, 2018[65]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Laura Kelly 78,746 51.5%
Democratic Carl Brewer 30,693 20.1%
Democratic Josh Svaty 26,722 17.5%
Democratic Arden Andersen 12,845 8.4%
Democratic Jack Bergeson 3,850 2.5%
Majority 48,053 31.4%
Turnout 152,856
Kansas Senate 18th district election, 2016[66]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Laura Kelly (incumbent) 15,007 51.6
Republican Dave Jackson 14,076 48.4
Total votes 29,083 100.0
Democratic hold
Kansas Senate 18th district election, 2012[67]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Laura Kelly (incumbent) 14,813 51.7
Republican Dick Barta 13,833 48.3
Total votes 28,646 100.0
Democratic hold
Kansas Senate 18th district election, 2008[68]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Laura Kelly (incumbent) 18,009 58.1
Republican James Zeller 12,959 41.8
Total votes 30,968 100.0
Democratic hold
Kansas Senate 18th district election, 2004[69][70]
Primary election
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Laura Kelly 4,559 71.8
Democratic D. Kent Hurn 1,793 28.2
Total votes 6,352 100.0
General election
Democratic Laura Kelly 15,388 50.1
Republican Dave Jackson (incumbent) 15,290 49.9
Total votes 30,678 100.0
Democratic gain from Republican

See also[edit]


  1. ^ The LCC, established under Chapter 46, Kansas Statutes,[40] consists of the presiding officers and party leaders of both houses of the Legislature.


  1. ^ a b c "Laura Kelly," Kansapedia, Kansas Historical Society, retrieved November 27, 2022
  2. ^ "Kelly, Laura Jeanne". Retrieved December 9, 2021.
  3. ^ "US News - Laura Kelly Upset Victory". Retrieved January 14, 2018.
  4. ^ "Meet Laura Kelly | Laura Kelly for Governor". Retrieved November 8, 2018.
  5. ^ Edelman, Adam (November 9, 2022). "Kansas Gov. Laura Kelly wins re-election, defeating GOP challenger Derek Schmidt". NBC News. Retrieved November 9, 2022.
  6. ^ a b "Our 50 Governors and the Degrees They've Earned," updated October 4, 2022,, retrieved November 27, 2022
  7. ^ "Official Profile: Kansas (KS) State Senator Laura Kelly". Archived from the original on February 19, 2012. Retrieved January 24, 2019.
  8. ^ "Alumni Inducted Into Bradley Centurion Society". Bradley University. Retrieved April 19, 2022.
  9. ^ a b "Senator Laura Kelly: Senate Minority Whip | Legislators | Kansas State Legislature". Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  10. ^ ""Kelly ending U.S House bid", Topeka Capital-Journal". Retrieved January 14, 2018.
  11. ^ "Senator Laura Kelly - Legislators - Kansas State Legislature". Retrieved January 14, 2018.
  12. ^ "Brewer promises community activist campaign for governor". Retrieved December 6, 2018.
  13. ^ Carpenter, Tim. "Democrat Joshua Svaty declares candidacy for Kansas governor". The Topeka Capital-Journal. Retrieved December 6, 2018.
  14. ^ "Kelly picks fellow state senator from Wichita as running mate". Retrieved December 6, 2018.
  15. ^ Almukhtar, Sarah; Bloch, Matthew; Lee, Jasmine C. (August 7, 2018). "Kansas Primary Election Results". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved December 6, 2018.
  16. ^ "Kansas primary election results 2018". Retrieved December 6, 2018.
  17. ^ a b Woodall, Hunter (September 4, 2018). "Former GOP governor of Kansas endorses Democrat Laura Kelly over Kris Kobach". Kansas City Star. Retrieved October 8, 2018.
  18. ^ "Laura Kelly touts growing list of Republican support". WIBW. September 14, 2018. Retrieved October 18, 2018.
  19. ^ Carpenter, Tim. "Two dozen GOP lawmakers endorse Democrat Kelly for governor". The Topeka Capital Journal. Retrieved September 21, 2018.
  20. ^ Shorman, Jonathan (October 31, 2018). "Orman treasurer resigns, endorses Kelly in Kansas governor race". Wichita Eagle. Retrieved October 31, 2018.
  21. ^ a b Hancock, Peter (October 7, 2018). "Democratic gubernatorial candidate Laura Kelly hopes to 'slam the door' on Brownback's policies". Lawrence Journal World. Retrieved October 9, 2018.
  22. ^ "Kansas Election Results 2018: Live Midterm Map by County & Analysis". Politico. Retrieved December 6, 2018.
  23. ^ "Unofficial Kansas Election Results". Archived from the original on October 9, 2019. Retrieved December 6, 2018.
  24. ^ Shorman, Jonathan (April 23, 2019). "Kansas Gov. Laura Kelly's first 100 days bring early wins. 'I've been there, done that': Laura Kelly navigates GOP skepticism to score early wins". The Wichita Enagle. Archived from the original on February 6, 2021. Retrieved August 3, 2022.
  25. ^ a b c "Election Guide: Laura Kelly (D-Kansas Governor)". KSNW. October 25, 2018. Retrieved October 25, 2018.
  26. ^ a b c d John Hanna, Rising Kansas revenues fuel GOP anger over lack of tax cuts, Associated Press (February 3, 2020).
  27. ^ Dion Lefler, Gov. Kelly vetoes Republican tax bill, says it would bring 'senseless fiscal crisis', Wichita Eagle (May 17, 2019).
  28. ^ Kansas Governor Seeks to Use Cash Reserves to Pay off Debt, Associated Press (January 16, 2020).
  29. ^ McLean, Jim (May 11, 2022). "You'll be paying a lower sales tax for groceries in Kansas soon, but it won't go to zero until 2025". KCUR. Retrieved February 1, 2023.
  30. ^ Finnerty, Katharine (May 11, 2022). "Kansas Gov. Laura Kelly signs 'Axe the Food Tax' bill into law". KSHB 41 Kansas City News. Retrieved February 1, 2023.
  31. ^ John Hanna & Heather Hollingsworth, Kansas reports COVID-19 death; governor declares emergency, Associated Press (May 2, 2020) Retrieved May 28, 2023.
  32. ^ John Hanna, Kansas bans gatherings of 50; Kansas City area goes further, Associated Press (March 16, 2020). Retrieved May 28, 2023.
  33. ^ Colin Dwyer, Kansas Becomes The First State To End In-Person Classes For The Year, NPR (March 18, 2020).
  34. ^ Nicole Asbury, Kelly restricts public gatherings to no more than 10 to combat coronavirus spread, Kansas City Star (March 23, 2020). Retrieved May 28, 2023.
  35. ^ a b Kansas governor orders residents to stay home to curb virus, Associated Press (March 28, 2020).
  36. ^ John Hanna & Heather Hollingsworth, Kansas governor calls US officials unprepared for COVID-19, Associated Press (April 2, 2020). Retrieved May 29, 2023.
  37. ^ Editorial Board (January 8, 2021). "Gov. Laura Kelly knew the COVID vaccine was coming. Why wasn't Kansas better prepared?". Kansas City Star.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  38. ^ Bahl, Andrew. "Gov. Laura Kelly announces KDOL changes as sweeping modernization effort moves on". The Topeka Capital-Journal. Retrieved March 11, 2021.
  39. ^ Kansas Governor Laura Kelly renews push for mask mandate, Wichita Eagle, Laura Kelly, via Facebook, October 21, 2020.
  40. ^ Chapter 46, Kansas Statutes
  41. ^ a b c War over Easter: Kansas lawmakers revoke Gov. Kelly’s order limiting church gatherings, Wichita Eagle, Jonathan Shorman, Amy Renee Leiker and Michael Stavola, April 8, 2020. Retrieved April 9, 2020.
  42. ^ Sherman Smith, Kansas coronavirus update: Supreme Court sides with Gov. Laura Kelly in fight over church crowds Archived April 15, 2021, at the Wayback Machine, Leavenworth Times (April 11, 2020).
  43. ^ a b Conner Mitchell, Governor blasts Kansas lawmakers' vote to rescind limits on in-person religious gatherings, Lawrence Journal-World (April 8, 2020).
  44. ^ Kansas has 3 church-related COVID-19 clusters, state says amid scramble for supplies, Wichita Eagle, Jonathan Shorman, April 6, 2020. Retrieved April 9, 2020.
  45. ^ Kelly v. Legislative Coordinating Counsel, Kansas Supreme Court (April 11, 2020).
  46. ^ Kansas Supreme Court says executive order banning religious service of more than 10 people stands, KMBC, April 11, 2020. Retrieved April 12, 2020.
  47. ^ Jason Breslow, Kansas Supreme Court Upholds Governor's Order Limiting The Size Of Easter Services, NPR (April 12, 2020).
  48. ^ Conner Mitchell, Kansas Supreme Court says legislative panel didn't have authority to revoke governor's order, Lawrence Journal-World (April 11, 2020).
  49. ^ "Judge doubts Kansas COVID-19 rule, blocks it for 2 churches". AP NEWS. April 18, 2020. Retrieved February 13, 2021.
  50. ^ Shorman, Jonathan (April 26, 2020). "Kansas governor to issue less restrictive coronavirus rules beginning May 4".{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  51. ^ Carylynn Stark & Jonathan Shorman, Kansas governor to issue less restrictive coronavirus rules beginning May 4, Kansas City Star (April 25, 2020).
  52. ^ Phil McCausland, Kansas governor, top Republican reach deal to expand Medicaid, NBC News (January 9, 2020).
  53. ^ a b c d John Hanna, New Kansas proposal breaks impasse on expanding Medicaid, Associated Press (January 9, 2020).
  54. ^ "Missouri Republicans block funds for voter-approved Medicaid expansion". Kansas City Star. 2021.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  55. ^ Laura Howard, Together for stronger, more effective human services agency, Hutchison News, February 8, 2020. Retrieved February 11, 2020.
  56. ^ Gov. Kelly: Kansas psychiatric hospital unit needs changes, Associated Press (January 3, 2020).
  57. ^ Shorman, Jonathan (January 15, 2019). "Kelly reinstates protections for LGBT state workers in Kansas eliminated by Brownback". The Wichita Eagle. Retrieved May 16, 2019.
  58. ^ Jonathan Shorman, Kelly accused of pressuring 'her own Catholic people' on abortion vote as tempers flare, Wichita Eagle (February 11, 2020).
  59. ^ Hanna, John (September 3, 2022). "Kansas governor lauds abortion vote but focuses on economy". AP. Retrieved February 1, 2023.
  60. ^ Martinez, A; Kurtzleben, Danielle (August 3, 2022). "Kansans vote to keep abortion legal in the state, reject constitutional amendment". NPR. Retrieved February 1, 2023.
  61. ^ "The Voter's Self Defense System".
  62. ^ "2022 General Election - Official Vote Totals" (PDF). Kansas Secretary of State. Archived (PDF) from the original on December 2, 2022. Retrieved December 2, 2022.
  63. ^ "2022 Primary Election Official Vote Totals" (PDF). Kansas Secretary of State. August 2, 2022. Retrieved September 21, 2022.
  64. ^ "Kansas Election Results". The New York Times. November 6, 2018. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved December 28, 2018.
  65. ^ Almukhtar, Sarah; Bloch, Matthew; Lee, Jasmine C. (August 7, 2018). "Kansas Primary Election Results". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved December 29, 2018.
  66. ^ "Kansas Secretary of State 2016 General Election Official Vote Totals" (PDF). Retrieved March 27, 2019.
  67. ^ "Kansas Secretary of State 2012 General Election Official Vote Totals" (PDF). Retrieved March 27, 2019.
  68. ^ "Kansas Secretary of State 2008 General Election Official Vote Totals" (PDF). Retrieved March 27, 2019.
  69. ^ "Kansas Secretary of State 2004 Primary Election Official Vote Totals" (PDF). Retrieved March 27, 2019.
  70. ^ "Kansas Secretary of State 2004 General Election Official Vote Totals" (PDF). Retrieved March 27, 2019.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Kansas Senate
Preceded by
Dave Jackson
Member of the Kansas Senate
from the 18th district

Succeeded by
Party political offices
Preceded by Democratic nominee for Governor of Kansas
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Preceded by Governor of Kansas
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